Vitex negundo - Wikipedia

Vitex negundo – Wikipedia

In vitro flowering in Vitex negundo

Inflorescence of Vitex negundo in Panchkhal valley in Nepal

Vitex negundo, generally generally known as the Chinese language chaste tree,[2]five-leaved chaste tree, or horseshoe vitex, or nisinda is a big fragrant shrub with quadrangular, densely whitish, tomentose branchlets. It’s broadly utilized in people drugs, notably in South and Southeast Asia.

Vitex negundo is an erect shrub or small tree rising from 2 to eight m (6.6 to 26.2 ft) in peak. The bark is reddish brown. Its leaves are digitate, with 5 lanceolate leaflets, generally three. Every leaflet is round Four to 10 cm (1.6 to three.9 in) in size, with the central leaflet being the biggest and possessing a stalk. The leaf edges are toothed or serrated and the underside floor is roofed in hair.[3]
The quite a few flowers are borne in panicles 10 to 20 cm (3.9 to 7.9 in) in size. Every is round 6 to 7 cm (2.Four to 2.8 in) lengthy and are white to blue in shade. The petals are of various lengths, with the center decrease lobe being the longest. Each the corolla and calyx are coated in dense hairs.[3]

The fruit is a succulent drupe, 4 mm (0.16 in) in diameter, rounded to egg-shaped. It’s black or purple when ripe.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Vitex negundo is native to tropical Japanese and Southern Africa and Asia. It’s broadly cultivated and naturalized elsewhere.[1]

International locations it’s indigenous to incorporate Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, and Vietnam.[1]

Vitex negundo are generally discovered close to our bodies of water, lately disturbed land, grasslands, and blended open forests.[4]

Nomenclature[edit]

Frequent names of Vitex negunda in numerous languages embrace:[5]

  • Assamese: Posotiya (পচতীয়া)
  • Bengali: Nirgundi; Nishinda; Samalu
  • Bontok: Liñgei
  • Chinese language: Huáng jīng (黄荆)
  • English: 5-leaved chaste tree; Horseshoe vitex; Chinese language chaste tree
  • Filipino: Lagundî[4]
  • Gujarati: Nagoda; Shamalic
  • Hindi: Mewri; Nirgundi; Nisinda; Sambhalu; Sawbhalu (निर्गुंडी)
  • Ifugao: Dabtan
  • Ilokano: Dangla[4]
  • Kannada: Biḷi nekki (ಬಿಳಿ ನೆಕ್ಕಿ)
  • Korean: jommokhyeong (좀목형)
  • Malayalam: Indrani
  • Marathi: Nirgudi (निरगुडी)
  • Nepali: ‘सिमली’ ‘Simali’ ‘Nirgundi’
  • Punjabi: Banna; Marwan; Maura; Mawa; Swanjan Torbanna
  • Sanskrit: Nirgundi; Sephalika; Sindhuvara; Svetasurasa; Vrikshaha (सिन्धुवार)
  • Sinhala: Nika (නික)
  • Konkani: Lingad
  • Tamil: Chinduvaram; Nirnochchi; Nochchi; Notchi; Vellai-nochchi
  • Telugu: Sindhuvara; Vavili; Nalla-vavili; Tella-vavili (వావిలి / సింధువార) lekkali

Chemistry[edit]

The principal constituents of the leaf juice are casticin, isoorientin, chrysophenol D, luteolin, p–hydroxybenzoic acid and D-fructose.[citation needed] The primary constituents of the oil are sabinene, linalool, terpinen-4-ol, β-caryophyllene, α-guaiene and globulol constituting 61.8% of the oil.[citation needed]

Vitex negundo is used for treating saved garlic towards pests and as a cough treatment within the Philippines.[6] The Meals and Drug Administration of the Philippines has additionally authorized scientific trials for vitex negundo, regionally generally known as lagundi,[7] as a supplemental remedy for COVID-19 sufferers.[8][9]

In Malaysia, it’s utilized in conventional natural drugs for girls’s well being, together with therapies for regulating the menstrual cycle, fibrocystic breast illness and post-partum treatments.[10] It has antiseptic, astringent, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties.[11]

Within the US, it grows in hardiness zones 6–9 and its purple flowers bloom a lot of the summer season and it’s a fashionable plant visited by bees and butterflies.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Vitex negundo L.” Germplasm Assets Info Community (GRIN). Agricultural Analysis Service (ARS), United States Division of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved September 7, 2011.
  2. ^ Vitex negundo“. Pure Assets Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Vitex negundo Linn. Reality Sheet (PDF). Bureau of Plant Business, Division of Agriculture, Republic of the Philippines.
  4. ^ a b c Vitex negundo L. – Lagundi”. Prosea Natural Techno-Catalog. Archived from the unique on December 21, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
  5. ^ Vitex negunda in Dr. Okay. M. Madkarni’s Indian Materia Medica; Edited by A. Okay. Nadkarni, Widespread Prakashan, Bombay, 1976, pp: 1278-80.
  6. ^ “Lagundi leaves as efficient management towards storage pests of garlic”. Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Pure Assets Analysis and Growth (PCARRD), Division of Science and Expertise, Republic of the Philippines. Archived from the unique on July 15, 2007. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
  7. ^ Ronda, Rainier Allan (18 July 2020). “Lagundi being examined vs COVID-19”. The Philippine Star. Archived from the unique on 17 July 2020. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  8. ^ Esguerra, Darryl John (21 July 2020). “PH to start out scientific trial for ‘lagundi’ as COVID-19 supplemental remedy”. Philippine Day by day Inquirer. Archived from the unique on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  9. ^ CNN Philippines Workers (29 August 2020). “Lagundi trial will get inexperienced gentle, virgin coconut oil seen to scale back danger of coronavirus”. CNN Philippines. Archived from the unique on 14 September 2020. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  10. ^ Wan Hassan, W.E. (2010). Ulam: Salad Herbs of Malaysia. Masbe Sdn. Bhd. pp. 106–107. ISBN 9789834466404.
  11. ^ Dharmendra Kumar, Rajesh Kumar and Kumari Sharda. “Medicinal property of Nirgundi” (PDF). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry.

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