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Ulmus glabra Wych Elm, Table-top Scotch Elm, Scotch Elm PFAF Plant Database

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Bloom Coloration: Inexperienced. Important Bloom Time: Early fall, Late fall, Mid fall. Type: Rounded, Weeping.

Bodily Traits

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Ulmus glabra is a deciduous Tree rising to 30 m (98ft) by 25 m (82ft) at a quick price.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 5 and isn’t frost tender. It’s in flower from February to March, and the seeds ripen from Might to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has each female and male organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
It’s famous for attracting wildlife.
Appropriate for: mild (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and might develop in heavy clay soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and fundamental (alkaline) soils. It may possibly develop in semi-shade (mild woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime publicity.
It may possibly tolerate atmospheric air pollution.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map


U. campestre. professional parte. U. montana. U. scabra.


Woodland Backyard Cover;

Edible Makes use of

Edible Components: Fruit  Internal bark  Leaves
Edible Makes use of:

Leaves – uncooked or cooked[179, K]. They could be a little bit bitter, particularly if not very younger, and have a mucilaginous texture[K]. They make a pleasant addition to a blended salad[K]. Immature fruits, used simply after they’re shaped, will be eaten uncooked[132]. An fragrant, uncommon flavour, leaving the mouth feeling recent and the breath smelling nice[132]. They comprise about 34.4% protein, 28.2% fats, 17% carbohydrate, 5% ash[179]. The fruit is about 2.5cm lengthy[200]. Internal bark – mucilaginous[179]. No extra particulars are given however inside bark is commonly dried, floor right into a powder after which used as a thickening in soups and so forth or blended with cereals when making bread[K].


Medicinal Makes use of

Crops For A Future cannot take any accountability for any opposed results from using vegetation. All the time search recommendation from knowledgeable earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.
Astringent  Bach  Demulcent  Diuretic  Homeopathy

The inside bark is astringent, demulcent and mildly diuretic[9]. It’s used each internally and externally within the therapy of diarrhoea, rheumatism, wounds, piles and so forth and can also be used as a mouthwash within the therapy of ulcers[4, 9, 66]. The inside bark is harvested from branches 3 – Four years previous and is dried for later use[9]. The plant is utilized in Bach flower cures – the key phrases for prescribing it are ‘Occasional emotions of inadequacy’, ‘Despondency’ and ‘Exhaustion from over-striving for perfection'[209]. A homeopathic treatment is constructed from the inside bark[9]. It’s used within the therapy of eczema[9].


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Different Makes use of

Fibre  Wooden

A fibre from the inside bark is used for mats and making ropes[100]. Wooden – very sturdy beneath water, pretty arduous, elastic, withstands abrasion and salt water. Used for water pipes, wheels, mallet heads, ships keels and so forth[46, 61, 67, 100].

Particular Makes use of

Attracts Wildlife


Cultivation particulars

Panorama Makes use of:Specimen. Simply grown in any soil of at the least average high quality as long as it’s properly drained[1]. Prefers a deep or heavy soil that’s moist however not waterlogged and doesn’t thrive if the soil is markedly acid[186]. Reasonably shade tolerant[186]. Very wind resistant and tolerant of maritime publicity[186]. Timber solid a dense shade[186]. Not often produces suckers however responds properly to coppicing[186]. The wych elm is topic to ‘Dutch elm illness’ (although much less so than U. procera), a illness that has destroyed the higher a part of all of the elm timber rising in Britain. Mature timber killed again by the illness will typically regrow from suckers, however these too will succumb once they get bigger. There is no such thing as a efficient treatment (1992) for the issue, however most E. Asian, although not Himalayan, species are immune to the illness so the potential exists to develop new resistant hybrids with the native species. The assorted species hybridize freely, the pollen shops properly and will be saved to be used with species that flower at totally different occasions. A really decorative tree[1], it’s a meals plant for the caterpillars of many lepidoptera species[30]. A great tree for rising grapes into[18]. Particular Options:
Not North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.


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Seed – if sown in a chilly body as quickly as it’s ripe, it normally germinates inside a couple of days[200]. Saved seed doesn’t germinate so properly and must be sown in early spring[200]. The seed can be harvested ‘inexperienced’ (when it has absolutely developed however earlier than it dries on the tree) and sown instantly in a chilly body. It ought to germinate in a short time and can produce a bigger plant by the tip of the rising season[80]. When they’re giant sufficient to deal with, prick the seedlings out into particular person pots and develop them on within the greenhouse for his or her first winter. Plant them out into their everlasting positions in late spring or early summer time, after the final anticipated frosts. Crops shouldn’t be allowed to develop for greater than two years in a nursery mattress since they type a faucet root and can then transfer badly. Layering of suckers or coppiced shoots[200].

Different Names

If out there different names are talked about right here

Discovered In

International locations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the data is obtainable

Weed Potential

Proper plant unsuitable place. We’re at present updating this part.
Please notice {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however could not in your space so it’s value checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Pink Listing of Threatened Crops Standing :

Progress: S = gradual M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = mild (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = fundamental (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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Botanical References


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