Ulmus 'Camperdownii' - Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core

Ulmus ‘Camperdownii’ – Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core

The Camperdown Elm UlmusCamperdownii’ is a cultivar which can not reproduce from seed. Though usually nonetheless classed as a cultivar of the Wych Elm U. glabra, the tree was thought-about a nothomorph of Ulmus × hollandica ‘Vegeta’ by Inexperienced [1] (1964).[1]

Description

The grafted Camperdown Elm slowly develops a broad, flat head which will finally construct as excessive as 4 m (13 ft) and an incommensurately broad crown with a contorted, weeping behavior.[2]

Pests and illnesses

‘Camperdownii’ is prone to Dutch Elm illness. Nonetheless there are nonetheless many examples to be present in parks and gardens throughout the British Isles because it usually avoids detection by the Scolytae beetle (a significant vector of Dutch Elm Illness) due to its diminutive peak. In North America it usually escapes an infection probably as a result of the American vectors of the illness don’t feed on Wych Elm;[citation needed] nevertheless its leaves are closely broken there by the Elm Leaf Beetle Xanthogaleruca luteola [2], Elm Yellows [3], and disfigured by leaf-mining and leaf-rolling bugs, such because the Elm casebearer, Coleophora ulmifoliella [4].

Cultivation

About 1835–1840 (usually mis-stated as ‘1640’), the Earl of Camperdown’s head forester, David Taylor, found a younger contorted elm tree (a sport) rising within the forest at Camperdown Home, in Dundee, Scotland. The younger tree was lifted and replanted throughout the gardens Camperdown Home the place it nonetheless stays to today. The unique tree is lower than 3 m tall, with a dramatic weeping behavior and contorted department construction and grows by itself roots. The earl’s gardener is claimed to have produced the primary of what are generally recognised as Camperdown elms by grafting it to the trunk of a Wych Elm Ulmus glabra. Each ‘Camperdownii’ is descended (as cuttings taken from that authentic sport) and often grafted on a Wych elm trunk. [3] Different grafting inventory has been used, together with Dutch elm Ulmus × hollandica, Siberian elm Ulmus pumila, and English elm Ulmus atinia (though this in the end produces suckers).

Camperdown elm is chilly hardy, struggling extra from summer time drought than winter chilly (to zone 4), though 90% of the College of Minnesota elm trials specimens had been misplaced through the exceptionally extreme winter of 2002–2003.[4] The tree is commonly confused with the a lot taller ‘Horizontalis’ (Weeping Wych elm) owing to each being given the epithet ‘Pendula’ at some stage.[1]

Camperdown Elms glad a mid-Victorian ardour for curiosities within the ‘Gardenesque’ gardens then in vogue. Many examples had been planted, as ‘rarities’, in Britain and America, wherever elite gardens had been in depth sufficient for tree collections. There are various on college campuses, usually planted as memorials. Camperdown Elms are utilized in stately landscaping of American college campuses, corresponding to on the campus of the College of Idaho, the place a quantity had been planted many many years in the past. Others featured in townscapes corresponding to on the Lakeview Cemetery, Seattle, and Kripalu Yoga Middle, Stockbridge, MA.[citation needed]

The tree was additionally launched to Australia, the place a quantity nonetheless survive, notably in Victoria.[citation needed]

Notable timber

Prospect Park’s elm in winter, exhibiting its distinctive qualities

In Prospect Park, Brooklyn, a Camperdown Elm planted in 1872 close to the Boat Home has developed right into a picturesque weatherbeaten specimen, not more than 4 metres excessive, like an outsized bonsai. Described by the poet Marianne Moore as “our crowning curio,” the Prospect Park tree is taken into account the excellent specimen tree within the park.[5]Halifax Public Gardens comprises an identical specimen, positioned subsequent to the Boer Struggle Memorial fountain, which shows the identical traits because the Prospect Park tree.

The UK TROBI Champion timber are in Scotland, at Baxter Gardens, Dundee, and at Ayr Cemetery. [6] In France, two develop by the gate at nook of rue de Buzenval and rue de Lagney within the Sq. Sarah Bernhardt, Paris (20th Arrondissement). NB: Two Corkscrew Willows on the entrance close to the nook of rue de Lagny & rue Mounet Sully look the identical throughout winter.

In Gardner, Massachusetts, there’s a Camperdown Elm on Parker Road within the entrance yard of a former retailer now at present a non-public residence, towering over the height of the two-story constructing with a trunk circumference of over 9 ft. The tree has not been touched for many years and is infested with leaf miners and borers; there may be additionally a big quantity of trunk rot and huge lacking limbs. As of late June 2010, a neighborhood resident, Nate Thibault, has taken motion to create a restoration plan for the tree. The tree’s age is undetermined however believed to have reached its maturity.

In Warrenton, Oregon there’s a Camperdown Elm on the property of the DK Warren Home. That is really 2 timber which have intertwined collectively for a spectacular cover. www.dkwarrenhouse.com, Circa. 1885

In Dundee, Scotland, there are two nicely established Camperdownii Elms on the gated entrance to a non-public residence on Structure Terrace. Each timber have grown in order that they intertwine with one another and create the phantasm of 1 tree in the summertime months. The tree is more likely to have been cultivated round 1850, the identical age because the Victorian mansion located within the grounds which was constructed round 1850. These timber characteristic in Dundee’s Tree & Woodland Heritage brochure on Web page 18.[7]

In Alfred, NY the “Umbrella Tree” is a beloved landmark on the Alfred College campus. Ceaselessly it’s a brief house to college students nestled in its branches or art work hanging from its limbs. Present in entrance of the Powell Campus Middle it was planted circa 1905. Initially it sat in entrance of Kenyon Memorial Corridor, the primary constructing on this web site. It as soon as had a “twin” positioned just some yards away that was eliminated in 1974 resulting from in poor health well being. A 3rd one was as soon as positioned subsequent to the College of Theology constructing (The Gothic), at present the location of Herrick Memorial Library. [8]

In Saint John, New Brunswick, there’s a Camperdown Elm on Pink Head Highway on the entrance yard of a former farm, at present a non-public residence. The proprietor is at present making an attempt to find the tree’s historical past; its age is undetermined.

In Leamington, Ontario, there’s a mature Camperdown Elm on Seacliff Drive within the again yard of a backyard heart.

In Eastport, Maine there’s a Camperdown Elm on the nook of Excessive Road and Shackford Road. The tree is on the nook close to the unique Anderson house constructed circa 1850’s. It’s Three ft in diameter on the widest a part of its trunk. Eastport is the easternmost metropolis within the USA.

In Spiers Outdated College Grounds close to Beith, Scotland is a superb specimen relationship from the late 1880s planted by the Earl of Eglinton’s head gardener on behalf of the Spier’s Belief (see {photograph}).

In Newport, Rhode Island, there’s a Camperdown Elm on the Chinese language Tea Home within the Marble Home property, a historic mansion constructed by Mr. and Mrs. William Kissam Vanderbilt between 1888 and 1892, which is open to the general public.

Synonymy

  • Ulmus glabra ‘Camperdownii’
  • Ulmus montana (: glabra) var. pendula: Kirchner[5], in Petzold[6] & Kirchner, Arb. Muscav., 565, 1864.
  • Ulmus montana (: glabra) var. pendula camperdownii Hort.: Henry, in Henry & Elwes, Bushes of Nice Britain & Eire, 7: 1867, 1913.
  • Ulmus montana (: glabra) pendula nova Hort.: Kirchner, in Petzold & Kirchner, Arb. Muscav. 565, 1864, identify in synonymy.
  • Ulmus scampstoniensis pendula: Petzold, in Petzold & Kirchner, Arb. Muscav. 565, 1864.

Accessions

North America

  • Arnold Arboretum. Acc. no. 352–51.
  • Bartlett Tree Specialists [7]. Acc. nos. 1375, 2002–221.
  • Brooklyn Botanic Backyard [8], New York. Acc. no. 240001.
  • Chicago Botanic Backyard, Glencoe, Illinois. One tree, within the Parking Tons, listed as U. × vegeta ‘Camperdownii’.
  • Dominion Arboretum, Ottawa, Canada. No acc. particulars accessible.
  • Detroit Institute of Artwork, Detroit, Michigan. 2 Specimens body the entranceway.
  • Eisenhower Park, Newport, RI
  • Filoli Property & Gardens, Woodside, California. No acc. particulars accessible.
  • Gilman Park Arboretum [9], Pierce, Nebraska. No acc. particulars accessible.
  • Longwood Gardens. Acc. no. 2000–1338.
  • New York Botanical Backyard. Acc. no. 529/89.
  • Scott Arboretum. Acc. no. 70–163
  • Smith Faculty. Acc. no. 3166PA.
  • Saint Anselm Faculty.
  • College of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho
  • Washington Park Arboretum, Seattle. No acc. particulars accessible.
  • Hoyt Arboretum, Portland OR.

Europe

  • Arboretum de La Petite Loiterie [10], Monthodon, France. No particulars accessible
  • Cambridge Botanic Backyard [11], College of Cambridge, UK. No accession particulars accessible.
  • Grange Farm Arboretum, Sutton St. James, Spalding, Lincolnshire, UK. Acc. no. 512.
  • Hortus Botanicus Nationalis, Salaspils, Latvia. Acc. no. 18099.
  • Linnaean Gardens of Uppsala, Sweden. Acc. no. 1976–1049.
  • Tallinn Botanic Backyard, Estonia [12]. No accession particulars accessible.
  • Westonbirt Arboretum [13], Tetbury, Glos., UK. No planting date or acc. no. accessible.
  • Brighton & Hove, UK: Nationwide Elm Assortment- Scattered all through town. Latest additions have occurred at Withdean and Preston Parks.
  • Wijdemeren Metropolis Council, Netherlands, Elm assortment. 2 exx. Four meters excessive at cemeteries Rading, Loosdrecht and Hornhof, Nederhorst den Berg. Planted in 2015.

Australasia

Nurseries

North America

(Broadly accessible)

Europe

(Broadly accessible)

References

  1. 1.01.1 Inexperienced, P. S. (1964). Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus. Arnoldia, Vol. 24, 1964.
  2. White, J. & Extra, D. (2002). Bushes of Britain and Northern Europe, Cassell’s, London
  3. Metropolis of Corunna. “Pine Tree Cemetery’s Camperdown Elms.” Corunna Group Data. Metropolis of Corunna, 26 April 2006. Net. 6 Oct 2014. http://www.corm.us/index.php?choice=com_content&job=view&id=102&Itemid=125.
  4. Giblin, C. P. & Gillman, J. H. (2006). Elms for the Twin Cities: A Information for Choice and Upkeep. College of Minnesota.
  5. Moore, Marianne (1994). “The Camperdown Elm.” Full Poems. New York: Penguin, 1994.
  6. Johnson, O. (2011). Champion Bushes of Britain & Eire, p. 168. Kew Publishing, Kew, London. ISBN 9781842464526.
  7. http://www.dundeecity.gov.uk/websites/default/information/publications/dutreewoodherit.pdf
  8. https://alfredarchives.wordpress.com/2014/02/20/the-umbrella-tree

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