Fir Tree Identification

Types of Fir Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures

Fir bushes are a species of enormous evergreen conifer bushes which can be primarily present in North America, Europe, and Asia. A few of the tallest varieties of fir bushes can attain spectacular heights of 262 ft. (80 m) and a few smaller varieties might solely be 32 ft. (10 m) tall. Like most coniferous bushes, firs have needle-like leaves that keep inexperienced all yr lengthy. Some species of fir tree such because the Fraser fir, balsam fir, and noble fir are standard Christmas bushes.

Fir bushes are woody crops that belong to the genus Abies. They’re carefully associated to different coniferous bushes within the household Pinaceae similar to pines and cedars. Realizing the scientific title of true fir bushes may also help to establish them. For instance, the Douglas fir belongs to the genus Pseudotsuga which implies that it’s a sort of pine tree, not a fir tree.

Fir tree wooden is a kind of softwood that has no resistance to decay or illness. Due to this, wooden from fir bushes is usually used to assemble indoor picket frames or plywood. These giant evergreens are additionally broadly used for tough timber or paper pulp.

On this article, you’ll be taught in regards to the many various species of fir bushes and how one can establish them. Aside from the botanical names and descriptions of those evergreens, footage will present identification for every sort of fir tree.

Fir Tree Identification

Fir Tree Identification

Fir tree cones often develop upwards and the needles are softer than pine or spruce

The simplest technique to establish fir bushes is by their needles and cones. Though they appear just like pine bushes or spruce bushes, the needle like leaves and the varieties of cones assist to inform them aside.

The needles of fir bushes are usually softer than pine or spruce. In contrast to the clusters of pine needles on a department, fir tree needles connect individually to the branches and never in clusters or connected to small woody projections.

One other technique to inform firs aside from pines or spruces is by their cones. The cones are the fruit of the conifers and fir cones are likely to develop straight upward from the branches. Rising on the fir bushes, these cones can resemble candles on a Christmas tree.

The bark of younger fir bushes is often clean and grey. Because the tree matures the bark turns into ridged.

Totally different Varieties of Fir Timber With Their Picture and Widespread Title

Let’s look in additional element on the many varieties of woody crops that belong to the fir tree genus.

Noble Fir Tree (Abies procera)

noble fir

Noble fir is among the tallest varieties of fir bushes

This massive fir tree is a well-liked sort of fir that lives as much as its frequent title of being noble. This is among the tallest varieties of fir tree and its botanical title procera actually means tall. Dwarf varieties of those evergreens are a number of the hottest Christmas bushes.

In coniferous forests, noble fir tree grows the place they get full solar and partial shade. Their needle-like leaves are between 0.4″ and 1.37″ (1 – 3.5 cm) lengthy and are a bluish-green coloration. When you look carefully at footage of the needles, you will notice they’re organized in a spiral on the shoots.

Cones on noble firs are lengthy and cylindrical and may develop to between 4” and 9” (10 – 22 cm) lengthy. These fir cones are yellowish-green when immature and progressively flip brown.

The bark of noble fir bushes is reddish-brown when mature.

Fir tree identification

Noble firs develop to between 130 and 230 ft. (40 – 70 m) tall. They’ve gentle blue-green needles which have blunted suggestions.

Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

Balsam fir

Balsam fir is a well-liked sort of Christmas tree

The balsam fir tree is a species of evergreen coniferous tree that has dense darkish inexperienced needles. Additionally referred to as the Canaan fir, these fir bushes are described as medium-sized bushes which have a thick sticky fragrant resin.

There are numerous explanation why the balsam fir has grow to be a preferred sort of Christmas tree. It has a pleasant aromatic aroma and gentle flat inexperienced needles that keep on the tree after being lower. Additionally, the balsam fir tree has the basic pyramid spherical form of Christmas bushes.

Needles on the balsam fir are usually gentle and have a wealthy inexperienced coloration. These needle leaves are organized spirally on the branches however they seem like in 2 horizontal rows. As with most fir bushes, the lengthy cones develop erect on the stems. The balsam fir tree has grayish bark.

These coniferous bushes favor cooler climates the place they get full solar.

Fir tree identification

Balsam firs develop to between 46 and 66 ft. (14 – 20 m) tall with a number of the tallest bushes reaching 90 ft. (27 m). The balsam fir is recognized by its flat needles that develop to 1.18” (Three cm) lengthy. Cones are darkish purple to brown and develop to between 1.5” and three.14” (4 – Eight cm) lengthy.

Nordmann Fir (Abies nordmanniana)

Nordmann fir

Nordmann fir tree is among the frequent varieties of Christmas bushes

Additionally named the Caucasian fir tree, the Nordmann fir is native to Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus mountains. These fir bushes are a number of the tallest fir bushes of their native habitats.

Just like noble firs, Nordmann fir bushes are probably the most standard varieties of Christmas bushes. The gentle fir needles keep on the shoots for a very long time after the tree is lower. One more reason why these evergreens are standard at Christmas time is because of their shiny inexperienced foliage. The needles are darkish inexperienced with blunted ends.

Nordmann fir bushes are additionally used for tough timber to assemble indoor picket frames. These are additionally an essential sort of tree for its pulp to make paper.

Fir tree identification

A few of the tallest specimens of Nordmann bushes can develop as much as 280 ft. (85 m) tall. Nonetheless, the everyday peak of those firs is between 180 and 200 ft. (55 – 61 m). The cones are cylindrical in form, 6” (15 cm) lengthy, and have a reddish-brown coloration.

Grand Fir (Abies grandis)

Grand fir

The grand fir tree can also be referred to as large fir attributable to its peak

This fir tree lives as much as its frequent title of grand fir as a result of it is among the tallest bushes within the firs (Abies) genus. Different descriptive names of this fir embody large fir, western white fir, and nice silver fir.

The grand fir tree has gentle needle leaves which can be darkish inexperienced and shiny. These develop from the shoots on both facet, giving the “leaf” a flat moderately than cylindrical look. The fir needles have a definite citrus aroma.

The grand fir tree has clean bark that’s grayish brown and turns into scaly because the tree matures.

Though the grand fir is a kind of softwood tree, its wooden is robust and lower into timber. Typically wooden from grand firs is used within the building trade for frames and different picket indoor constructions.

Fir tree identification

This grand fir tree grows as much as 230 ft. (70 m) tall and has a conical pyramid form. Its flattened needle leaves assist to establish this Abies species together with inexperienced cones that develop to between 2.3” and 4.7” (6 – 12 cm) lengthy.

California Pink Fir Tree (Abies magnifica)

California red fir

The California pink fir has reddish bark and lengthy cones that develop upwards

The scientific title of the California pink fir provides a clue as to its dimension and stature. This can be a magnificent tree which is among the many taller species of fir bushes. As with most fir bushes, branches from the decrease half drop off, which means that foliage is concentrated on the prime of the tall tree.

The bluish-green leaves are needle-like and measure about 1.2” (Three cm) lengthy. One of many distinctive figuring out options of this fir tree is its lengthy yellowish-green cones. They’ll develop as much as 8” (21 cm) lengthy and stand erect on branches as they mature to a brown coloration.

As its frequent title suggests, the California pink fir tree develops reddish bark. Because the fir tree matures, the bark adjustments from clean and gentle to tough and fissured.

Fir tree identification

These enormous fir bushes develop to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall and their trunk is 6.6 ft. (2 m) in diameter. The sunshine bluish fir needles assist establish California pink firs as they’re formed like a hockey stick. These needles assist to inform this fir aside from the noble fir, which is carefully associated.

White Fir (Abies concolor)

white fir

The white fir has bluish inexperienced foliage with whitish look on the underside

Though many species of fir have a standard title “white fir,” the Abies concolor is a definite species. The title comes from the truth that the needle foliage has a whitish look on the underside.

The White fir has gentle needles which can be mild bluish-green above, and measure as much as 2.3 (6 cm) lengthy. They’ve barely blunted suggestions that curl on the ends. The best way the fir needles are organized on the shoots provides the “leaf” an total flat look.

Bark on white firs is mild grey, and youthful specimens have clean bark. Because the tree grows, the bark turns into ridged and takes on a lightweight brown coloration.

Fir tree identification

White firs are among the many tall species of woody crops within the Abies genus. They’ll develop to between 80 and 195 ft. (24 – 60 m). The fir tree is recognized by its mild bluish-green needles and 4-inch (12 cm) lengthy pale brown barrel-like cones.

Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri)

Fraser fir

Fraser fir is a small fir tree with branches angled upwards

Fraser fir bushes are small evergreen coniferous bushes with skinny trunks and gentle dark-green needles. A distinguishing characteristic of the Fraser fir is that it has straight branches which can be angled upwards.

The foliage varieties a conical form on the prime of the tree. Every department has twigs with quick inexperienced to dark-green needles that develop in 2 rows. These give off a gentle turpentine-like perfume when crushed.

Bark on Fraser fir bushes has a grayish-brown look that turns into scaly because the tree matures. Fraser fir tree has small conical cones which can be purple in coloration that turns mild brown earlier than disintegrating and spreading seeds.

Fraser firs are probably the most standard varieties of Christmas bushes attributable to their gentle despatched, gentle needles, and good conical form.

Fir tree identification

These small conifers develop to between 30 and 50 ft. (10 – 15 m) tall. Figuring out options are the two rows of inexperienced needles on every twig and small fats light-brown coloured cones.

West Himalayan Fir (Abies pindrow)

west Himalayan fir

West Himalayan Fir bushes are native to India and Pakistan

Additionally referred to as the pindrow fir, this species of fir tree grows giant and has a particular lengthy slender conical form. These bushes native to India and Pakistan and require loads of humidity and rainfall to develop nicely.

West Himalayan firs have needle-like leaves that are the longest of any fir species. The needles develop as much as 3.5” (9 cm) lengthy and are gentle and shiny. The underside of the needles has 2 white stomatal bands giving the foliage a lighter look.

The cones of this pindrow fir are broad and huge. They’ll develop as much as 5.5” (14 cm) lengthy and measure 1.6” (Four cm) huge.

Fir tree identification

The west Himalayan fir grows to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall. The tree is recognized by the truth that it has foliage virtually the entire size of its trunk. The needles are gentle and are darkish shiny inexperienced in coloration.

Korean Fir (Abies koreana)

Korean fir

Korean fir is among the smallest varieties of fir bushes

One of many smaller species of fir tree is the Korean fir that has a brief shrub-like look. These evergreens develop at excessive altitudes in temperate forests that get loads of rainfall.

Resulting from their quick stature and conical form, you’re more likely to see these bushes in decorative gardens. In contrast to many varieties of fir the place the foliage solely grows on the prime, the entire form of the tree is conical. The needles of Korean fir develop densely on the twigs and curl in on themselves.

One of many enticing options of Korean firs is their giant plump purple cones. These may be as much as 3” (7.6 cm) lengthy and 0.8” (2 cm) huge. In contrast to many varieties of fir bushes, the cones additionally seem on younger bushes which improve their attractiveness.

Fir tree identification

Korean firs are small decorative bushes that develop to between 33 and 60 ft. (10 – 18 m). The figuring out options of those firs are quick flattened needles, lengthy purple cones, and bushy foliage.

Silver Fir Tree (Abies alba)

Silver fir

The silver fir is a tall slender species of conifer native to Europe

The silver fir tree is native to Europe and is a tall species of conifer with sparse foliage. European silver firs are additionally standard Christmas bushes in North America and Europe.

Silver firs have leaves which can be needle-like and have a darkish shiny look. The needles are round 1.18” (Three cm) and have notched suggestions. Cones are giant and may be as much as 7” (18.7 cm) lengthy and 1.6” (Four cm) broad.

The distinctive triangular form of the younger varieties, its recent gentle aroma, and long-lasting needles have made this a preferred tree at Christmas time. When you have a look at footage of mature silver firs, you may usually see the distinctive pyramid form on the very prime of the tree.

Fir tree identification

The silver fir is slender tree that grows to between 130 and 160 ft. (40 – 50 m) tall. The needles on the twigs are darkish inexperienced on the higher facet with 2 white stomata bands on the underside.

Spanish Fir (Abies pinsapo)

Spanish fir

Spanish firs have a definite conical form and purple cones

Spanish fir bushes develop in excessive altitudes in Spain and Morocco. The evergreen conifers have a definite conical form, even when mature.

Trying up shut on the needle leaves, you will notice that Spanish fir has mild bluish-green needles are organized radially. Relying on the tree, there could also be a whitish waxy substance on the needles.

The Spanish fir is carefully associated to the Moroccan fir which has barely longer cones on it.

Fir tree identification

Spanish firs are a small-medium sort of evergreen plant that develop to between 65 and 98 ft. (20 – 30 m) tall. Small needle-like leaves additionally dominate this tree species in addition to giant cylindrical purple cones.

Subalpine Fir (Abies lasiocarpa)

subalpine fir

The decorative Subalpine Fir tree grows at excessive altitudes

Additionally referred to as the Rocky Mountain fir, this medium-sized evergreen grows at excessive altitudes in chilly humid climates. The form of the slender fir tree seems to taper to a degree.

Needles that make up the “leaves” are mild pale-green and flat. These are organized spirally on the twigs and are barely curved in form.

As with many species of fir tree, the bark on subalpine firs is clean on younger bushes and progressively turns into scaly because the tree ages.

Lengthy cones develop erect on the tree and they are often between 2.1” and 4.3” (6 – 12 cm) lengthy. Because the cones mature, they modify in coloration from darkish purple to brown earlier than disintegrating.

Fir tree identification

Subalpine firs develop as much as 66 ft. (20 m) and are additionally standard in decorative landscaped gardens. Gentle inexperienced needles and lengthy darkish cones are a number of the figuring out options of this fir tree.

Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)

douglas fir

Douglas fir just isn’t a real fir tree nevertheless it’s a kind of pine tree

As you might be able to inform by its scientific title, the Douglas fir just isn’t a real fir tree. This species of evergreen conifer is from the genus Pseudotsuga which suggests it really belongs on the listing of pine bushes.

Relying on the place this “fir” tree is discovered on this planet, additionally it is referred to as the Oregon pine, Douglas spruce, pink fir, or pink pine.

These are giant evergreen bushes within the household Pinaceae that develop as much as 330 ft. (100 m) tall. Their needle-like leaves are just like fir bushes and usually solely develop nearer the highest of the tree trunk. In contrast to fir bushes, the massive brown cones don’t develop erect however droop from the branches.

Douglas fir is a tough sort of softwood tree that’s used for flooring, building, veneer, and for common timber. Dwarf styles of Douglas fir are additionally standard Christmas bushes.

Associated articles:

Author: admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *