true vs false cedar trees

Types of Cedar Trees with Identification Guide (Pictures, and Name)

Cedar bushes are giant evergreen conifers which have needle-like leaves which are organized spirally on scented woody branches. Cedars develop at excessive altitudes and thrive in full solar and well-draining soil. There are 4 species of cedar bushes within the genus Cedrus, belonging to the pine (Pinaceae) household.

The 4 kinds of cedar bushes are Atlas cedar (Cedrus atlantica) with darkish inexperienced foliage, Cyprian cedar (Cedrus brevifolia) with bluish-green needle-leaves, Himalayan cedar (Cedrus deodara) with vivid inexperienced needles and reasonably giant cones, and cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani) with its glaucous, bluish-green foliage.

On this article, you’ll discover ways to establish the 4 kinds of true cedars. We’ll additionally have a look at different bushes which have the widespread title cedar however botanically talking will not be cedars in the actual sense of the phrase.

True Cedars Vs. False Cedars

True cedar bushes equivalent to Atlas cedar (Cedrus Atlantica) belong to the Cedrus genus. Nonetheless false cedars belong to the household cupressaceae (cypress). For instance, Western Crimson Cedar (Thuja plicata) and Jap Crimson cedar (Juniperus virginiana) are false cedars within the cypress household.

You may distinguish between true cedars and false cedars by their evergreen needle leaves. True cedars within the Cedrus genus have needle clusters on woody pegs. Nonetheless, the false cedars which are really cypress bushes, typically have tender, scaly feather-like leaves.

Find out how to Determine Cedar Timber

cedar cones, bark, and leaves (cedar tree identification picture)

Footage of cedar bark with its giant scales (left) and upright cones and needles (proper)

Cedars are evergreen bushes that may be recognized by their needles, cones and bark. Cedars have bluish-green needles, rising in teams alongside woody branches. One other identification characteristic of true cedar bushes is their giant, barrel-like cones that develop upward on branches reasonably than dangle. A mature cedar tree has reddish-brown bark with lengthy scales which are simply peeled.

One other strategy to establish cedars is by their monumental top—rising as much as 160 ft. (50 m).

True Cedar Timber (With Footage and Names)

Let’s have a look at the figuring out options of the 4 cedar species. Together with descriptions of those huge bushes, photos and their botanical names will assist to establish every species.

Listed below are the kinds of true cedar bushes.

Atlas Cedar (Cedrus Atlantica)

cedrus atlantis (Atlas cedar)- true type of cedar

In these photos: Cedrus Atlantica ‘Glauca Pendula’ (left) and Cedrus Atlantica ‘Aurea’ (proper)

The Atlas cedar tree is a sort of true cedar tree that appears much like forms of Lebanon cedars. Any such conifer tree will get its title from the Atlas mountain of Morocco. Atlas cedars will not be as tall as different bushes within the genus Cedrus, however they could have a conical form that offers them decorative worth.

Additionally known as the Atlanta cedars, these cedars are appropriate for planting in giant backyards. They don’t develop to greater than 40 ft. (12 m) tall in backyard landscapes and are perfect for full solar and sizzling, arid situations. Some decorative cultivars embrace the Golden Atlas Cedar ‘Aurea’ with golden foliage, Blue Atlas Cedar ‘Glauca’ with its bluish inexperienced needles, the ‘Glauca Pendula,’ with weeping branches, and ‘Argentea Fastigiata’—an upright columnar tree with a pencil form.

Cedar Tree Identification

Atlas cedar identification is by the glaucous bluish-green clumps of needles rising on fragrant stems. The barrel-shaped cones have easy scales and are shorter than different cedars—yellow earlier than maturing to darkish brown. You may establish the Atlas cedar by its dark-brown or grey bark that fissures because it grows.

Deodar Cedar (Cedrus Deodara)

Deodar cedar - type of true cedar tree. In the picture Deodar cedar and its cones and needles

A mature Deodar cedar (left) and Deodar cedar cones and its needle like leaves (proper)

The Deodar cedar tree can be named Himalayan cedar because of its native habitat. Its widespread and botanical title actually means “wooden of the gods.” Deodar cedars are fast-growing, giant evergreen conifer bushes which have a distinctly conical form. This progress behavior makes this cedar species a extremely decorative, engaging tree.

Rising in evergreen forests within the Himalayan Mountains, the Deodar cedar bushes can attain 160 ft. (48 m) tall. Nonetheless, in a park or backyard panorama, they don’t often develop greater than 50 ft. (15 m) with a 30 ft. (9 m) unfold.

The wooden from Deodar cedars is prized for its sturdiness and engaging grain. Timber from these cedars is used within the building trade. Nonetheless, the cedar lumber isn’t preferrred for furnishings making.

Cedar Tree Identification

To establish Deodar cedar bushes, search for drooping branches rising on these tall conifers. Its needle-like leaves develop in small, dense clusters on quick shoots. The foliage will be from vivid inexperienced to bluish-green colour. The barrel cones develop as much as 5” (13 cm) lengthy, and the bark of Deodar cedar is grey and scaly.

Cyprian Cedar (Cedrus brevifolia)

Cedrus brevifolia - type of true cedar tree

Cyprian Cedar is among the rarest cedars and it has quick needles

The Cyprian cedar is among the rarest kinds of cedars. It appears to be like like a smaller model of its bigger cousin, the Lebanon cedar. As a decorative tree, the Cyprian cedar has branches that develop out horizontally, making a flat-looking crown—typical of Mediterranean landscapes. Its scientific title—brevifolia—means “small foliage” and refers back to the quick needles and compact progress of this sun-loving cedar.

In its native habitat of Cyprus, the Cyprian cedar tree grows as much as about 80 ft. (24 m) tall. Nonetheless, underneath cultivation, the ornamental tree doesn’t develop taller than 50 ft. (15 m). As a decorative tree, the Cyprian cedar is appropriate for giant gardens the place a cedar of Lebanon could be too giant.

Cedar Tree Identification

Clumps of small needles organized spirally on quick and woody stems establish the Cyprian cedar. Its cones emerge as inexperienced earlier than turning to mild brown as they mature. Cyprian cedar has grayish-brown bark that fissures because the tree matures. You may establish this cedar by its horizontal branches.

Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani)

cedrus libani - type of true cedar tree

Lebanon cedar is a chilly hardy true cedar tree which might develop very tall

Lebanon cedars are among the most iconic species of true cedar bushes because of their horizontally-growing branches. Native to Lebanon and the Center East, these evergreen conifers are monumental bushes that may attain as much as 130 ft. (40 m) tall. A particular characteristic of those true cedars is how the mature trunks generally separate into a number of completely different ones.

Timber from Lebanon cedars has been used for hundreds of years because of its tremendous grain and resistance to decay. Within the Center East, this cedar wooden is fashionable for making furnishings and utilizing it in building. Important cedar oils are additionally extracted from the tree’s resin.

The cedar of Lebanon is a cold-hardy tree, regardless of coming from heat climates. The conifer has a conical form earlier than the uppermost branches flatten out as they develop horizontally. The tree is fast-growing for the primary 50 years earlier than slowing down. Some Lebanon cedars can dwell for over 1,000 years.

Cedar Tree Identification

It’s straightforward to establish Lebanon cedars because of their majestic tall stature. Search for horizontal branches rising on a multi-stemmed tree. The massive woody, barrel-shaped cones develop as much as 5” (13 cm) lengthy and a couple of.4” (6 cm) vast. Lebanon cedar’s bark is gray-brown and easy earlier than turning into tough because it matures.

False Cedar Timber (With Footage and Names)

There are various species of conifers which have the widespread title cedar however will not be true cedars. These bushes embrace forms of juniper and cypress bushes. Let’s have a look at among the commonest false or fake cedars.

Listed below are the kinds of false cedar bushes.

Jap Crimson Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Eastern Red Cedar is a type of false cedar tree

The Jap crimson cedar can develop to be a tall tree (left) nevertheless there are smaller cultivars which are appropriate for smaller areas or as privateness hedge (proper)

The japanese crimson cedar is definitely a sort of juniper tree that’s native to the east coast of North America. Different widespread names for this fake cedar are ‘pencil cedar,’ ‘fragrant cedar,’ and Virginian juniper. The slow-growing conifer tree has a conical form, dense foliage, and upward progress.

These juniper species are hardy bushes that may stand up to laborious situations, together with durations of drought. In some rising situations, the japanese crimson cedar by no means grows taller than a small shrub-like evergreen tree. Nonetheless, underneath preferrred situations, this false cedar can develop as much as 66 ft. (20 m) tall.

For smaller areas select dwarf cultivars equivalent to Juniperus virginiana ‘Skyrocket’ and Juniperus virginiana ‘Brodie.’

Lumber from these cedars is extremely proof against rot and, subsequently, has many makes use of within the timber trade. Jap cedarwood is a typical sort of wooden for making fence posts and furnishings.

Cedar Tree Identification

You may establish japanese crimson cedars by the spiky immature bright-green needle leaves that turn out to be scale-like because the tree matures. Cones rising on japanese cedars are a lightweight blue colour and appear to be clusters of small berries. The bark on these false cedars is reddish-brown and peels simply.

Northern White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis)

Northern White Cedar is a type of false cedar tree

Thuja occidentalis (Northern white cedar) is a well-liked false cedar tree for a dwelling fence or privateness display screen in landscaped gardens

One of the crucial widespread arborvitaes is the northern white cedar, which is a member of the cypress household. The tender, dense foliage makes these decorative crops preferrred as a specimen plant or for rising a privateness hedge. These fake cedars don’t develop taller than 50 ft. (15 m).

The widespread names of those cypress bushes are complicated as they share them with species of junipers.

Northern white cedars develop properly in full solar and moist soil. Their evergreen, vivid foliage, and decorative form make these Thujas fashionable as specimen panorama bushes or as a pure, dwelling display screen. They maintain their form properly with little upkeep and pruning. Many gardeners think about japanese white cedars because the easiest-to-grow conifers for entrance or backyards.

Cedar Tree Identification

Northern white cedars are recognized by their tender feathery foliage with scale-like flat leaves, making a fan form on branches. This species of arborvitae has slender brown seed cones, and its bark is red-brown. These bushes have a pyramid form.

Western Crimson Cedar (Thuja plicata)

Western Red Cedar is a type of false cedar tree

Western crimson cedar is a really tall conifer tree (left) however dwarf cultivars can be found too equivalent to Thuja plicata ‘Inexperienced Large’ (left)

Not like the japanese crimson cedar, the western crimson cedar is an enormous sort of tree, reaching as much as 230 ft. (70 m) tall. This false cedar is an evergreen conifer from the household Cupressaceae. It has wealthy shiny foliage that grows in a pyramid form. Timber from western crimson cedars is exceptionally sturdy, making the tree essential within the timber trade.

Many dwarf western cedar cultivars make this tree preferrred for residential landscapes. A few of the most ornamental western arborvitaes are small evergreens that don’t take up a lot house in a again yard. For instance, the Thuja plicata ‘Fluffy’ is a pyramid-shaped dwarf tree that grows as much as 10 ft. (three m). Or, there may be the fast-growing ‘Inexperienced Large’ arborvitae that has a conical form and grows as much as 60 ft. (18 m).

Each western crimson cedars and japanese white cedars are cold-tolerant bushes that adapt to numerous rising situations.

Cedar Tree Identification

Identification of the western crimson cedar is by scale-like inexperienced leaves that kind flat sprays. The fragrant leaves emit a pineapple scent when crushed. Small, slender cones develop on the western crimson cedar tree, and it has brown bark with fissures operating the size of the trunk.

Spanish Cedar (Cedrela Odorata)

Cedrela Odorata is a type of false cedar tree - in the picture: Spanish cedar bark and leaves

Spanish cedar is a hardy drought resistant tree and isn’t a real cedar

Not like different kinds of true and false cedars, the Spanish cedar is native to tropical international locations. This false cedar tree could be very drought resistant and thrives in full solar and well-draining soil. This medium-sized tree grows to between 33 and 98 ft. (10 – 30 m) tall.

True cedars are kinds of evergreen bushes that maintain their leaves all yr spherical. Nonetheless, the Spanish fake cedar is a semi-deciduous, broad-leafed tree with ovate leaflets making up the leaves. This false cedar tree procures white flowers earlier than maturing into small, winged-shaped fruits.

Timber from Spanish cedar bushes is high-quality and proof against bugs and decay. These information make the lumber priceless within the building trade, the place resistance to termites and decay is essential.

Cedar Tree Identification

Spanish cedars are recognized by their pinnately compound leaves made up of ovate or lanceolate-shaped leaflets. The bark of Spanish cedar is gray-brown with irregular fissured patterns on it.

Alaskan Yellow Cedar (Cupressus nootkatensis)

Cupressus nootkatensis is a type of false cedar tree - in the picture: Alaskan Yellow Cedar bark

Alaskan yellow cedar will be recognized by its droopy branches, small cones and grayish brown bark

The Alaskan yellow cedar is a false cedar that doesn’t belong to the genus Cedrus, however the cypress household. This species of cypress will be recognized by its tender inexperienced, feathery foliage and drooping branches. The medium-sized, fast-growing tree is native to the japanese coast of North America, rising all the way in which from California to Alaska.

One of many engaging options of the Alaskan yellow cedar is its pyramidal form and tender, dense foliage. Relying on the cultivar, foliage colour can vary from vivid, golden yellow to darkish, luscious inexperienced. These components make yellow cedars glorious specimen bushes for landscaping.

Additionally known as Nootka cedar or Nootka cypress, these stunning false cedars are glorious as tall privateness hedges or windbreaks. Many individuals additionally think about the timber from Alaskan yellow cedars as among the most interesting obtainable.

Cedar Tree Identification

Identification of Alaskan yellow cedars is by their darkish inexperienced, flat scaly leaves rising on pendulous branches. The cypress bushes produce small cones. These fake cedars develop as much as 130 ft. (40 m).

Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)

Calocedrus decurrens is a type of false cedar tree

In these photographs: A mature incense cedar tree (left), cones (middle) and foliage (proper)

The incense cedar is one other false cedar within the cypress household Cupressaceae. The massive tree has a conical crown of spreading branches producing tender, scale-like leaves. As its widespread title suggests, these cypress bushes are extremely fragrant and native to California and northwest Mexico.

In colder climates, incense cedars develop naturally as tall columnar bushes. In hotter climates, its important progress has a spreading nature that gives shade beneath. These elegant, decorative bushes are glorious as specimen bushes in giant backyard landscapes.

Cedar Tree Identification

The incense cedar tree will be recognized by its foliage that stays as flattened vertical sprays. The fragrant false cedar tree grows to between 130 and 195 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall. The seed cones from the tree are simply over an inch (2.5 cm) lengthy and are an orange-yellowish colour. Immature incense cedar bushes have orange-brown bark earlier than turning grey and fissured.

Associated articles:

Author: admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *