The Tallest Tropical Tree in the World (Updated)

The Tallest Tropical Tree in the World (Updated)

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Larger than the Statue of Liberty of US, the tallest tropical tree on the earth is a 100.8-Metre-tall (330.7 ft) Yellow Meranti tree (species: Shorea faguetiana) in Danum Valley of Sabah, the Malaysian Borneo. It’s the second tallest tree on the earth, simply behind Hyperion, the 115.92-Metre-tall (380.three Ft) Coast redwood in California’s Redwood Nationwide Park.

Climbing Menara, the tallest tropical tree in the world
Climbing Menara, the tallest tropical tree on the earth. Picture by Unding Jami

As the primary and solely recorded tropical tree exceeds 100 Metres, this tallest tropical tree is called as “Menara”, which suggests Tower in Malay language. Menara can be the tallest flowering plant on earth. In 2014, it’s noticed on a 33 diploma angled slope by laser scanner of an airplane that surveyed the rainforest of Rhino Ridge close to Danum Valley Area Centre (DVFC).

Aerial shot of Menara from a drone
Aerial shot of Menara from a drone. The tree crown of Menara is 40 Metres vast (131 Ft). Picture by Alexander Shenkin

On 6 January 2019, to get essentially the most correct top studying, a crew {of professional} tree climbers hiked as much as a slope of 436-Metre above sea degree to find Menara. The crew chief Unding Jami (Jamiluddin bin Jami) should climb as much as the tree high and used tape measure to take the measurement from the highest of the crown to the bottom a part of the buttress.

Tape measure from tree top
Tape measure from tree high. This handbook methodology can get essentially the most correct top of a tree. Picture by Unding Jami

The lengthy straight stem posed a problem, so Unding Jami took virtually three hours to achieve the highest. The operation will be dangerous. There was one time Unding Jami climbed one other flowering Dipterocarp and bought 200 stings by a swarm of bees. Anyway, it made his day to verify that Menara is the brand new report breaker of the tallest tropical tree on the earth.

Top Comparability with Well-known Landmarks

To get an thought of the dimensions of this towering tree, let’s have some enjoyable to check it with some well-known objects.

Diagram: Height comparisons of Menara (100.8 Metres) with New York City’s Statue of Liberty (93 Metres), London’s Big Ben Clock Tower (96 Metres), Tun Mustapha Tower (122 Metres), and the Tallest Tree (115.92 Metres)
Top comparisons of Menara (100.Eight Metres) with New York Metropolis’s Statue of Liberty (93 Metres), London’s Huge Ben Clock Tower (96 Metres), Tun Mustapha Tower (122 Metres), and the Tallest Tree (115.92 Metres)

Previous Report Holders of the Tallest Tropical Tree

All of the previous record-breakers are Yellow Meranti timber in first-class forest reserve of Sabah. In reality, that is the fourth time Sabah broke its report on the tallest tropical tree on the earth. Although these timber are now not the titleholder, they’re nonetheless ranked as high 20 within the listing of highest timber on the earth.

Might 2018: 96.9M (318 Ft)

Found on 28 Might 2018, this 96.9-Metre tree is about 9.5 Kilometre (5.9 Miles) from the doorway of Tawau Hills Park, a nationwide park in Tawau. Tawau Hills Park is a well-liked place for swimming, bird-watching, climbing and scorching springs.

Menara, a yellow meranti (Shorea faguetiana) that is 100.8 Metre high
Yellow meranti tree (species: Shorea faguetiana), is regionally often called Seraya Siput Kuning. Picture by Unding Jami

Nov 2016: 93.zero Metres (305 Ft)

Often called “Lahad Datu”, this tree is situated close to Ulu Purut Analysis Station (UPRS) Camp, which is about 7 Kilometres (4.35 Miles) east of Danum Valley Area Centre (DVFC). Most media reported its top as 94.1 Metres (308.7 Ft), an estimated top by laser sensor. About three months later, an expedition crew visited the tree. They carried out extra exact measurement by tape and confirmed that the typical top of Lahad Datu is 93.zero Metres.

Left: Lahad Datu tree with the people at its bottom. Right: Looking at the Lahad Datu tree from a helicopter.
Left: Lahad Datu tree with the individuals at its backside. Proper: Wanting on the Lahad Datu tree from a helicopter. Picture by Robin Martin

Jun 2016: 89.5 Metres (294 Ft)

In April 2016, conservation scientists from the College of Cambridge found this large tree throughout reconnaissance flights over east facet of Maliau Basin (Sabah’s Misplaced World). Nevertheless, this report solely lasted for 4 months when one other taller tree present in Danum Valley.

Professional tree climber measuring the tree
Unding Jami measuring the tree. He’s too excessive above to listen to something from the bottom, so his crew solely can talk with him by telephone. Picture by Stephanie Legislation

Jul 2006: 88.32 Metres (289.Eight Ft)

This tropical tree was reported by Dr. Roman Dial from Anchorage Alaska College in Nationwide Geographic Journal (July 2006 version), and it held the tallest tropical tree title for practically 10 years. It is usually essentially the most photographed by the general public as a result of it’s solely a 900-Metre stroll away from the doorway of Tawau Hills Park, which is managed by Sabah Parks.

The longest record holder of the Tallest Tropical Tree in the world
This Yellow Meranti tree in Tawau Hills Park is the longest report holder (Jul 2006 – Jun 2016) of the Tallest Tropical Tree on the earth. At the moment individuals thought 90 Metres was the peak restrict of tropical tree till they found the 100.8-Metre-tall Menara in 2014.

One other stunning tall tree in Tawau Hills Park can be value a point out. It’s a 85.76-Metre-tall (281.Four Ft) Menggaris tree (species: Koompassia excelsa), nicknamed as Pontiankak Putih Cantik (Fairly White Pontiankak in English). It’s the world’s tallest legume (its fruit is edible).

Left: 85.76-Metre-tall Menggaris tree (Pontiankak Putih Cantik). Right: Menggaris trees (species: Koompassia excelsa)
Left: 85.76-Metre-tall Menggaris tree (Pontiankak Putih Cantik). Picture by Brett Mifsud, Proper: Menggaris tree (species: Koompassia excelsa) can be a Borneo tree well-known for its freaking top. Word the little man subsequent to it.

Fascinating Information about Shorea faguetiana

  • Yellow Meranti is the widespread title of Shorea faguetiana, a local tree species lives in Borneo, peninsular Malaysia and components of Thailand.
  • It’s additionally known as Seraya Siput Kuning regionally (translated as yellow snail seraya) due to its snail-like exudation of darkish brown or black dammar (resin) on the bole.
  • You possibly can plant yellow meranti tree in Minecraft recreation.
Left: snail-like resin of Yellow Meranti tree. Right: a towering Shorea faguetiana
Left: snail-like resin of Yellow Meranti tree. Picture by Dr. Arthur Chung. Proper: Shorea faguetiana is the tallest tree species of Borneo. Picture by John Sugau
  • There are about 138 Shorea species with 91 of them endemic to Borneo island.
  • Shorea faguetiana is assessed as endangered on the pink listing of Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the world’s most complete stock of the worldwide conservation standing of organic species.
  • 80% of Shorea faguetiana inhabitants is gone previously three generations on account of logging and habitat loss.
  • Yellow Meranti tree produces five-winged fruits that spin like a helicopter when falling to the bottom. This helps the seeds to journey farther away from their father or mother tree.
  • The wooden from this tree is medium-hardwood appropriate for making Plywood, crates and lightweight furnishings.
  • An enormous yellow meranti tree can home a mini ecosystem consisting of over 1,000 forms of bugs, fungi, and vegetation.
Setting up rope climbing to Menara
Establishing the rope to climb Menara is tough as a result of its branches are so excessive above. Picture by Unding Jami

Subsequent Tallest Tree?

Sabah rainforest is over 130 thousands and thousands years outdated however not totally explored. For instance, 70% of Maliau Basin isn’t studied. Subsequently, I imagine the subsequent tallest tree is ready to be present in future, most definitely inside a fully-protected major rainforest of jap and central of Sabah, the place timber can develop to final top due to the fertile volcanic soil and ample rainfall. I’ll maintain the report up to date right here. Hopefully Sabah can maintain singing “tinggi-tinggi pokok seraya” (means so excessive our yellow meranti tree) till the tip, like our Mount Kinabalu in Sayang Kinabalu.

Photos of Shorea faguetiana trees
Photographs of Shorea faguetiana by Dr. Arthur Chung (left), Unding Jami (center), and John Pereira (proper)

Nevertheless, the peak of tree is restricted by mechanical, ecophysiological, and hydraulic constraints. The taller the tree, the tougher for it to move the water and vitamins from the basis to the tree high. The organic restrict restricts gymnosperm tree to a most top of 122 to 130 Metres (400 to 426.5 ft). Shorea faguetiana additionally wants some luck to develop tremendous tall. With slender bole and huge cover, yellow meranti tree is “… virtually like large dandelions,” Professor Yadvinder Malhi, mentioned in an interview. “They’re tall and skinny, they usually’re simply making an attempt to catch the wind.” Menara survives being snapped by sturdy wind as a result of it’s sheltered by a ridge.

The Tallest Stamp of Malaysia

To characteristic world’s tropical tallest tree, POS Malaysia issued particular new stamps for Menara on 29 Dec 2020. The miniature sheet is 180mm by 35mm (7.09 x 1.38 inches) in dimension, making it the most important (and tallest?) stamp of Malaysia! The three-part folder can open up vertically and doubtless the longest stamp folder of Malaysia too. I really like the design a lot that I purchased just a few set.

Left: miniature sheet of Menara is the largest stamp of Malaysia. Right: the long stamp folder for the World's tallest tropical tree
Left: miniature sheet of Menara is the most important stamp of Malaysia. Word the phrases “Lahad Datu” in cancellation mark, it’s the district the place Menara grows. Proper: the lengthy stamp folder for the World’s tallest tropical tree

Sabah has so many massive and tall timber. No surprise some West Malaysians ask if Sabahans stay on timber. I at all times reply Sure we do and also you want an elevator to get to the highest lol. For extra enjoyable information about Borneo timber, you possibly can learn the 10 most attention-grabbing timber of Borneo.

Left: the front cover of stamp folder of World's Tallest Tropical Tree (Pokok Tropika tertinggi di dunia). Right: Stamp sheet (10 pieces of 90-cent stamps). The picture in the stamp is the winged fruit of Shorea faguetiana
Left: the entrance cowl of stamp folder of World’s Tallest Tropical Tree (Pokok Tropika tertinggi di dunia). Proper: Stamp sheet (10 items of 90-cent stamps). The image within the stamp is the winged fruit of Shorea faguetiana

Additional Studying

Photographs taken in Sabah, Malaysia Borneo

Author: admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *