You might have heard of Syngonium podophyllum with out realizing it. This semi-tropical plant (hailing from Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Mexico) generally often called the Arrowhead or butterfly plant.
The low-maintenance arrowhead plant is an attention-grabbing and versatile houseplant. It’s accessible in a spread of colours, and the enticing foliage adjustments in form as the person leaves change from juvenile to mature.
The hardy evergreen white syngonium is an enthusiastic climber however will be pruned to create a compact tabletop plant.
When left unpruned, the arrowhead plant can develop to be about six toes lengthy and look beautiful when skilled to climb or allowed to cascade over the edges of a dangling basket or pot.
On this article, we’ll focus on the rising, use and arrowhead plant care (Syngonium). Learn on to be taught extra.
Syngonium Plant Care Fast Rising Information:
Origin: Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Mexico, South America, West Indies
Frequent Names: Arrowhead vine, Butterfly plant, Tri-Leaf Surprise, Nephthytis, African Evergreen, Inexperienced-Gold Nephthytis, Goosefoot Plant, 5 Fingers
Makes use of: Arrowhead vines are straightforward to develop and do properly rising indoors in a low-to-medium mild as a trailing, climbing or hanging vine. It will also be stored pruned for a extra bushy look. With many sorts, cultivars and colours to select from, these foliage crops coordinate properly with any decor and provides curiosity in variegated shades of inexperienced and white, silver, cream, pink and even purple.
Peak or Size: 3′ – 6′ toes tall
Unfold: 1′ – 2′ toes huge
USDA Hardiness Zones: 10 to 12 These crops are solely winter hardy in Florida within the US, however they develop properly as houseplants in each state.
Flowers: It’s uncommon for the arrowhead plant to supply flowers indoors. When flowers do seem the greenish/white blooms look one thing like Peace lily blooms with a thicker spadex (the central shaft that bears the person flowers and berries). The tiny flowers turn into brownish-black or pink berries.
Foliage: Leaves range in colour relying upon the plant selection. On all varieties, leaves remodel from small ovate leaves too lengthy, lobed leaves. Colour and markings additionally change all through the lifespan of the leaf.
When leaves first emerge, they’re comparatively arrow formed and infrequently show silvery variegation.
When the leaves on the arrowhead plant ages, they attain the arrow formed leaves that offers them their widespread title. Because the leaves additional mature, they develop from about 5 inches lengthy to about fourteen inches lengthy.
Colours: Leaves are normally closely variegated when younger. The variegation tends to fade because the arrowhead plant leaves mature. Leaves are available in enticing shades of inexperienced and white, silver, cream, pink, and even purple.
Syngonium Care Necessities
Mild Situations: The arrowhead plant does properly in medium to low mild settings and thrive in brilliant, oblique mild. They don’t like publicity to direct daylight. In case you are solely capable of present medium to decrease mild situations, you might do higher with one of many deeper inexperienced cultivars. These are likely to do higher in shaded situations.
Water: The soil combine must be stored flippantly moist throughout spring | summer season and barely drier through the fall and winter months. Don’t let it change into fully dry. The plant is undemanding with regards to watering, however does favor excessive humidity, so it’s a good suggestion to put container crops on a mattress of moist pebbles. Mist hanging baskets continuously. Water reasonably all through the rising season and scale back watering throughout cooler months. [source]
Temperature: As a semi-tropical vine, arrowheads favor heat, humid situations. Attempt to not enable temperatures to drop beneath 60° levels Fahrenheit.
Soil: Use a wealthy potting combine that gives superior draining and aerating capabilities.
Houseplant Fertilizer: Feed utilizing a balanced liquid houseplant meals frequently through the spring and summer season rising season. Observe package deal instructions carefully.
Issues: These hardy crops haven’t any pests or illness issues when cared for correctly. Preserve a reasonable watering schedule and supply the best kind of substrate to stop:
All of those will be problematic on over watered crops, however shouldn’t plague wholesome crops.
Pruning: If you wish to hold your plant compact and bushy, pinch of latest progress frequently. Put on gloves when pinching because the crops’ sap could cause pores and skin irritation.
Propagation: It’s straightforward to root Syngonium from a slicing through the rising season. Lower sections of stem containing root nodes and place them in clear water to develop roots. If you happen to see that your plant has developed aerial roots on the stem, you will be sure that stem part will root simply.
Taking Cuttings From Arrowhead Crops
The plant additionally spreads quickly within the soil, so it’s a easy matter to divide one plant into two or extra everytime you repot.
Repotting: Usually, you need to refresh the potting soil within the springtime and repot each different 12 months; nevertheless, as a result of these crops are fast-growers you might must repot yearly. Frequent repotting will end in even quicker progress! Contemplate rising them up a moss stick.
- The pole is manufactured from pure pure coir moss fiber
- The sturdy sharpened wooden stick permits for inserting the pole into the soil simply, offering sturdy help for the plant extension. The rope wrapping the pole holds the coir moss firmly for long-last use.
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Of their pure habitat, the arrowhead plant is a vigorous climber that begin out as under-story forest crops in low lighting and develop up into the leaves and branches of the tropical forest to get extra solar and contemporary air.
As with most residing issues, you’re going to get one of the best outcomes from these crops once you take steps to duplicate their pure circumstances.
Present a tropical forest atmosphere by conserving your arrowhead plant in a heat, humid setting with the sort of brilliant, oblique daylight you’ll discover in a jungle.
Attempt offering your plant with a department or moss coated pole to climb.
Attention-grabbing Varieties and Cultivars Of Nephthytis Crops
In its pure habitat, there are over thirty species of Syngonium. The one we see most frequently in cultivation is the podophyllum kind, which is available in a powerful variety of varieties. Here’s a assortment of the 10 hottest and enticing of those:
Berry Allusion Nephthytis: This plant options mild inexperienced leaves with tinges of pink and cream. It grows very properly in a low-light setting.
Daring Allusion Nephthytis: The leaves of this plant are creamy inexperienced with pink veins. It is a slow-growing plant so could also be higher for smaller areas.
Cream Allusion Nephthytis: It is a very compact selection that options mid-sized, creamy inexperienced foliage infused with traces of pink.
Strawberry Cream: This plant does finest and appears finest in brilliant, oblique mild. The leaves are a horny shade of pink that’s particularly enticing on new progress.
Pink Allusion: It is a compact plant. The leaves are pale inexperienced with pink veins and darkish inexperienced edging.
Julia Allusion Nephthytis Plant: The leaves of this plant are pale inexperienced with a flush of coppery pink coloration.
Unique Allusion Nephthytis: The leaves of this plant are very pale inexperienced with tinges of creamy white.
Syngonium White Butterfly Plant: The leaves of this extremely popular plant are greenish-white with darkish inexperienced edging.
Holly Nephthytis: This dramatic plant has white leaves with inexperienced veins and inexperienced edging.
Painted Arrow Head Plant: The creamy inexperienced leaves of this plant sport spatters of sunshine inexperienced.
There are numerous forms of indoor home crops which have related necessities and look nice when planted alongside these fairly crops. Listed below are three good examples:
Crimson Aglaonema are colourful, compact home crops that may work properly as a thick, bushy base surrounding a trellis stuffed with climbing goosefoot plant.
Golden and Marble Queen Pothos Crops are traditional houseplants that’s straightforward to come back by and provides selection and curiosity to climbing, hanging or trailing Arrowhead plant.
Philodendron is one other fairly, climbing or trailing tropical home plant that does very properly when planted with Syngonium. Its fairly inexperienced and yellow variegated, heart-shaped leaves add distinction and curiosity to your planting.
Is Syngonium Invasive?
The Florida Unique Pest Plant Council (FLEPPC) has declared this plant to be a Class 1 Invasive species. Which means that its vigorous progress habits enable it to displace native plant and animal species and alter the construction of native plant communities. It might even be able to hybridizing with native crops. All of that is very problematic for the well being and well-being of native wildlife.
If you happen to stay within the state of Florida or an identical local weather, don’t hold these crops exterior. You shouldn’t plant stems or put a slicing straight into the bottom. If you happen to discover that Syngonium has naturalized in your property, you need to take steps to eradicate it.
This could be a actual problem and can take a mix of pulling and use of herbicides. Pulled crops must be burned or disposed of in rigorously sealed black plastic baggage. The concept is that warmth will construct up within the baggage and kill the crops in order that they will be unable to take up residence in your native landfill.
Bear in mind to put on gloves, lengthy sleeves, and eye safety to stop irritation from plant sap. [source]
Toxicity: Whereas you might have heard of “anti-inflammatory properties of Arrowhead plant” it’s more than likely that this was a reference to Sagittaria cuneata, which is a wholly totally different plant that additionally goes by the title “Arrowhead Plant”. This plant is a local to the northern US and has been used extensively by Native Individuals for medicinal and meals functions.
It is extremely necessary to notice that Syngonium just isn’t the benign “Arrowhead Plant” used for medicinal functions. In accordance with the ASPCA, Syngonium podophyllum is poisonous to canine, cats, horses, and folks. [source]
The arrowhead plant accommodates insoluble calcium oxalates that trigger painful swelling of the lips, tongue, and mouth. When ingested, it causes issue swallowing, gastric misery, extreme drooling and (in cats, canine, and people) vomiting. Equines (horses and their kinfolk) are usually not capable of regurgitate, so the outcomes of ingesting this plant are much more dire for them.
The sap of the arrowhead plant is an irritant, so gardeners ought to put on gloves when dealing with and pruning. Be suggested that each a part of the Syngonium plant is poisonous or toxic. If in case you have home pets, take care to maintain the plant out of attain. The plant tends to drop leaves, so be vigilant about conserving shed leaves picked up.
If you happen to assume that your pet could have eaten Syngonium leaves, contact your vet or name the ASPCA’s poison line: APCC (888) 426-4435.
Add Curiosity To Your Indoor Backyard With Arrowhead Syngonium
In case you are searching for a houseplant that grows shortly and could be very straightforward to look after, you possibly can’t go fallacious with the Syngonium arrowhead plant.
Syngonium care is simple making these crops good items, and the right selection for inexperienced gardeners. They do very properly in most indoor settings, and may do properly as container crops on a protected porch or balcony.