malus - Wiktionary

straight – Wiktionary

English[edit]

Various varieties[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Center English streight, streght, streiȝt, the previous participle of strecchen (to stretch), from Outdated English streċċan (previous participle ġestreaht, ġestreht), from Proto-West Germanic *strakkjan (to stretch). Doublet of straught.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

straight (comparative straighter, superlative straightest)

  1. Not crooked or bent; having a relentless path all through its size. [from 14thc.]
    • 1811, Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility:
      I don’t like crooked, twisted, blasted timber. I love them rather more if they’re tall, straight and flourishing.
    • “Heavens!” exclaimed Nina, “the blue-stocking and the fogy!—and yours are pale blue, Eileen!—you’re about as self-conscious as Drina—slumping there together with your hair tumbling à la Mérode! Oh, it’s totally picturesque, in fact, however a straight backbone and good grooming is best. []
    • 2011, Adharanand Finn, The Guardian, 22 March:
      The opposite folks, I presume, are alleged to be standing to consideration, however they’re all smiling at me. The strains usually are not even straight.
  2. (of a path, trajectory, and many others.) Direct, undeviating. [from 15thc.]
    • 1913, John Fox, Jr., The Kentuckians, web page 185:
      Now, because the world is aware of, the straightest strategy to the guts of the sincere voter is thru the ladies of the land, and the straightest strategy to the guts of the ladies is thru the youngsters of the land; and one methodology of successful each, with rural politicians, is to kiss the infants vast and much.
    • 2000, Allan Wooden, Babe Ruth and the 1918 Crimson Sox, web page 293:

      He had no time to set himself, however his throw was straight and true. Decide slid in, spikes excessive, and Schang tagged him within the ribs a foot or two from the plate.

    • 2013 June 29, “Travels and travails”, in The Economist[1], quantity 407, quantity 8842, web page 55:

      Even with out hovering drones, a lurking murderer, a thumping rating and a denouement, the real-life story of Edward Snowden, a rogue spy on the run, might be straight out of the cinema. However, as with Hollywood, the subplots and unique places could distract from the actual message: America’s discomfort and its foes’ glee.

  3. Completely horizontal or vertical; not diagonal or indirect. [from 17thc.]
    • 1925, United States Home Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee No. 1, Costs In opposition to William E. Baker, U.S. District Choose:
      Mr. Coniff: He didn’t have his hat on straight; that’s the one factor, is it?
    • 2004, Chris Weston, 500 Digital Images Hints, Suggestions, and Strategies:

      There’s nothing extra annoying than taking an excellent image, solely to search out that the horizon is not straight.

  4. (cricket) Describing the bat as held in order to not incline to both facet; on, or close to a line working between the 2 wickets. [from 19thc.]
    • 2011 March 15, Alan Gardner & Barney Ronay, The Guardian:
      Steyn continues and it is all a bit extra orderly down his finish as O’Brien defends the primary three balls with a straight bat and a respectful dip of the top.
  5. Direct in communication; unevasive, easy. [from 19thc.]
    • 2003, Rosie Cowan, The Guardian, 24 April:
      Tony Blair issued a direct problem to the IRA yesterday when he demanded they offer straight solutions to 3 easy questions [].
    • 2020 December 2, Andy Byford talks to Paul Clifton, “I get pleasure from actually massive challenges…”, in Rail, web page 50:

      What’s extra, he really tries to reply a straight query with a straight reply.

  6. Free from dishonesty; sincere, law-abiding. [from 16th c.]
    • 1879, Anthony Trollope, John Caldigate:
      ‘It wasn’t the right factor, squoire. It wasn’t straight.’
    • 2010 August 4, The Guardian, Out of jail and attempting to go straight [2]:
      How straightforward is it to go straight after a life spent out and in of jail?
  7. Severe somewhat than comedic.
    • 1988, Ed Gould, Entertaining Canadians: Canada’s worldwide stars, 1900-1988, Cappis Pr Pub Ltd (→ISBN):
      Allan Blye, a CBC-TV mainstay within the early Sixties, labored as a singer, author and straight and comedic actor.
    • 2004, Tammy Ravas, Peter Schickele: A Bio-bibliography, Greenwood Publishing Group (→ISBN):
      All of Peter Schickele’s music, each straight and comedic are built-in facet by facet on this chapter.
    • 2005, Bob McCabe, The Tough Information to Comedy Motion pictures, Tough Guides Restricted:
      Extra success adopted, each straight and comedic, with hits resembling Useless Poets’ Society (1989), by which Williams scored one other Oscar nomination for skilfully dealing with a traditional “rogue trainer” function that hovers simply this facet of sentimentality, []
  8. In correct order; correctly. [from 19thc.]
    • 2007, Grant Allen, What’s Bred within the Bone, web page 140:

      Oh, music, how he liked it; it appeared to set all the pieces straight unexpectedly in his head.

    • 2010, Paul Gallagher, The Observer, 15 August:
      “In case you marvel why of us cannot take the information critically, this is Exhibit A,” mentioned one blogger. “Lord Jesus, how can the reporter file this story with a straight face?”
  9. In a row, in unbroken sequence; consecutive. [from 19thc.]

    After 4 straight wins, Mudchester United are prime of the league.

    • 2011 September 24, David Ornstein, “Arsenal 3-Zero Bolton”, in BBC Sport:

      It strikes them from 17th to 12th on seven factors, whereas Bolton are actually backside of the desk with 5 straight defeats.

    • 2008, “Dangerous vibrations”, The Economist, 30 October:
      As of October 29th, three-month greenback Libor (the speed at which banks borrow from one another) had fallen for 13 straight days and was almost one-and-a-half proportion factors under its October 10th degree.
  10. (tennis) Describing the units in a match of which the winner didn’t lose a single set. [from 19thc.]
    • 2011 February 10, Press Affiliation:
      Murray began nicely in opposition to Marcos Baghdatis earlier than slumping to defeat in straight units and the British No1 admitted he could not have been mentally ready for the rigours of the ATP Tour after a gruelling begin to 2011.
  11. (US, politics) Making no exceptions or deviations in a single’s assist of the group and candidates of a political celebration.

    a straight Republican

    a straight Democrat

  12. (US, politics) Containing the names of all of the commonly nominated candidates of a celebration and no others.

    a straight poll

  13. (colloquial) Standard, mainstream, socially acceptable. [from 20thc.]
    • 1971 March 18, Timothy Crouse, “Don Eyles: Additional! Bizarre-Wanting Freak Saves Apollo 14!”, in Rolling Stone[3]:

      Though Eyles, the minor movie star, is revered by his co-workers, he appears to be like misplaced among the many dozens of short-haired, short-sleeved technocrats who man the Lab. “Little question about it,” he says, “there are an terrible lot of individuals round right here you’d must name straight.”

    • 1994, Jarvis Cocker (lyrics), “Do You Bear in mind the First Time?”, in His ‘n’ Hers, carried out by Pulp:

      You say you have to go dwelling / Nicely at the very least there’s somebody there which you could speak to / And also you by no means must resist the evening by yourself / Jesus, it have to be nice to be straight

    • 1998, Eileen Fitzpatrick & Dominic Pleasure, Billboard, 17 October 1998:
      ‘Her final album was a bit too straight,’ he says, ‘however this one places her in a extra modern framework and softens her music.’
    • 2007, Tracy Quan, Diary of a Manhattan Name Woman: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Crown Publishers, →ISBN:

      “If you say he is a straight man, you imply []?” I held up my left hand as if it have been a protect and spun my ring round. I informed her: “He works on Wall Road. [] He would not perceive my enterprise. He is at all times had a straight job. His total life he is been so – so regular that he does not even know the way regular he’s. [] He does not know I am a hooker. I am pretending to be a straight chick. And it is working! And that makes him a straight man. It is … I really feel like Dr. Frankenhooker.”

  14. (colloquial) Heterosexual, drawn to folks of the alternative intercourse.
    • 1997, Laura Harris; Elizabeth Crocker, Femme: Feminists, Lesbians, and Dangerous Women, New York, N.Y.: Routledge, →ISBN, web page 196:

      We solely seem straight for the primary 5 seconds. Simply strolling down the road, within the diner, or on the boardwalk, we hear, “Is she a person? Is she a girl? If she is a straight girl, what’s she doing with this homosexual man?” We test in with one another. “What do you assume, is it okay? I feel we must always go. I feel we must always cross over to the opposite facet. Hazard.”

    • 2003, Helen Boyd, My Husband Betty: Love, Intercourse, and Life with a Crossdresser, New York, N.Y.: Thunder’s Mouth Press, →ISBN, web page 187:

      [“] [] He is a straight man who does drag.” At that, the person laughed. “Oh, you are placing me on!” He determined I will need to have been pulling his leg the entire time. He glanced again at my husband once more. “So what’s his quantity?” “The identical as mine.”

    • 2007, Layla Kumari, The Guardian, 17 September:
      A few of my pals – homosexual and straight – appear unable to grasp the shut however platonic nature of my and Gian’s relationship, however have been supportive.
    • 2011, Jodi Picoult, Sing You Dwelling, web page 273:

      Angela smiles. ‘I am straight, Zoe, and I am fortunately married.’

    • 2012, Wheeler Winston Dixon, Straight: Constructions of Heterosexuality within the Cinema, Albany, N.Y.: State College of New York Press, →ISBN, web page 1:

      Each different mode of social discourse is “different,” whether or not it’s termed homosexual (or the newly acceptable queer), bisexual, or asexual, or embodied within the idea of the spinster, the confirmed bachelor, the outdated maid, or the same-sex couple who won’t ever match into the “straight” world, and does not or do not wish to. The state of nonstraightness is actually suspect; it isn’t seen as “proper [or] right.”

    • 2013, Katie Worth, He is the One, London: Century, →ISBN, web page 233:

      Why did he must be straight? It is my tragedy. After we went tenting with the college, we shared a tent. I hoped for a Brokeback Mountain second. I imply, I do know he is straight, however there’s at all times hope.
  15. (colloquial, of a romantic or sexual relation) Occurring between folks of reverse intercourse.
    straight marriage, intercourse, relationship
  16. (colloquial) Not utilizing alcohol, medication, and many others. [from 20thc.]
    Synonym: straightedge
    • 1989, Gus Van Sant, Drugstore Cowboy:
      For all of the boredom the straight life brings, it isn’t too dangerous.
    • 2001, Ruella Frank, Physique of Proof, web page 28:

      ‘Alex’s dad used quite a lot of medication. He is been straight for years now, however it took a very long time for him to have the ability to cope with his emotions.’

  17. (trend) Not plus measurement; skinny.

    the shirts solely are available in straight sizes, not in plus sizes

    buying at a straight-sized retailer

  18. (uncommon, now mainly faith) Strait; slim.
    • c. 1360, Sir John Mandeville, The Travels of Sir John Mandeville:

      Egypt is an extended nation, however it’s straight, that’s to say, slim.

    • 1814, John Britton, Edward Wedlake Brayley, Thomas Hood, The Beauties of England and Wales:

      that the outdated streets are unfit for the current frequency of Coaches; and that the passage of Ludgate is a throat too straight for the physique.

    • 1893, The Pulpit: A Journal of Sermons – Quantity 8, web page 322:

      “Enter ye into the straight gate; for vast is the gate and broad is the way in which that leadeth unto destruction, and lots of go in thereat; as a result of straight is the gate and slim is the way in which that leadeth unto life, and few there be that discover it.”

    • 1894, American Anthropologist, web page 153:

      Household or Gentile growth: “Behold now the place the place we dwell with thee is simply too straight for us.”

    • 2013, Dr. Apostle Emmanuel Adebiyi, Functions of the Cross:

      One is a large gate and broad means seeker, whereas the opposite is the straight gate and slim means seeker.

  19. (out of date) Stretched out; absolutely prolonged. [15th-16thc.]
  20. (slang) Thorough; utter; unqualified.
    • 2012, Pimpin’ Ken, PIMPOLOGY: The 48 Legal guidelines of the Recreation, web page 11:
      An actual pimp is a gentleman, however these are pimps in gorilla fits. They cling round pimps, they’ve hoes on the monitor working for them, they might even appear like pimps, however they’re straight simps.
  21. Of spirits: undiluted, unmixed; neat. [from 19thc.]
    • 2003, Ron Jordan, Issues:

      Actual cowboys know find out how to rope, experience a horse and drink whisky straight.

    • 2003, Lowell Edmunds, Martini, Straight Up, web page 94:

      The Martini continues to be in perception, if not in actual fact, the centerpiece of a ceremony, and individuals who wouldn’t drink straight gin on the rocks will drink straight gin on the rocks whether it is referred to as a Martini.

  22. (sciences, arithmetic) Regarding the property permitting the parallel-transport of vectors alongside a course that retains tangent vectors stay tangent vectors all through that course (a course which is straight, a straight curve, is a geodesic).

Antonyms[edit]

Derived phrases[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations under must be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.

Adverb[edit]

straight (comparative extra straight, superlative most straight)

  1. Of a path relative to the topic, exactly; as if following a direct line.
    The door might be straight forward of you.
    Go straight again.
  2. Instantly; with out pause, delay or detour.
    On arriving at work, he went straight to his workplace.
    • I do know thy beneficiant mood nicely; / Fling however the look of dishonour on it, / It straight takes fireplace, and mounts right into a blaze.
  3. Repeatedly; with out interruption or pause.
    He claims he can maintain his breath for 3 minutes straight.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

straight (plural straights)

  1. One thing that’s not crooked or bent resembling part of a street or monitor.
    • 2009, Robert Newton, Runner, New York, N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, →ISBN, web page 191:

      After 4 grueling laps, the race had come right down to a dash. Into the straight, though my legs have been burning, I referred to as on them for extra, they usually responded. On my contained in the maroon singlet got here with me, till it was simply the 2 of us heading for the road.

    • 2011, Gene W. Zepp, 24 Heures Du Mans, [S.l.]: Xlibris, →ISBN, web page 19:

      Seppi began the engine, then shifted first gear and sped away into second, then third and fourth gear. Frank heard the roar of the Porsche’s engine additional down the straight and the again quick straight. He held a stopwatch in his hand, ready for him to come back up into the straight from the hairpin curve.

  2. (poker) 5 playing cards in sequence.
  3. (colloquial) A heterosexual.
    Synonyms: hetero, breeder

    My pals name straights “heteros”.

  4. (slang) A standard particular person; somebody in mainstream society.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:mainstreamer
    • 1971, John Lennon (lyrics and music), “How Do You Sleep?”, in Think about:

      You reside with straights who let you know you was king / Soar when your momma let you know something

    • 2014, Tribbe, Matthew D., “Turning a Miracle right into a Bummer”, in No Requiem for the House Age, →ISBN, web page 150:

      Extra importantly, Blows In opposition to the Empire [] greater than another work revealed the break up imaginative and prescient in direction of area exploration amongst many within the counter-culture: a romantic imaginative and prescient of the liberty provided by area that had been fostered by a lifetime of science fiction consumption, immersion in a technological society, the countercultural craving for pace and “the street,” and, because of LSD and different hallucinogens, a novel preappreciation of area touring not out there to straights, versus the tasteless, oppressive imaginative and prescient of exploration provided by NASA, itself only one half of a bigger harmful system that was devastating Earth and that might solely provide additional oppression in area, not liberation.

  5. (slang) A cigarette, significantly one containing tobacco as a substitute of marijuana. [from 20th c.]
    Synonym: straighter
    • [1923, J[oseph] Manchon, Le slang : lexique de l’anglais familier et vulgaire : précédé d’une étude sur la pronunciation et la grammaire populaires, p. 296:
      A straight = a straighter = a straight minimize, une cigarette en tabac de Virginie.]

Translations[edit]

The translations under must be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.

Verb[edit]

straight (third-person singular easy current straights, current participle straighting, easy previous and previous participle straighted)

  1. (transitive) To straighten.
    (Can we discover and add a citation of A. Smith to this entry?)

See additionally[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

straight m (plural straights)

  1. (poker) straight (5 playing cards in sequence)

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