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Spondias purpurea – Useful Tropical Plants

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Anacardiaceae

Spondias cirouella Tussac

Spondias crispula Beurl.

Spondias jocote-amarillo Kosterm.

Spondias mexicana S. Watson

Spondias myrobalanus Jacq.

Warmingia macrocarpa Engl.

Warmingia pauciflora Engl.

Frequent Identify: Purple Mombin

Spondias purpurea

Ripening fruit
{Photograph} by: Leoadec
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Normal Info

Purple mombin is a deciduous tree with a spreading crown; it may possibly attain a top of 25 metres, however is extra more likely to be within the vary of seven – 10 metres tall[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]. The thick, gnarled bole might be 30 – 80cm in diameter[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].
The tree is particularly valued for its edible fruit, although it additionally offers many different commodities together with medicines, a gum, edible shoots and many others. It’s extensively cultivated in tropical areas, particularly the Americas, for its edible fruit, and can be used as a residing hedge[

200

Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

,

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Recognized Hazards

The seed is poisonous[

348

Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region

].

Botanical References

200

Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Creator
Huxley. A.
Writer
MacMillan Press
Yr
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Wonderful and really complete, although it accommodates a lot of foolish errors. Readable but additionally very detailed.

,

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Creator
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Web site
http://www.archive.org/
Writer
 
Yr
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent reference, although considerably dated. Offers a number of plant makes use of in addition to data on plant behavior and habitat. Your complete flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Vary

Western S. America north to the Caribbean and thru Central America to Mexico.

Habitat

Ample in thickets or open forest, usually in second development, widespread in fencerows, pastures, and plenty of different conditions, ascending from sea stage to elevations of about 1,700 metres[

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

].

Properties

Cultivation Particulars

The plant grows finest within the subhumid and frost-free tropics at an elevation as much as 2,000 metres[

200

Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

,

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

,

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. It grows finest in areas the place annual daytime temperatures are inside the vary 22 – 28°c, however can tolerate 13 – 35°c[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. The plant will not be frost tolerant. It prefers a imply annual rainfall within the vary 800 – 1,100mm, however tolerates 600 – 1,800mm[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. For good fruit set it requires rising situations with a marked dry season of as much as 6 months[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].
Requires a sunny place[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. Crops are usually not too fussy over soil, as long as it’s well-drained. It doesn’t want very fertile situations, nonetheless very poor soil, or shallow land, is unsuitable[

200

Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

]. Prefers a pH within the vary 6 – 7, tolerating 5.5 – 8[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].
Seedling crops can begin producing fruit when about 4 – 5 years previous, while cuttings can start when 2 – Three years previous[

335

Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.

].
Fruits might be obtained in Guatemala at nearly any season of the 12 months[

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

].
A number of named types have been developed in Guatemala[

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

].

Edible Makes use of

Fruit – uncooked or cooked[

46

Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.

]. Spicy and subacid, the juicy yellow pulp is claimed to have a flavour resembling a plum[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]. It’s eaten uncooked or cooked with sugar[

301

Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.

,

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]. Often eaten ripe and uncooked, although youngsters, and even some adults, eat the bitter, inexperienced fruits[

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

]. It is usually used for making jams, ice cream and many others[

301

Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.

]. Unripe fruits are pickled or made right into a tart inexperienced sauce[

301

Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.

]. The yellow or purplish-red cylindrical fruits are 25 – 30mm lengthy[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

The younger shoots and leaves usually are conspicuously colored with purple and purple[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]. They’ve a slightly agreeable acid flavour, and infrequently are eaten uncooked by youngsters or adults[

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

]. They will also be cooked[

301

Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.

]. The leaves comprise 5.5% protein[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Edible seeds[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Medicinal

The leaves exhibit anti-bacterial properties[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]. The leaf juice is taken orally within the remedy of swollen glands and trauma[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]. The crushed leaves are utilized as a poultice to deal with complications[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

In giant quantities the fruit is laxative and is used as a remedy for constipation[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]

The plant can be used to deal with dysentery and diarrhoea, while components of the plant are used within the preparation of a natural treatment for sore throat[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Agroforestry Makes use of:

They usually are planted for residing fence posts, being top-of-the-line of all timber for the aim within the tierra caliente[

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

]. Even fairly giant limbs when minimize and set within the floor take root shortly, and infrequently are set thickly to kind quick obstacles[

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

,

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].

Different Makes use of

In some areas the ashes of the wooden are utilized in soap-making[

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

,

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

].

Some beauty and hygienic merchandise eg cleaning soap are manufactured from components of this tree[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

The seeds have a thick gum coating generally utilized in chilli stews. This gum has good solubility in water and on hydrolysis yields polysaccharides. Aspartic acid and valine are its main amino acid constituents[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

The whitish wooden is mushy, gentle in weight and brittle[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

]. It’s mentioned to have been utilized in Brazil for paper pulp[

331

Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 – 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

].
The simply minimize and brittle branches are potential gas wooden[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Propagation

Seed –
Pretty straightforward to develop from fairly giant cuttings[

200

Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

,

307

Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees – A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.

].

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