Spondias cirouella Tussac
Spondias crispula Beurl.
Spondias jocote-amarillo Kosterm.
Spondias mexicana S. Watson
Spondias myrobalanus Jacq.
Warmingia macrocarpa Engl.
Warmingia pauciflora Engl.
Frequent Identify: Purple Mombin
Purple mombin is a deciduous tree with a spreading crown; it may possibly attain a top of 25 metres, however is extra more likely to be within the vary of seven – 10 metres tall[
]. The thick, gnarled bole might be 30 – 80cm in diameter[
The tree is particularly valued for its edible fruit, although it additionally offers many different commodities together with medicines, a gum, edible shoots and many others. It’s extensively cultivated in tropical areas, particularly the Americas, for its edible fruit, and can be used as a residing hedge[
The seed is poisonous[
Western S. America north to the Caribbean and thru Central America to Mexico.
Ample in thickets or open forest, usually in second development, widespread in fencerows, pastures, and plenty of different conditions, ascending from sea stage to elevations of about 1,700 metres[
The plant grows finest within the subhumid and frost-free tropics at an elevation as much as 2,000 metres[
]. It grows finest in areas the place annual daytime temperatures are inside the vary 22 – 28°c, however can tolerate 13 – 35°c[
]. The plant will not be frost tolerant. It prefers a imply annual rainfall within the vary 800 – 1,100mm, however tolerates 600 – 1,800mm[
]. For good fruit set it requires rising situations with a marked dry season of as much as 6 months[
Requires a sunny place[
]. Crops are usually not too fussy over soil, as long as it’s well-drained. It doesn’t want very fertile situations, nonetheless very poor soil, or shallow land, is unsuitable[
]. Prefers a pH within the vary 6 – 7, tolerating 5.5 – 8[
Seedling crops can begin producing fruit when about 4 – 5 years previous, while cuttings can start when 2 – Three years previous[
Fruits might be obtained in Guatemala at nearly any season of the 12 months[
A number of named types have been developed in Guatemala[
Edible Makes use of
Fruit – uncooked or cooked[
]. Spicy and subacid, the juicy yellow pulp is claimed to have a flavour resembling a plum[
]. It’s eaten uncooked or cooked with sugar[
]. Often eaten ripe and uncooked, although youngsters, and even some adults, eat the bitter, inexperienced fruits[
]. It is usually used for making jams, ice cream and many others[
]. Unripe fruits are pickled or made right into a tart inexperienced sauce[
]. The yellow or purplish-red cylindrical fruits are 25 – 30mm lengthy[
The younger shoots and leaves usually are conspicuously colored with purple and purple[
]. They’ve a slightly agreeable acid flavour, and infrequently are eaten uncooked by youngsters or adults[
]. They will also be cooked[
]. The leaves comprise 5.5% protein[
The leaves exhibit anti-bacterial properties[
]. The leaf juice is taken orally within the remedy of swollen glands and trauma[
]. The crushed leaves are utilized as a poultice to deal with complications[
In giant quantities the fruit is laxative and is used as a remedy for constipation[
The plant can be used to deal with dysentery and diarrhoea, while components of the plant are used within the preparation of a natural treatment for sore throat[
Agroforestry Makes use of:
They usually are planted for residing fence posts, being top-of-the-line of all timber for the aim within the tierra caliente[
]. Even fairly giant limbs when minimize and set within the floor take root shortly, and infrequently are set thickly to kind quick obstacles[
Different Makes use of
In some areas the ashes of the wooden are utilized in soap-making[
Some beauty and hygienic merchandise eg cleaning soap are manufactured from components of this tree[
The seeds have a thick gum coating generally utilized in chilli stews. This gum has good solubility in water and on hydrolysis yields polysaccharides. Aspartic acid and valine are its main amino acid constituents[
The whitish wooden is mushy, gentle in weight and brittle[
]. It’s mentioned to have been utilized in Brazil for paper pulp[
The simply minimize and brittle branches are potential gas wooden[
Pretty straightforward to develop from fairly giant cuttings[
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