Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. angustifolia

Spathodea campanulata

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Spathodea campanulata

Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.

Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv. subsp. nilotica (Appear.) Bidgood

Bignoniaceae

African tulip, African tulip tree, African tulip-tree, African tuliptree, fireball, flame of the forest, flame tree, fountain tree, fountaintree

Native to tropical western Africa (i.e. Burundi, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire, Benin, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo and Angola).

Broadly cultivated as a backyard and avenue tree. A yellow-flowered cultivar, often known as yellow African tulip tree (Spathodea campanulata ‘Aurea’), can also be sometimes grown as a decorative in Australia.

This species isn’t but broadly naturalised, but it surely is cultivated all through giant elements of the nation as a backyard plant and avenue tree. It has a scattered distribution within the coastal areas of central and northern Queensland and is current within the northern elements of the Northern Territory. It’s additionally changing into naturalised on Christmas Island and in south-eastern Queensland.

Additionally naturalised within the Mascarenes (i.e. the Seychelles and La Réunion), Singapore, south-eastern USA (i.e. Florida) and on a number of Pacific islands (i.e. the Prepare dinner Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Vanuatu, Guam, Niue, Palau, Western Samoa, Tonga and Hawaii).

A tree that invades deserted agricultural land, roadsides, waterways, disturbed websites, waste areas, forest margins and disturbed rainforests in tropical and sub-tropical areas. It favours wetter habitats, and is very widespread alongside creeks and gullies.

A big upright tree (rising as much as 25 m tall) with a spreading crown and a barely buttressed trunk.

  • a big tree with giant compound leaves organized in pairs alongside the branches.
  • its giant and really showy flowers (10-12 cm lengthy) are borne in clusters on the ideas of the branches.
  • these flowers are orange-red, considerably tulip-shaped, and have yellowish crinkled margins.
  • its giant elongated capsules (as much as 30 cm lengthy) resemble pods and break up open to launch quite a few papery seeds.

The branches are thick and marked with small whitish-coloured corky spots (i.e. lenticels). Youthful branches range from being virtually hairless (i.e. sub-glabrous) to having a sparse masking of small hairs (i.e. puberulent).

The massive leaves (as much as 50 cm lengthy) are compound (i.e. pinnate) with 7-17 leaflets. These leaves are often oppositely organized alongside the stems and are borne on stalks (i.e. petioles) as much as 6 cm lengthy. The leaflets (as much as 15 cm lengthy and 7.5 cm huge) are broadly oval (i.e. elliptic) or egg-shaped in define (i.e. ovate) and have whole margins. They’ve a sparse masking of sentimental hairs (i.e. they’re puberulent) and the extension of the leaf stalk (i.e. the rachis) is often lined in brownish colored hairs. On the base of every leaflet there are often two or three tiny raised constructions (i.e. glands).

The massive and really showy flowers are organized in dense clusters (8-10 cm lengthy) on the ideas of the branches (i.e. in terminal racemes) on stalks (i.e. peduncles) as much as 10 cm lengthy. Particular person flowers are borne on quick stalks (i.e. pedicels) which can be lined in brownish-coloured hairs. These flowers have sepals which can be fused right into a horn-shaped construction (i.e. calyx tube) that splits alongside one facet because the flowers open. This distinctive horn-shaped calyx is curved upward, considerably ribbed, and brownish in color (about 5 cm lengthy). The reddish-orange colored petals (10-12 cm lengthy) are additionally fused collectively (i.e. right into a corolla tube) and are formed considerably like a tulip flower (i.e. they’re tubular). The mouth of the flower is about 7 cm throughout and has a number of vague lobes with crinkled (i.e. crisped) margins which can be yellowish in color. Every flower additionally has 4 stamens with giant darkish brown anthers (about 15 mm lengthy) which can be borne on stalks (i.e. filaments) about 5 cm lengthy. In addition they have a protracted yellow model (Eight cm lengthy) topped with a reddish stigma. Flowering happens all year long, however often peaks throughout spring.

The massive and elongated capsules (17-30 cm lengthy and 3.5-5 cm huge) resemble pods. They’re barely flattened and switch from inexperienced to brown in color as they mature. When mature they break up open and launch about 500 papery seeds. These seeds are very gentle and surrounded by a see-through (i.e. translucent) membranous wing.

This plant reproduces principally by seeds, that are gentle and often launched from a big top. Bigger bushes may additionally unfold by way of root suckers, notably when they’re broken.

Seeds are mostly wind-dispersed, however they may additionally be unfold by water (if vegetation are rising alongside waterways) and in dumped backyard waste.

African tulip tree (Spathodea campanulata) is considered a big environmental weed in Queensland, the Northern Territory, and on Christmas Island. It’s also considered a potential environmental weed or “sleeper weed” in northern New South Wales and different elements of northern Australia.

This species can also be listed within the World Invasive Species Database (GISD), and is regarded to be among the many high 100 of the world’s worst invasive alien Species.

This species is said underneath laws within the following states and territories:

  • Queensland: Class 3 – this species is primarily an environmental weed and a pest management discover could also be issued for land that’s, or is adjoining to, an environmentally important space (all through all the state). It’s also unlawful to promote a declared plant or its seed on this state.
  • Western Australia: Unassessed – this species is said in different states or territories and is prohibited till assessed by way of a weed danger evaluation (all through all the state).

For data on the administration of this species see the next sources:

African tulip tree (Spathodea campanulata) may be very distinctive, and isn’t confused with different species.

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