Silver Maple (Acer Saccharinum)

Silver Maple | Natural Resource Stewardship

Silver Maple (Acer Saccharinum)Silver maple (Acer saccharinum) is the quickest rising maple both native or planted in Iowa. The leaves are reverse, easy, and palmately lobed with 5 lobes. The lobes are sometimes very deep; the margins of the leaves are toothed and the higher floor is shiny inexperienced whereas the decrease floor is silvery, white in coloration. The pale undersurface typically provides the tree a “silvery” look from a distance within the mild breezes. Winter twigs are moderately slender, boring crimson or red-brown in coloration with v-shaped leaf scars.

silver maple tree with yellow leaves
Silver Maple Tree – Picture by Paul Wray, Iowa State College

Habitat: Grows on dry open woods, rocky bluffs and pastures. Discovered all through Iowa.

Hardiness: Maples differ in hardiness. Most fall into zones Four by means of 8, however some are much less tolerant of chilly or warmth than others. When choosing a maple tree, remember to choose a species suited to Iowa’s climate. 

Progress Fee: Maples differ in progress price. Maples which might be quick rising are inclined to have weak wooden and should endure from wind and ice harm. Slower rising maples have heavier, more durable wooden, making them much less inclined to department and limb drop.

Mature Form: Maples usually have a big, rounded crown. Tree canopies could also be very dense or huge spreading.

Peak: Mature top varies with species.

Width: Width varies with species.

Web site Necessities: Maple timber carry out finest in moist, well-drained soils. Web site necessities differ with the species of maple.

Leaves: Reverse easy

Flowering Dates: March – Might

Seed Dispersal Dates: October – December

Seed Bearing Age: 10 years

Seed Bearing Frequency: Yearly

Seed Stratification: No stratification interval is required.

silver maple flower buds
Silver Maple Flower Buds – Picture by Paul Wray, Iowa State College

The buds are shiny crimson to darkish reddish purple, 1/Eight to 1/Four inch in size. The flower buds are fashioned in conspicuous clumps. The tree flowers very early within the spring; flowers are tiny, crimson in coloration and infrequently hidden by the bud scales. The fruit is a broad angle double samara, 1-2 half of inches lengthy and matures in late spring or early summer season. The bark is clean, gentle grey on younger timber; it will definitely separates into irregular rows of lengthy, scaly, ashy coloured plates on older timber. Silver maple is native all through Iowa.

It may be discovered on stream banks and floodplains and is a typical part of the bottomland forests. It’s normally present in affiliation with cottonwoods, willows, boxelder, inexperienced ash, hackberry, and black walnut. It prefers moist places resembling these bottomlands, however is kind of tolerant of a variety of websites from reasonably moist to fairly sandy and dry. Silver maple is a quick rising tree, typically rising 4-6 toes in top annually. It is likely one of the largest timber in Iowa attaining heights of typically a 100 toes and from 4-5 toes in diameter.

Fall coloration of silver maple ranges from green-yellow brown to yellow to brown. As a shade tree silver maple has been used extensively in Iowa, principally due to its quick progress price. This can be a fascinating attribute, nevertheless it tends to be considerably inclined to wind harm and breakage later in life. A few of these issues may be averted if correctly pruned when younger to advertise a single chief and elimination of weak branches.

There are a number of horticultural alternatives to select from when utilizing silver maple as a shade tree. The wooden of silver maple is normally offered as gentle maple. It’s gentle in coloration and weight. Its makes use of vary from furnishings and veneer to bins, crates and pallets.

silver maple leaves
Silver Maple Leaves – Picture by Paul Wray, Iowa State College

Ailments that Can Have an effect on Silver Maple

Pests that Can Have an effect on Silver Maple

red silver maple flowers emerging from buds
Silver Maple Flowers – Picture by Paul Wray, Iowa State College

red and green winged silver maple fruit
Silver Maple Fruit – Picture by Paul Wray, Iowa State College

silver maple twig
Silver Maple Twig – Picture by Paul Wray, Iowa State College

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