Royal Poinciana Wikipedia

Royal Poinciana Wikipedia

Species of flowering plant within the bean household Fabaceae

Delonix regia is a species of flowering plant within the bean household Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae native to Madagascar. It’s famous for its fern-like leaves and flamboyant show of orange-red flowers over summer time. In lots of tropical components of the world it’s grown as a decorative tree and in English it’s given the title royal poinciana, flamboyant, flame of the forest, or flame tree (one in every of a number of species given this title).

This species was beforehand positioned within the genus Poinciana, named for Phillippe de Longvilliers de Poincy, the 17th century governor of Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts). It’s a non-nodulating legume.


Frontal, lateral and bottom view of a flower

Gulmahor tree (Delonix regia) with flowers, Haridwar, India.

Delonix regia var. flavida is a rarer, yellow-flowered selection.[3]

Shut-up of a part of a leaf

The flowers of Delonix regia are massive, with 4 spreading scarlet or orange-red petals as much as 8 cm (3 in) lengthy, and a fifth upright petal known as the usual, which is barely bigger and noticed with yellow and white. They seem in corymbs alongside and on the ends of branches. The naturally occurring selection flavida (Bengali: Radhachura) has yellow flowers.[3] The pods are inexperienced and flaccid when younger and switch dark-brown and woody. They are often as much as 60 cm (24 in) lengthy and 5 cm (2 in) huge. The seeds are small, weighing round 0.four grams (6.2 grains) on common. The compound (doubly pinnate) leaves have a feathery look and are a attribute gentle, shiny inexperienced. Every leaf is 30–50 cm (12–20 in) lengthy with 20 to 40 pairs of major leaflets or pinnae, every divided into 10–20 pairs of secondary leaflets or pinnules. Pollen grains are elongated, roughly 52 µm in measurement.

Pollen grains of Delonix regia


Flower (Kibbutz Ginnosar, Israel)

Delonix regia is endemic to the Madagascar’s dry deciduous forests, however has been launched into tropical and sub-tropical areas worldwide. Within the wild it’s endangered, however it’s broadly cultivated elsewhere and is thought to be naturalised in lots of the areas the place it’s grown:

North America[]

Within the continental United States, it grows in South Florida, Central Florida,[4] and within the Rio Grande Valley of South Texas.

Caribbean and Central America[]

Within the Caribbean it’s featured in lots of Dominican and Puerto Rican work. It may also be present in Belize, The Bahamas, Cuba, Haiti, Nicaragua, U.S. Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Jamaica and Curaçao. It’s the nationwide flower of St. Kitts and Nevis. It may also be present in Bermuda, Hawaii and Mexico, particularly within the Yucatan peninsula. The city of Peñuelas, Puerto Rico, situated about 12 miles or 19 kilometers west of Ponce, is nicknamed El Valle de los Flamboyanes (“The Valley of the Poinciana Bushes”), as many flamboyant bushes are discovered alongside the encircling Río Guayanes, Río Macana, and Río Tallaboa rivers.

South America[]

It grows in Paraguay, Peru and all through the entire of Brazil.[5][6]

Europe and the Center East[]

Delonix regia is planted in Merranean components of Europe, the Center east and North Africa, together with the southern coast of Spain, the Valencian coast, the Canary Islands, Lebanon, Egypt, Israel and Jordan.

South Asia[]

The tree is planted in India, the place it’s known as the Might-flower tree, Gulmohar or Gul Mohr[7] in West Bengal, Odisha, Bangalore and Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka it’s identified in Sinhala because the Maara tree, though for a short time it was often known as the Lamaasuriya tree after Le Mesurier, the British civil servant who was answerable for introducing it as a shade tree.[8] It is usually grown in Karachi, Pakistan. In Mauritius and La Réunion it pronounces the approaching of the brand new yr.

Southeast Asia[]

In Myanmar, the place it’s known as Sein-pann-ni, the time of flowering is March within the south and early to late April within the north. It’s planted in gardens and as a roadside tree. In Myanmar, this tree is an indication of Thingyan Competition (13–16/17 April). Within the Philippines, its flowering indicators the approaching arrival of the monsoon rains. It additionally grows in Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam.

East Asia[]

It grows in Southern China and Hong Kong. It’s the official tree in Tainan, Taiwan; Xiamen, Fujian Province, and Shantou, Canton Province, Individuals’s Republic of China. Nationwide Cheng Kung College, a college situated in Tainan, put royal poinciana on its emblem.


It is rather broadly grown within the Northern Australia, the southern extremes beforehand restricted to South East Queensland the place it’s a widespread avenue tree within the suburbs of Brisbane. It now grows and blooms efficiently in Sydney and different components of New South Wales.


It grows in Guam, and is the official tree of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.


Required circumstances[]

The royal poinciana requires a tropical or near-tropical local weather, however can tolerate drought and salty circumstances. It prefers an open, free-draining sandy or loamy soil enriched with natural matter. The tree doesn’t like heavy or clay soils and flowers extra profusely when saved barely dry.



Seeds after soaking them in water for six days

The royal poinciana is mostly propagated by seeds. Seeds are collected, soaked in heat water for no less than 24 hours, and planted in heat, moist soil in a semi-shaded, sheltered place. In lieu of soaking, the seeds may also be “nicked” or “pinched” (with a small scissors or nail clipper) and planted instantly. These two strategies enable moisture to penetrate the powerful outer casing, stimulating germination. The seedlings develop quickly and might attain 30 cm (12 in) in a couple of weeks underneath excellent circumstances.


Much less widespread, however simply as efficient, is propagation by semi-hardwood cuttings. Branches consisting of the present or final season’s development could be reduce into 30 cm (12 in) sections and planted in a moist potting combination. This methodology is slower than seed propagation (cuttings take a couple of months to root) however is the popular methodology for making certain new bushes are true to type. As such, cuttings are a very widespread methodology of propagation for the rarer yellow-flowering number of the tree.


Along with its decorative worth, it is usually a helpful shade tree in tropical circumstances, as a result of it normally grows to a modest top (principally 5 m or 15 ft, however it may attain a most top of 12 m or 40 ft) however spreads broadly, and its dense foliage offers full shade. In areas with a marked dry season, it sheds its leaves in the course of the drought, however in different areas it’s just about evergreen.

Flowering season[]

Flowering branches in New Delhi, India in Might
  • Australia: November–February
  • Bangladesh: April–Might
  • Bermuda: Might–August
  • Brazil: October–February
  • Canary Islands: Might–September
  • Caribbean: Might–September
  • Congo DR: November–December
  • Dominican Republic: July–September
  • Egypt: Might–June
  • South Florida: Might–June
  • Hawaii: Might–June
  • Hong Kong: Might–June
  • Indian subcontinent: April–July
  • Israel: Might–June
  • Lebanon: June–August
  • Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe: October–December
  • Malaysia : November–December
  • Northern Mariana Islands: March–June
  • Mauritius: November–December
  • Pakistan: April–Might
  • Philippines: April–June
  • Peru (coast): January–March
  • Reunion Island: November–January
  • Southern Sudan: March–Might
  • South Texas: Might–June

  • Thailand: April–Might
  • United Arab Emirates: Might–July
  • Vietnam: Might–July
  • Zanzibar: December

Cultural significance[]

Within the Indian state of Kerala, royal poinciana known as kaalvarippoo (കാൽവരിപ്പൂവ്, kālvarippūv) which implies “the flower of Calvary”. There’s a widespread perception amongst Saint Thomas Christians of Kerala that when Jesus was crucified, there was a small royal poinciana tree close by his Cross. It’s believed that the blood of Jesus Christ was shed over the flowers of the tree and that is how the flowers of royal poinciana acquired a pointy crimson coloration.[9] It is usually often known as Vaaga in lots of areas of Kerala.

“Flame Bushes”, the long-lasting ballad by Australian Rock music band Chilly Chisel is claimed to have been impressed by a preponderance of poinciana bushes, nonetheless that is incorrect. The Flame bushes reference within the track applies to the native Australian Flame Tree (Brachychiton acerifolius).[citation needed]

Its blossom is the nationwide flower of St. Kitts and Nevis,[10] and in Might 2018 the royal poinciana was adopted by the town of Key West as its official tree.[11] Recognized regionally as semarak api, Delonix regia is the town flower of Sepang, Selangor, Malaysia.[12]

In Vietnam, this tree known as Phượng vỹ, or “phoenix’s tail”, and is a well-liked city tree in a lot of Vietnam. Its flowering season is Might–July, which coincides with the tip of the college yr in Vietnam. Due to this timing, the flower of poinciana is typically known as the “pupil’s flower”. The tree can be generally discovered on faculty grounds in Vietnam, nonetheless after a number of bushes incidents the place the tree fell on college students, with one pupil killed, faculties began reducing down or severely pruning the bushes.[13]Hải Phòng is nicknamed Thành phố hoa phượng đỏ (“Metropolis of crimson poinciana”).

The track “Poinciana” was impressed by the presence of this tree in Cuba.


  1. ^ Du Puy; D.; et al. (1998). “‘Delonix regia’“. IUCN Crimson Listing of Threatened Species. 1998. Retrieved 11 Might 2006.CS1 maint: ref=harv (hyperlink)
  2. ^ “Delonix regia (Hook.) Raf. — The Plant Listing”.
  3. ^ a b Burke, Don (1 November 2005). The entire Burke’s yard: the final word e book of reality sheets. Murdoch Books. p. 269. ISBN 978-1-74045-739-2. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
  4. ^ Gilman, Edward F. & Watson, Dennis G. (24 April 2019). “ENH387/ST228: Delonix regia: Royal Poinciana”.
  5. ^ “Smartphone Entry”.
  6. ^ “Is {that a} poinciana?”. GardenDrum. 5 February 2013.
  7. ^ Cowen, D. V. (1984). Flowering Bushes and Shrubs in India (Sixth ed.). Bombay: Thacker and Co. Ltd. p. 1.
  8. ^ Devendra, Tissa (Three November 2020). “Lamasuriya bushes“. Island Newspaper. Colombo.
  9. ^ Thomas, Annamma (1984). Kerala Immigrants in America: A Sociological Examine of the St. Thomas Christians. Simons Printers. p. 34.
  10. ^ “How We Are Ruled, St. Kitts & Nevis – Nationwide Symbols”.
  11. ^ Filosa, Gwen (16 Might 2018). “It is invasive and crammed with bugs. It is also fairly, and now Key West’s official tree”. FL Keys Information.
  12. ^ “Bunga Rasmi Mpsepang”. Portal Rasmi Majlis Perbandaran Sepang. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  13. ^ Do not kill ’em all,’ specialists urge as schoolyard bushes ‘massacred’ following deadly center faculty accident”. Eight June 2020.

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