Cydonia oblonga

Herbs gallery - Quince

Frequent names

Quince is an undersized deciduous tree that normally grows as much as a peak of three to 5 meters (9 toes to 15 toes) and has a width of about 4 to 6 meters. This selection is the solitary member of the genus Cydonia and resembles the pear and apple timber. Quince bears massive, single flowers whose hues vary from white to pink. Just like the apple and pear, quince bears pomes which might be scented and has a golden hue when mature. The quince fruits are normally spherical or pear formed. They’re normally round 7 cm to 12 cm in size and 6 cm to 9 cm in width.

Individuals have been cultivating quince since time immemorial and was acquainted to the traditional Greeks. The botanical identify of the tree ‘Cydonia’ denotes Cydon situated on the island of Crete – the place the most effective number of quince timber is discovered. The overall identify of the tree has been drawn from the time period ‘quints’ denoting the plural of the outdated French identify for the quince fruit. Because the Greeks and Italians weren’t conversant in oranges until the interval of the Crusades, the quinces had been traditionally thought of to be golden apples, references of that are present in conventional literature in addition to Greek mythology. In actual fact, the Greeks valued the quince a lot that they thought of its fruit to be blessed by Aphrodite or Venus and the statues of this Greek Goddess present her holding a quince fruit in her proper hand. These statues of Venus with a quince fruit in her proper hand refers back to the prized ‘golden apple’ awarded to the Goddess by Paris as an appreciation of her unparalleled magnificence. Because the fruit was thought of an icon of the goddess of affection, historically the bride and the groom ate a single quince fruit throughout their bridal ceremony with a view to endorse compatibility and bliss. This ritual continued until the Center Ages when folks offered quince fruits as a logo of affection they usually had been consumed at wedding ceremony breakfasts as a preparation for the charming and gratifying days between married {couples}.

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Because the quince is native to warm-temperate areas, it’s believed that the fruits of this tree are extra candy and juicy when grown in hotter weather conditions than cooler areas. When grown in cooler weather conditions, the quince fruits are liable to develop into extraordinarily sharp-tasting and have a considerably fibrous floor. Therefore, quinces grown in England must be boiled, sweetened and, at instances, filtering earlier than they develop into edible. Therefore, many of the English quinces are used to arrange jellies and marmalades.

Roman historian Pliny held the quince in excessive esteem for its therapeutic worth, whereas throughout the Shakespearean interval folks in England used the fruit to alleviate abdomen issues. The quince fruit possesses astringent properties and syrup ready with it was as soon as used to deal with diarrhea. Nonetheless, presently, natural drugs practitioners solely use the seeds of the fruit for therapeutic functions. When put in water, the seeds engorge and are used for his or her delicate laxative options a lot in the identical means as linseed or psyllium is used to advertise bowel actions. Just like the quince fruits, their seeds additionally possess astringent properties and could also be efficient in curing inflammations and tenderness within the mouth.

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The quince has shut affiliation with the Japanese quince known as ‘japonica’ or Chaenomeles japonica. This species is properly accepted as a backyard
ornamental tree, nevertheless it rarely bears fruit when grown in cooler weather conditions.

Components used

Fruit, seed, bark, dried pits.

Makes use of

The quince possesses a number of therapeutic properties and lots of components of the tree are used to deal with totally different circumstances. The bark of the quince stem has astringent properties and is really useful for the therapy of ulcers. The seeds of the quince fruit possess light, however reliable laxative, anti-inflammatory and astringent properties. The seeds puff up when positioned in water and kinds a sticky substance that has a comforting and softening motion when used internally. This sticky mass fashioned by soaking the seeds in water is used to heal respiratory illnesses, notably in kids. As well as, this gelatinous substance can be utilized topically to heal minor burns and bruises.

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The quince fruit possesses astringent, cardiac, digestive, carminative (relieving flatulence), anti-vinous (treating alcohol addition), emollient (softening), diuretic, pectoral (treating lung illnesses), peptic (selling digestion), expectorant, refrigerant (assuaging fever), stimulant, restorative (healing) and tonic properties. Uncooked quince fruits have a really caustic taste and syrup ready with it’s used to deal with diarrhea. This natural treatment is taken into account to be secure to be used by kids. As well as, the quince fruit in addition to the juice extracted from it additionally acts as an efficient mouthwash or gargle to heal gum issues, tender throats in addition to mouth ulcers. The leaves of this tree enclose pectin and tannin. Whereas the tannin current in quince leaves might be utilized as astringent, pectin has optimistic influence on the circulatory system because it helps to decrease blood strain.

Most styles of the quince fruits are normally extraordinarily powerful, caustic and have a bitter taste and can’t be consumed except they’re softened by frost and consequent decay – a course of known as ‘bletting’.

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Quince fruits can’t be consumed recent. Therefore, they’re normally used to arrange jam, jelly, marmalade and a sort of pudding. Alternately, the fruits may be peeled and subsequently roasted, baked or cooked as a stew. The flesh of quince fruits turns reddish when they’re cooked for a chronic interval. Because the fruits have a robust scent, small portions of it could be added to jams and pies ready with apples with a view to boost their taste. In case you add a dice of quince fruit to apple sauce, it helps to boost the flavour of the sauce. It might be talked about right here that the phrase ‘marmalade’ initially denoted a jam ready with quince and is drawn from the Portuguese identify for this fruit – ‘marmelo’. Like many different fruits, quince may be fermented to arrange quite a lot of wine.

Individuals in Iran and a number of other different areas of the Center East use the dried pits (the laborious internal layer of the pericarp) for treating tender throats in addition to drawing out cough. They soak the pits in water for a while after which drink the sticky substance produced as a cough syrup. This natural drugs is normally used to deal with kids as a result of it doesn’t include any alcohol and is totally pure. One kind of quince cultivated within the Center East might be consumed uncooked and doesn’t must be cooked.

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Quinces are normally cultivated within the central and southern areas of Europe the place the temperatures are comparatively hotter throughout summers and assist the fruits to develop into fully ripe. Quinces are by no means grown in massive numbers, however one or two timber of the species are grown in assorted orchards amongst apple and different fruit timber. Quince timber must be grown in orchards having loads of timber. Though the gardening of quince timber haven’t been very profitable owing to moist weather conditions and lack of sufficient warmth throughout summers, the fruit was first talked about in an English textual content within the later a part of the 13th century. Due to this fact, as a substitute of rising quinces, folks in England domesticate Chaenomeles bushes, because the fruits of this species are thought of to be a superb different for quinces. Quittensaft, a juice ready from quinces, is a really acquainted drink in Germany. Individuals within the Balkans in addition to another locations put together a sort of brandy with quinces. It’s fascinating to notice that folks in Slovenia, Croatia plant a quince tree every time a child is born because the tree is taken into account to be an indication of affection, life and fertility.

Individuals in Malta put together a sort of jam with quince fruits. Locals there dissolve a teaspoon of the quince fruit jam in a cup of boiling water and drink the answer to deal with intestinal uneasiness. It is a quite common and conventional natural treatment within the area. The quince is named ‘sfarjel’ in Lebanon, the place folks use it to arrange jams. Alternatively, folks in Syria prepare dinner quince fruits in pomegranate paste, known as ‘dibs rouman’ domestically, together with shank meat and ‘kibbeh’ (a rice pie ready with burghul and minced meat that’s widespread within the Center East) and the dish is known as ‘kibbeh safarjalieh’. The quince is named ‘beh’ in Iran and the fruit is used each uncooked in addition to in jams and stews, whereas the seeds are used to deal with pneumonia and different lung illnesses. Individuals in several areas of Afghanistan accumulate the quince seeds and boil them in water. They drink the answer as a treatment for pneumonia. Individuals in neighboring Pakistan put together a stew with quince seeds and sugar known as ‘muraba’. The fruit is stewed until it turns into vivid purple and is subsequently saved in jars and consumed like jams.

Though this plant species was launched in North and South America (often known as the New World), quince has progressively develop into a uncommon species in North America as it’s susceptible to fireblight illness because of the bacterium Erwinia amylovora. Nonetheless, quinces are nonetheless cultivated in a number of areas in South America, akin to Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. In actual fact, presently, roughly your complete provide of quinces to North America is from Argentina. There was a time when folks in Latin America used the gelatinous coating of the quince seeds for giving form to hair and hair type.

Within the South American nations, akin to Chile, Argentina, Mexico and Venezuela in addition to in Spain, the quince is understood by its Spanish identify ‘membrillo’. Individuals in these nations prepare dinner the quince fruits right into a jelly like chunks or stable reddish paste known as ‘dulce de membrillo’. These merchandise are consumed with cheese, in sandwiches or together with recent curds. Usually, folks use their conventional cheese often known as manchego cheese. Individuals in Portugal put together the same candy dish with quince fruits and it’s known as marmelada. The identical candy dish can be ready by folks in Hungary the place it is named ‘quince cheese’. The candy dish carne de membrillo or quince meat has a candy and floral essence and it kinds a superb distinction when consumed with cheese, which has a tangy taste. In actual fact, boiled quince fruits are additionally highly regarded when utilized in desserts just like the murta con membrillo, which is ready by mixing quince with ugni molinae. An analogous dessert can be ready and consumed by the folks in Dalmatia.

The quince can be used as a rootstock for propagating different vegetation by the grafting course of. The quince has the flexibility to dwarf the event of pears, compelling them to develop into mature early and produce extra fruits. As well as, the quince additionally helps the pears timber to bear extra branches that yield fruits fairly than easy vegetative development and in addition facilitate in addition to hasten the maturity of the fruits.

Individuals in quite a few locations in South America in addition to within the Canary Islands, use the quince fruit as a plaything. They use a quince fruit to play an off-the-cuff seashore toss-and-swim sport – a sport usually highly regarded with the kids. It’s fascinating to notice that when the quince is combined with salty water, the flavour of the ripened fruit will change from bitter to candy. The toss-and-swim sport is performed by tossing a mature quince into the ocean. Subsequently, all of the gamers dive into the water to seize maintain of the quince and any participant who catches it first, takes a chunk after which throws the quince into the water once more. The sport continues on this method until your complete fruit is eaten by the gamers who catch it at a while or the opposite.

The quince fruit could also be consumed uncooked or in a cooked type. When the timber are cultivated in heat temperate or tropical weather conditions, the quince fruits could also be comfortable and juicy, acceptable for being consumed uncooked. As well as, the fruit may be used to arrange jams, jellies, marmalades and different preserves. When the fruit is cooked with apples it provides to the latter’s taste. The quince fruits have a robust perfume, however are powerful and have a considerably coarse flesh. The fruits are roughly 10 cm lengthy and 9 cm huge getting thinner on the base. The seeds of the fruit could also be used to arrange a nice and therapeutic drink. To arrange the drink grind dried seeds and boil them in water for about 5 minutes. Later, add a sweetener to make it tasty.

Habitat and cultivation

The quince is indigenous to the nice and cozy, temperate southwest Asia within the Caucasus area, particularly Iran and Turkey. As well as, the species is native to components of Greece. Presently, quince is extensively cultivated within the Close to East (the realm across the jap Mediterranean). As well as, quince has been launched and extensively grown within the tropical areas of America in addition to the nice and cozy climes of southern Europe.

Whereas this species thrives in most kinds of soils, it has a desire for gentle (unfastened and large-grained) and damp soil that’s fertile. The quince grows properly in complete daylight. The timber don’t like extraordinarily arid or drenched soils. Though the quince grows properly in partial shade, it doesn’t bear sufficient fruits when grown in such situation. Whereas this species just isn’t cultivated extensively, the quince has been grown by folks for over 2000 years now for its fruits and seeds, each of that are edible. The quince is commonly used as a dwarfing rootstock for different fruit-bearing timber, akin to pears. This species has quite a few widespread varieties and the sort ‘Maliformis’ matures completely in comparatively cooler summers. Nonetheless, different styles of the quince want hotter summers for the fruits to develop into fully ripe.

The quince is primarily propagated by way of its seeds, although some folks additionally develop the plant from cuttings of mature wooden of the timber. It’s best to sow the seeds in a chilly body instantly after they’re ripe. Alternately, the seeds may be sown in February. The seeds require stratification (inserting them in damp sand, sawdust or peat moss) to advertise germination. Contemporary seeds must be chilled for 18 weeks, whereas outdated preserved seeds require two weeks of heat stratification adopted by 18 weeks of chilly therapy. When the seedlings have grown sufficiently massive in order that they might be dealt with, take them out from and plant individually within the chilly body until their first winter passes away. Throughout spring or the early part of summer season, place the younger vegetation of their everlasting positions outside after the final anticipated frost.

As talked about earlier, the quince may be propagated from cuttings of mature wooden. One of the best time to do that is November. Put the cuttings in a chilly body and do the layering throughout the subsequent spring. It takes a few yr to propagate the quince by this course of. The suckers could also be eradicated throughout spring.


The sticky substance obtainable from the quince seed masking is utilized as an alternative of gum Arabic. This mucilage is normally used to shine totally different supplies. Chemical evaluation of the quince seed has proven that it encloses 20 per cent mucilage and 15 per cent fatty oils. The fruit has wealthy pectin content material, whereas the leaves enclose 11 per cent tannin. It might be talked about right here that pectin is taken into account to defend the physique from radiation.

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