Prunus mume Japanese Apricot, Japanese Flowering, Apricot PFAF Plant Database

Prunus mume Japanese Apricot, Japanese Flowering, Apricot

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Prunus mume Japanese Apricot, Japanese Flowering, Apricot http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Consumer:KENPEI

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Abstract

Bloom Colour: Pink, White. Foremost Bloom Time: Early spring, Mid spring. Type: Rounded, Vase.

Bodily Traits

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Prunus mume is a deciduous Tree rising to 9 m (29ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium fee.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 6. It’s in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has each female and male organs) and is pollinated by Bugs.
Appropriate for: gentle (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and fundamental (alkaline) soils. It will probably develop in semi-shade (gentle woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Armeniaca mume.

Habitats

Woodland Backyard Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Makes use of

Edible Components: Flowers  Fruit  Seed
Edible Makes use of:

Fruit – uncooked or cooked[2, 46, 61, 183]. Exhausting and bitter even when totally ripe, it’s scarcely edible[2, 11]. It’s, nevertheless, broadly used within the Orient the place it’s normally pickled after which used as a condiment and a vegetable[2, 11]. That is the umboshi plum that may be present in oriental shops. It’s preserved in salt and used as a relish in rice dishes and so forth[183]. The fruit accommodates about 0.9% protein, 18.9% carbohydrate, 0.6% ash, no fats. The fruit is about 3cm in diameter and accommodates one giant seed[200]. The flowers are used as a flavouring in tea[2, 183]. Seed – uncooked or cooked. Don’t eat the seed whether it is too bitter – see the notes above on toxicity. Younger budlings[183]. No extra particulars are given.

References

Composition
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of meals.

Fruit (Dry weight)
  • 388 Energy per 100g
  • Water : 0%
  • Protein: 9.7g; Fats: 13.4g; Carbohydrate: 67.9g; Fibre: 10.4g; Ash: 9g;
  • Minerals – Calcium: 82mg; Phosphorus: 269mg; Iron: 13.4mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 60mg; Potassium: 2328mg; Zinc: 0mg;
  • Nutritional vitamins – A: 149mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.37mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0.37mg; Niacin: 3.73mg; B6: 0mg; C: 75mg;
  • Reference: [ 218]
  • Notes:

Medicinal Makes use of

Vegetation For A Future can’t take any accountability for any opposed results from the usage of vegetation. At all times search recommendation from knowledgeable earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.
Antibacterial  Antipyretic  Antispasmodic  Astringent  Carminative  Cholagogue  Febrifuge  Pectoral  
Sialagogue  Vermifuge

The unripe fruit is antibacterial, antipyretic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, cholagogue, pectoral, sialagogue and vermifuge[116, 147, 174, 176, 178, 238]. The fruit has a broad-spectrum antibacterial exercise[279]. Cooling and refreshing, it’s combined with different herbs and used internally within the therapy of bronchitis, power coughs, power diarrhoea and roundworms[174, 238, 279]. The fruit can also be used within the therapy of diarrhoea and dysentery, to cease bleeding and to ease coughs[254]. Externally, it’s utilized to fungal pores and skin infections, corns and warts[238]. The half-ripe smoked fruit is taken into account to be antispasmodic, carminative and febrifuge[218]. Though no particular point out has been seen for this species, all members of the genus include amygdalin and prunasin, substances which break down in water to type hydrocyanic acid (cyanide or prussic acid). In small quantities this exceedingly toxic compound stimulates respiration, improves digestion and provides a way of well-being[238].

References

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Different Makes use of

Dye

A inexperienced dye could be obtained from the leaves[168]. A darkish gray to inexperienced dye could be obtained from the fruit[168].

Particular Makes use of

Scented Vegetation

References

Cultivation particulars

Panorama Makes use of:Specimen. Thrives in a well-drained moisture-retentive loamy soil, rising properly on limestone[11, 200]. Prefers some lime within the soil however is more likely to turn out to be chlorotic if an excessive amount of lime is current[1]. Requires a sunny place and a sheltered web site[11]. This species is hardy to about -15°c[184], it succeeds when grown towards a sunny wall in Britain or in a sheltered woodland[184]. A lot cultivated in China and Japan for its edible fruit, there are a lot of named varieties[11, 184]. White-flowered types possess a candy fragrance, however red-flowered types don’t have any scent[245]. Most members of this genus are shallow-rooted and can produce suckers if the roots are broken[238]. Vegetation on this genus are notably prone to honey fungus[200]. Particular Options:Not North American native, All or components of this plant are toxic, Aromatic flowers, Blooms are very showy.

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed – requires 2 – Three months chilly stratification and is greatest sown in a chilly body as quickly as it’s ripe[200]. Sow saved seed in a chilly body as early within the yr as potential[200]. Shield the seed from mice and so forth. The seed could be moderately sluggish, generally taking 18 months to germinate[113]. Prick out the seedlings into particular person pots when they’re giant sufficient to deal with. Develop them on in a greenhouse or chilly body for his or her first winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer time of the next yr. Cuttings of half-ripe wooden with a heel, July/August in a body[11, 200]. Softwood cuttings from strongly rising vegetation in spring to early summer time in a body[200]. Layering in spring.

Different Names

If out there different names are talked about right here

Discovered In

Nations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the knowledge is accessible

Weed Potential

Proper plant fallacious place. We’re at present updating this part.
Please word {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however might not in your space so it’s price checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Crimson Checklist of Threatened Vegetation Standing :

Associated Vegetation
Latin Identify Widespread Identify Behavior Peak Hardiness Development Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Different
Prunus africana Pygeum Tree 18.0 10-12 F LM N M 0 5 2
Prunus alabamensis Alabama Cherry Tree 8.0   LMH SN M 2 1  
Prunus alleghaniensis Allegheny Plum, Davis’ plum Tree 3.5 4-8 F LMH SN M 3 1 2
Prunus americana American Plum, American Wild Plum, Wild Plum Tree 6.0 3-8 M LMH SN M 3 2 3
Prunus americana lanata   Tree 10.0 3-7   LMH SN M 3 1 2
Prunus andersonii Desert Peach Shrub 1.8   LMH SN M 2 2  
Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw Plum, Watson’s plum, Hally Jolivette Cherry Tree 3.0 5-9 M LMH SN M 3 1 3
Prunus angustifolia watsonii Sand Plum Shrub 3.0 5-9   LMH SN M 4 1 2
Prunus apetala Clove Cherry Shrub 7.0   LMH SN M 2 1  
Prunus arabica   Shrub 0.0   LMH SN DM 2 1  
Prunus armeniaca Apricot Tree 9.0 5-7 M LM SN M 4 3 4
Prunus armeniaca mandschurica Manchurian apricot Tree 6.0 3-9 M LM SN M 4 3 3
Prunus avium Wild Cherry, Candy cherry Tree 18.0 3-7 F LMH SN M 4 2 4
Prunus besseriana Dwarf Almond Tree 0.0   LMH SN M 2 1  
Prunus besseyi Western Sand Cherry Shrub 1.2 3-6 M LMH SN M 4 1 2
Prunus bifrons   Shrub 1.8   LMH SN M 2 1  
Prunus bokharensis Bokhara Plum Tree 0.0   LMH SN M 2 1  
Prunus brigantina Briançon Apricot Tree 6.0 6-9   LMH SN DM 4 1  
Prunus buergeriana   Tree 9.0 4-8   LMH SN M 2 1  
Prunus campanulata Taiwan Cherry Tree 7.0 7-9 M LMH SN M 2 1  
Prunus canescens Greyleaf Cherry Shrub 3.0 5-9   LMH SN M 3 1 2
Prunus capsica   Tree 0.0   LMH SN M 2 1  
Prunus caroliniana American Cherry Laurel, Carolina laurelcherry, Laurel Cherry, Shrub 12.0 7-10 F LMH SN DM 2 1  
Prunus cerasifera Cherry Plum, Myrobalan Plum, Newport Cherry Plum, Pissard Plum Tree 9.0 5-8 M LMH SN M 4 1 3
Prunus cerasifera divaricata   Tree 10.0 4-8   LMH SN M 4 1  
Prunus cerasoides Wild Himalayan Cherry Tree 30.0 7-10   LMH SN M 2 2  
Prunus cerasus Bitter Cherry Tree 6.0 3-7   LMH SN M 1 2 3
Prunus cerasus austera Morello Cherry Tree 9.0 3-7   LMH SN M 3 1  
Prunus cerasus caproniana Kentish Crimson Cherry Tree 9.0 3-7   LMH SN M 3 1  
Prunus cerasus frutescens Bush Bitter Cherry Tree 1.0 3-7   LMH SN M 3 1 3

Development: S = sluggish M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = gentle (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = fundamental (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.

 

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Botanical References

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