Pistacia terebinthus Terebinth, Cyprus turpentine PFAF Plant Database

Pistacia terebinthus Terebinth, Cyprus turpentine


Pistacia terebinthus Terebinth, Cyprus turpentine greffer.web

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Bodily Traits

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Pistacia terebinthus is a deciduous Tree rising to 9 m (29ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a sluggish charge.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 9. It’s in flower from Could to July, and the seeds ripen from October to November. The species is dioecious (particular person flowers are both male or feminine, however just one intercourse is to be discovered on anybody plant so each female and male crops have to be grown if seed is required). . The plant is just not self-fertile.
Appropriate for: mild (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and primary (alkaline) soils and might develop in very alkaline soils.
It can’t develop within the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and might tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map



Woodland Backyard Sunny Edge;

Edible Makes use of

Edible Elements: Fruit  Leaves  Oil  Seed
Edible Makes use of: Gum  Oil

Seed – uncooked or cooked[177]. Sweetish[183]. It’s sweeter and oilier than an almond[2]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[117, 183]. The immature fruits, together with the stems, are preserved in vinegar and salt. Generally known as ‘atsjaar’, they’re used as a relish to accompany wines served throughout meals[183]. The fruit is about 7mm lengthy and 6 mm huge, it accommodates a single seed[200]. Younger leaves – cooked and used as a vegetable[177, 183]. A resin from the trunk is used as a vegetable and as a chewing gum[177, 183].


Medicinal Makes use of

Crops For A Future can’t take any duty for any adversarial results from the usage of crops. All the time search recommendation from knowledgeable earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.

The resin obtained from this tree (see under for extra particulars) is antiseptic, antispasmodic, cytostatic, expectorant and vulnerary[100, 238]. It’s taken internally within the therapy of continual bronchial infections, streptococcal, urinary and renal infections, haemorrhage, gallstones, tapeworm and rheumatism[238]. Externally, it’s used to deal with arthritis, gout, sciatica, scabies and lice[238]. It has additionally been used within the therapy of most cancers[100].


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Different Makes use of

Dye  Gum  Oil  Resin  Rootstock  Tannin

Yields the resin ‘Cyprus turpentine’, which is obtained from incisions made within the bark (not the trunk) of the tree[1, 2, 11, 46, 117, 200]. The incisions are made out of mid summer time to mid autumn[238]. It’s primarily used medicinally within the therapy of most cancers[100] and in addition as a chewing gum. The plant can be utilized as a rootstock for the pistachio nut, P. vera[11]. A pink dye is obtained from galls which might be fashioned on the leaves by aphis[100]. The plant is a supply of tannin[46].

Particular Makes use of

Carbon Farming  Scented Crops


Cultivation particulars

Industrial Crop: Hydrocarbon  Administration: Customary  Regional Crop

Requires a deep well-drained mild soil[200], preferring a scorching dry place in full solar[166]. It grows greatest in a sandy to stony alkaline soil[238]. This species is hardy in most of Britain however it’s sluggish rising[1, 200]. This contradicts the report, additionally in [200], that this plant is barely hardy to zone 9 and is subsequently illiberal of something aside from the lightest frosts. Any pruning that must be carried out is greatest carried out within the spring[238]. Dioecious, female and male crops have to be grown if seed is required.

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Hydrocarbon 
    Supplies, chemical substances and power embody bioplastics, rubber, biomass merchandise gasoline, jet gas, diesel, butane, propane, biogas. Crops are often resprouting crops and saps.
  • Administration: Customary 
    Crops develop to their commonplace peak. Harvest fruit, seeds, or different merchandise. Non-Damaging administration techniques.
  • Regional Crop 
    These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally however haven’t been adopted elsewhere and are usually not traded globally, Examples on this broad class embody perennial cottons and lots of nuts and staple fruits.


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Pre-soak the seed for 16 hours in alkalized water[78], or for 3 – four days in heat water[1], and sow late winter in a chilly body or greenhouse[78, 113]. Two months chilly stratification might pace up germination, so it may be higher to sow the seed in early winter[113]. The germination is variable and will be sluggish. Prick out the seedlings into particular person pots when they’re giant sufficient to deal with and develop on the crops for no less than their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out into their everlasting positions in early summer time and contemplate giving some safety from winter chilly for his or her first 12 months or two outside[K]. Cuttings of half-ripe wooden from juvenile bushes, July in a body[113]. Layering.

Different Names

If obtainable different names are talked about right here

Discovered In

Nations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the knowledge is out there

Weed Potential

Proper plant improper place. We’re presently updating this part.
Please notice {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however might not in your space so it’s value checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Crimson Listing of Threatened Crops Standing :

Progress: S = sluggish M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = mild (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = primary (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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