Picea: The Spruce Tree | Portland Nursery

Spruce bushes are fantastic! They might be a tad prickly on the surface, however Piceas are colourful and dependable. They arrive in all sizes and shapes too, providing a variety of garden-worthy choices.

Picea abies: Norway Spruce

The magnificent Norway spruce populates a lot of Europe and is usually used as a vacation tree. Over 150 cultivated varieties exist, together with many with fascinating shapes and smaller statures. Listed below are a few of our favorites:


Picea abies ‘Cupressina’

‘Cupressina’ has an upright slim form that creates a robust vertical accent, excellent for planting on the corners of a tall home. Needles are darkish inexperienced and branches are robust, withstanding heavy snow higher than different narrow-growing conifers.

Grows quick, greater than 12” per yr to 10-12’ x 2’ in 10 years. Solar, Z3.

Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Little Gem

Picea abies ‘Little Gem’: Chook Nest Spruce

Very slow-growing dwarf spruce with tiny darkish inexperienced needles and brief stiff branches resembles a thick pincushion. Grows 1-2” per yr to 12-18” x 18-24” in 10 years. Solar, half shade, Zone 4.

Picea abies'Pendula'

Picea abies ‘Pendula’: Weeping Norway Spruce

Darkish inexperienced needles on weeping branches. Typically one department is chosen to function a trunk and educated to develop upright, permitting the opposite branches to weep and skirt the bottom. With out coaching branches develop alongside the bottom as a groundcover. Each are good purposes.

Grows greater than 12” per yr. Solar, half shade, Z3.

Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Picea glauca: White Spruce

White spruce grows as much as the arctic tree line alongside the highest of north America. It is a powerful plant that withstands warmth, chilly, drought and crowding. Cultivated varieties vary from generally used Alberta spruce to spectacular weeping shapes. 

Picea gluca'Conica'

Picea glauca ‘Conica’: Dwarf Alberta Spruce

A very fashionable dwarf conifer with brief inexperienced needles and an ideal cone form. It is a good choice for rising in containers as a result of it grows so slowly that it could possibly stay in the identical pot for years.

Grows 2-3’ x 10-12” in 10 years, 6-7’x3-4′ finally. Solar, Zone 4. Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Picea glauca'Pixie'

Picea glauca ‘Jean’s Dilly’

‘Jean’s Dilly’ grows even slower than ‘Conica’, about 1-3″/yr. and stays small. It is an awesome alternative for containers and rock gardens! There are numerous extra backyard worthy cultivars. ‘Rainbow’s Finish’ has creamy new development, ‘Sander’s Blue’ has silvery blue needles. All develop in a dense pyramid form.

Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Picea glaucens'Densata'

Picea glauca ‘Densata’: Black Hills Spruce

Black Hills Spruce is an upright symmetrical pyramid with brief darkish needles. Native to the Black Hills of South Dakota, it’s generally used for a vacation tree within the mid-west. 

Grows 6-12” per yr, maturing at 20-40’ in 40-80 years. Solar, Zone 2.

Picea glaucens'Pendula'

Picea glauca ‘Pendula’: Weeping White Spruce

Found in France, 1867, this beautiful tree was practically misplaced to cultivation however because of Iseli Nursery it was saved and reintroduced in 1982.

This excellent specimen has blue-green needles on a robust central chief with branches that weep strictly downward and unfold after they hit the bottom into spherical skirt. 

Grows 6-12” per yr, 6-10’ x 2-3’ in 10 years. Solar, Zone 2

Picea omorika: Serbian Spruce

Native to the higher Drina River Valley in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Flat needles are two-toned, darkish inexperienced above and silvery white beneath and present each colours in some cultivars. Cones are small and red-brown when ripe. Within the forest it’s a slender pyramid form resembles that of a Douglas Fir, however cultivated varieties are smaller in stature.

Picea omorika'Nana'

Picea omorika ‘Nana’: Dwarf Serbian Spruce

A dwarf globe formed shrub with two-toned needles, inexperienced on high and white beneath that lend a silvery solid to the plant.

Grows to three’ x 3’ in 10 years, 8-10’ given time. Solar, Zone 4.

Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Picea omorika'Pendula'

Picea omorika ‘Pendula’: Weeping Serbian Spruce

This stunning tree is an ideal alternative for a focus in any backyard. Inexperienced and silver needles on an upright slim spire with sweeping branches that curl up on the ideas. Types a stunning skirt across the base of the tree.

Grows 12” per yr, 12’ x 4’ in 10 years. Solar, Zone 5.

Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Picea orientalis: Caucasus or Oriental Spruce

Native to mountainous components of Caucasus, the border space between Europe and Asia. Needles are brief and develop flat in opposition to the branches, creating fascinating texture. Forest bushes are fairly tall and among the cultivated varieties are as properly, however dwarf and miniature varieties are additionally out there.

Picea orientalis'Aureospicata'

Picea orientalis ‘Aureospicata’

Shiny yellow new development in spring turns darkish inexperienced in summer time warmth. Needles are brief and sit near slender branches. Slender pyramidal form with a robust central chief and swish arching aspect branches.

Grows about 12” per yr, 12-15’ x 6-8’ in 10 years, a lot bigger given time. Solar, Zone 4.

Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Picea orientalis'Shadow's Broom'

Picea orientalis ‘Shadow’s Broom’

Brief wealthy darkish inexperienced needles, stiff ascending branches and sluggish development. In youth, the form is nest-like with an indention within the middle, however over time it would fill out to a mounded form.

Dwarf, grows 3-6” per yr, 2-3’ tall x 3-4’ broad in 10 years. Solar, Zone 4.

Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Picea orientalis'Skylands'

Picea orientalis ‘Skylands’

Yellow and inexperienced needles seem like they’re frosted with lemon icing. Colour holds year-round however is brighter in spring.

Grows in an upright pyramidal form just like ‘Aureospicata’. Gold leaves can burn within the hottest a part of summer time, so afternoon shade is preferable. Zone 4.

Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Picea orientalis'Tom Thumb'

Picea orientalis ‘Tom Thumb’

Because the identify suggests, ‘Tom Thumb’ is a miniature, and it is considered one of our favorites. Brief gold needles lie flat in opposition to brief stubby branches. It grows about 1″/yr, into a little bit mound barely wider than tall. 

Miniature, grows 1″ per yr, 12″ x 18″. Solar, Zone 4.

Picea pungens: Colorado Spruce

Colorado spruce are recognized for his or her shiny powder blue needles and have been grown in cultivation for many years. All are extraordinarily chilly hardy, to 50f! Listed below are just a few well-liked cultivars:

Picea glaucens'Fat Albert'

Picea pungens ‘Fats Albert’

Shiny blue needles and powerful upright broad pyramid form. 

Grows about 15″/yr to 25′ x 15′. Solar, Z2

Picea pungens'Procumbens'

Picea pungens ‘Procumbens’

A weeping or prostrate kind with irregular branching, stunning draping over rocks.

Grows 1’ tall x 8’ broad in 10 years. Solar, Z2.

Picea pungens'RH Montgomery'

Picea pungens ‘RH Montgomery’

Dwarf globe formed shrub, grows 3-6”/yr to 4’ x 3’ in 10 years.

Picture courtesy of our provider, Iseli Nursery.

Picea sitchensis

Sitka Spruce: Picea sitchensis

Native to the Pacific Northwest alongside the coast from Alaska to California. Sharp shiny inexperienced needles have white reverse. Bark is easy and grey, cones are 2-4” lengthy. Behavior is upright and pyramidal with irregular slender branches that sweep upward on the ideas.

Grows 12”/yr or extra, to 40-60’ tall – given time it could possibly develop over 150’ tall.

Solar-part shade, loves moist air, foggy coast line. Hardiness info varies. Some sources say zone 7, others zone 5. Each needs to be nice in Portland and alongside the coast, however venturing out from there, watch out!!

Sitka Spruce Cultivars:

Picea stitchenis'Papoose'

Picea sitchensis ‘Papoose’

Pretty little dwarf with stiff two-toned needles that solid a shimmery glow. Grows in a globe form when younger and finally produces a pacesetter forming a squatty cone form.

Development may be very sluggish, 3” per yr to 2-3’ in 10 years. Solar, half shade, Zone 5.

Author: admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *