Neem, (Azadirachta indica), additionally referred to as nim or margosa, fast-growing tree of the mahogany household (Meliaceae), valued as a medicinal plant, as a supply of natural pesticides, and for its timber. Neem is probably going native to the Indian subcontinent and to dry areas all through South Asia. It has been launched to components of Africa, the Caribbean, and quite a few counties in South and Central America. The plant has lengthy been utilized in Ayurvedic and people drugs and is utilized in cosmetics and in natural farming functions.
Neem bushes can attain 15–30 metres (49–98 ft) in top and have engaging rounded crowns and thick furrowed bark. The compound leaves have toothed leaflets and are usually evergreen however do drop during times of maximum drought. The small aromatic white flowers are bisexual or staminate (male) and are borne in clusters within the axils of the leaves. The fruit is a clean yellow-green drupe and has a sweet-flavoured pulp.
Neem is normally grown from seed however may be propagated from cuttings or root suckers. The plant is hardy and resilient and grows effectively in poor, rocky soils. Neem tolerates all kinds of environmental circumstances however can’t survive freezing temperatures or being waterlogged.
Makes use of
Almost all components of the neem tree are helpful, and plenty of of its medicinal and beauty makes use of are primarily based on its antibacterial and antifungal properties. Neem is usually utilized in shampoos for treating dandruff and in soaps or lotions for pores and skin circumstances resembling pimples, psoriasis, and athlete’s foot. It’s also a element in some toothpastes and mouthwashes, particularly within the Indian subcontinent, and younger twigs are used immediately as crude toothbrushes in rural areas. Neem leaves have lengthy been used as a conventional remedy for diabetes, and there may be some medical proof suggesting that it could assist management blood sugar ranges. Neem oil and neem bark and leaves are unsafe for consumption by pregnant girls and might trigger miscarriage.
Oil extracted from the seeds can be utilized immediately as an insect and mite repellent, insecticide, and fungicide and is the supply of many industrial pesticide merchandise, together with dusts, granules, and concentrates. The first lively insecticidal ingredient, azadirachtin, works to disrupt the hormones concerned with insect molting, stopping larvae from creating correctly into adults, and is a feeding inhibitor. Neem oil can kill soft-bodied bugs on contact and reduces mating and reproductive behaviours, decreasing pest fecundity. As a fungicide, neem oil is used to manage rust, black spot, mildew, scab, anthracnose, and blight. Provided that neem oil breaks down rapidly with publicity to ultraviolet gentle, repeated functions are sometimes needed. Neem-based pesticides usually have low toxicity for mammals and are widespread in natural farming functions.
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The neem tree, additionally referred to as the margosa tree (
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