Myoporum insulare - Wikipedia

Myoporum insulare – Wikipedia

Species of plant

Myoporum insulare, generally often known as frequent boobialla, native juniper,[2] is a species of flowering plant within the figwort household Scrophulariaceae and is endemic to coastal areas of Australia. It’s a shrub or small tree which grows on dunes and coastal cliffs, could be very salt tolerant and broadly utilized in horticulture.

Description[edit]

Boobialla varies in kind from a prostrate shrub to a small, erect tree rising to a top of 6 m (20 ft). It has thick, clean inexperienced leaves that are 30–90 mm (1.2–3.5 in) lengthy and seven–22 mm (0.28–0.87 in) extensive with edges which might be both untoothed or toothed towards the apex. The leaves are egg-shaped and the higher and decrease surfaces are the identical boring inexperienced color.[3][4][5]

White flowers with purple spots seem within the leaf axils in clusters of three to eight and are 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) in diameter. There are 5 glabrous, clean sepals and the tube shaped by the petals is 2.3–3.6 mm (0.091–0.142 in) lengthy with the lobes of the tube about the identical size. The 4 stamens often lengthen barely past the tube. Peak flowering occasions are July to February in Western Australia and October to December in south-eastern Australia. Flowering is adopted by the fruit which is a clean, rounded purple to black drupe 4.5–9 mm (0.18–0.35 in) in diameter.[3][4][5][6]

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

Myoporum insulare was first formally described by botanist Robert Brown in Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae in 1810.[7][8] The precise epithet insulare is a Latin phrase which means “from an island”.[9]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Myoporum insulare happens in coastal areas of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania.[3] In New South Wales it happens from Eden southward, though an remoted prevalence was recorded a lot additional north on Brush Island.[6] It is usually discovered on Lord Howe Island.[6][10] In Victoria it’s present in coastal areas but additionally inland within the west of that state.[11] Boobialla is frequent alongside the coast of South Australia[2] and in Western Australia it happens south from Shark Bay to the South Australian border.[12] It grows in sandy soils, typically between rocks or close to sandstone.[6][12]Myoporum insulare is invasive in a number of African nations and within the western coastal areas of the USA. Invasive populations could embrace another species of this genus. In South Africa this species is called manatoka.[13]

Horticulture[edit]

Myoporum insulare could also be used as a fast-growing hedge or windbreak species which withstands coastal winds and drought.[14] It’s hardy in well-drained positions and is well propagated from cuttings.[15] It is usually used as rootstock for propagating many Eremophila species.[16]

Bush tucker[edit]

The purple fruit is edible,[17] and is sweet for making jams and jellies.[18] Nonetheless, in most states in Australia it’s unlawful to gather the fruit of native crops within the wild.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Myoporum insulare“. Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b Myoporum insulare“. Digital Flora of South Australia Truth Sheet. State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Chinnock, Robert J. (2007). Eremophila and allied genera : a monograph of the plant household Myoporaceae (1st ed.). Dural, NSW: Rosenberg. pp. 108–110. ISBN 9781877058165.
  4. ^ a b Costermans, L. (1981). Native Timber and Shrubs of South-eastern Australia. Australia: Rigby. ISBN 072701403X.
  5. ^ a b Marron, Michele. “Myoporum insulare”. Australian Nationwide Botanic Backyard. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d Chinnock, Robert. “Myoporum insulare”. Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Plantnet. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  7. ^ Myoporum insulare“. APNI. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  8. ^ Brown, Robert (1810). Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae. London: Typis R Taylor, veneunt apud J. Johnson. p. 516. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  9. ^ Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Phrases. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Establishment Press. p. 444.
  10. ^ “Appendices Lord Howe Island Biodiversity Administration Plan” (PDF). Division of Surroundings and Local weather Change (NSW). Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  11. ^ “Widespread boobialla”. Victorian Assets On-line. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  12. ^ a b Myoporum insulare“. FloraBase. Western Australian Authorities Division of Parks and Wildlife. Retrieved 2008-05-29.
  13. ^ Glen, Hugh & Van Wyk, Braam (2016) Information to timber launched into Southern Africa. pp230-231. Struik Nature, Cape City
  14. ^ Cochrane, G.R., Fuhrer, B.A., Rotherdam, E.M., Simmons, J.& M. and Willis, J.H. (1980). Flowers and Vegetation of Victoria and Tasmania. A.H. & A.W. Reed. ISBN 0-589-50256-5.CS1 maint: a number of names: authors checklist (hyperlink)
  15. ^ Wrigley, John W.; Fagg, Murray (1983). Australian native crops : a handbook for his or her propagation, cultivation and use in landscaping (2nd ed.). Sydney: Collins. pp. 271–272. ISBN 0002165759.
  16. ^ Boschen, Norma; Items, Maree; Wait, Russell (2008). Australia’s eremophilas : altering gardens for a altering local weather. Melbourne: Bloomings Books. pp. 23–24. ISBN 9781876473655.
  17. ^ Ellis, M. & Norden, L. 2015. A Area Information to Coastal Saltmarsh Vegetation in Victoria, South Gippsland Conservation Society, Inverloch. ISBN 9780959205008
  18. ^ a b “Tucker Bush: Boobialla”. Retrieved 31 Could 2018.


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