Malus sylvestris Crab Apple, European crab apple PFAF Plant Database

Malus sylvestris Crab Apple, European crab apple

Malus sylvestris Crab Apple, European crab apple

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Bodily Traits

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Malus sylvestris is a deciduous Tree rising to 10 m (32ft 10in).
It’s hardy to zone (UK) Four and isn’t frost tender. It’s in flower in Could, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has each female and male organs) and is pollinated by Bugs.
It’s famous for attracting wildlife.
Appropriate for: gentle (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and may develop in heavy clay soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and primary (alkaline) soils. It could actually develop in semi-shade (gentle woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map


M. acerba. M. communis sylvestris. Pyrus malus.


Woodland Backyard Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Makes use of

Edible Components: Fruit  Oil
Edible Makes use of: Oil  Pectin  Pectin  Tea

Fruit – uncooked or cooked[9, 15]. Used for jellies, preserves and juices[183]. The flavour improves significantly if the fruit is just not harvested till it has been frosted[12]. The fruit is kind of variable in dimension (it’s about 2 – 4cm in diameter[200]) and high quality. While normally harsh and acid, some types are fairly candy and could be eaten out of hand[K]. The fruit is wealthy in pectin and can be utilized in serving to different fruits to set when making jam and so on[61, 142]. Pectin can be stated to guard the physique towards radiation[201]. An edible oil could be obtained from the seed[4]. It might solely actually be viable to make use of these seeds as an oil supply if the fruit was getting used for some function corresponding to making cider after which the seeds could possibly be extracted from the remaining pulp[K]. A really nice tea could be constructed from the leaves[7].


Medicinal Makes use of

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Anthelmintic  Antibacterial  Astringent  Hypnotic  Laxative  Refrigerant

The fruit is astringent and laxative[4, 9]. The crushed fruit pulp can be utilized as a poultice to heal inflammations or small flesh wounds[7]. The fruit is eaten to obviate constipation[240]. The bark, and particularly the basis bark, is anthelmintic, refrigerant and soporific[218, 240]. An infusion is used within the remedy of intermittent, remittent and bilious fevers[4, 240]. The leaves comprise as much as 2.4% of an antibacterial substance known as ‘florin'[240]. This inhibits the expansion of a lot of gram-positive and gram-negative micro organism in as low a focus as 30 ppm[240].


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Different Makes use of

Dye  Gasoline  Oil  Pectin  Pectin

The fruit is a supply of pectin[61, 142]. Pectin is used as a thickener in jams and so on and as a tradition medium in laboratories. A crimson to yellow dye is obtained from the bark[257]. The wooden is a superb gasoline[67].

Particular Makes use of

Attracts Wildlife


Cultivation particulars

An simply grown plant, it succeeds in most fertile soils, together with heavy ones, preferring a moisture retentive well-drained loamy soil[1, 98, 200]. Prefers a sunny place however succeeds in partial shade although it fruits much less nicely in such a scenario[186, 200]. Pretty tolerant of reducing, it succeeds in a blended hedgerow[186]. A mother or father of the cultivated apple[11], it’s typically used as a rootstock[50]. The fruit is an efficient wildlife meals supply, particularly for birds[200]. The plant has over 90 related insect species[24]. Hybridizes freely with different members of this genus[200]. Crops on this genus are notably inclined to honey fungus[200].


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Seed – finest sown as quickly as it’s ripe within the autumn in a chilly body. It normally germinates in late winter. Saved seed requires stratification for Three months at 1°c and must be sown in a chilly body as quickly as it’s acquired[200]. It won’t germinate for 12 months or extra. Prick out the seedlings into particular person pots as quickly as they’re massive sufficient to deal with. If given a wealthy compost they normally develop away shortly and could be massive sufficient to plant out in late summer season, although take into account giving them some safety from the chilly of their first winter. In any other case, maintain them in pots in a chilly body and plant them out in late spring of the next 12 months. Cuttings of mature wooden, November in a body[11].

Different Names

If obtainable different names are talked about right here

Discovered In

International locations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the data is obtainable

Weed Potential

Proper plant unsuitable place. We’re at the moment updating this part.
Please word {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however could not in your space so it’s price checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Crimson Listing of Threatened Crops Standing :

Associated Crops
Latin Identify Frequent Identify Behavior Top Hardiness Development Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Different
Malus angustifolia Southern Crab, Southern crab apple Tree 7.0 3-8 M LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus baccata Chinese language Crab, Siberian crab apple Tree 15.0 2-7 M LMH SN M 2 1 2
Malus baccata mandschurica Manchurian Apple Tree 7.0 0-0   LMH SN M 4 0 2
Malus bracteata   Tree 7.0 5-9   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus brevipes   Tree 3.0 4-8   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus coronaria Garland Crab, Candy crab apple Tree 7.0 4-8   LMH SN MWe 3 1  
Malus domestica Apple Tree 9.0 3-8   LMH SN M 5 2 4
Malus florentina Hawthorn-leaf crab apple Tree 8.0 4-8   LMH SN MWe 2 0  
Malus floribunda Japanese Crab, Japanese flowering crab apple Tree 10.0 4-7 M LMH SN M 3 0  
Malus fusca Oregon Crab, Oregon crab apple Tree 12.0 5-9 S LMH SN M 3 2  
Malus glabrata   Tree 5.0 5-9   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus glaucescens   Tree 5.0 4-8   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus halliana Corridor crab apple Tree 4.0 4-8   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus halliana spontanea   Tree 4.0 4-8   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus hupehensis Chinese language Crab, Chinese language crab apple, Tea Crabapple, Flowering Tea Crabapple Tree 7.0 4-8 M LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus ioensis Prairie Crab, Prairie crab apple, Texas crab apple, Prairie Crabapple Tree 5.0 3-8 S LMH SN M 2 0 2
Malus ioensis palmeri Prairie Crab Tree 5.0   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus kansuensis   Tree 5.0 4-8   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus lancifolia   Tree 6.0 4-8   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus praecox   Tree 0.0   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus prattii Pratt apple Tree 10.0 5-9   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus prunifolia Chinese language Apple, Plumleaf crab apple Tree 8.0 3-7   LMH SN M 4 0  
Malus prunifolia rinkii Chinese language Apple Tree 8.0 3-7   LMH SN M 3 0  
Malus pumila Paradise Apple, Frequent Apple, Apple Tree Tree 7.0 3-9 M LMH SN M 4 2 3
Malus pumila nervosa Crab Apple Tree 5.0 3-7   LMH SN M 3 0 2
Malus pumila paradisiaca Paradise Apple Tree 5.0 3-7   LMH SN M 3 0 2
Malus sargentii Sargent’s apple, Sargent Crabapple Shrub 4.0 4-8 S LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus sieversii Crabapple Tree 8.0 4-10   LMH SN M 3 0 0
Malus sikkimensis   Tree 7.0 5-9   LMH SN M 2 0  
Malus spectabilis Chinese language Flowering Apple, Asiatic apple Tree 9.0 4-8   LMH SN M 3 0  

Development: S = sluggish M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = gentle (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = primary (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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