Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay, Large-flowered Magnolia, Southern Magnolia PFAF Plant Database

Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay, Large-flowered Magnolia, Southern Magnolia

Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay, Large-flowered Magnolia, Southern Magnolia

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Bloom Coloration: White. Important Bloom Time: Early summer time, Early spring, Late summer time, Late spring, Mid summer time, Mid spring. Kind: Oval, Pyramidal.

Bodily Traits

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Magnolia grandiflora is an evergreen Tree rising to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium charge.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 6. It’s in leaf all yr, in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from September to November. The species is hermaphrodite (has each female and male organs) and is pollinated by Beetles. The plant isn’t self-fertile.
Appropriate for: mild (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and fundamental (alkaline) soils. It may develop in semi-shade (mild woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates sturdy winds however not maritime publicity.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map


M. foetida. M. virginiana foetida.


Woodland Backyard Cover; Secondary;

Edible Makes use of

Edible Elements: Flowers
Edible Makes use of: Condiment

The flowers are pickled in some elements of England and are thought-about to have an beautiful flavour[2, 183]. They’re additionally mentioned for use as a spice and a condiment[183].


Medicinal Makes use of

Crops For A Future can’t take any duty for any opposed results from the usage of crops. All the time search recommendation from an expert earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.
Diaphoretic  Hypotensive  Salve  Stimulant  Tonic

The bark is diaphoretic, stimulant, tonic[46, 61, 240]. It’s used within the therapy of malaria and rheumatism[240]. A decoction has been used as a wash and a shower for prickly warmth itching[257]. The decoction has additionally been used as a wash for sores and as a steam bathtub for treating dropsy[257]. An alcoholic extract of the plant reduces the blood stress, produces a slight acceleration in respiration however has no motion on the center[240].


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Different Makes use of

Important  Shelterbelt  Wooden

A reasonably wind-tolerant tree, it may be utilized in shelterbelt plantings[200]. A vital oil is obtained from the flowers[240]. Wooden – exhausting and pretty heavy, however weak and never sturdy[227]. White when first minimize, it turns brown on publicity to air[229]. It’s utilized in restricted quantities for gasoline, baskets, crates, woodenware and furnishings[82, 227].

Particular Makes use of

Scented Crops


Cultivation particulars

Panorama Makes use of:Espalier, Firewood, Pest tolerant, Aggressive floor roots potential, Display, Seashore, Specimen, Avenue tree. Finest grown in a heat place in a reasonably wealthy free soil of an open texture[1]. Tolerates reasonably limey soils[200, 202] as long as they’re deep and wealthy in humus[188]. The branches are brittle so a sheltered place is required[200]. One other a part of the identical ebook says that this species is pretty wind-resistant[200]. Succeeds in full solar or semi-shade[219]. Crops are hardy to about -10°c[200]. The fleshy roots are simply broken and any transplanting is finest completed throughout a spell of gentle moist climate in late spring[182]. A really decorative plant[1], a variety of named kinds have been developed[200]. The flowers are very massive (as much as 25cm throughout) and have a scrumptious and really highly effective scent[202, 245]. That is maybe essentially the most strongly scented flower on the earth[245]. They are often produced in bushes as younger as 10 years previous[229]. The shape ‘Exmouth Selection’ (also called elliptica) produces its flowers when youthful than the species, these flowers have a refreshing lemon scent[245]. There isn’t a important flush of flowering, as an alternative the flowers open intermittently all through the summer time[K]. Crops don’t usually want pruning, any reducing out of lifeless wooden and many others is finest carried out in July[219]. Particular Options:
Attracts birds, Engaging foliage, North American native, Aromatic flowers, Engaging flowers or blooms.


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Seed – finest sown as quickly as it’s ripe in a chilly body. Saved seed have to be stored chilly over the winter and must be sown in late winter in a chilly body[200]. The seed often germinates within the spring however it might probably take 18 months. Prick out the seedlings into particular person pots when they’re massive sufficient to deal with and develop them on in mild shade in a chilly body or greenhouse for at the very least their first winter. They are often planted out into their everlasting positions when they’re greater than 15cm tall, although must be effectively mulched and given some safety from winter chilly for his or her first winter or two outdoor. Layering in early spring[200].

Different Names

If out there different names are talked about right here

Discovered In

Nations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the data is on the market

Weed Potential

Proper plant improper place. We’re presently updating this part.
Please be aware {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however could not in your space so it’s price checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Crimson Checklist of Threatened Crops Standing :

Associated Crops
Latin Title Widespread Title Behavior Peak Hardiness Progress Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Different
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip Tree, Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar, Canary Whitewood Tree 30.0 4-9 M LMH N M 1 2  
Magnolia acuminata Cucumber Tree, Cucumber Magnolia Tree 20.0 3-8 M LMH SN M 0 3  
Magnolia campbellii   Tree 20.0 7-10   LMH SN M 0 0  
Magnolia denudata Lily Tree, Yulan Magnolia Tree 10.0 5-9 S LMH SN M 1 2  
Magnolia dodecapetala Bwapen mawon Tree 35.0 10-12 S LMH N M 0 0 4
Magnolia hypoleuca Whitebark Magnolia Tree 15.0 5-9 M LMH SN M 2 2  
Magnolia kobus Kobus magnolia, Northern Japanese Magnolia Tree 12.0 4-7 M LMH SN M 1 1  
Magnolia liliiflora Mu-Lan, Woody Orchid, Lily Magnolia Shrub 3.0 4-9 M LMH SN M 0 3  
Magnolia macrophylla Bigleaf Magnolia Tree 10.0 5-8 S LMH SN M 0 1  
Magnolia officinalis Hou Po Tree 20.0 7-10   LMH SN M 0 3  
Magnolia stellata Star Magnolia Shrub 5.0 4-8 S LMH SN M 1 0  
Magnolia virginiana Laurel Magnolia, Sweetbay Tree 10.0 4-8 S LMH SN M 1 3 2
Michelia figo Banana Shrub, Michelia Shrub 5.0 8-10 M LMH SN M 1 0  

Progress: S = gradual M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = mild (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = fundamental (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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