Frequent Title: crape myrtle
Kind: Deciduous shrub
Zone: 6 to 9
Top: 2.00 to 16.00 ft
Unfold: 2.00 to 16.00 ft
Bloom Time: July to September
Bloom Description: Pinkish coral
Solar: Full solar
Flower: Showy, Good Minimize
Leaf: Colourful, Good Fall
Tolerate: Drought, Clay Soil, Air Air pollution
Greatest grown in common, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full solar. Does effectively in loamy, clay soils with good drainage. Advantages from a sluggish launch fertilizer. Overly fertile soils have a tendency to provide lush foliage progress on the expense of flowering with considerably elevated susceptibility to winter harm. Water roots deeply, notably in dry spells, however keep away from wetting the foliage. Plant in protected places and apply a winter mulch. Rising crape myrtles within the St. Louis space will be difficult as a result of the above floor branches typically die to the bottom in winter, notably when temperatures dip beneath -5 levels F. Above floor branches are thought of to be winter hardy to USDA Zone 7, whereas roots are often however not all the time hardy to USDA Zone 5. Within the St. Louis space (Zone 6a), some gardeners desire to develop these crops in considerably the identical method as buddleias (butterfly bushes) by reducing all stems again to eight” in early spring every year. Roots will sprout new stems which generally develop 2-4’ tall (generally extra) by the tip of the rising season. Flowers seem on the brand new wooden. It is usually an possibility in St. Louis to develop these crops as woody shrubs by pruning them again to stay wooden in spring on the time new foliage begins to look (in considerably the identical method as with some shrub roses). With safety, high progress will survive some winters, however should still endure vital harm or die to the bottom in harsh winters.
Lagerstroemia indica, generally often known as crape myrtle, is an upright, wide-spreading, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree within the loosestrife household. It usually grows to 15-25’ tall. It’s native from the Himalayas by means of southern China, southeast Asia and Japan, however has naturalized within the U.S. from Virginia to Arkansas south to Texas and Florida. An extra widespread identify is Lilac of the South in reference to its reputation in southern gardens (USDA Zones 7-9). Key decorative options embrace lengthy bloom interval, exfoliating bark and excellent fall colour. Terminal, crepe-papery inflorescences (to 6-18” lengthy) of showy flowers with crimped petals bloom in summer time (generally to frost) on upright branches. Within the wild, flowers are usually rose to pink. Cultivated varieties have expanded the flower colour vary to incorporate white, pink, mauve, lavender and purple. Alternate to sub-opposite, thick and leathery, privet-like, elliptic to rectangular leaves (to three” lengthy) emerge mild inexperienced typically with a tinge of pink, mature to darkish inexperienced by summer time and at last flip enticing shades of yellow-orange-red in fall. Flowers give solution to spherical seed capsules which regularly persist effectively into winter. Easy pale pinkish-gray bark on mature branches exfoliates with age. Within the St. Louis space the place winter harm could be a downside, crops will usually develop to 6-10’ tall. Within the deep South, crops will develop a lot taller if not pruned again. Straight species crops usually are not bought in commerce. A mess of named cultivars from dwarf to tree dimension have been launched over time, lots of that are hybrids between L. indica and L. faueri.
Genus identify honors Magnus von Lagerstroem (1691-1759), Swedish botanist, Director of the Swedish East Indies Firm and pal of Linnaeus.
Particular epithet technique of the Indies in reference to native territory.
Frequent identify is in reference to the crepe-papery inflorescences and the myrtle-like (Myrtus communis) options of the bark and foliage.
‘Tuscararo’ is one among a number of mildew resistant hybrids developed by the Nationwide Arboretum in Washington, D.C., all of which have been given the names of Native American tribes. It’s a deciduous, upright, spreading, multi-stemmed shrub with arching branches. Options darkish inexperienced foliage turning reddish orange in fall, mottled tan bark which exfoliates with age, and terminal, crepe-papery, 6-12″ lengthy inflorescences (panicles) of darkish coral pink flowers from mid-summer to early fall. Flowers give solution to spherical seed capsules which regularly persist effectively into winter. Within the South, this cultivar is extra tree-like and will be grown as a single trunk tree or massive woody shrub with a most dimension of 16-20′ tall and as broad. Within the St. Louis space the place winter harm is an issue, crops will develop a lot smaller.
Two essential illness issues of crape myrtles are fungal leaf spot and powdery mildew. Foliage might yellow (chlorosis) in alkaline soils. Some susceptibility to aphids and scale. Winter harm, notably to high progress, typically happens in USDA Zones 5 and 6.
‘Tuscararo’ reportedly has good illness resistance.
Makes use of
Good as a specimen shrub or in teams. Shrub borders or perennial borders. Within the South the place above floor winter hardiness just isn’t an issue, this cultivar can be fairly efficient as a tall display screen or massive casual hedge or educated as a single trunk tree to be used each within the panorama and as a road tree.