juniperus virginiana Pencil Cedar, Eastern redcedar, Southern redcedar, Silver Cedar, Burk Eastern Red Cedar, Silver East PFAF Plant Database

juniperus virginiana Pencil Cedar, Eastern redcedar, Southern redcedar, Silver Cedar, Burk Eastern Red Cedar, Silver East

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman, D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Space Energy Admin., Bismarck, ND.

juniperus virginiana Pencil Cedar, Eastern redcedar, Southern redcedar, Silver Cedar, Burk Eastern Red Cedar, Silver East USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman, D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Space Energy Admin., Bismarck, ND.

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Bloom Shade: Inexperienced, Yellow. Type: Columnar, Oval, Pyramidal.

Bodily Traits

 icon of manicon of cone
juniperus virginiana is an evergreen Tree rising to 20 m (65ft) by Eight m (26ft) at a gradual fee.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 4. It’s in leaf all 12 months, in flower from April to Could, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is dioecious (particular person flowers are both male or feminine, however just one intercourse is to be discovered on anybody plant so each female and male crops have to be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Wind. The plant shouldn’t be self-fertile.
Appropriate for: gentle (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and fundamental (alkaline) soils and may develop in very alkaline soils.
It can’t develop within the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and may tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates robust winds however not maritime publicity.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map



Woodland Backyard Cover; Floor Cowl;

Edible Makes use of

Edible Elements: Fruit
Edible Makes use of: Tea

Fruit – uncooked or cooked[106]. A sweetish resinous flesh[82]. They are often crushed and used as a flavouring in soups and stews[257]. The cones are about 5mm in diameter[200]. About 10mm in keeping with one other report[226]. A tea is constituted of the fruit[159]. It’s not very good[159]. It’s constituted of the younger branchlets and the fruit in keeping with one report[183].


Medicinal Makes use of

Crops For A Future can’t take any accountability for any hostile results from using crops. All the time search recommendation from an expert earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.
Abortifacient  Anthelmintic  Antiseptic  Aromatherapy  Most cancers  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Emmenagogue  
Rubefacient  Stimulant

Pencil cedar leaves have been a lot used medicinally by the native N. American Indians, and in addition in people drugs by the white settlers, particularly to deal with chest complaints and pores and skin issues resembling venereal warts and different excrescences[269]. The leaves are anthelmintic, diuretic, rubefacient and stimulant[4, 257]. A decoction has been used within the therapy of coughs and colds, normal weak spot and as a drugs for convalescents[257]. The berries are anthelmintic, diaphoretic, emmenagogue and mildly antiseptic[4, 213, 222, 257]. They’ve been chewed as a therapy for mouth ulcers[213, 257] or made right into a tea to deal with colds, rheumatism, worms and so on[222, 257]. The contemporary younger twigs are used as a diuretic[213]. An infusion has been used each internally and as a steam bathtub within the therapy of rheumatism[257]. The important oil from the wooden is an abortifacient, in some circumstances it has prompted vomiting, convulsions, coma and dying[4, 213]. The plant is alleged to comprise the anticancer compound podophyllotoxin[222]. The important oil from the berries is utilized in aromatherapy. Its key phrase is ‘Composing'[210].


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Different Makes use of

Important  Incense  Insecticide  Repellent  Shelterbelt  Tinder  Wooden

A vital oil is obtained from the wooden[1, 46, 57, 61]. Composed of cedar camphor or cedrol[213], it’s utilized in soaps, as an insecticide and moth repellent[61, 213], a deodorant, in polishes, perfumery and so on[4, 21]. Chips of the wooden have been used as moth repellents[269]. The leaves are used as an incense[46, 213] and are additionally both burnt or crushed after which scattered round as an insect repellent[169, 257]. The crushed bark can be utilized as a comfortable base in cradles[257]. The bark has additionally been lower into strips and used to make mats[257, 269]. The purple inside bark is a supply of a purple dye[269]. The bark of the tree is helpful as tinder in beginning fires Boy Scout model[269]. Some cultivars of this tree are appropriate for floor cowl when spaced about 90cm aside every means[208]. ‘Tripartita’ and ‘Chamberlaynii’ have been really helpful[208]. A reasonably wind resistant tree, it may be grown as a part of a shelterbelt planting[200]. Wooden – very sturdy, gentle, brittle, comfortable, simply labored, very aromatic, insect-resistant[1, 46, 82, 171, 227]. The wooden doesn’t shrink a lot on drying and weighs 30lb per cubic foot[227]. The reddish wooden is extremely prized for cupboard making[226], it is usually used for fencing, the casing of lead pencils and so on[1, 46, 82, 171].

Particular Makes use of

Meals Forest  Floor cowl  Scented Crops


Cultivation particulars

Panorama Makes use of:Christmas tree, Firewood, Display screen, Seashore, Specimen, Avenue tree. Succeeds in most soils if they’re effectively drained, preferring a impartial or barely alkaline soil[1, 11] and succeeding on chalk[200]. Established crops are drought tolerant, succeeding in sizzling dry positions[200]. They’re additionally pretty wind-resistant[200]. A really decorative and hardy plant[1]. It is vitally gradual rising[4] and apparently short-lived in Britain[185], although it is rather long-lived in its native setting[226]. One other report says that crops reside to a average age of 200 – 350 years within the wild[229]. Cultivated as a timber tree in some components of C. and S. Europe[50] and used as a Christmas tree in components of N. America[269], there are some named varieties, chosen for his or her decorative worth[200]. Intently associated to J. scopulorum, it hybridizes with that species the place their ranges overlap[226]. The primary distinction between the 2 species is that the fruits of this plant mature in a single 12 months while these of J. scopulorum take two years[226]. This species typically hybridizes with different members of the genus. The crushed foliage has an aroma like cleaning soap or paint[185]. Crops are immune to honey fungus[88]. In America this tree is a number of a gall-like rust that at sure phases in its life-cycle additionally assaults the leaves of apple bushes[149]. Crops are normally dioecious, although bushes with each female and male flowers are often discovered[229]. Female and male crops should normally be grown if seed is required. Particular Options:
Attracts birds, North American native, Aromatic foliage, Attracts butterflies, Enticing flowers or blooms. In backyard design, in addition to the above-ground structure of a plant, root construction issues assist in selecting crops that work collectively for his or her optimum soil necessities together with vitamins and water. The basis sample is flat with shallow roots spreading close to the soil floor [2-1].


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The seed requires a interval of chilly stratification. The seed has a tough seedcoat and may be very gradual to germinate, requiring a chilly interval adopted by a heat interval after which one other chilly spell, every of two – Three months length[78, 81]. Soaking the seed for 3 – 6 seconds in boiling water could pace up the germination course of[11]. The seed is finest sown as quickly as it’s ripe in a chilly body. Some may germinate within the following spring, although most will take one other 12 months. One other risk is to reap the seed ‘inexperienced’ (when the embryo has totally shaped however earlier than the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings may be potted up into particular person pots when they’re giant sufficient to deal with. Develop on in pots till giant sufficient, then plant out in early summer time. When saved dry, the seed can stay viable for a number of years[1]. Cuttings of mature wooden, 5 – 10cm with a heel, September/October in a chilly body. Plant out within the following autumn[1, 78]. Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[78].

Different Names

If accessible different names are talked about right here

Discovered In

Nations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the data is obtainable

Weed Potential

Proper plant fallacious place. We’re at present updating this part.
Please notice {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however could not in your space so it’s price checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Purple Record of Threatened Crops Standing :

Associated Crops
Latin Identify Frequent Identify Behavior Peak Hardiness Development Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Different
Juniperus ashei Ashe Juniper, Mountain Cedar Tree 6.0 7-9 S LMH N DM 1 0  
Juniperus californica Californian Juniper, Chuperosa Tree 12.0 8-10 S LMH N DM 2 1  
Juniperus chinensis Chinese language Juniper, Sargent juniper Tree 15.0 4-10 S LMH N DM 0 2  
Juniperus communis Juniper, Frequent juniper Shrub 9.0 4-10 S LMH SN DM 3 3 4
Juniperus communis nana Juniper Shrub 0.5 4-10 S LMH SN DM 3 3 4
Juniperus conferta Shore Juniper Shrub 0.2 6-10 S LMH SN DM 2 0 3
Juniperus deppeana Alligator Juniper Tree 18.0 7-9 S LMH N DM 3 0 0
Juniperus drupacea Syrian Juniper Tree 15.0 6-9 M LMH N DM 3 0  
Juniperus excelsa Grecian Juniper Tree 20.0 5-9   LMH N DM 2 1 3
Juniperus horizontalis Creeping Juniper, Horizontal Juniper Shrub 1.0 4-9 M LMH N DM 2 1 3
Juniperus monosperma One-Seed Juniper Tree 18.0 4-8 M LMH N DM 3 2 3
Juniperus occidentalis Western Juniper Tree 18.0 4-8 S LMH N DM 3 2 3
Juniperus osteosperma Desert Juniper, Utah juniper Tree 12.0 4-8 S LMH N DM 2 2 3
Juniperus oxycedrus Prickly Juniper, Cade juniper Tree 15.0 8-10 M LMH N DM 0 1  
Juniperus recurva Himalayan Juniper Tree 12.0 6-9 S LMH N M 1 1  
Juniperus rigida Temple Juniper, Needle Juniper Tree 8.0 6-7 S LMH N DM 2 1  
Juniperus sabina Savine, Tam Juniper Shrub 4.0 4-7 S LMH N DM 0 2 4
Juniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain Juniper, Weeping Rocky Mountian Juniper, Colorado Purple Cedar Tree 10.0 3-7 S LMH N DM 3 2 4
Juniperus silicicola Southern Redcedar, Juniper, Southern Purple Cedar Tree 20.0 7-10 S LMH N DM 2 2 3
Juniperus squamata Flaky Juniper Shrub 4.0 4-7 S LMH N DM 0 1  
Juniperus tetragona   Tree 0.0 7-10   LMH N DM 2 0  
Juniperus virginiana Pencil Cedar, Japanese redcedar, Southern redcedar, Silver Cedar, Burk Japanese Purple Cedar, Silver East Tree 20.0 3-9 S LMH N DM 2 2 4

Development: S = gradual M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = gentle (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = fundamental (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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