Juniperus conferta Parl.
Juniperus coreana Nakai
Juniperus litoralis Maxim.
Frequent Identify: Shore Juniper
Juniperus rigida conferta is a prostrate, evergreen shrub with lengthy, trailing branches that kind roots the place they contact the soil; it types dense, spreading mats of shrubby vegetation round 30cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for native use as a meals. It may be utilized in soil stabilization tasks and is usually grown as a decorative, the place it may be used as a floor cowl.
This subspecies is widespread and happens in habitat that may solely domestically be threatened, e.g. by coastal growth, however that is unlikely to have a considerable affect on the overall inhabitants. The plant is classed as ‘Least Concern’ within the IUCN Pink Listing of Threatened Species(2013)[
E. Asia – Russian Far East, Japan
Sandy seashores, forming dense, spreading mats of shrubby vegetation overlaying previous seashores and dunes[
|Conservation Standing||Least Concern|
|Different Makes use of Ranking|
Juniperus rigida conferta is a really cold-hardy plant, capable of tolerate temperatures right down to round -25°c when totally dormant[
Requires a sunny place[
]. Succeeds in sizzling, dry sandy soils and in maritime publicity[
]. Succeeds in most soils if they’re effectively drained, preferring a impartial or barely alkaline soil[
]. Succeeds in poor soils and tolerates mild shade[
Crops will not be reliably hardy within the coldest areas of the nation[
Generally cultivated as a decorative in Japanese gardens, and in addition cultivated as bonsai crops, it’s a lot much less grown iIn Europe and the usA[
A dioecious species – each female and male types should be grown if fruit and seed are required.
Edible Makes use of
Fruit – uncooked or cooked[
]. The cones are about 8 – 10mm in diameter[
]. The black, globose fruits are 6 – 13mm in diameter, containing three seeds[
]. They take 15 months to mature[
Agroforestry Makes use of:
When planted on banks and terraces, the dense vegetative mats present good soil erosion safety[
]. The plant has been really helpful for the consolidation of dunes close to the coast[
]. The cultivar ‘Emerald Sea’ has been specifically really helpful for this function[
A superb low floor cowl[
], although crops take about 2 years to kind efficient cowl[
]. Crops ought to be spaced about 90cm aside every approach[
Different Makes use of
The seed requires a interval of chilly stratification. The seed has a tough seedcoat and could be very sluggish to germinate, requiring a chilly interval adopted by a heat interval after which one other chilly spell, every of two – Three months period[
]. Soaking the seed for 3 – 6 seconds in boiling water could pace up the germination course of[
]. The seed is greatest sown as quickly as it’s ripe in a chilly body. Some would possibly germinate within the following spring, although most will take one other yr. One other risk is to reap the seed ‘inexperienced’ (when the embryo has totally shaped however earlier than the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings could be potted up into particular person pots when they’re giant sufficient to deal with. Develop on in pots till giant sufficient, then plant out in early summer time. When saved dry, the seed can stay viable for a number of years[
Cuttings of mature wooden, 5 – 10cm with a heel, September/early autumn in a chilly body. Plant out within the following autumn[
Layering in September/early autumn. Takes 12 months[
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