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JLPT Guide/JLPT N1 Vocabulary/Row Ka

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  • 仮, か -tentative, provisional
  • 科, か -department, part
  • 個, か -article counter
  • 下位, かい -low rank, subordinate, decrease order (e.g. byte)
  • 改悪, かいあく -deterioration, altering for the more severe
  • 海運, かいうん -maritime, marine transportation
  • 改革, かいかく -reform, reformation, innovation
  • 貝殻, かいがら -shell
  • 階級, かいきゅう -class, rank, grade
  • 海峡, かいきょう -channel
  • 会見, かいけん -interview, viewers
  • 介護, かいご -nursing
  • 開催, かいさい -holding a gathering, open an exhibition
  • 回収, かいしゅう -collection, restoration
  • 改修, かいしゅう -repair, enchancment
  • 怪獣, かいじゅう -monster
  • 解除, かいじょ -cancellation, rescinding, launch, calling off
  • 回送, かいそう -forwarding
  • 階層, かいそう -class, stage, stratum, hierarchy
  • 開拓, かいたく -reclamation (of wasteland), cultivation, pioneer
  • 会談, かいだん -conversation, convention, dialogue, interview
  • 改定, かいてい -reform
  • 改訂, かいてい -revision
  • 街道, かいどう -highway
  • 介入, かいにゅう -intervention
  • 開発, かいはつ -development, exploitation
  • 海抜, かいばつ -height above sea stage
  • 介抱, かいほう -nursing, taking care of
  • 解剖, かいぼう -dissection, post-mortem
  • 回覧, かいらん -circulation
  • 海流, かいりゅう -ocean present
  • 改良, かいりょう -improvement, reform
  • 回路, かいろ -circuit (electrical)
  • 顧みる, かえりみる -to look again, to show round, to evaluation
  • 省みる, かえりみる -to replicate
  • 返る, かえる -to return, to come back again, to return
  • 顔付き, かおつき -(outward) appears, options, face, countenance, expression
  • 掲げる, かかげる -to publish, to print, to hold (an article), to place up, to hang around, to hoist, to fly (a sail), to drift (a
  • 踵, かかと -(shoe) heel
  • 係り, かかり -official, responsibility, individual in cost
  • 課外, かがい -extracurricular
  • 書き取り, かきとり -dictation
  • 書き取る, かきとる -to write down, to take dictation, to take notes
  • 掻き回す, かきまわす -to fire up, to churn, to ransack, to disturb
  • 欠く, かく -to lack, to interrupt, to crack, to chip
  • 角, かく -1. angle, 2. bishop (shogi)
  • 核, かく -nucleus, kernel
  • 格, かく -status, character, case
  • 佳句, かく -beautiful passage of literature
  • 画, かく -stroke
  • 格差, かくさ -qualitative distinction, disparity
  • 拡散, かくさん -scattering, diffusion
  • 各種, かくしゅ -every form, all types
  • 隔週, かくしゅう -every different week
  • 確信, かくしん -conviction, confidence
  • 革新, かくしん -reform, innovation
  • 確定, かくてい -definition (math), resolution, settlement
  • 獲得, かくとく -acquisition, possession
  • 確保, かくほ -guarantee, guarantee, preserve, insure, safe
  • 革命, かくめい -revolution
  • 確立, かくりつ -establishment
  • 賭け, かけ -betting, playing, a big gamble
  • 掛け, かけ -credit
  • 駆け足, かけあし -running quick, double time
  • 家計, かけい -household financial system, household funds
  • 駆けっこ, かけっこ -(foot) race
  • 駆ける, かける -to run (race esp. horse), to gallop, to canter
  • 賭ける, かける -to wager, to wager, to danger, to stake, to gamble
  • 加工, かこう -manufacturing, processing, remedy
  • 化合, かごう -chemical mixture
  • 嵩張る, かさばる -to be cumbersome, to be unwieldy, to develop voluminous
  • 嵩む, かさむ -to pile up, to extend
  • 風車, かざぐるま -1. windmill, 2. pinwheel
  • 畏まりました, かしこまりました -certainly!
  • 華奢, かしゃ -luxury, pomp, delicate, slender, attractive
  • 箇所, かしょ -passage, place, level, half
  • 火傷, かしょう -burn, scald
  • 箇条書き, かじょうがき -itemized kind, itemization
  • 噛る, かじる -to chew, to chunk (at), to gnaw, to nibble, to munch, to crunch, to have a smattering of
  • 微か, かすか -faint, dim, weak, vague, hazy, poor, wretched
  • 霞む, かすむ -to develop hazy, to be misty
  • 化する, かする -to turn into, to transform into, to rework, to be lowered, to affect, to enhance (somebody)
  • 擦る, かする -to contact frivolously, to take a proportion (from)
  • 火星, かせい -Mars (planet)
  • 化石, かせき -fossil, petrifaction, fossilization
  • 河川, かせん -rivers
  • 化繊, かせん -synthetic fibres
  • 過疎, かそ -depopulation
  • 過多, かた -excess, superabundance
  • 難い, かたい -difficult, arduous
  • 片思い, かたおもい -unrequited love
  • 敵, かたき -enemy, rival
  • 気質, かたぎ -spirit, character, trait, temperament, disposition
  • 片言, かたこと -a smattering, speak like a child, converse haltingly
  • 片付け, かたづけ -tidying up, ending
  • 傾く, かたぶく -to incline towards, to slant, to lurch, to heel over, to be disposed to, to pattern towards, to be susceptible to, to
  • 傾ける, かたむける -to incline, to record, to bend, to lean, to tip, to tilt, to slant, to focus on, to smash (a rustic), to
  • 固める, かためる -to harden, to freeze, to fortify
  • 偏る, かたよる -to be one-sided, to incline, to be partial, to be prejudiced, to lean, to be biased
  • 傍ら, かたわら -beside(s), whereas, close by
  • 課題, かだい -subject, theme, process
  • 花壇, かだん -flower mattress
  • 家畜, かちく -domestic animals, livestock, cattle
  • 画期, かっき -epoch-making
  • 活発, かっぱつ -vigor, energetic
  • 且つ, かつ -yet, and
  • 割, かつ -divide, minimize, halve, separate, break up, rip, break, crack, smash, dilute
  • 嘗て, かつて -once, ever
  • 日付, かづけ -date, courting
  • 門, かど -gate
  • 叶う, かなう -to come true (want)
  • 叶える, かなえる -to grant (request want)
  • 金槌, かなづち -1. (iron) hammer, 2. punishment
  • 鉄棒, かなぼう -iron rod, crowbar, horizontal bar (gymnastics)
  • 可成, かなり -considerably, pretty, fairly
  • 加入, かにゅう -becoming a member, becoming a member of, entry, admission, subscription, affiliation, adherence, signing
  • 金庫, かねぐら -safe, vault, treasury, supplier of funds
  • 予言, かねごと -prediction, promise, prognostication
  • 兼ねて, かねて -simultaneously
  • 下番, かばん -going off responsibility
  • 下品, かひん -inferior article
  • 華美, かび -pomp, splendor, gaudiness
  • 花粉, かふん -pollen
  • 株式, かぶしき -stock (firm)
  • 気触れる, かぶれる -to react to, to be influenced by, to go overboard for
  • 貨幣, かへい -money, foreign money, coinage
  • 構え, かまえ -posture, pose, fashion
  • 構える, かまえる -to arrange
  • 加味, かみ -seasoning, flavoring
  • 噛み切る, かみきる -to chunk off, to gnaw by
  • 過密, かみつ -crowded
  • 瓶, かめ -earthenware pot
  • かも知れない, かもしれない -may, may, maybe, could also be, probably
  • 粥, かゆ -(rice) gruel
  • 痒い, かゆい -itchy, itching
  • 揶揄う, からかう -to ridicule, to tease, to banter with, to make enjoyable of
  • 身体, からだ -the physique
  • 体付き, からだつき -body construct, determine
  • 絡む, からむ -to entangle, to entwine
  • 借り, かり -borrowing, debt, mortgage
  • 下吏, かり -lower official
  • 加留多, かるた -(pt:) (n) taking part in playing cards (pt: carta)
  • 涸れる, かれる -to dry up, to expire
  • 過労, かろう -overwork, pressure
  • 辛うじて, かろうじて -barely, narrowly, simply handle to do st
  • 側, かわ -side, row, environment, half, (watch) case
  • 可愛い, かわいい -pretty, cute, pretty, charming, pricey, darling, pet
  • 可愛がる, かわいがる -to love, to be affectionate
  • 可哀想, かわいそう -poor, pitiable, pathetic
  • 可愛らしい, かわいらしい -lovely, candy
  • 交わす, かわす -to change (messages), to dodge, to parry, to keep away from, to show apart
  • 代わる, かわる -to take the place of, to alleviate, to be substituted for, to be exchanged, to alter locations with, to take
  • 代わる代わる, かわるがわる -alternately
  • 乾, かん -heaven, emperor
  • 管, かん -pipe, tube
  • 幹, かん -(tree) trunk
  • 冠, かん -crown, diadem, first, finest, peerless, cap, naming, designating, initiating on coming of age, high character ra
  • 観, かん -look, look, spectacle
  • 館, かん -house, corridor, constructing, resort, inn, guesthouse
  • 簡易, かんい -simplicity, easiness, quasi-
  • 感慨, かんがい -strong emotions, deep emotion
  • 寒気, かんき -cold, frost, chill
  • 簡潔, かんけつ -brevity, conciseness, simplicity
  • 還元, かんげん -resolution, discount, return to origins
  • 刊行, かんこう -publication, problem
  • 慣行, かんこう -customary apply, behavior, conventional occasion
  • 勧告, かんこく -advice, counsel, remonstrance, suggestion
  • 看護, かんご -nursing, (military) nurse
  • 漢語, かんご -Chinese language phrase, Sino-Japanese phrase
  • 換算, かんさん -conversion, change, change
  • 監視, かんし -observation, guarding, inspection, surveillance
  • 慣習, かんしゅう -usual (historic) {custom}
  • 観衆, かんしゅう -spectators, onlookers, members of the viewers
  • 干渉, かんしょう -interference, intervention
  • 感触, かんしょく -sense of contact, feeling, sensation
  • 肝心, かんじん -essential, elementary, essential, very important, fundamental
  • 歓声, かんせい -cheer, shout of pleasure
  • 感染, かんせん -infection, contagion
  • 幹線, かんせん -main line, trunk line
  • 関税, かんぜい -customs, responsibility, tariff
  • 簡素, かんそ -simplicity, plain
  • 観点, かんてん -point of view
  • 感度, かんど -sensitivity, severity (quake)
  • 幹部, かんぶ -management, (govt) workers, leaders
  • 勘弁, かんべん -pardon, forgiveness, forbearance
  • 完璧, かんぺき -perfection, completeness, flawless
  • 感無量, かんむりょう -deep feeling, inexpressible feeling, full of emotion
  • 勧誘, かんゆう -invitation, solicitation, canvassing, inducement, persuasion, encouragement
  • 関与, かんよ -participation, collaborating in, taking part in, caring in
  • 慣用, かんよう -common, customary
  • 寛容, かんよう -forbearance, tolerance, generosity
  • 観覧, かんらん -viewing
  • 官僚, かんりょう -bureaucrat, paperwork
  • 慣例, かんれい -custom, precedent, of conference
  • 還暦, かんれき -60th birthday
  • 貫禄, かんろく -presence, dignity
  • 緩和, かんわ -relief, mitigation
  • 蓋, がい -cover, lid, cap
  • 街, がい -~avenue, ~quarters
  • 外貨, がいか -imported items, international cash
  • 外観, がいかん -appearance, exterior, facade
  • 外相, がいしょう -International Minister
  • 害する, がいする -to injure, to break, to hurt, to kill, to hinder
  • 概説, がいせつ -general assertion, define
  • 該当, がいとう -corresponding, answering to, coming below
  • 街頭, がいとう -in the road
  • 概念, がいねん -general thought, idea, notion
  • 外来, がいらい -imported, outpatient clinic
  • 概略, がいりゃく -outline, abstract, gist, briefly
  • 学芸, がくげい -arts and sciences, liberal arts
  • 学士, がくし -university graduate
  • 学説, がくせつ -theory
  • 楽譜, がくふ -score (music)
  • 学歴, がくれき -academic background
  • 崖, がけ -cliff
  • 雅致, がち -artistry, good style, magnificence, grace
  • がっくり -heartbroken
  • 合唱, がっしょう -chorus, singing in a refrain
  • がっしり -firmly, solidly, powerful
  • 合致, がっち -agreement, concurrence, conforming to
  • がっちり -solidly constructed, tightly, shrewd, calculating
  • 月日, がっぴ -(the) date
  • 合併, がっぺい -combination, union, amalgamation, consolidation, merger, coalition, fusion, annexation, affiliation, incorpor
  • がる -feel
  • 側, がわ -side, row, environment, half, (watch) case
  • 癌, がん -cancer
  • 眼科, がんか -ophthalmology
  • 眼球, がんきゅう -eyeball
  • 眼鏡, がんきょう -spectacles, glasses
  • 頑固, がんこ -stubbornness, obstinacy
  • 願書, がんしょ -written utility or petition
  • 頑丈, がんじょう -solid, agency, stout, burly, sturdy, sturdy
  • 岩石, がんせき -rock
  • 元年, がんねん -first 12 months (of a particular reign)
  • 贋物, がんぶつ -imitation, counterfeit, forgery, sham
  • 元来, がんらい -originally, primarily, basically, logically, naturally
  • 生, き -pure, undiluted, uncooked, crude
  • 期, き -period, time
  • 企画, きかく -planning, challenge
  • 規格, きかく -standard, norm
  • 着飾る, きかざる -to costume up
  • 器官, きかん -organ (of physique), instrument
  • 季刊, きかん -quarterly (e.g. journal)
  • 危害, きがい -injury, hurt, hazard
  • 気兼ね, きがね -hesitance, diffidence, feeling constraint, concern of troubling somebody, having scruples about doing someth
  • 気軽, きがる -cheerful, buoyant, lighthearted
  • 危機, きき -crisis
  • 聞き取り, ききとり -listening comprehension
  • 効き目, ききめ -effect, advantage, efficacy, impression
  • 帰京, ききょう -returning to Tokyo
  • 基金, ききん -fund, basis
  • 棄権, きけん -abstain from voting, renunciation of a proper
  • 喜劇, きげき -comedy, humorous present
  • 起源, きげん -origin, starting, rise
  • 機構, きこう -mechanism, group
  • 既婚, きこん -marriage, married
  • 記載, きさい -mention, entry
  • 気障, きざ -affectation, conceit, snobbery
  • 兆し, きざし -signs, omen, signs
  • 兆, きざし -signs, omen, signs
  • 軋む, きしむ -to jar, to creak, to grate
  • 気象, きしょう -weather, local weather
  • 期日, きじつ -fixed date, settlement date
  • 記述, きじゅつ -describing, descriptor
  • 奇数, きすう -odd quantity
  • 築く, きずく -to construct, to pile up, to amass
  • 傷付く, きずつく -to be harm, to be wounded, to get injured
  • 規制, きせい -regulation
  • 汽船, きせん -steamship
  • 寄贈, きそう -donation, presentation
  • 貴族, きぞく -noble, aristocrat
  • 鍛える, きたえる -to forge, to drill, to mood, to coach, to self-discipline
  • 来る, きたる -to come, to reach, to be because of, to be subsequent, to be forthcoming
  • 気立て, きだて -disposition, nature
  • きちっと -exactly, completely
  • 几帳面, きちょうめん -methodical, punctual, regular
  • 切っ掛け, きっかけ -chance, begin, cue, excuse, motive, impetus, event
  • きっかり -exactly, exactly
  • 喫茶, きっさ -tea ingesting, tea home
  • きっちり -precisely, tightly
  • 屹度, きっと -1. (uk) certainly, undoubtedly, actually, with out fail, 2. sternly, severely
  • きっぱり -clearly, plainly, distinctly
  • 規定, きてい -regulation, provisions
  • 起点, きてん -starting level
  • 軌道, きどう -orbit, railroad observe
  • 甲, きのえ -1st in rank, first signal of the Chinese language calendar, shell, instep, grade A
  • 気配, きはい -indication, market pattern, fear
  • 規範, きはん -model, commonplace, sample, norm, criterion, instance
  • 気品, きひん -aroma
  • 気風, きふう -character, traits, ethos
  • 起伏, きふく -undulation
  • 規模, きぼ -scale, scope, plan, construction
  • 気まぐれ, きまぐれ -whim, caprice, whimsy, fickle, moody, uneven mood
  • 生真面目, きまじめ -too severe, one who is simply too severe, honesty, sincerity
  • 期末, きまつ -end of time period
  • 決まり悪い, きまりわるい -feeling awkward, being ashamed
  • 決まる, きまる -to be determined, to be settled, to look good in (garments)
  • 記名, きめい -signature, register
  • 脚色, きゃくしょく -dramatization (e.g. movie)
  • 脚本, きゃくほん -scenario
  • 客観, きゃっかん -objective
  • 規約, きやく -agreement, guidelines, code
  • 救援, きゅうえん -relief, rescue, reinforcement
  • 休学, きゅうがく -temporary absence from faculty, suspension
  • 究極, きゅうきょく -ultimate, last, eventual
  • 窮屈, きゅうくつ -narrow, tight, stiff, inflexible, uneasy, formal, constrained
  • 球根, きゅうこん -(plant) bulb
  • 救済, きゅうさい -relief, support, rescue, salvation, assist
  • 給食, きゅうしょく -school lunch, offering a meal
  • 給仕, きゅうじ -office boy (lady), web page, waiter
  • 休戦, きゅうせん -truce, armistice
  • 旧知, きゅうち -old good friend, outdated friendship
  • 宮殿, きゅうでん -palace
  • 窮乏, きゅうぼう -poverty
  • 丘陵, きゅうりょう -hill
  • 共, きょう -both, neither (neg), all, and, in addition to, together with, with, along with, plural ending
  • 供, きょう -offer, current, submit, serve (a meal), provide
  • 驚異, きょうい -wonder, miracle
  • 教員, きょういん -teaching workers
  • 教科, きょうか -subject, curriculum
  • 協会, きょうかい -association, society, group
  • 共感, きょうかん -sympathy, response
  • 共学, きょうがく -coeducation
  • 協議, きょうぎ -conference, session, dialogue, negotiation
  • 教訓, きょうくん -lesson, principle, ethical instruction
  • 境遇, きょうぐう -environment, circumstances
  • 強行, きょうこう -forcing, enforcement
  • 強硬, きょうこう -firm, vigorous, unbending, unyielding, sturdy, cussed
  • 凶作, きょうさく -bad harvest, poor crop
  • 共産, きょうさん -communism
  • 教材, きょうざい -teaching supplies
  • 教習, きょうしゅう -training, instruction
  • 郷愁, きょうしゅう -nostalgia, homesickness
  • 教職, きょうしょく -teaching certificates, the educating career
  • 享受, きょうじゅ -reception, acceptance, enjoyment, being given
  • 興じる, きょうじる -to amuse oneself, to make merry
  • 強制, きょうせい -obligation, coercion, compulsion, enforcement
  • 共存, きょうそん -coexistence
  • 姉妹, きょうだい -sisters
  • 協調, きょうちょう -co-operation, conciliation, concord, agency (market) tone
  • 協定, きょうてい -arrangement, pact, settlement
  • 脅迫, きょうはく -threat, menace, coercion, terrorism
  • 共鳴, きょうめい -resonance, sympathy
  • 郷里, きょうり -birth-place, residence city
  • 強烈, きょうれつ -strong, intense, extreme
  • 共和, きょうわ -republicanism, cooperation
  • 曲, きょく -tune, piece of music
  • 局限, きょくげん -limit, localize
  • 極端, きょくたん -extreme, extremity
  • 居住, きょじゅう -residence
  • 拒絶, きょぜつ -refusal, rejection
  • 拒否, きょひ -denial, veto, rejection, refusal
  • 許容, きょよう -permission, pardon
  • 距離, きょり -distance, vary
  • 寄与, きよ -contribution, service
  • 清らか, きよらか -clean, pure, chaste
  • 気楽, きらく -at ease, snug
  • 煌びやか, きらびやか -gorgeous, gaudy, dazzling, homosexual
  • 切り, きり -limits, finish, bounds, interval, place to go away off, closing sentence, all there may be, solely, since
  • 桐, きり -paulownia tree
  • 切り替える, きりかえる -to change, to change, to transform, to resume, to throw a swap, to switch, to modify over
  • 気流, きりゅう -atmospheric present
  • 奇麗, きれい -pretty, clear, good, tidy, stunning, truthful
  • 切れ目, きれめ -break, pause, hole, finish, rift, interruption, minimize, part, notch, incision, finish (of a process)
  • 際, きわ -edge, brink, verge, aspect
  • 木綿, きわた -cotton
  • 極めて, きわめて -exceedingly, extraordinarily
  • 僅, きん -a little, small amount
  • 近眼, きんがん -nearsightedness, shortsightedness, myopia
  • 緊急, きんきゅう -urgent, urgent, emergency
  • 近々, きんきん -nearness, earlier than lengthy
  • 近郊, きんこう -suburbs, outskirts
  • 均衡, きんこう -equilibrium, steadiness
  • 近視, きんし -shortsightedness
  • 禁じる, きんじる -to prohibit
  • 禁ずる, きんずる -to forbid, to suppress
  • 勤勉, きんべん -industry, diligence
  • 勤務, きんむ -service, responsibility, work
  • 禁物, きんもつ -taboo, forbidden factor
  • 勤労, きんろう -labor, exertion, diligent service
  • 議案, ぎあん -legislative invoice
  • 戯曲, ぎきょく -play, drama
  • 議決, ぎけつ -resolution, resolution, vote
  • 議事堂, ぎじどう -Weight loss program constructing
  • 犠牲, ぎせい -sacrifice
  • 偽造, ぎぞう -forgery, falsification, fabrication, counterfeiting
  • 議題, ぎだい -topic of debate, agenda
  • 技能, ぎのう -technical ability, potential, capability
  • 逆転, ぎゃくてん -(sudden) change, reversal, turn-around, coming from behind (baseball)
  • 行, ぎょう -line, row, verse
  • 業者, ぎょうしゃ -trader, service provider
  • 行政, ぎょうせい -administration
  • 業績, ぎょうせき -achievement, efficiency, outcomes, work, contribution
  • 業務, ぎょうむ -business, affairs, duties, work
  • 玉, ぎょく -king (shogi)
  • 漁船, ぎょせん -fishing boat
  • 漁村, ぎょそん -fishing village
  • 義理, ぎり -duty, sense of responsibility, honor, decency, courtesy, debt of gratitude, social obligation
  • 疑惑, ぎわく -doubt, misgivings, mistrust, suspicion
  • 吟味, ぎんみ -testing, scrutiny, cautious investigation
  • 区, く -ward, district, part
  • 食い違う, くいちがう -to cross one another, to run counter to, to vary, to conflict, to go awry
  • 空腹, くうふく -hunger
  • 区画, くかく -division, part, compartment, boundary, space, block
  • 区間, くかん -section (of observe and many others)
  • 茎, くき -stalk
  • 区切り, くぎり -an finish, a cease, punctuation
  • 潜る, くぐる -1. to drive, to go by, 2. to evade, to cover, 3. to dive (into or below water), to go undergro
  • 種々, くさぐさ -variety
  • 嚏, くしゃみ -sneeze
  • 旧事, くじ -past occasions, bygones
  • 籤引, くじびき -lottery, drawn lot
  • 擽ぐったい, くすぐったい -ticklish
  • 草臥れる, くたびれる -to get drained, to wear down
  • 下らない, くだらない -good-for-nothing, silly, trivial, nugatory
  • 件, くだん -example, precedent, the standard, the stated, the above-mentioned, (man) in query
  • 口ずさむ, くちずさむ -to hum one thing, to sing to oneself
  • 嘴, くちばし -beak, invoice
  • 朽ちる, くちる -to rot
  • くっきり -distinctly, clearly, boldly
  • 屈折, くっせつ -bending, indentation, refraction
  • くっ付く, くっつく -to adhere to, to maintain near
  • くっ付ける, くっつける -to connect
  • 覆す, くつがえす -to overturn, to upset, to overthrow, to undermine
  • 諄い, くどい -verbose, importunate, heavy (style)
  • 国境, くにざかい -national or state border
  • 首飾り, くびかざり -necklace
  • 首輪, くびわ -necklace, choker
  • 組み合わせ, くみあわせ -combination
  • 組み合わせる, くみあわせる -to be a part of collectively, to mix, to hitch up
  • 組み込む, くみこむ -to insert, to incorporate, to chop in (printing)
  • 蔵, くら -warehouse, cellar, journal, granary, godown, depository, treasury, elevator
  • 苦しめる, くるしめる -to torment, to harass, to inflict ache
  • 包む, くるむ -to be engulfed in, to be enveloped by, to wrap up, to tuck in, to pack, to do up, to cowl with, to decorate i
  • 呉れ呉れも, くれぐれも -repeatedly, sincerely, earnestly
  • 呉れる, くれる -to give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
  • 玄人, くろうと -expert, skilled, geisha, prostitute
  • 黒字, くろじ -balance (determine) within the black
  • 君主, くんしゅ -ruler, monarch
  • 愚痴, ぐち -idle criticism, grumble
  • ぐっと -firmly, quick, a lot, extra
  • ぐらい -approximately
  • 群, ぐん -group (math)
  • 軍艦, ぐんかん -warship, battleship
  • 群集, ぐんしゅう -(social) group, crowd, throng, mob, multitude
  • 軍事, ぐんじ -military affairs
  • 軍備, ぐんび -armaments, navy preparations
  • 軍服, ぐんぷく -military or naval uniform
  • 刑, けい -penalty, sentence, punishment
  • 頃, けい -time, about, towards, roughly (time)
  • 傾, けい -lean, incline
  • 系, けい -system, lineage, group
  • 経過, けいか -passage, expiration, progress
  • 軽快, けいかい -rhythmical (e.g. melody), informal (e.g. costume), gentle, nimble
  • 警戒, けいかい -warning, admonition, vigilance
  • 計器, けいき -meter, gauge
  • 契機, けいき -opportunity, probability
  • 敬具, けいぐ -Sincerely yours
  • 軽減, けいげん -abatement
  • 掲載, けいさい -appearance (e.g. article in paper)
  • 傾斜, けいしゃ -inclination, slant, slope, bevel, record, dip
  • 形成, けいせい -formation
  • 形勢, けいせい -condition, scenario, prospects
  • 軽率, けいそつ -rash, inconsiderate, careless, hasty
  • 携帯, けいたい -carrying one thing
  • 形態, けいたい -form, form, determine
  • 刑罰, けいばつ -judgement, penalty, punishment
  • 経費, けいひ -expenses, price, outlay
  • 警部, けいぶ -police inspector
  • 軽蔑, けいべつ -scorn, disdain
  • 経歴, けいれき -personal historical past, profession
  • 経路, けいろ -course, route, channel
  • 汚す, けがす -to shame, to dishonour
  • 汚らわしい, けがらわしい -filthy, unfair
  • 汚れ, けがれ -uncleanness, impurity, shame
  • 汚れる, けがれる -to get soiled, to develop into soiled
  • 獣, けだもの -beast, brute
  • 吝嗇, けち -stinginess, miser, miserliness, skinflint, tightwad, niggard, pinching pennies
  • 結核, けっかく -tuberculosis, tubercule
  • 血管, けっかん -blood vessel
  • 決行, けっこう -doing (with resolve), finishing up (i.e. a plan)
  • 決算, けっさん -balance sheet, settlement of accounts
  • 決勝, けっしょう -decision of a contest, finals (in sports activities)
  • 結晶, けっしょう -crystal, crystallization
  • 結成, けっせい -formation
  • 結束, けっそく -union, unity
  • 傑, けつ -excellence
  • 決意, けつい -decision, dedication
  • 決議, けつぎ -resolution, vote, resolution
  • 結合, けつごう -combination, union
  • 決断, けつだん -decision, dedication
  • 欠乏, けつぼう -want, scarcity, famine
  • 蹴飛ばす, けとばす -to kick away, to kick off, to kick (somebody), to refuse, to reject
  • 貶す, けなす -to converse ailing of
  • 煙たい, けむたい -smoky, feeling awkward
  • 煙る, けむる -to smoke (e.g. fireplace)
  • 家来, けらい -retainer, retinue, servant
  • けれど -but, nevertheless
  • 圏, けん -sphere, circle, vary
  • 権, けん -authority, the proper (to do one thing)
  • 権威, けんい -authority, energy, affect
  • 兼業, けんぎょう -side line, second enterprise
  • 権限, けんげん -power, authority, jurisdiction
  • 健在, けんざい -in good well being, properly
  • 懸賞, けんしょう -offering prizes, successful, reward
  • 検事, けんじ -public prosecutor
  • 健全, けんぜん -health, soundness, healthful
  • 見地, けんち -point of view
  • 賢明, けんめい -wisdom, intelligence, prudence
  • 倹約, けんやく -thrift, financial system, frugality
  • 兼用, けんよう -multi-use, mixed use, mixture, serving two functions
  • 権力, けんりょく -power, authority, affect
  • 劇団, げきだん -troupe, theatrical firm
  • 激励, げきれい -encouragement
  • 月謝, げっしゃ -monthly tuition price
  • げっそり -being disheartened, reducing weight
  • 月賦, げっぷ -monthly installment
  • 下痢, げり -diarrhoea
  • 原, げん -original, primitive, main, elementary, uncooked
  • 原形, げんけい -original kind, base kind
  • 現行, げんこう -present, present, in operation
  • 原作, げんさく -original work
  • 原子, げんし -atom
  • 元首, げんしゅ -ruler, sovereign
  • 原書, げんしょ -original doc
  • 減少, げんしょう -decrease, discount, decline
  • 現場, げんじょう -actual spot, scene, scene of the crime
  • 元素, げんそ -chemical factor
  • 原則, げんそく -principle, basic rule
  • 現像, げんぞう -developing (movie)
  • 現地, げんち -actual place, native
  • 限定, げんてい -limit, restriction
  • 原点, げんてん -origin (coordinates), place to begin
  • 原典, げんてん -original (textual content)
  • 減点, げんてん -subtract, give a demerit
  • 原爆, げんばく -atomic bomb
  • 原文, げんぶん -the textual content, unique
  • 厳密, げんみつ -strict, shut
  • 原油, げんゆ -crude oil
  • 言論, げんろん -discussion
  • 故, こ -the late (deceased)
  • 戸, こ -counter for homes
  • 児, こ -child, the younger of animals
  • 巨, こ -big, giant, nice
  • 恋する, こいする -to fall in love with, to like
  • 溝, こう -10^38, hundred undecillion (American), hundred sextillion (British)
  • 好意, こうい -good will, favor, courtesy
  • 行為, こうい -act, deed, conduct
  • 行員, こういん -bank clerk
  • 交易, こうえき -trade, commerce
  • 公演, こうえん -public efficiency
  • 後悔, こうかい -regret, repentance
  • 公開, こうかい -presenting to the general public
  • 航海, こうかい -sail, voyage
  • 工学, こうがく -engineering
  • 皇居, こうきょ -Imperial Palace
  • 好況, こうきょう -prosperous situations, wholesome financial system
  • 抗議, こうぎ -protest, objection
  • 鉱業, こうぎょう -mining {industry}
  • 興業, こうぎょう -industrial enterprise
  • 高原, こうげん -tableland, plateau
  • 煌々と, こうこうと -brilliantly, brightly
  • 考古学, こうこがく -archaeology
  • 交互, こうご -mutual, reciprocal, alternate
  • 工作, こうさく -work, building, handicraft, maneuvering
  • 耕作, こうさく -cultivation, farming
  • 鉱山, こうざん -mine (ore)
  • 講習, こうしゅう -short course, coaching
  • 交渉, こうしょう -negotiations, discussions, connection
  • 高尚, こうしょう -high, noble, refined, superior
  • 行進, こうしん -march, parade
  • 香辛料, こうしんりょう -spices
  • 口述, こうじゅつ -verbal assertion
  • 控除, こうじょ -subsidy, deduction
  • 向上, こうじょう -elevation, rise, enchancment, development, progress
  • 降水, こうすい -rainfall, precipitation
  • 洪水, こうずい -flood
  • 公然, こうぜん -open (e.g. secret), public, official
  • 抗争, こうそう -dispute, resistance
  • 構想, こうそう -plan, plot, thought, conception
  • 拘束, こうそく -restriction, restraint
  • 後退, こうたい -retreat, backspace (BS)
  • 光沢, こうたく -brilliance, polish, lustre, shiny end (of images)
  • 公団, こうだん -public company
  • 好調, こうちょう -favourable, promising, passable, in good condition
  • 口頭, こうとう -oral
  • 講読, こうどく -reading, translation
  • 購読, こうどく -subscription (e.g. journal)
  • 購入, こうにゅう -purchase, purchase
  • 公認, こうにん -official recognition, authorization, licence, accreditation
  • 光熱費, こうねつひ -cost of gasoline and light-weight
  • 荒廃, こうはい -ruin
  • 購買, こうばい -purchase, purchase
  • 好評, こうひょう -popularity, favorable popularity
  • 交付, こうふ -delivering, furnishing (with copies)
  • 降伏, こうふく -capitulation, give up, submission
  • 興奮, こうふん -excitement, stimulation, agitation, arousal
  • 公募, こうぼ -public attraction, public contribution
  • 巧妙, こうみょう -ingenious, skillful, intelligent, deft
  • 公用, こうよう -government enterprise, public use, public expense
  • 小売, こうり -retail
  • 効率, こうりつ -efficiency
  • 公立, こうりつ -public (establishment)
  • 小柄, こがら -short (construct)
  • 小切手, こぎって -cheque, examine
  • 国産, こくさん -domestic merchandise
  • 国定, こくてい -state-sponsored, nationwide
  • 国土, こくど -realm
  • 告白, こくはく -confession, acknowledgement
  • 国防, こくぼう -national defence
  • 国有, こくゆう -national possession
  • 国連, こくれん -U.N., United Nations
  • 漕ぐ, こぐ -to row, to scull, to pedal
  • 焦げ茶, こげちゃ -black tea
  • 個々, ここ -individual, one after the other
  • 箇箇, ここ -individual, separate
  • 心地, ここち -feeling, sensation, temper
  • 心得, こころえ -knowledge, info
  • 心掛け, こころがけ -readiness, intention, intention
  • 心掛ける, こころがける -to keep in mind, to intention to do
  • 志, こころざし -will, intention, motive
  • 志す, こころざす -to plan, to mean, to aspire to, to set goals (sights on)
  • 心強い, こころづよい -heartening, reassuring
  • 心細い, こころぼそい -helpless, forlorn, hopeless, unpromising, lonely, discouraging, disheartening
  • 試み, こころみ -trial, experiment
  • 試みる, こころみる -to attempt, to check
  • 快い, こころよい -pleasant, agreeable
  • 凝らす, こごらす -to freeze, to congeal
  • 凝る, こごる -to congeal, to freeze
  • 拵える, こしらえる -to make, to fabricate
  • 孤児, こじ -orphan
  • 拗れる, こじれる -to get sophisticated, to develop worse
  • 故人, こじん -the deceased, outdated good friend
  • 梢, こずえ -treetop
  • 個性, こせい -individuality, persona, idiosyncrasy
  • 戸籍, こせき -census, household register
  • 小銭, こぜに -coins, small change
  • 固体, こたい -solid (physique)
  • 答え, こたえ -answer, response
  • 堪える, こたえる -to bear, to face, to endure, to place up with, to help, to face up to, to withstand, to courageous, to be match for, t
  • 火燵, こたつ -table with heater, (orig) charcoal brazier in a flooring properly
  • 古代, こだい -ancient occasions
  • こだわる -to fuss over, to be explicit about, to be involved about
  • 誇張, こちょう -exaggeration
  • 滑稽, こっけい -funny, humorous, comical, laughable, ridiculous, joking
  • 国交, こっこう -diplomatic relations
  • 骨董品, こっとうひん -curio
  • 骨, こつ -knack, ability
  • 固定, こてい -fixation
  • 事柄, ことがら -matter, factor, affair, circumstance
  • 悉く, ことごとく -altogether, fully
  • 言伝, ことづて -declaration, rumour
  • 殊に, ことに -especially, above all
  • 事によると, ことによると -depending on the circumstances
  • 孤独, こどく -isolation, loneliness, solitude
  • 粉々, こなごな -in very small items
  • 此の, この -this
  • この間, このあいだ -the different day, recently, not too long ago
  • この頃, このごろ -recently
  • 好ましい, このましい -nice, likeable, fascinating
  • 個別, こべつ -particular case
  • 零す, こぼす -to spill
  • 零れる, こぼれる -to overflow, to spill
  • 細やか, こまやか -friendly
  • 混む, こむ -to be crowded
  • 込める, こめる -to embrace, to place into
  • 篭る, こもる -to seclude oneself, to be confined in, to be implied, to be stuffy
  • 固有, こゆう -characteristic, custom, peculiar, inherent, eigen-
  • 雇用, こよう -employment (long run), rent
  • 暦, こよみ -calendar, almanac
  • 堪える, こらえる -to bear, to face, to endure, to place up with, to help, to face up to, to withstand, to courageous, to be match for, t
  • 孤立, こりつ -isolation, helplessness
  • 懲りる, こりる -to be taught by expertise, to be disgusted with
  • 此れ, これ -this
  • 此れ等, これら -these
  • 魂, こん -soul, spirit
  • 根気, こんき -patience, perseverance, vitality
  • 根拠, こんきょ -basis, basis
  • 混血, こんけつ -mixed race, blended parentage
  • 昆虫, こんちゅう -insect, bug
  • 根底, こんてい -root, foundation, basis
  • 混同, こんどう -confusion, mixing, merger
  • 今日は, こんにちは -hello, good day (daytime greeting id)
  • 今晩は, こんばんは -good night
  • 根本, こんぽん -origin, supply, basis, root, base, precept
  • 御, ご -go-, honourable
  • 語彙, ごい -vocabulary, glossary
  • 濠, ごう -moat
  • 業, ごう -Buddhist karma, actions dedicated in a former life
  • 号, ごう -number, problem
  • 合意, ごうい -agreement, consent, mutual understanding
  • 合議, ごうぎ -consultation, convention
  • 強気, ごうぎ -great, grand
  • 合成, ごうせい -synthesis, composition, artificial, composite, blended, mixed, compound
  • 護衛, ごえい -guard, convoy, escort
  • 語句, ごく -words, phrases
  • 極楽, ごくらく -paradise
  • ご苦労様, ごくろうさま -Thanks very a lot in your….
  • 語源, ごげん -word root, phrase derivation, etymology
  • 誤差, ごさ -error
  • ご座います, ございます -to be (well mannered), to exist
  • ご馳走, ごちそう -feast, treating (somebody)
  • ご馳走さま, ごちそうさま -feast
  • 毎, ごと -each respectively
  • 碁盤, ごばん -Go board
  • ご無沙汰, ごぶさた -not writing or contacting for some time
  • 誤魔化す, ごまかす -to deceive, to falsify, to misrepresent
  • 御免ください, ごめんください -Could I are available?
  • 御免なさい, ごめんなさい -I encourage your pardon, excuse me
  • 御覧なさい, ごらんなさい -(please) look, (please) attempt to do

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