IceCream Bean Tree/ Whitie(Guyana)

IceCream Bean Tree/ Whitie(Guyana)

Widespread title:

 Ice cream bean, guaba, inga cipo, guamo bejuro, pois sucre, rabo de mico, inga de metro, monkey tail

Botanical title: INGA EDULIS
Household:

Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

Origin: Amazon
Harm temp:

28 F

Extraordinarily Uncommon Ice Cream Bean Tree in a Three gallon container. A big tree which produces bean pods as much as 1 meter lengthy which comprise candy, juicy, white pulp that has a smooth cotton wool texture and tastes of vanilla ice-cream. Comes from Central and Southern America. Additionally know as guaba, inga cipo, guamo bejuro, pois sucre, rabo de mico, inga de metro, monkey tail. Makes a tasty snack for kids.

Makes use of
People Drugs
Chemistry
Description
Germplasm
Distribution
Ecology
Cultivation
Harvesting
Yields and Economics
Power

Makes use of

Crops cultivated for the edible white pulp of the fruits, eaten out of hand or utilized in flavoring numerous desserts. Timber extensively utilized in Central and South America for shade for cacao, espresso, tea and vanilla, particularly at decrease altitudes, and for parks, avenues, and watershed preservation. Allen and Allen (1981) notice that Inga species have been related to cacao and occasional since pre-Colombian occasions, their desirability enhanced by their: (1) fast development for fast shade, (2) skill to resist drastic pruning, (3) usefulness in sustaining soil fertility, and (4) effectiveness in stopping erosion. Colombian Indians put together an alcoholic beverage from the aril. The beverage, known as cachiri, is consumed at a pageant of the identical title. Choco Indians of Panama use this or associated species for making their upright home beams, believing they don’t rot involved with the soil (Duke, 1970). Practically half the Choco homes have this tree cultivated close by.

People Drugs

In response to Garcia-Barriga (1975), almost all Colombian species of Inga are utilized in widespread drugs. Decoctions of the leaves and bark are used as astringent in diarrhea, as a lotion for arthritis and rheumatism. The foundation decoction is used for diarrhea or dysentery, thought of simpler if combined with the rind of pomegranate. Bark and fruit are used for dropsy and irritations of the raucous lining of the intestines. Cuna Indians used the plant as a nervine for complications (Duke, 1975).

Chemistry

Seeds of Inga edulis, eaten as greens, are reported to comprise per 100 g, 118 energy, 63.3% moisture, 10.7 g protein, 0.7 g fats, 24.Zero g whole carbohydrate, 1.6 g fiber, 1.Three g ash. Pulp of Inga spp. incorporates per 100 g, 60 energy, 83.0% moisture, 1.Zero g protein, 0.1 g fats, 15.5 g whole carbohydrate, 1.2 g fiber, 0.Four g ash. Dried seeds of Inga spp. comprise per 100 g, 339 energy, 12.6% moisture, 18.9 g protein, 2.1 g fats, 62.9 g whole carbohydrate, 3.Four g fiber, 3.5 g ash. Seeds of the genus Inga are reported to comprise trypsin inhibitors and chymotrypsin inhibitors.

Description

Small bushes as much as 17 m tall, with broad spreading crown, nearly flat; bark grey; trunk often contorted, cylindrical, 30 cm or extra in diameter and branching 1–2 m from base; leaves merely pinnate, 10–30 cm lengthy, with 4–6 pairs of huge oval leaflets, every pair separated by a winged rachis, the smallest pair beneath, the terminal leaflet 1.5 dm lengthy and half as broad, membranous, minutely pubescent on each surfaces; flowers aromatic, sessile, solitary, organized in crowded heads at suggestions of stems, peduncles 2–Four cm lengthy, or flowers could also be solitary in higher axils and fasciculate and subcorymbose beneath; calyx puberulent, striate, 5–eight mm lengthy; corolla silky-villous, 14–20 mm lengthy; bractlets oblong-lanceolate, about 5 mm lengthy, caduous by full anthesis; pods with very thickened sulcate margins, 4-angled, as much as 2 m lengthy, 1–Three cm in diameter, flat or twisted, with white candy pulp surrounding the seeds. Fl. Feb.–Might; fr. a number of months later.

Germplasm

Assigned to the Center America Heart of Variety, ice-cream bean, or cultivars thereof, is reported to exhibit tolerance to heavy soil, slope, and waterlogging. (2n = 26).

Distribution

Native to Central and South America, from Mexico Southward. Launched to Tanzania, and doubtless elsewhere within the tropics.

Ecology

Ample alongside margins of huge rivers; frequent in thickets often beneath the high-water mark, and in wooded swamps. Additionally in ravines, upland woods at fringe of rivers and adjoining rainforests. Requires a tropical local weather with loads of moisture. Discovered from sea degree to 2,200 m the place there is no such thing as a frost. Starting from Subtropical Dry to Moist by Tropical Dry to Moist Forest Life Zone, ice-cream bean is reported to tolerate annual precipitation of 6.Four to 40.Zero dm (imply of 9 instances = 16.9 dm), annual imply temperature of 21.Three to 27.3°C (imply of 9 instances = 25.1°C), and pH of 5.Zero to eight.0 (imply of seven instances = 6.6).

Cultivation

Propagates naturally by seeds within the forest. Planted from seedlings grown in nursery after which organized in order to present most shade to espresso, tea or cacao crops grown beneath.

Harvesting

Fruits are harvested when ripe for the pulp, as wanted. No large amount of fruit is harvested directly. As soon as established, bushes present shade, for a few years over the undercrop of espresso, tea or cacao.

Yields and Economics

Fruits are produced periodically, and almost constantly. Crops cultivated domestically for the fruits in numerous tropical nations, as in South America, Hawaii, West Indies, and East Africa. Timber additionally extensively used for shade of espresso, tea, and cacao, particularly in Central America.

Power

Cuttings from Inga bushes, which want fixed pruning, furnish gas. I estimate that the prunings from Inga as a espresso shade tree would possibly add as much as 5 MT/ha/yr, the pods, to 2 m lengthy, would possibly contribute vital biomass, and the aril will be fermented to make alcohol. Yield figures will not be out there. The species is reported to have N-fixing nodules. Inga jinicuil has been reported to repair 35 kg N/ha.

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