Aglaonema houseplant care

How to Grow Chinese Evergreen

Chinese language evergreen vegetation (Aglaonema) are a bunch of flowering tropical vegetation with fantastically patterned leaves. Aglaonema vegetation are simple to develop at residence, the place their brilliant foliage brings colour in shaded rooms. Some species of Chinese language evergreens have pink, silver, pink, yellow, or orange patterns on shiny inexperienced leaves. These tropical vegetation sometimes bloom indoors with spathe kind flowers just like different forms of aroids resembling resembling anthurium vegetation.

How one can look after Aglaonema vegetation: Chinese language evergreens thrive in brilliant to low gentle, rising in moist potting soil, and medium to excessive humidity. Solely water the houseplant when the highest 1” (2.5 cm) of soil is dry. Preserve temperatures between 65°F and 80°F (18°C – 26°C), and fertilize month-to-month through the rising season.

Aglaonema houseplants are labeled within the plant household Araceae. Relying on the species, these vegetation—native to Asia—develop erect or low, creeping stems. In tropical and subtropical rainforests, Chinese language evergreens develop slowly, they usually love shaded circumstances. Rising in pots indoors, mature Aglaonema vegetation develop to between 1 and four ft. (30 – 120 cm).

Many individuals hold Chinese language evergreen vegetation as decorative houseplants. For instance, the ‘Silver Queen’ cultivar has lengthy, 12-inch (30-cm) leaves and a silvery-green look.

Beneath ideally suited circumstances, Aglaonema vegetation flower indoors, and the blooms can final for just a few months. Nevertheless, it’s the showy, colourful foliage that makes these vegetation fascinating indoor vegetation.

Kinds of Aglaonema (Chinese language Evergreen)

Aglaonema commutatum'Silver Queen'

Aglaonema commutatum ‘Silver Queen’ is the most well-liked cultivar of aglaonema houseplant

Aglaonema vegetation embody many cultivars grown primarily for the patterns and colours of the leaves. For instance:

  • Aglaonema ‘Silver Queen’—Additionally referred to as the ‘painted drop tongue,’ this species has engaging silver-gray and inexperienced variegated leaves.
  • Aglaonema ‘White Calcite’—A houseplant with hanging foliage consisting of lance-shaped inexperienced leaves with brilliant white markings.
  • Aglaonema ‘Siam Aurora Pink’—The foliage on this houseplant is pointed glossy-green leaves with darkish pink edges and veins.
  • Aglaonema ‘Anyanmanee’—One other species of pink Aglaonema, however this one has dusty pink and inexperienced variegated leaves.
  • Aglaonema ‘Pink Dalmatian’—The darkish inexperienced leaves of this Chinese language evergreen cultivar have delicate pink spots and speckles.
  • Aglaonema ‘Pink Emerald’—This gorgeous houseplant has darkish inexperienced leaves with distinguished pink veins and amber markings.
  • Aglaonema ‘Silver Bay’—The brightly-colored silvery foliage of this Chinese language evergreen will add to the aesthetics of any indoor inside.

Chinese language Evergreen Flowers

Aglaonema flower

Flowers of Aglaonema varieties

Aglaonema vegetation produce flowers just like different aroid vegetation resembling forms of anthurium vegetation. Aglaonemas can flower indoors if circumstances are proper. The flowers encompass a coloured spathe—a type of modified leaf—and a spadix—a kind of flowering spike. The flowers are normally a pale white colour or gentle inexperienced.

The Chinese language evergreen flowers aren’t showy, and it’s the foliage that makes these vegetation engaging.

How one can Take care of Chinese language Evergreen (Aglaonema)

Many individuals take into account Aglaonema to be a kind of plant that brings good luck. Nevertheless, there is no such thing as a luck concerned in taking care of these vegetation at residence. Chinese language evergreens are among the best to look after houseplants.

How A lot Mild Does Aglaonema Want?

Aglaonema'Siam Aurora'

Aglaonema ‘Siam Aurora’ has stunning inexperienced and pink leaves

Chinese language evergreen vegetation thrive in most indoor lighting circumstances. Some species of Aglaonema can develop in locations the place there may be just about no gentle in any respect. Different plant cultivars require brighter gentle to maintain their foliage vibrant. Essentially the most essential gentle requirement is to guard the plant from direct daylight.

One of the best forms of low-light vegetation within the Aglaonema genus are the dark-leafed varieties. For instance, the ‘Pink Dalmation,’ ‘Pink Emerald,’ and ‘Modestum’ all have darkish, shiny inexperienced leaves. These indoor vegetation can develop in darkish rooms resembling bedrooms or poorly-lit bogs. Nevertheless, they will even thrive in brighter places.

Lots of the Aglaonema cultivars which have brilliant silver, pink, or pink foliage have to develop in brilliant gentle. Select a location that will get daylight within the morning or oblique daylight within the afternoon and night. One of the best species of Chinese language evergreens for brilliant locations are ‘Two-Tone Moonstone,’ ‘White Calcite,’ ‘Silver Queen,’ and ‘Golden Fluorite.’

Relying on the place you place the potted Chinese language evergreen, the situation can have an effect on different care wants. For instance, in a brilliant spot, the plant will develop sooner and may have frequent watering and common feeding. Nevertheless, in a darkish location, you’ll have to water much less incessantly.

The Finest Potting Combine for Chinese language Evergreen

Aglaonema'Snow White'

Within the image: Aglaonema ‘Snow White’

Species of Aglaonema develop greatest in a lightweight, well-draining, barely acidic potting medium. The unfastened soil wants to permit extra water to empty rapidly to stop roots from getting soggy and mushy. An appropriate potting combine for Chinese language evergreens is a peat-based potting soil with perlite to enhance drainage.

The perfect kind of potting soil for Chinese language evergreens ought to maintain simply sufficient moisture to remain barely moist. Other than perlite, it’s also possible to add pumice or orchid bark to spice up drainage. The worst factor that may occur to tropical houseplants is when their roots develop in overly-damp soil.

The easiest way to inform if you happen to’ve received the suitable potting soil is by how rapidly the water drains. Puddles on the soil floor are an indication that the rising medium is simply too heavy and dense. Another excuse may very well be that the plant is rootbound. It is advisable to repot the Chinese language evergreen in a contemporary potting combine that had wonderful drainage.

How one can Water Chinese language Evergreen Indoors

Aglaonema var.'Valentine'

This picture reveals Aglaonema ‘Valentine’ with its gorgeous pink and inexperienced leaves

It is best to water Aglaonema vegetation as usually as the highest a part of the soil dries out. The frequency for watering Chinese language evergreens depends upon the local weather, kind of soil, and pot. In spring and summer time, you’ll should water the plant extra incessantly than in fall and winter.

Wait till 1” to 2” (2.5 – 5 cm) of the soil is dry earlier than watering. When it’s time to water the plant, completely soak the soil to hydrate the roots. It is best to water sufficient in order that extra water drains from the drainage holes. Then, wait till the soil as partly dried once more earlier than watering.

One of many widespread errors with regards to watering houseplants is to water on a set schedule. Watering this fashion ends in overwatering, which causes root rot can finish along with your plant dying. To know when it’s time to water an Aglaonema plant, poke your finger within the soil. If it’s dry, it’s time to drench the soil.

Chinese language Evergreen Progress Price

Aglaonema'Sparkling Sarah'

Aglaonema ‘Glowing Sarah’ has inexperienced leaves with specks of pink

Aglaonema vegetation are usually sluggish to medium-growing tropical vegetation. Nevertheless, some species could have sooner development than others. For instance, ‘Silver Bay’ and pink ‘Siam Aurora’ vegetation develop sooner than cultivars resembling ‘Emerald Magnificence.’ Chinese language evergreens develop slower in winter and when in low gentle rooms.

Temperature Necessities for Rising Chinese language Evergreen

aglaonema pictum tricolor

Aglaonema pictum ‘tricolor’ has a really engaging leaf sample with varied shades of inexperienced

Aglaonema vegetation are really easy to develop indoors as a result of they thrive in room temperature. One of the best temperature for Chinese language evergreen is between 65°F and 80° (18°C – 26°C). Aglaonema is illiberal of the chilly and can begin to die if left under 60°F (15°C). Usually, if you happen to really feel snug indoors, so will your houseplants.

To efficiently develop the tropical houseplants indoors, it’s best to keep away from temperature extremes. So, keep away from exposing the plant pots to excessive temperatures or sudden fluctuations. In summer time, don’t put the plant in chilly drafts or air-con airflow. In winter, keep away from inserting your plant close to a scorching radiator.

You may develop Chinese language evergreen open air you probably have heat temperatures. Aglaonema vegetation develop in USDA zones 10 and 11. In the event you reside in temperate areas, take your vegetation open air in summer time. Discover a brilliant spot on a patio, balcony, or deck that is protected against direct sunshine. Deliver the plant indoors when temperatures drop under 65°F (18°C).

Indoor Aglaonema Vegetation – Humidity

Aglaonema'Queen of Siam'

Aglaonema ‘Queen of Siam’

Most species of Chinese language evergreens develop properly in common humidity. Nevertheless, to thrive, Aglaonema cultivars desire excessive moisture ranges within the air—just like their native tropics. Ideally, they want a humidity degree of no less than 50%. To fulfill the humidity wants of those lush, leafy vegetation, mist them just a few instances every week, or place on a humidifying tray.

What are the most effective methods to humidify Chinese language evergreen vegetation? Listed below are just a few concepts:

  • Misting—Fill a twig bottle with filtered or distilled water and create a fantastic mist above the leaves. Keep away from spraying jets of water immediately onto the leaves.
  • Humidifying tray—Improve humidity by inserting the plant pot on a humidity tray. You may make this by filling the bottom of a deep dish with a layer of ornamental pebbles. Fill with sufficient water till it’s half-way up the stones. Put the container on the pebbles.
  • Humidifier—If you take care of many tropical vegetation indoors, you may use a humidifier to maintain humidity at above 50%.

Brown recommendations on the leaves are one signal that you should improve humidity. Often, in winter, it’s best to mist the leaves usually and water much less incessantly. Family heating tends to trigger dry air that may make caring for vegetation indoors difficult.

Rising tip: As a result of Chinese language evergreen vegetation develop properly in darkish rooms with excessive humidity, they’re wonderful vegetation for bogs.

Fertilizing Chinese language Evergreen Vegetation

Aglaonema'Maria Christina'

Aglaonema ‘Maria Christina’

Aglaonema vegetation are sluggish growers and don’t require lots of feeding. Often, a normal houseplant fertilizer diluted at half-strength offers sufficient minerals and vitamins for wholesome development. It is best to solely fertilize the Chinese language evergreen through the rising season as soon as a month, and even much less usually.

To make sure wholesome development, right here are some things to recollect with regards to feeding:

  • Over-fertilizing—Feeding too incessantly or with undiluted fertilizer could cause root burn. The buildup of mineral salts may even lead to your plant’s development slowing down. You might also discover that the stems and leaves begin drooping.
  • Seasonal necessitiesAglaonemas solely want fertilizing in spring and summer time. Chorus from feeding through the winter months when development is dormant.
  • Soil flush—A few times within the rising season, your plant will profit from soil flushing. Drenching the soil for a couple of minutes helps to flush out extra minerals that may buildup within the soil.

How one can Prune Aglaonema

Aglaonema modestum'Variegatum'

Aglaonema modestum ‘Variegatum’

Trimming a Chinese language evergreen may also help encourage sooner development, create a bushy houseplant, and take away useless foliage. Nevertheless, practically all species of Aglaonema vegetation have naturally dense development, so pruning isn’t vital. Some houseplant specialists even advise towards pruning the plant as a result of new development comes from the crown.

Whether it is vital to chop again a Chinese language evergreen, prune off any useless leaves or leaves which have brown ideas. To trim off these leaves, reduce the stem close to the place it grows out the soil.

Another excuse for pruning Aglaonema vegetation is once they flower. In case your plant does bloom, it’s going to produce flowers within the spring. However the flowers are inconspicuous and never as engaging because the foliage. Trimming off the flowers helps direct power to the foliage development and ends in a better-looking plant.

Aglaonema Propagation

Aglaonema'Brilliant'

Aglaonema ‘Sensible’

The easiest way to propagate Chinese language evergreens is by root division. One of the best time to divide the roots is while you repot the plant each different spring. All it’s a must to do is to separate part of the basis that has just a few wholesome stalks on it. Plant the brand new plant in a small pot with the suitable kind of potting combine.

How one can Repot Chinese language Evergreen Vegetation

Aglaonema'Siam Aurora' and Aglaonema marantifolium

Aglaonema ‘Siam Aurora’ (left) and Aglaonema marantifolium (proper)

Attributable to their medium to sluggish development, it’s possible you’ll solely should repot Aglaonema cultivars each second yr. One of the best time to switch to a brand new pot is within the spring when development is vigorous. Repotting Chinese language evergreens additionally offers you an opportunity to examine for root rot and refresh the soil.

Replanting in a brand new pot additionally encourages more healthy development. Because the roots develop, they take up extra room within the container. Selecting a brand new pot one or two sizes up offers the roots extra room to develop and helps the plant develop taller. If you wish to restrict plant development, you possibly can snip off about one-third of the roots whereas repotting.

Listed below are the steps to repot species of Aglaonema:

  1. Gently take away the plant and the basis ball from its present container.
  2. Take away all grime from the roots and untangle them if vital.
  3. Verify for mushy brown roots and trim them with sterile tools.
  4. Fill a brand new pot about half full with applicable potting soil and put the plant in.
  5. Fill the remaining area with the potting combine, leaving about 1” (2.5 cm) of area from the highest of the pot.
  6. Water completely and place in a medium to brilliant location.

Prime rising tip: At all times select a container that has a big drainage gap within the backside.

Pests and Illnesses Affecting Aglaonema Progress

Algaonema'Silverado'

Algaonema ‘Silverado’

The most typical pests to have an effect on Chinese language evergreens are mealybugs and scale. These sap-sucking houseplant nuisances could cause wilting development and finally trigger your plant to die. Generally, aphids and spider mites may infest Aglaonema vegetation. Fungal or bacterial ailments can have an effect on the plant. However correct watering normally avoids these issues.

It’s essential to behave rapidly on the first signal of houseplant pests. You should use insecticidal cleaning soap to attempt to kill off the plant bugs. For different concepts, please learn this text on learn how to do away with houseplant bugs naturally.

Eliminating plant ailments could be difficult. The easiest way to take care of plant illness is to keep away from it within the first place. So, all the time permit the soil to dry partially between watering. This prevents soil from turning into waterlogged and helps keep away from bacterial or fungal pathogens rising across the plant’s roots.

Associated studying: Is white plant mildew harmful? And, learn how to do away with white mildew on soil?

Are Aglaonema Vegetation Poisonous?

Aglaonema commutatum var. maculatum

Aglaonema commutatum var. maculatum

All species of Aglaonema vegetation are on the listing of poisonous vegetation which are toxic to animals and people. Chinese language evergreen vegetation include calcium oxalate crystals that may trigger irritation and burning. The vegetation ought to by no means be ingested, and it’s best to deal with them with care.

Based on researchers, touching the sap from Aglaonema vegetation could cause a rash. Additionally, ingesting components of the plant may end up in vital oral irritation. So, hold the vegetation out of attain of kids. (1)

The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) says that Aglaonema vegetation are poisonous to canine, cats, and horses. Indicators of poisoning embody ache, swelling of the mouth, extreme drooling, and vomiting. (2)

FAQs about Rising Aglaonema (Chinese language Evergreen)

Aglaonema

Do Chinese language evergreen vegetation enhance air high quality?

There’s proof to counsel that species of Aglaonema are vegetation with air-filtering properties. Research by NASA on clear air vegetation listed Chinese language evergreen vegetation as having the potential to filter out dangerous chemical substances. Among the many substances listed had been benzene, formaldehyde, and xylene. (3)

Why are the leaves on my Chinese language evergreen turning yellow?

Aglaonema leaves that flip yellow are sometimes the results of incorrect watering—both an excessive amount of water or not sufficient. In the event you discover that many leaves are beginning to yellow, examine the soil for moisture, and modify your watering schedule appropriately. In case you are watering accurately, then your Chinese language evergreen may very well be missing in copper.

Why does my Aglaonema have drooping leaves?

If the pink, yellow, pink, or variegated Chinese language evergreen leaves are droopy, your plant could also be in direct daylight. Chances are you’ll discover that the wilting leaves have additionally curled as much as shield towards the solar. Some lighter-leafed Aglaonema species could have drooping leaves attributable to an absence of brilliant gentle.

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