malus - Wiktionary

hardy – Wiktionary



From Center English hardy, hardi, from Previous French hardi (hardy, daring, stout, daring). Previous French hardi is often considered the previous participle of hardir (“to harden, be daring, make daring”; examine Occitan ardir, Italian ardire), from Frankish *hardijan; however it could even have come straight from Frankish *hardi, a secondary type of Frankish *arduous (examine Previous Excessive German harti, herti, secondary types of Previous Excessive German hart (arduous)); and even but from Frankish *hardig (examine Center Low German herdich (persevering), Previous Danish hærdig, Norwegian herdig, Swedish härdig (vigorous, brave)). Cognate with arduous. Could have in some unspecified time in the future additionally been floor analysed as arduous + -y.



hardy (comparative hardier, superlative hardiest)

  1. Having rugged bodily power; inured to fatigue or hardships.
  2. (botany) Capable of survive adversarial rising circumstances.
    A hardy plant is one that may stand up to the extremes of local weather, corresponding to frost.
    • 2019 November 21, Samanth Subramanian, “How our house supply behavior reshaped the world”, in The Guardian[1]:

      Even including 1mm of thickness to the cardboard, to make it hardier, may dissipate a considerable forest when multiplied throughout lots of of billions of bins.

    • 2012, David L. Culp, The Layered Backyard: Design Classes for Yr-Spherical Magnificence from Brandywine Cottage, Timber Press, web page 503:
      By watching the place the snow melted first, I found hotter spots that I knew could be attainable places for late-winter bloomers or borderline hardy vegetation.
  3. Courageous and resolute.
  4. Impudent.


Derived phrases[edit]

Associated phrases[edit]



hardy (plural hardies)

  1. (often within the plural) Something, particularly a plant, that’s hardy.
    • 2009 June 1, David Carr, “Forged Out, however Nonetheless Reporting”, in New York Occasions[2]:

      Throughout the nation, numerous bands of journalistic hardies — newsroom professionals whose companies are now not salient to a crippled and disrupted info financial system — have taken issues into their very own fingers.

  2. A blacksmith’s fuller or chisel, having a sq. shank for insertion right into a sq. gap in an anvil, referred to as the hardy gap.

Half or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 version of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now freed from copyright and therefore within the public area. The imported definitions could also be considerably old-fashioned, and any newer senses could also be utterly lacking.
(See the entry for hardy in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Center French[edit]


From Previous French hardi.


hardy m (female singular hardye, masculine plural hardys, female plural hardyes)

  1. hardy (having rugged bodily power)



From Proto-Slavic *gъrdъ.



hardy (comparative bardziej hardy, superlative najbardziej hardy, adverb hardo)

  1. haughty, supercilious, boastful
    Synonyms: dumny, butny


Derived phrases[edit]

Additional studying[edit]

  • hardy in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hardy in Polish dictionaries at PWN

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