Picture

EXOTIC TREES – The Trees & Flowers of Whangarei.

EXOTIC TREES THAT THRIVE IN NORTHLAND –

ACACIA.

N.B. Quite a lot of Acacias are classed as invasive species in Northlad. It’s suggested that no Acaciac be planted in Whangarei, or additional north. N.B. The genus Acacia beforehand contained anout 1,300 species, about 960 of those are native to Australia, Nonetheless, in 2005, the genus was divided into 5 separate genera underneath the tribe “Acacieae“. The genus Acacia  was retained for many of the Australian species and some species in tropical Asia, Madagascar, and Pacific Islands. Most species exterior Australia, and some of the  Australian species, had been reclassified into Vachellia and Senegalia.

AESCULUS.

Aesculus hippocastanum: Horse Chestnut.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Aesculus hippocastanum: Commom Title, Horse Chestnut – a local to a small space within the Pindus Mountains forests and Balkan forests of South East Europe. A extensively cultivated tree in streets and parks all through Mew Zealand. A. hippocastanum grows to 36 metres (118 ft) tall, upright tree; on previous timber the outer branches usually pendulous with curled-up ideas. The leaves are reverse and palmately compound, with 5–7 leaflets; every leaflet is 13–30 cm lengthy, making the entire leaf as much as 60 cm throughout, with a 7–20 cm petiole. The leaf scars left on branches after the leaves have
fallen have a particular horseshoe form, full with seven “nails”. Flowers are often white with a small pink spot; they’re produced in spring in erect panicles 10–30 cm tall with about 20–50 flowers on every panicle, see {photograph} (left). taken in Mander Park, Whangarei. Normally
just one–5 fruit develop on every panicle; the shell is a inexperienced, spiky capsule containing one (hardly ever two or three) nut-like seeds known as conkers (England), or horse-chestnuts. Every conker is 2–4 cm diameter, shiny nut-brown with a whitish scar on the base. 
The widespread title “horse-chestnut” (usually unhyphenated) is reported as having originated from the inaccurate perception that the tree was a form of chestnut,although the truth is solely distantly associated.


Aesculus carnea – Crimson Horse Chestnut.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME :Aesculus × carnea, or pink horse-chestnut, is a hybrid between
A. pavia (pink buckeye) and A. hippocastanum (horse-chestnut). It isn’t identified the place it originated, but it surely most likely first appeared in Germany earlier than 1820. A medium-size tree to 20-25 m tall, just like the mother or father species in most respects, however inheriting the pink flower color from A. pavia. It’s a standard tree in massive gardens and parks. Grows very nicely in Northland and flowers with vivid color. Photograph left reveals the flower of A.x carnea rising in Mander Park, Whangarei. Above is A. hippocastanum in Mander Park. November 2012. The flowers are related, however white.


ALNUS.

Alnus species: Alder.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Alnus species: Frequent Title – Alder.  A genus of crops belonging to the birch household Betulaceae. The genus includes about 30 species of monoecious timber and shrubs, a number of reaching a big measurement, distributed all through the north temperate zone. The widespread title alder advanced from Previous English “alor”. With a number of exceptions, alders are deciduous, and the leaves are alternate, easy, and serrated. The flowers are catkins with elongate male catkins on the identical plant as shorter feminine catkins, usually earlier than leaves seem; they’re primarily wind-pollinated, but additionally visited by bees to a small extent. These timber differ from the species Betula, the opposite genus within the household, in that the feminine catkins are woody and don’t disintegrate at maturity, opening to launch the seeds in the same method to many conifer cones.The biggest species are pink alder (A. rubra) on the west coast of North America, and black alder (A. glutinosa), native to most of Europe and extensively launched into New Zealand by early settlers. Each species reaching over 30 m. Against this, the widespread Alnus viridis, or  inexperienced alder, is a shrub, solely grows to about 5 metres. Images taken within the Whangarei Croquet Membership.


ARAUCARIA.

Araucaria species: Norfolk Island Pine –

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME : Araucaria is a genus of evergreen coniferous timber within the household Araucariaceae. There are 19 species within the genus, the most typical of which is The Norfolk Islan Pine, nevertheless species are distributed over a large space which incorporates New Caledonia (the place 13 species are native), Norfolk Island, japanese Australia, New Guinea, Argentina, Chile, and southern Brazil. Two species are photos – left is a Norfolk Island Pine (A. excelsa). Above is a secies rising in Caffler Park Whangarei that I’ve but to determine. There are a number of wonderful specimens of Norfolk Pine rising in Whangarei.


Araucaria heterophylla (Syn A. excelsa): Norfolk Island Pine.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Araucaria heterophylla (synonym A. excelsa): Frequent Title – Norfolk Island Pine. A member of the plant household Araucariaceae. As its widespread title suggests, the tree is native to Norfolk Island, within the Pacific Ocean. The genus Araucaria happens throughout the South Pacific, particularly concentrated in New Caledonia,about 700 km due north of Norfolk Island; the place 13 intently associated and similar-appearing species are discovered. It’s generally known as a ‘star pine’, ‘triangle tree’ or ‘residing christmas tree’. {Photograph} taken in Wallace Avenue, Regent, Whangarei, NZ. The big specimen within the again floor is the tree photographed above left (small body).

Auraucaria cunninghamii: Queensland Hoop Pine – Colonial Pine.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Araucaria cunninghamii: Frequent Title – Queensland Hoop Pine, Queensland Pine or Colonial Pine..  A species of Araucaria referred to as hoop pine. Named after the botanist and explorer Allan Cunningham, who collected the primary specimens within the 1820s. It is discovered within the dry rainforests of New South Wales and Queensland and in New Guinea. The timber can reside as much as 450 years and develop to a top of 60 metres. The bark is tough, splits naturally, and peels simply. The specimen within the pictures taken at Heritage Park, was planted by early settlers, behind the hoamstead, however is the one specimen I’ve come throughout in Whangarei.. The leaves on younger timber are awl-shaped, 1–2 cm lengthy, about 2 mm thick on the base, and scale-like, incurved, 1–2 cm lengthy and 4 mm broad on mature timber. The cones are ovoid, 8–10 cm lengthy and 6–8 cm diameter, and take about 18 months to mature. After they disintegrate at maturity, they launch nut-like edible seeds.


Araucaria araucana – Monkey Puzzle tree.

Araucaria araucana is often known as the monkey puzzle tree or monkey tail tree, Chilean pine, or pehuén) is an evergreen tree rising to 40 m (130 ft) tall with a 2-m (7-ft) trunk diameter. The tree is native to central and southern Chile and western Argentina. A. araucana is the hardiest species within the conifer genus Araucaria. Due to the nice age of this species, it’s generally described as a residing fossil. Its conservation standing was modified to Endangered by the IUCN in 2013 attributable to its declining abundance. These pictures had been taken within the automotive park of the    Kensington Purchasing Centre in Whangarei. The specimens are considerably stunted because of the concrete surrounds.

BETULA.

Betula pendula: Silver Birch.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Betula pendula. Frequent title Silver Birch is a extensively grown decorative tree all through New Zealand. It’s discovered naturally in southern Europe, at greater altitudes. Its vary extends into southwest Asia within the mountains of northern Turkey and the Caucasus. Its shut relation Betula platyphylla is discovered  in northern Asia and Betula szechuanica of central Asia, are handled as forms of silver birch by some botanists (B. pendula var. platyphylla and B. pendula var. Szechuanica). It has atractive silver bark and an upright, weeping progress behavior, which makes it vey standard with house gardeners and for parks planting and road timber. It’s deciduous. Footage shoe B. pendula rising in a backyard in Second Avenue, Whangarei.


BRACHYCHITON

Brachychiton acerifolius: Kurrajong – Illawarra Flame Tree.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Brachychiton acerifolius, widespread names, Kurrajong and  Illawarra
Flame Tree. It
is a big tree belonging to the household Sterculiaceae, native to subtropical areas on the east coast of Australia. Well-known all through Australasia for the brilliant pink bell-shaped flowers that always cowl the entire tree when it’s leafless. 
This tree is tolerant of temperate climates and is now cultivated world-over, and does very nicely in Northland. These pictures had been taken in Whangarei. Prised for its magnificence, it reaches a most top of 40 metres or 130 ft. in its pure habitat, nevertheless, it’s extra generally as much as 20ft, in Northland, (66 ft.). 

BELOW: Brachychiton flowering via an invasive mat of Hedera (Ivy).


CATALPA

Catalpa speciosa & C. bignonioides – IndianBean Tree – Catawba – Cigar Tree.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME : Catalpa speciosa and Catalpa bignonioides are the 2 North American species that have been extensively planted exterior their pure ranges as decorative timber. Deciduous timber that develop very nicely in Northland reaching a top of 12–18 metres (39–59ft) tall and 6–12 metres (20–39 ft) huge. They are often acknowledged by their massive, heart-shaped leaves, showy white flowers in broad panicles, and within the autumn by their 20–50 centimetres (7.9–20 in) lengthy fruits, which resemble a slender bean pod, containing quite a few small flat seeds, every seed having two skinny wings to assist in wind dispersal. Because of their massive leaf measurement, catalpas present very darkish shade and are a standard habitat for a lot of birds, offering them good shelter from rain and wind. These timber drop massive, darkish brown bean pods throughout late summer time. The wooden of catalpas is sort of tender. Generally known as the bean tree or by the Native American title Catawba, which gives the botanical title, being an erronious transcription from the Native American title by the botanist Scopoli.
Species – The 2 North American species, Catalpa bignonioides and Catalpa speciosa, have been extensively planted as decorative timber for his or her showy flowers and enticing rising behavior. Northern and southern catalpas are very related in look, however the northern species has barely bigger leaves, flowers, and bean pods.


CEDRUS

Cedrus deodara : Deodar Cedar, Himalayan Cedar.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME : Cedrus deodara – Frequent names, deodar cedar, Himalayan cedar. A species of cedar native to the western Himalayas regionl, occurring at 1,500–3,200 m (4,921–10,499 ft) altitude. It’s a massive evergreen coniferous tree reaching 40–50 m (131–164 ft) tall. Grows very nicely in all elements of New Zealand and there are a number of wonderful specimens in Whangarei, though some are planted too near different timber, as within the grounds of the Lodge advanced in Hatea Drive.
The leaves are needle-like, largely 2.5–5 cm lengthy in dense clusters of 20-30 on brief shoots; they fluctuate from brilliant inexperienced to glaucous blue-green in color. The feminine cones are barrel-shaped, born on branches (see picture), and launch winged seeds. The male cones are 4–6 cm lengthy, and shed their pollen in autumn. Left is one among two good specimens rising in Cafler Park, Whangarei.



CINNAMOMUM.

Cinnamomum camphorum: Camphor laurel.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Cinnamomum camphora: Frequent Title – Camphor tree, Camphorwood or camphor laurel. A big evergreen tree that grows in extra of twenty metres Zero metres tall. The leaves have a shiny, waxy look and scent of camphor when crushed. In spring it produces brilliant inexperienced foliage with plenty of small white flowers. It produces clusters of black berry-like fruit round one centimetre in diameter. It has a pale bark that may be very tough and fissured vertically. Grows nicely in Northland. Images taken in Cafler Park, Whangarei.


CONIFERS.

Coniferophyta or Coniferae: Conifers.

Picture

The conifers, division Coniferophyta or Coniferae are cone-bearing woody crops, the bulk being timber but additionally a number of being shrubs. Conifers embrace cedars, cypres, junipers, spruce and so on. One of the best identified NZ Native conifers are the kauri & rimu (see NZ Bushes) There are eight households roughly, masking 68 genera and about 630 species. They’re of nice ecological significance, as they’re dominant over big areas of the earth’s forests. They’re nicely suited to Northland gardens and parks, and do not take a lot taking care of. Additionally the wide range of cultivars makes them very fashionable for landscaping, as they eange fron floor cowl crops to massive timber. There are additionally variegated white or yellow foliage crops. Images taken within the Avenues, Whangarei.


CRYPTOMERIA.

Cryptomeria japonica: Japanese Cedar – Sugi (Japan).

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Cryptomeria  is a genus of conifer within the household Cupressaceae. It consists of just one species, Cryptomeria japonica. It’s endemic to Japan, the place it is called Sugi.  The tree is usually known as Japanese cedar in English, although the tree will not be associated to the true cedars (Cedrus). It’s a very massive evergreen tree, reaching as much as 70 m (230 ft) tall and 4 m (13 ft) trunk diameter, with red-brown bark which peels in vertical strips. The leaves are organized spirally, needle-like, 0.5–1 cm (0.20–0.39 in) lengthy; and the seed cones globular, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) diameter with about 20–40 scales. Genetic evaluation. Was grown in China for timber. {Photograph} taken within the grounds of a Whangarei Motel.

CUPRESSUS MACROCARPA. C. macrocarpa, generally referred to as Monterey cypress, is a species of conifer native to the Central Coast of California. The native vary of the species was confined to 2 small relict populations, at Cypress Level in Pebble Seaside and at Level Lobos close to Carmel, California.

ERYTHRINA

Erythrina species: Coral Tree.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Erythrina species.Deciduous timber which embrace the now invasive E. crista-galli which is a big tree with brilliant pink flowers. It was planted freely by early settlers and is among the extensively grown species. Unsure what species we have now photographed right here, discovered rising in a non-public backyard in Manse Avenue, Whangarei. Erythrina grows to a big tree with brilliant pink or orange flowers, however the branches have woody thorns. A genus of flowering crops within the household Fabaceae, it incorporates about 130 species, that are distributed in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. They’re timber which develop as much as 30 m (98 ft) in top. The widespread title coral tree is used as a collective time period for these crops, and flame tree is one other widespread title, however flame tree can check with a lot of unrelated crops as nicely. The species photographed has held onto the earlier season’s flower spikes, wanting moderately untidy. Sadly it has been planted too near it is neighboring Jacaranda. Erythrina i a serious downside in wetlands the place it crowds out different species. I’d deal with all species as noxious.


EUCALYPTUS.

Eucalypus is a various genus of flowering timber and shrubs which embrace a definite group with a multiple-stem mallee progress behavior. The Eucalupts belong to the myrtle household, Myrtaceae. Members of the genus dominate the tree flora of Australia. There are greater than 700 species of eucalyptus, largely native to Australia, and a really small quantity are present in adjoining areas of New Guinea and Indonesia. One species, Eucalyptus deglupta, ranges as far north because the Philippines. Solely fifteen species happen exterior Australia, with simply 9 of those not occurring in Australia. Species of eucalyptus are cultivated extensively within the tropical and temperate world, together with the Americas, Europe, Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Center East, China and the Indian Subcontinent, although most species don’t tolerate frost.Eucalyptus is one among three related genera which can be generally known as “eucalypts“, the others being Corymbia and Angophora. Many species, however removed from all, are referred to as gum timber as a result of they exude copious kino from any break within the bark. Pictured beneath is E. ficifolia, simply starting to flower, rising in Kamo Rd, Whau Valley, Whangarei.

FAGUS.

Fagus Sylvatica: Beech – European Beech.

Fagus sylvatica purpurea: Copper Beech – European Beech.                                       

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Fagus sylvatica. Frequent names are European Beech or Frequent Beech. It is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech household, Fagaceae. Engaging rising kind with bronze or copper colored foliage. There are some wonderful examples rising in Whangarei. {Photograph} above is of a wonderful specimen of a Copper Beech rising within the grounds of Whangarei Woman’s Excessive College, whereas left is {a photograph} taken in Mander Park.
It’s a massive tree of as much as 25–35 m (80–115 ft) tall and up to 1.5 meters (5 ft) trunk diameter. it has a lifespan of 150 to 300 years. The F. sylvaticus begins to flower when it’s between 30–80 years previous. The flowers are small catkins which seem shortly after the leaves in spring. The seeds are known as beechnuts, are small triangular nuts, with two nuts in every cupule, maturing within the autumn 5–6 months after pollination. Abroad the nuts are eaten by birds, rodents and up to now additionally people, however might be barely poisonous to people if eaten in massive portions because of the tannins they comprise. Grown commercially, the nuts had been pressed to acquire an oil in 19th century England, which was used for cooking and lighting in lamps.


FICUS.

Ficus benjamina: Weeping Fig – Benjamin’s Fig.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Ficus benjamina: Frequent Names – Weeping Fig, Benjamin’s Fig, or Ficus Tree. A species of the household Moraceae, that’s native to south and southeast Asia and Australia, and is the official tree of Bangkok. A big tree reaching as much as 30 metres (98 ft) tall in pure situations, with gracefully drooping branchlets and shiny leaves 6–13 cm (2–5 in)  It makes a superb container or backyard plant and might be pruned to measurement. Images taken in Manse Avenue, Whangarei.
In subtropical situations it makes a really massive and stately tree for parks and a really wonderful road tree.It’s a very fashionable houseplant in temperate areas, attributable to its elegant progress and tolerance of poor rising situations; it does greatest in brilliant, sunny situations however may even tolerate appreciable shade. It requires a average quantity of watering in summer time, and solely sufficient to maintain it from drying out within the winter. It doesn’t have to be misted. The plant is delicate to chilly and ought to be protected against sturdy drafts. When grown indoors, it could possibly develop too massive for its scenario, and may have drastic pruning or changing. There are quite a few cultivars accessible. Some cultivars differ I foliage color, starting from mild inexperienced to darkish inexperienced, and varied types of white variegation, that are smaller rising; as much as 20 toes (see pictures beneath, taken within the Whangarei Subtropical Backyard).



Ficus benjamina variegata: Variegated Weeping Fig – Variegated Benjamin’s Fig.

Ficus carica: Fig. Fig Tree. Frequent Fig.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Ficus carica: Frequent Title – Fig. A species of flowering plant within the genus Ficus, from the household Moraceae, referred to as the widespread fig or simply the fig. It’s the supply of the fruit additionally known as the fig, and as such is a crucial crop in these areas the place it’s grown commercially. Native to the Center East and western Asia, it has been sought out and cultivated by man since historic occasions, and is now extensively grown all through the temperate world, each for its fruit and as a decorative plant. Images taken in The Avenues, Whangarei.


Ficus dammaropsis: New Guinea Fig – Kapiak.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME:  Ficus dammaropsis, Frequent Title, Kapiak, New Guinea Fig, or Highland Breadfruit. A tropical fig tree with big pleated leaves 60 cm throughout. It’s native to the highlands and highlands fringe of New Guinea. It typically grows at altitudes of between 800 and 2750 metres; its excessive vary is from sea degree to 2820 m. Its fruit is edible however hardly ever eaten besides as an emergency meals  The younger leaves are pickled or cooked and eaten as a vegetable with pig meat. With its daring tropical leaves and chilly tolerance, F. dammaropsis is a splendidly enticing tree for Northland New Zealand and different frost-free climates. Images taken within the Subtropical Garfend in Whangatrei, New Zealand.


Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Ficus indirect: Frequent Title – Small-Leaved Fig. Ficus belong to the  household Moraceae. F. indirect is native to japanese Australia, New Guinea, japanese Indonesia to Sulawesi and islands within the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It was beforehand identified as Ficus eugenioides. The genus Ficus incorporates round 750 species worldwide in heat climates, together with the edible fig Ficus carica. F. obliqua can develop to 60 m (200 ft) excessive and practically as huge with a pale gray buttressed trunk, and shiny inexperienced leaves.The small spherical yellow fruit ripen and switch pink at any time of 12 months, though they peak in autumn and winter. Referred to as a syconium, the fruit is an inverted inflorescence with the flowers lining an inner cavity.  It’s well-suited to be used as an indoor plant or in bonsai. All elements of the tree have been utilized in conventional drugs in Fiji. Images taken in Whangarei, within the grounds of the Whangarei Major College.

FRAXINUS.

Fraxinus excelsior – Ash – European Ash – Frequent Ash.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME : Fraxinus species: Frequent Title – Ash. One of the vital extensively grown of the deciduous timber from the Northern Hemisphere. A genus of crops that incorporates 45-65 species of often  medium to massive timber, largely deciduous although a number of subtropical species are evergreen. The commonest species of ash are – F. excelsior — AshEuropean Ash or Common Ash. F excelsor pendula – Weeping Ash, F. oxycarpa ‘Raywood’ – Claret Ash, F. ornus – Manna Ash, F. uhdei – Evergreen Ash (additionally known as Mexican Ash), F. Americana – White Ash, a spectacular tree from the Japanese United States.They’re native to most of Europe, and likewise southwestern Asia, however will develop in a widerange of climates from frosty areas to sub-tropical areas, akin to Northland, NZ.. It makes a good-looking deciduous specimen tree. Pictured above is a standard Ash rising within the Waiarohia Reserve in Whangarei. Image left reveals the seeds of a tree in Hatea Drive. Images beneath present a species of ash in winged fruit rising within the grounds of the Whangarei Croquet Membership in Third Avenue.


Different Pictures Of Ash.

GINKGO

Ginkgo biloba : Pinyin – Maidenhair Tree.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME : Ginkgo biloba. Often known as the maidenhair tree for its foliage kind. It is a novel species of tree with no shut residing relations. The ginkgo is a residing fossil, recognisably just like fossils courting again 270 million years. Native to China, the tree is extensively cultivated and launched early in human historical past, and has varied makes use of as a meals and in conventional drugs. Male & feminine timber, the feminine bears fruit that scent like rotten eggs, very highly effective. A feminine tree was rising in Emily Place in Auckland Metropolis and fruited closely. The fruit is globular, black when ripe.
Photoes taken in Mander Park, Whangarei. Younger Ginkgo are planted alongside the brand new Whangarei Library. Lets hope they’re all males.



EARLY WINTER: Ginkgo reveals its color.

Picture

In early winter, via June, Ginkgo reveals its autumn color, earlier than dropping its leaves. Final three pictures present Ginkgo throughout leaf-fall (taken in Manse Avenue Whangarei, seventh June, 2014.).


GLEDITSIA.

Gleditsia triacanthos: Honey Locust.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Gleditsia triacanthos: Frequent Title -Honey Locust. A deciduous tree native to central North America. It’s positioned within the river valleys from southeastern South Dakota to New Orleans and central Texas, and as far east as japanese Massachusetts.   G.triacanthos, can attain a top of 20–30 m (66&–100 ft), is quick progress, some reside as much as 150 years. The leaves are pinnately compound on older timber however bipinnately compound on vigorous younger timber. The leaflets are 1.5–2.5 cm (smaller on bipinnate leaves) and brilliant inexperienced. They flip yellow in autumn.  The strongly scented cream-colored flowers seem in late spring, in clusters rising from the bottom of the leaf axils. The fruit is a flat pod that matures in early autumn. The pods are typically between 15–20 cm. Seed coats are very exhausting and greatest germination outcomes can be achieved by chipping. Grows very nicely in Northland. Images taken in Second Avenue, Whangarei.

GREVILLEA.

Grevillea robusta : Silky Oak – Southern Silky Oak – Australian Silky Oak.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME : Grevillea robusta, widespread names – the southern silky oak or silky oak, or Australian silver oak. It’s the largest species of the Grevilleas. Grevilleas are within the household Proteaceae. It isn’t intently associated to the true oaks. G. robusta is a local of japanese coastal Australia, in subtropical and dry rainforest environments receiving an annual rainfall of greater than 1,000 mm per 12 months. G. robusta is a fast-growing evergreen tree, between 18–35 m (59–115 ft) tall,
with darkish inexperienced leaves paying homage to a fern frond. Different members of the Grevillea genus, of which many are Australian, flower profusely and have been hybridised. The foliage of G. robusta is lengthy with greyish white or rusty undersides. Its flowers are golden-orange bottlebrush-like blooms (see picture), between 8–15 cm (3–6 in) lengthy, within the spring, on a 2–Three cm lengthy stem and are utilized in Australia for honey manufacturing. Like others of its genus, the flowers haven’t any petals, as a substitute they’ve a protracted calyx that splits into Four lobes. The seeds mature in late winter to early spring, and are winged.
Pictured are the flower and behavior of G. robusta rising in Western Hills Drive on the Kensington Hill.


HYMENOSPORUM.

Hymenosporum flavum: Australian Franjipani.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Hymenosporum flavum: Frequent Title, Australian Frangipani, is a rainforest tree which is native to Queensland and New South Wales, and New Guinea. It’s the solely species within the genus Hymenosporum, and is intently associated to the New Zealand Pittosporums, belonging to the household Pittosporaceae. A really showy tree that may be seen flowering round Whangarei in November/December. It produces clusters of aromatic yellow flowers that are about 5 cm in diameter. It has darkish inexperienced, shiny leaves that are often round 10 cm lengthy and Four cm huge. The branches kind extensively spaced tiers which makes the tree extraordinarily enticing. It isn’t truly associated to the frangipani. An incredible flowering tree for Northland gardens. Images taken in Second Avenue, Whangarei. The highest {photograph} reveals the tiered impact.


JACARANDA .

JACARANDA – Blue Jacaranda.

Picture

Botanical title : Jacaranda mimosifolia. Jacaranda is a genus of 49 species of flowering crops within the household Bignoniaceae, native to tropical and subtropical areas of the Americas and Caribbean, and has been launched to the Pacific area. The genus title can also be used because the widespread title.
Jacaranda mimosifolia is a sub-tropical tree native to South America that has been extensively planted
elsewhere due to its stunning and long-lasting blue flowers. It’s also identified Blue Jacaranda. In scientific utilization, the title “Jacaranda” refers back to the genus Jacaranda, which has many different
members, however in horticultural and on a regular basis utilization, it practically at all times means the Blue Jacaranda. Images beneath present Jacaranda seed pods. February 2014.


LIQUIDAMBAR.

Liquidamber styraciflua: Liquidambar – American Candy Gum – Alligator Wooden.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Liquidambar styraciflua: Frequent Title – Liquidambar, Sweetgum, Alligator-Wooden,  A member of the plant household Altingiaceae, L. styraciflua is one among a genus of 4 species of tall deciduous timber discovered within the heat temperate areas of japanese North America and tropical montane areas of Mexico, Central America and Turkey. L styraciflua can develop from 35ft to 70ft (10 to 21 metres). The title Liquidamber refers back to the resin, referred to as storax, exuded by the winter buds. The star-shaped leaves are organized spirally on the twig. A preferred decorative tree in temperate climates, recognizable by the mixture of its five-pointed star-shaped leaves and its exhausting, spiked fruits. In Northland the foliage color in autumn varies from shades of orange, to pink advert purple. The 4 species within the genus Liquidambar are – L.formosana (Chinese language Liquidambar); L. orientalis (Oriental Candy Gum); L. chinensis, and L. styraciflua. In chilly climates the foliage can attain a deep pink earlier than leaf fall, however don’t attain the extra widespread amber color Within the north of the North Island. Images taken in Western Hills Drive, Whangarei.


LIRIODENDRON.

Liriodendron tulipfera : Tulip Tree – Tulip Poplar.

Picture

Botanical title : Liriodendron tulipfera: Frequent Title – Tulip Tree. Liriodendron is a genus of two species of massive deciduous timber within the household Magnoliaceae. Referred to as the Tulip Tree attributable to their massive flowers (pictured left), however are intently associated to magnolias. Generally known as the ‘tulip poplar’ or ‘yellow poplar’, though Liriodendron will not be intently associated to the true poplars of the genus Populus. The 2 species of Liriodendron are L. tulipfera which is the species pictured, native to japanese  North America, whereas L. chinense is native to China and Vietnam. Each species usually develop to nice measurement, generally exceeding 32 meters or 100 toes in top. The American species is mostly used horticulturally, and hybrids have been produced between these two species. Liriodendron timber are simply acknowledged by their leaves, that are distinctive, having 4 lobes typically and a cross-cut notched or straight apex. Leaf measurement varies from 8–22 cm lengthy and 6–25 cm huge. Flowers are 3–10 cm in diameter and have three inexperienced outer sepals and 6 inside petals that are yellow-green with an orange flare on the base. They begin forming after round 15 years and are superficially just like a tulip in form, therefore the tree’s title. Flowers of L. tulipifera have a faint cucumber odor. The stamens and pistils are organized spirally round a central spike. The fruit is a 4cm to 9cm lengthy cone.  


MACADAMIA.

Macadamia tetraphylla: Macadamia Nut – Queensland Nut.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Macadamia tetraphylla: Frequent Title – Macadamia Nut or Queensland Nut. A tree within the plant household Proteacea. Native to southern Queensland and northern New South Wales in Australia, it has a number of widespread names, others are Macadamia Nut, Bauple Nut, Prickly MacadamiaTough-shelled Bush Nut and Tough-shelled Queensland Nut. This species has dense foliage and grows as much as 18 metres in top. The leaves, which have toothed margins, are 7 to 25 cm in size. It has lengthy, pendent creamy pink to purple flowers, adopted by woody, rounded fruits that are 2 to three cm in diameter and comprise edible seeds. Grows very nicely in Northland. Images taken in Cafler Park, Whangarei.

MAGNOLIA.

Magnolia –  Southern Magnolia – Bull Bay

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME : Magnolia grandiflora, generally referred to as the southern magnolia or bull bay, is a tree of the Magnolia household, Magnoliaceae. M. grandiflora is native to the southeastern United States, from Virginia south to central Florida, and west to japanese Texas and Oklahoma. Some timber have been seen as far west
as New Mexico and California. Reaching 27.5 m (90 ft) in top, it’s a massive evergreen tree with massive darkish inexperienced leaves and huge white aromatic flowers that seem in spring & summer time in Northland. Magnolias are extensively cultivated around the globe, over 100 cultivars have been bred and marketed commercially. The timber is difficult and heavy, and has been used commercially to make furnishings, pallets, and veneer.


Magnolia X soulangeana: Frequent Title – Saucer Magnolia.

Magnolia species: There are a wide range of Magnolia species, from chilly local weather species to sub-tropical species. Most are enticing flowering small to massive unique timber that develop nicely within the Northland space.

MELIA.

Melia azedarach: Indian Bead Tree.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Melia azedarach:  Frequent Names – White Cedar, Chinaberry Tree, Indian Bead Tree, Cape Lilac, Syringa Berrytree, Persian Lilac, and Indian Lilac. A a species of deciduous tree within the household, Meliaceae, it’s native to Indomalaya and Australasia. The genus Melia consists of 4 different species, occurring from southeast Asia to northern Australia. They’re all deciduous or semi-evergreen timber. The grownup tree has a rounded crown, and reaches top of seven–12 metres. The flowers are small and aromatic, with 5 pale purple or lilac petals, rising in clusters. The fruit is a drupe, marble-sized, mild yellow at maturity, hanging on the tree all winter, and steadily changing into wrinkled and virtually white. The leaves are as much as 50 cm lengthy, alternate, with leaflets that are darkish inexperienced above and lighter inexperienced beneath. M. azedarach makes an exquisite road tree, and is used as such in Whangarei. Images taken in Wallace Avenue, Regent and the CBD, Whangarei, Northland, NZ. Three pictures beneath present the fruit.


PICEA.

Picea pungens: Blue Spruce – Colorado Blue Spruce.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Picea: Frequent Title – Spruce is a tree of the genus Picea,  a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen timber within the Household Pinaceae, (Coniferae) discovered within the northern hemisphere temperate areas.  Spruces are massive timber, from 20–60 metres (66–200 ft) tall when mature. The needles, or leaves, of spruce timber are hooked up singly to the branches in a spiral vogue, every needle on a small peg-like construction known as a pulvinus. Within the mountains of western Sweden scientists have discovered a Norway Spruce tree, nicknamed Previous Tjikko, which by reproducing via layering has reached an age of 9,550 years and is claimed to be the world’s oldest identified residing tree. P. pungens, the Colorado spruce or blue spruce, inexperienced spruce white spruce, or Colorado blue spruce, is a species of spruce tree native to the Rocky Mountains of america. Its pure vary extends from Colorado to Wyoming but it surely has been extensively launched elsewhere and is used as a decorative tree in lots of locations far past its native vary. A preferred tree in New Zealand. N.B. Spruce are sometimes confused with Furs (Abies). Two details are that when the leaves or needles fall, they go away a tough mark on the department (see backside proper of prime {photograph}), secondly the cones hold downwards. Images taken in Second Avenue, Whangarei, NZ.

PODOCARPUS.

Podocarpus macrophyllus angustifolius:  Fern Pine – Yellowwood.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Podocarpus macrophyllus: Frequent Names – Kusamaki or Inumaki.  A conifer associated to the New Zealand Totara, within the plant household Podocarpaceae. It’s the northernmost species of the genus, native to southern Japan and southern and japanese China. Kusamaki  and Inumaki  are Japanese names for this tree, and Kusamaki is more and more getting used because the English title as nicely, changing the previous, botanically inaccurate names Buddhist Pine and Fern Pine as it’s not a pine. In China, it’s merely referred to as Iuohan music, ‘that pine’. It’s a small to medium measurement evergreen tree, reaching 20 m tall in cultivation, however as much as 50m in its pure setting.. The leaves are strap-shaped, 6–12 cm lengthy, and about 1 cm broad, with a central midrib. New spring foliage make it seem as if the tree is flowering, see pictures taken in Central Avenue, Whangarei.P. macrophyllus happens aturally in forests, open thickets, and roadsides from close to sea degree to 1000 m.

PRUNUS.

Prunus species: Fruiting or Flowering Plums, Cherries, Peaches, Nectarines, Apricots and Almonds.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Prunus . Frequent Title, Prunus; belonging to the Rose Household, Rosaceae, and covers flowering plums, cherries, peaches, nectarines, apricots and almonds. A genus of about 430 species, unfold all through the northern temperate areas of the globe. Many members of the genus are extensively cultivated for fruit and decoration. The fruit from this genus are generally known as the stone fruit. Members of the genus might be deciduous or evergreen. The leaves are easy, alternate, often lanceolate, unlobed. The flowers are often white to pink, generally pink, with 5 petals and 5 sepals. There are quite a few stamens. Flowers are borne singly, or in umbels of two to 6 or generally extra on racemes. The fruit is a fleshy drupe (a “prune”) with a single comparatively massive, hard-coated seed or stone. Images taken in Whangarei. Left is a flowering Cherry, P. campanulata, which is now an invasive species in Northland NZ.


QUERCUS.

Quercus robor : Oak Tree – Frequent Oak – English Oak.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME : Quercus robor. The Frequent or English Oak. A
very hardy deciduous tree which grows in most elements of NZ, and is discovered over
most of Northland the place it was launched by early settlers from
Europe.
Under: Acorn, or seed of the Frequent Oak.
Pictured left is the massive oak tree on the nook of Manse Avenue and Gorrie Highway.


SALIX.

Salix babalonica: Weeping Willow or Babylon Willow.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Salix babylonica: Commo Title –  Babylon willow or weeping willow. A species of willow native to dry areas of northern China. It has been a preferred cultivated shade tree for a whole bunch of years, it was traded alongside the Silk Highway to southwest Asia and Europe, then being launched to Australasia by the early European settlers. S. babylonica is a medium- to massive deciduous tree, with weeping behavior, rising as much as 20–25 m (66–82 ft) tall. It’s a quickly rising tree, however has a brief lifespan, between 40 to 75 years. Leaves are alternate and spirally organized, lengthy and slender, 4-16 cm lengthy and 0.5-2 cm broad. They flip a golden-yellow in autumn, previous to leaf fall. The flowers are catkins, produced early within the spring; the female and male catkins seem on separate timber. Willow timber are used to cease erosion on river banks. Images taken in Russell Highway, Whangarei, Northland.


Salix calodendron & Salix reichardtii: Pussy Willow.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Salix calodendron and Salix reichardtii: Frequent title – Pussy Willow. usually are not invasive weeds of any significance, nevertheless, these species are of  concern as a result of they will hybridise
with different species that will in any other case
not produce seeds, so they need to not
be planted close to different willows. Images taken within the Waiarohia Reserve.


SCHEFFLERA.

Schefflera actinophylla: Umbrella Tree.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Schefflera actinophylla: Frequent Title – Umbrella Tree or Queensland Umbrella Tree. A tree within the household Araliaceae. It’s native to tropical rainforests in Australia’s Japanese Queensland and the Northern Territory in addition to New Guinea and Java. Frequent names  octopus tree and amate, though these usually are not utilized in New Zealand. Was Brassaea actinophylla. S. actinophylla is an evergreen tree rising to 15 m (49 ft) tall. It has massive compound medium inexperienced leaves in teams of seven palmed leaves. It’s often multi-trunked, and the flowers develop on the prime of the tree. It produces racemes as much as 2 m (6.5 ft) lengthy containing as much as 1,000 small uninteresting pink flowers. Flowering begins in early summer time and continues for a number of months. Images taken in Whangarei, Northland, NZ.


SCHINUS

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Schinus molle: Frequent Title – Peruvian Pepper Tree. A fast rising evergreen tree that grows to 15 meters (50 toes) tall and 5–10 meters (16–33 toes) huge. It’s the largest of all Schinus species and probably the longest lived. The higher branches of the tree are likely to droop. S.molle was a really popilar road tree in previous Auckland, and there have been some very wonderful specimens in Marine Parade, Herne Bay. There was a superstition that for those who swore beneath the tree, you’d have unhealthy luck. The Female and male flowers happen on separate crops (dioecious). Flowers are small, white and borne profusely in panicles on the ends of the drooping branches. The fruit are 5–7 mm diameter spherical drupes with woody seeds that flip from inexperienced to pink, pink or purplish, carried in dense clusters of a whole bunch of berries that may be current year-round. The tough grayish bark is twisted and drips sap. The bark, leaves and berries are fragrant when crushed. I’ve solely discovered one specimen in Whangarei (Pictured), rising in Kamo Highway.


SYNCARPIA

Syncarpia glomulifera: Turpentine Tree.

Picture

BOTANICAL NAME: Syncarpia glomulifera, widespread title,
turpentine tree, is a tree of the household Myrtaceae native to New South Wales and Queensland in Australia, which might attain 80 ft. or 25 metres in top, though within the wild in Australia it has been identified to achieve 200ft. It typically grows on heavier soils. Crushed leaves
have a style and scent paying homage to turpentine. The cream flowers seem in spring and are fused into compound flower heads. Probably the best and most helpful tree of the east coast of Australia, it’s present in abundance in southern New South Wales. It grows very nicely in Whangarei and a big specimen might be seen within the nook property of Central and Second Avenues, the place these pictures had been taken.


ULMUS.

Ulmus minor ‘Varaiegata’ – Silver Elm. A stately deciduous shade tree with creamy-white flecked leaves that create a silvery impact. A member of the household Ulmaceae, generally referred to as the Silver Elm. It grows to 20 metres with a width of 13 metres, and has a average progress charge. Images taken in Cafler Park, Whangarei.

Author: admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *