You understand them and you like them. With their flowers, foliage, and fall shade, dogwoods carry year-round curiosity to the backyard. Members of the genus Cornus, dogwoods are deciduous bushes and shrubs identified for his or her showy white and pink flowers. In accordance with The New Southern Residing Backyard E book, “For a lot of Southerners, there’s just one dogwood: flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), extensively thought of the area’s most interesting decorative tree.” Nonetheless, there are various forms of dogwoods rising within the area and all over the world. They’re bushes and shrubs, bloomers and non-bloomers, they usually seem in a number of species, alternatives, and kinds. Be taught extra in regards to the various kinds of dogwoods that may be grown within the South beneath.
We frequently acknowledge dogwoods by their showy flowers, however what we name “flowers” are literally bracts, or linked, modified leaves that resemble petals. As The Southern Residing Backyard E book describes, “Many forms of dogwood exist, from good-sized, single-trunked bushes to small, multi-stemmed, stoloniferous shrubs; there’s even a ground-covering perennial dogwood. Some are spectacular in bloom, others barely noticeable. Some sport dazzling fall foliage; others don’t.” Most all dogwoods thrive in full solar or partial shade with common water. Essentially the most acquainted dogwoods burst into bloom in early- to mid-spring. That’s adopted by inexperienced foliage which, relying on the species and choice, turns to crimson or gold in fall.
Often known as Cornus florida, flowering dogwood is an undeniably standard dogwood species. It’s utilized in panorama design throughout the South and may be discovered rising wild too. It’s native to the U.S. and may be discovered as far south as Florida. It’s so standard that its blooms had been named the state flowers of each North Carolina and Virginia. This dogwood can attain heights of 40 toes, however is most frequently seen at heights and widths of 20-30 toes. In accordance with The New Southern Residing Backyard E book, this dogwood “Blooms profusely in midspring earlier than leaves broaden, nearly overlaying itself with small flower clusters surrounded by 4 roundish, inch-wide bracts with notched ideas. White is the standard shade within the wild, however named alternatives additionally supply bracts in pink shades to just about crimson.”
Sorts of Flowering Dogwoods
Choices of C. florida embody ‘Appalachian Spring,’ which produces massive white bracts in spring. ‘Cherokee Sundown’ has reddish flowers and variegated foliage which turns to purple in fall. ‘Royal Pink’ produces massive bracts in deep reddish hues. The leaves are crimson too, they usually flip from crimson (after they seem) to inexperienced to, lastly, crimson once more (in fall).
In accordance with The New Southern Residing Backyard E book, “Most dogwoods take full solar or gentle shade. They make wonderful garden, patio, or understory bushes, they usually’re not beneficial for planting close to pavement.” They thrive in full solar or partial shade, they usually want moist, acid soil. Ideally, that soil needs to be well-drained and amended with loads of natural matter to assist in draining and the motion of vitamins. Dogwoods want common water, notably in summer time, when the warmth could cause detrimental scorch to tender leaves. The Backyard E book recommends pruning often. The most effective time to do that is simply after the tree blooms. Do it any later, and chances are you’ll miss out on blooms and progress within the following 12 months.
Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) is native to Japan and Korea and may thrive within the Center and Decrease South. It blooms later than different dogwood species, and it produces engaging foliage that turns yellow or crimson in autumn. Choices embody ‘Autumn Rose,’ the foliage of which turns from gentle inexperienced in spring to pink in fall; ‘Coronary heart Throb,’ which has massive, long-lasting rose pink or darkish reddish flowers; and ‘Wolf Eyes,’ which has grayish leaves and crimson fall foliage.
Pagoda dogwood (C. alternifolia) produces small spring flowers adopted by darkish fruit, and it’s identified to develop 20 toes tall and vast. Cornelia cherry dogwood (C. mas) takes the type of a compact shrub and is an early bloomer with foliage that turns yellow in autumn. Tough-leaf dogwood (C. drummondii) is native to Southern states as far north as Virginia and as far west at Texas. It’s a small shrub that produces a present of short-lived flowers in early spring adopted by white fruit, then vibrant crimson, orange, and purple foliage in autumn. Grey dogwood (C. racemosa) is native south to Georgia, grows as much as 15 ft. excessive, and produces white blooms within the late spring months.
WATCH: Grumpy Gardener’s Information to Dogwoods
Is the dogwood certainly one of your favourite flowering bushes? What flowering bushes do you have got in your yard?