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Clusia rosea – Useful Tropical Plants

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Jacq.

Clusiaceae

Clusia retusa Poir.

Elwertia retusa Raf.

Firkea rosea (Jacq.) Raf.

Frequent Title:

Clusia rosea

Opened fruit with the pink seeds nonetheless inside
{Photograph} by: Wmpearl
Artistic Commons Zero, Public Area Dedication

Basic Data

Clusia rosea is an evergreen tree with a really broad, dense, spreading crown; it may develop as much as 18 metres tall. The normally brief bole may be 60cm in diameter, normally with prop roots on the base[

372

Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.

,

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

]. Just like many species of figs (Ficus spp.), this plant usually begins life as an epiphyte, with the seed germinating within the fork of a tree. Ultimately, the plant sends down a number of aerial roots which, as soon as they attain the soil root into the bottom and provide the plant with vitamins. This permits it to develop sooner than the host tree, while the aerial roots thicken and begin to constrict the host tree. Ultimately the host dies and this species stays[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

,

K

Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.

].
The tree has quite a lot of native makes use of and is usually harvested from the wild for its wooden, latex and medicinal purposes. It’s usually cultivated as a decorative and avenue tree within the Tropics, the place it’s valued particularly for its massive, showy flowers[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

].

Recognized Hazards

The ball-like fruits are usually not edible and are thought-about to be toxic, although they’re eaten by bats[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

].

Botanical References

Vary

S. America – Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America – Panama to Mexico; Caribbean – Trinidad to Bahamas; SE N. America – Florida.

Habitat

Banks and hillsides in forests[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

].

Properties

Weed Potential Sure
Medicinal Ranking **
Different Makes use of Ranking **
Behavior Evergreen Tree
Top 12.00 m
Pollinators Bats
Self-fertile No
Cultivation Standing Decorative, Wild

Cultivation Particulars

Succeeds in full solar to partial shade[

302

Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.

]. Prefers a well-drained soil[

302

Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.

].Crops can thrive in a wide range of environments, from dry barren lava landscapes to steep cliffs in moist areas[

854

Title
Plants of Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
Starr F.; Starr K.; Loope L.
Website
http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/
Publisher
United States Geological Survey–Biological Resources Division;
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
Fairly detailed reports on 92 plants found growing in Hawaii, often giving plant uses. Produced in PDF format, they can be downloaded from the Internet.

]. Established vegetation are drought tolerant, and may tolerate periodic inundation of the soil[

710

Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.

]. The heavy foliage is salt tolerant and so this species may be grown in uncovered positions close to the coast[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

].
Usually grown as a decorative, vegetation can unfold readily into surrounding areas, presumably as a consequence of bird-dispersed seeds. It has develop into invasive in some areas and this, coupled with the tree’s behavior of strangling and killing extra invaluable timber within the forest, has led to it being classed as a forest pest[,

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

,

854

Title
Plants of Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
Starr F.; Starr K.; Loope L.
Website
http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/
Publisher
United States Geological Survey–Biological Resources Division;
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
Fairly detailed reports on 92 plants found growing in Hawaii, often giving plant uses. Produced in PDF format, they can be downloaded from the Internet.

].
This species makes use of the ‘ Crassulacean Acid Metabolism’ (CAM) pathway to photosynthesis, a mechanism which aids in conserving moisture. This kind of mechanism can be utilized by cacti and different succulents. In Clusia, CAM is helpful through the epiphytic seedling stage till aerial roots are in a position to attain the bottom and draw up vitamins and moisture[

854

Title
Plants of Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
Starr F.; Starr K.; Loope L.
Website
http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/
Publisher
United States Geological Survey–Biological Resources Division;
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
Fairly detailed reports on 92 plants found growing in Hawaii, often giving plant uses. Produced in PDF format, they can be downloaded from the Internet.

].
This species is exclusive in that it belongs to the one genus of vegetation able to absorbing carbon dioxide through the night time[

540

Title
Jardineiro.Net
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.jardineiro.net/br/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A Brazilian gardening site, giving cultivation details for a large number of species.

].
The plant may be in flower or fruit all yr spherical[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

].
A dioecious species, each female and male varieties must be grown if fruit and seed are require[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

]. One report says that solely functionally feminine flowers are recognized and that the tree produces seed apomictically (an asexual course of)[

710

Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.

].

Edible Makes use of

None recognized

Medicinal

The resinous latex obtained from the plant is used medicinally and as a plaster[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

]. The latex is balsamic, bitter and purgative[

348

Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region

].

The flowwers are bechic (they relieve coughs)[

348

Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region

].

Agroforestry Makes use of:

The tree has been planted on the perimeters of seashores to stop soil erosion[

710

Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.

].

Different Makes use of

The tree, particularly the bark and surrounding the seeds contained in the fruit, accommodates a yellow, resinous latex[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

]. It hardens upon publicity to the air and has been used for caulking boats, medicinal functions and many others[

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

].

The early Spanish conquistadores within the West Indies made enjoying playing cards of the thick, leathery, paddle-like leaves, drawing the figures and spots with a pin and shuffling these substitutes of their playing video games within the absence of standard playing cards. One other early use was for writing paper. It’s attainable to write down phrases and many others upon the leaves, utilizing a finger nail or pin and many others., and this writing will stay on the leaf[

372

Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.

,

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

,

854

Title
Plants of Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
Starr F.; Starr K.; Loope L.
Website
http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/
Publisher
United States Geological Survey–Biological Resources Division;
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
Fairly detailed reports on 92 plants found growing in Hawaii, often giving plant uses. Produced in PDF format, they can be downloaded from the Internet.

].

The heartwood is reddish-brown; it’s not clearly demarcated from the lighter colored sapwood. Texture is medium to tremendous; grain is straight; lustre medium; with out progress rings; there isn’t any discernible style or aroma in seasoned wooden. The wooden is tough, heavy, sturdy, very inclined to assault by drywood termites. The speed of air-seasoning and quantity of degrade are average. It’s reasonably troublesome to noticed and machine. Machining traits are as follows : planing and boring are honest, although tearing and crushing could happen regularly; and shaping, turning, mortising, sanding, and resistance to screw splitting are good; glueing and sharpening are good. The wooden is used primarily for fenceposts, rural building, and crossties. It’s appropriate additionally for mild and heavy building, low-cost furnishings, farm implement components, and power handles[

341

Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.

,

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

].
The wooden is used for gas[

341

Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.

,

447

Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.

].

Propagation

Seed –
Cuttings
Air layering

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