Chayote Seeds (Sechium edule)
Value for Package deal of 1 seeds.
Chayote (Sechium edule), also called christophene or christophine, cho-cho, mirliton or merleton (Creole/Cajun), chuchu (Brazil), Cidra (Antioquia, Caldas, Quindio and Risaralda areas of Colombia), Guatila (Boyacá and Valle del Cauca areas of Colombia), Centinarja (Malta), pimpinela (Madeira), Pipinola (Hawaii), pear squash, vegetable pear, chouchoute, choko, güisquil (El Salvador), Labu Siam (Indonesia), Squash, Ishkus or Chowchow (India), బెంగళూరు వంకాయ ( తెలుగు – Telugu), Pataste (Honduras),Tayota (Dominican Republic), Sayote (Philippines) is an edible plant belonging to the gourd household Cucurbitaceae, together with melons, cucumbers and squash.
Chayote is initially native to Mexico the place it grows abundantly and has little industrial worth. It has been launched as a crop throughout Latin America, and worldwide. The primary rising areas are Brazil, Costa Rica and Veracruz, Mexico. Costa Rican chayotes are predominantly exported to the European Union, whereas Veracruz is the principle exporter of chayotes to america.
The phrase chayote is a Spanish spinoff of the Nahuatl phrase chayohtli (pronounced /t͡ʃaˈjoʔt͡ɬi/). Chayote was one of many many meals launched to Europe by early explorers, who introduced again a large assortment of botanical samples. The Age of Conquest additionally unfold the plant south from Mexico, finally inflicting it to be built-in into the delicacies of many different Latin American nations.
The chayote fruit is utilized in largely cooked varieties. When cooked, chayote is often dealt with like summer time squash, it’s typically frivolously cooked to retain the crisp taste[clarification needed]. Although uncommon and infrequently considered particularly unpalatable and difficult in texture, uncooked chayote could also be added to salads or salsas, most frequently marinated with lemon or lime juice. Whether or not uncooked or cooked, chayote is an efficient supply of amino acids and vitamin C.
Though most individuals are acquainted solely with the fruit as being edible, the foundation, stem, seeds and leaves are edible as nicely. The tubers of the plant are eaten like potatoes and different root greens, whereas the shoots and leaves are sometimes consumed in salads and stir fries, particularly in Asia. Like different members of the gourd household, corresponding to cucumbers, melons, and squash, chayote has a sprawling behavior, and it ought to solely be planted if there may be loads of room within the backyard. The roots are additionally extremely vulnerable to rot, particularly in containers, and the plant typically is finicky to develop. Nonetheless, in Australia and New Zealand, it’s an simply grown yard or backyard plant, set on a rooster wire assist or strung towards a fence.
In the commonest selection, the fruit is roughly pear-shaped, considerably flattened and with coarse wrinkles, starting from 10 to 20 cm in size. It appears like a inexperienced pear, and it has a skinny, inexperienced pores and skin fused with the inexperienced to white flesh, and a single, giant, flattened pit. Some varieties have spiny fruits. The flesh has a reasonably bland style, and a texture is described as a cross between a potato and a cucumber. Though typically discarded, the seed has a nutty taste and could also be eaten as a part of the fruit.
The chayote vine could be grown on the bottom, however as a climbing plant, it can develop into something, and might simply rise as excessive as 12 meters when assist is offered. It has heart-shaped leaves, 10–25 cm huge and tendrils on the stem. The plant bears male flowers in clusters and solitary feminine flowers. The plant’s fruit is gentle inexperienced and elongated with deep ridges lengthwise.
The plant was first recorded by trendy botanists in P. Browne’s 1756 work, the Civil and Pure Historical past of Jamaica. In 1763, it was categorized by Jacquin as Sicyos edulis and by Adanson as Chocho edulis. Swartz included it in 1800 in its present genus Sechium.
Culinary and medicinal makes use of
The fruit doesn’t have to be peeled to be cooked or fried in slices. Most individuals regard it as having a really delicate taste by itself (although some discover it unpalatable). It’s generally served with seasonings (e.g. salt, butter and pepper in Australia) or in a dish with different greens and/or flavorings. It may also be boiled, stuffed, mashed, baked, fried, or pickled in escabeche sauce. Each fruit and seed are wealthy in amino acids and vitamin C. Contemporary inexperienced fruit are agency and with out brown spots or indicators of sprouting. Smaller ones are extra tender.
The tuberous a part of the foundation is starchy and eaten like a yam (could be fried). It may be used as pig or cattle fodder, as nicely.
The leaves and fruit have diuretic, cardiovascular and anti inflammatory properties, and a tea made out of the leaves has been used within the remedy of arteriosclerosis and hypertension, and to dissolve kidney stones.
In Louisiana Creole and Cajun delicacies, the fruit, often known as mirliton (pronounced IPA: [ˈmɜːlɪtɒn]) additionally spelled mirletons or merletons (plural—the r is usually silent, e.g. Cajun me-lay-taw or city Creole miʁl-uh-tɔ̃ns) is a well-liked seasonal dish for the vacations, particularly round Thanksgiving, in quite a lot of recipes.
Chayote is a crucial a part of conventional diets throughout Mesoamerica, and could be present in quite a lot of dishes.
Within the Philippines, the plant is called “Sayote” and is grown totally on Mountainous a part of the nation corresponding to Benguet and elements of Cordillera Administrative Area. Chayote is utilized in many sorts of dishes corresponding to soup, stir-fried greens and chop suey.
In Indonesia, chayotes are referred to as labu siam and extensively planted for his or her shoots and fruit. It is typically utilized in Sundanese meals as “lalap” and one in all elements for Sundanese delicacies referred to as “sayur asem”.
In Taiwan, chayotes are extensively planted for his or her shoots, often known as lóng xü cài (龍鬚菜, actually “dragon-whisker vegetable”). Together with the younger leaves, the shoot is a generally consumed vegetable within the area.
In Thai delicacies, the plant is called sayongte (Thai: ซายองเต้) or fak maeo (Thai: ฟักแม้ว, actually which means “Miao melon”). It grows primarily within the mountains of northern Thailand. The younger shoots and greens are sometimes eaten stir-fried or in sure soups.
In Brazil and different Latin American nations, it’s breaded and fried, or used cooked in salads, soups and soufflés.
In Darjeeling, India and Nepal, the plant and fruit is known as ishkus (इस्कुस in Nepali), in all probability derived from the phrase squash. Its shoots, fruit and roots are extensively used for various kinds of curries.
Chayote can also be well-liked in South Indian delicacies. It’s popularly known as “Bangalore brinjal (Bengaluru vankayya)”, referred to as in Kannada as “seeme badanekai” – brinjal/eggplant/aubergine of the plateau. It’s utilized in vegetable stews like “sambar” and “palya”.
In Tamil Nadu in South India, it is called “chow chow” and extensively utilized in on a regular basis cooking for “sambar” or “kootu”. In Andhra Pradesh, it’s referred to as Bengaluru vankayya and offered in vegetable markets within the identify of “chow chow”.
In Réunion, the French abroad territory within the Indian Ocean close to Mauritius, chou chou, as it’s identified, is served in lots of dishes particularly within the highlands. A well-liked starter of Chou chou au Gratin (baked with a cheese sauce), as a aspect with a meal and at the same time as a desert.
In Australia, the place it’s referred to as choko, a persistent city legend is that McDonald’s apple pies have been product of chokos, not apples.[ This finally led McDonald’s to stress the truth that actual apples are used of their pies. This legend was primarily based on an earlier perception that tinned pears have been usually disguised chokos. A attainable clarification for the hearsay is that there are a variety of recipes in Australia that advise chokos can be utilized partially alternative of canned apples to make the fruit go farther in making apple pies. This doubtless arose due to the economies of “mock” meals substitutes in the course of the Despair Period, shortages of canned fruit within the years following World Conflict II, and the very fact apples don’t develop in lots of tropical and subtropical elements of Australia, making them scarce. Chokos, however, develop extensively in Australia, with many suburban backyards that includes choko vines rising alongside their fence strains.
One other attainable purpose for the hearsay of McDonald’s apple pies containing chokos was that it was thought that apples would degenerate and grow to be soggy and inedible in a McDonald’s pie, whereas chokos are well-known to retain their firmness and consistency after cooking, freezing, and reheating. It was thought that the “chunks” of apple within the pie have been the truth is chunks of choko, and the sauce and filling have been merely a spiced, apple-flavoured concoction.
On account of its purported cell-regenerative properties, it’s believed as a up to date legend that this fruit brought about the mummification of individuals from the Colombian city of San Bernardo who extensively consumed it. The very nicely preserved pores and skin and flesh could be seen within the mummies immediately.