Ceiba pentandra - Plant Finder

Ceiba pentandra – Plant Finder

Kind: Tree

Household: Malvaceae

Native Vary: South America, Africa

Zone: 10 to 12

Peak: 75.00 to 125.00 ft

Unfold: 35.00 to 75.00 ft

Bloom Time: February to March

Bloom Description: Creamy white to pink

Solar: Full solar

Water: Dry to medium

Upkeep: Medium

Instructed Use: Shade Tree

Flower: Showy, Aromatic

Fruit: Showy

Different: Winter Curiosity, Thorns

Tolerate: Drought


Winter hardy to USDA Zones 10-12. Illiberal of frost. Quick-growing tree. Greatest sited in moist well-drained soils in full solar. Water wants differ through the yr. Timber admire considerable moisture throughout their vegetative interval, however desire a lot much less moisture in winter through the dry season (December – February in southern Florida) when bushes have misplaced most of their leaves or are deciduous. Flowers sometimes start blooming in February close to the top of the dry season, adopted by fruiting. New foliage sometimes begins to seem shortly after flowering. Propagate from seed or cuttings.

Noteworthy Traits

Ceiba pentandra, generally often called kapok or silk-cotton tree, is a fast-growing (to 13’ per yr), deciduous (leaves drop through the dry season) tropical tree of the Bombax household that sometimes matures to 75-125’, however occasionally soars to as a lot as 230’ tall with a broad-spreading, considerably flattened crown consisting of practically horizontal branching. This massive tree is probably greatest often called being the supply of kapok which is a cotton-like, waterproof fiber harvested from the seed pods. Kapok was at one time a preferred down-like substance used as a stuffing for mattresses, life jackets, pillows, upholstery and as insulation. Though as soon as commercially in style, kapok fiber has now been largely changed by synthetics.

This tree is native to tropical America from Mexico south by way of Central America and the northern elements of South America to the Amazon basin. It most likely was launched into Africa a few years in the past, one concept being that unopened seed pods, which don’t sink in water, floated from jap Latin America to Africa. It’s believed to be the tallest tree on the continent of Africa. It’s now frequent in lots of areas of the tropics world wide.

Huge, straight, typically spiny trunks on mature bushes have broad spreading buttresses on the base. Trunk diameter on common dimension bushes will attain 6’ at maturity, however could lengthen to as a lot as 9’ or extra on giant bushes. Palmate compound leaves have 5-9 leaflets (every 3-7” lengthy) with all leaflets extending outward from a single level on the base of the leaf. Creamy white to pink flowers bloom in clusters earlier than the leaves seem. Flowers have bell-shaped calyces with 5 shallow lobes, 5 pubescent, rectangular to spatulate petals, and 5 stamens fused right into a tube. Pungent-smelling flowers appeal to bats which in flip assist pollinate the flowers. Fruits are ellipsoid woody capsules (3-6” lengthy and a pair of” diameter) every of which incorporates as much as 200 tiny seeds embedded in cotton-like kapok. Every tree could produce as much as 4,000 fruits every season, which quantities to lots of kapok (800,000 seeds per tree per season). Capsules break up open when ripe to launch the silky seeds that are simply distributed by wind.

Genus title comes from the Latinized model of the South American title for the silk cotton tree.

Particular epithet comes from the Greek phrases pente that means 5 and andro that means stamen in reference to plant flowers having 5 stamens.


No critical insect or illness issues.

Makes use of

This tree is just too giant for many residential landscapes. Good for parks. Shade tree in southern Florida and Hawaii.

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