Carpinus betulus Hornbeam, European hornbeam, Common Hornbeam, European Hornbeam PFAF Plant Database

Carpinus betulus Hornbeam, European hornbeam, Common Hornbeam, European Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus Hornbeam, European hornbeam, Common Hornbeam, European Hornbeam

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Bloom Shade: White.
Foremost Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Type: Oval, Vase.

Bodily Traits

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Carpinus betulus is a deciduous Tree rising to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium fee.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 5 and isn’t frost tender. It’s in flower from April to Could, and the seeds ripen in November. The species is monoecious (particular person flowers are both male or feminine, however each sexes will be discovered on the identical plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
It’s famous for attracting wildlife.
Appropriate for: gentle (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and may develop in heavy clay soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and primary (alkaline) soils and may develop in very alkaline soils.
It may possibly develop in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (gentle woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map



Woodland Backyard Cover; not Deep Shade; Hedge;

Edible Makes use of


Medicinal Makes use of

Vegetation For A Future can’t take any duty for any adversarial results from the usage of crops. At all times search recommendation from an expert earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.
Bach  Haemostatic  Ophthalmic

The leaves are haemostatic[7]. They’re utilized in exterior compresses to cease bleeding and heal wounds[7]. A distilled water constituted of the leaves is an efficient eye lotion[7]. The leaves are harvested in August and dried for later use[7]. The plant is utilized in Bach flower cures – the key phrases for prescribing it are ‘Tiredness’, ‘Weariness’ and ‘Psychological and bodily exhaustion'[209].


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Different Makes use of

Dye  Gas  Hedge  Hedge  Wooden

Vegetation will be grown as a medium to tall hedge, they maintain their useless leaves all through the winter if clipped a minimum of yearly in late summer time[11, 29, 186]. They shouldn’t be clipped in spring since they’ll bleed profusely[200]. A yellow dye is obtained from the bark[115]. Wooden – heavy, shut grained, onerous, very robust, very sturdy, not very sturdy in response to one other report. Used for flooring, cogs, instruments, piano mechanisms and so on[1, 11, 13, 46, 115]. A superb gasoline[6].

Particular Makes use of

Attracts Wildlife  Hedge  Hedge


Cultivation particulars

Panorama Makes use of:Espalier, Pest tolerant, Hedge, Superior hedge, Specimen, Avenue tree. Thrives in any good loam, together with chalk[1, 11], it doesn’t demand a lot gentle[186]. Prefers a deep open loam[1] and does nicely on damp clays[186]. Succeeds in all however probably the most acid soils[186]. Dormant timber are very chilly tolerant, the younger progress shouldn’t be often broken by late spring frosts[186]. The timber forged a deep shade[98, 186]. A really decorative plant[1]. Bushes are shallow-rooted[7]. The hornbeam has 28 species of related bugs[24]. Bushes take 10 – 20 years from seed earlier than they produce seed[98] and about 100 years to succeed in maturity[186]. At one time this tree was generally pollarded or coppiced for its wooden and for gasoline[11, 13, 186]. Particular Options:
Not North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.


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Seed – greatest sown in an outside seedbed as quickly as it’s ripe[78]. Germination is often good, although it might take 18 months[80]. If collected while nonetheless ‘inexperienced’ (after the seed is ripe however earlier than it has dried totally on the plant) and sown instantly it ought to germinate within the following spring[80]. Develop the crops on for 2 years within the seedbed after which plant them out into their everlasting positions within the winter. The typical seed viability is round 65%[98]. Pre-treat saved seed with four weeks heat and 12 weeks chilly stratification and sow in a chilly body[98]. When they’re giant sufficient to deal with, prick the seedlings out into particular person pots and develop them on in a chilly body till they’re a minimum of 15cm tall earlier than planting them into their everlasting positions.

Different Names

If accessible different names are talked about right here

Discovered In

International locations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the data is obtainable

Weed Potential

Proper plant unsuitable place. We’re at the moment updating this part.
Please be aware {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however could not in your space so it’s value checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Crimson Listing of Threatened Vegetation Standing :

Progress: S = sluggish M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = gentle (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = primary (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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Botanical References


Hyperlinks / References

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