icon of man

Bombax ceiba Red Silk Cotton Tree, Kapok Tree PFAF Plant Database

Translate this web page:


Kapok Tree, Bombax ceiba, is a fast-growing, tropical, massive tree as much as 20-25 m tall and spreads 8-15 m broad. It has an erect stem that develops buttresses when mature and an umbrella formed crown. The leaves are vibrant inexperienced, leathery, and rounded. The flowers are cup formed and crimson. The fruits are brown oval capsule. Plant elements like flowers, younger root, gum, leaves, shoots, and bark have medicinal properties and are used as remedy for varied situations and ailments like cholera, fractures, toothache, coughs, urinary issues, influenza, and snake bites amongst others. The flowers are edible when cooked and are extremely valued as a curry vegetable. Younger leaves are edible as properly and cooked and eaten as vegetable. Furthermore, ripe seeds and younger roots are roasted. Edible oil will be obtained from the seed, fibre from the internal bark, and gum containing tannins from the bark and sapling root. Seed oil can also be utilized in cleaning soap making.

Different frequent names embrace crimson silk cotton tree and silk cotton tree. Boichu, Bombax, Booruga, Boorunga, Bouro, Bula, Buroh, Edelsong, Illavam, Kaanti-senbal, Kantakadruma, Kantesavar, Katesawar, Kempu-booruga, Leptan, Malabulak, Mu mian, Mulilavu, Mullelava, Mullila-pula, Mullilavau, Mullilavu, Mullubooruga, Neibie, Nglo, Nuoliu, Pagun, Pan-ya, Panchu, Phakong, Pula-maram, Pulai, Rakta-pushpa, Crimson Silk Cotton tree, Roktosimul, Salmali, Samar, Sanar, Saur, Savar, Savri, Sawar, S?mul, Senur, Shembal, Shemolo, Shevari, Shevri, Shimla, Shimul cotton, Simal, Simalo, Simalu, Simla, Simlo, Simolu, Singi.

Bodily Traits

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Bombax ceiba is a deciduous Tree rising to 25 m (82ft) by 22 m (72ft) at a medium price.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. The flowers are pollinated by Birds, Bees.
It’s famous for attracting wildlife.
Appropriate for: gentle (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Appropriate pH: impartial and fundamental (alkaline) soils and may develop in very alkaline soils.
It can’t develop within the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map


Bombax malabaricum DC. Gossampinus malabarica (DC.) Merr. Salmalia malabarica (DC.) Schott & Endl.


Edible Makes use of

Edible Elements: Flowers  Interior bark  Leaves  Oil  Root  Seed  Seedpod
Edible Makes use of: Oil

Edible portion: Roots, Leaves, Flowers, Fruit, Seeds – oil, Gum. Flowers – cooked or pickled. They’re extremely valued as a curry vegetable[ 307 ]. The flower buds and the calyx of not totally opened flowers are eaten cooked as a vegetable[ 317 ]. Flowers are dried and pounded and used for bread additionally utilized in 5 flower tea. Younger leaves – cooked and eaten as a vegetable[ 404 ]. Ripe seeds are eaten roasted[ 301 , 317 ]. An edible fatty oil is obtained from the seed[ 301 ]. The seeds comprise 22-25% oil. Younger roots – The taproot is peeled and eaten uncooked or roasted[ 404 ]. Wealthy in starch[ 404 ]. Gum[ 404 ]. The buds, younger pods and roots of seedling will be eaten cooked. The younger bark is used as a famine meals.


Medicinal Makes use of

Crops For A Future can’t take any duty for any hostile results from using crops. All the time search recommendation from an expert earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.

The flowers are astringent and refrigerant[ 404 ]. They’re used to deal with cutaneous troubles[ 404 ]. The younger roots are diuretic and tonic[ 404 ]. They’re used within the remedy of cholera, tubercular fistula, coughs, urinary complaints, nocturnal air pollution, belly ache because of dysentery, and impotency[ 404 ]. The gum is astringent, demulcent and tonic[ 404 ]. It’s used within the remedy of dysentery, haemoptysis in pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza and menorrhagia[ 404 ]. The leaves are hypotensive and hypoglycaemic[ 404 ]. A decotion of the shoots have seemingly been used to deal with ulcers of the palate, syphilis, leprosy and spider or snake bites[ 404 ]. Mixed with the roots of Moghania macrophylla, the fruit of Terminalia chebula and borax, they’re used to deal with enlarged spleen; they’re mixed with Capparis zeylanica and Carissa carandas to deal with oedema; and with fenugreek to deal with corns on the foot[ 404 ]. The seedlings have reputed antipyretic exercise (when floor with just a few leaves of fistula and Semecarpus anacardium). They’re mixed with Vitis spp. (half not specified) to deal with carbuncle; and with Terminalia alata to deal with haematuria[ 404 ]. The knots or the stem are used on bleeding gums (cooked in mustard oil with the bark of Zyzyphus rugosa and Ichnocarpus frutescens after which eaten[ 404 ]). The bark is seemingly used in opposition to cholera (normally mixed with many different crops), pleurisy, stings and as a diuretic. It’s utilized in bandages for lasting fractures or given in infusion for toothache earlier than visiting the dentist[ 404 ].


Our new ebook Edible Shrubs is now out there.

Edible Shrubs gives detailed data, attractively introduced, on over 70 shrub species. They’ve been chosen to supply a mixture of totally different plant sizes and rising situations. Most present scrumptious and nutritious fruit, however many even have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or helpful oil.

Learn Extra

Edible Shrubs Book

Different Makes use of


Different makes use of ranking: Excessive (4/5). Massive Flowering Tree, Public Open Areas, Specimen, Xerophytic. Agroforestry Makes use of: A quick-growing plant, tolerant of full solar even when small and with a variety of makes use of, it may be used as a pioneer when restoring native woodland[ 404 , K ]. It can be used as a pioneer when establishing a big woodland backyard, having the ability to stay as a cover tree because the backyard matures[ 404 ]. Different Makes use of The seed floss is used as a stuffing materials for pillows, cushions and so forth[ 310 , 454 ]. It’s thought of to be vermin-proof[ 404 ]. Waterproof and buoyant, it may be used because the filling in life jackets[ 418 ]. It’s typically additionally as an insulating materials in fridges and so forth; can be utilized as a packing materials; and has sound-proofing properties[ 317 , 404 ]. It’s of decrease high quality than the floss obtained from Ceiba pentandra[ 320 ]. A fibre is obtained from the internal bark[ 598 ]. It’s appropriate for cordage[ 454 , 598 ]. A clear gum exudes from the bark and sapling root[ 307 ]. It’s known as ‘Gum of Malabar'[ 46 ]. The gum incorporates tannins[ 404 ]. The gum will be blended with ashes and castor oil, and is then used as a cement for caulking iron saucepans[ 404 ]. An oil obtained from the seed is used to make cleaning soap and for illumination and so forth[ 317 , 418 ]. It may be used as an alternative to cottonseed oil[ 404 ]. The fibrous bark is used for making ropes[ 320 ]. The greyish, dark-streaked wooden is coarse-textured, straight-grained, gentle in weight, very comfortable and pithy[ 310 , 404 ]. It may be used to make packing circumstances, toys, matches, pencils and so forth[ 317 , 320 ]. Massive trunks are sometimes hollowed out to make canoes[ 307 ]. The wooden has been beneficial as a supply of cellulose[ 46 ]. This plant is enticing to bees, butterflies and/or birds.

Particular Makes use of

Carbon Farming


Cultivation particulars

Industrial Crop: Fiber  Administration: Customary  Regional Crop

A plant of the tropical, humid lowlands[ 320 ]. It grows finest in areas the place annual daytime temperatures are throughout the vary 28 – 42°c, although it could actually tolerate 5 – 49°c[ 418 ]. It could possibly resist occasional gentle frosts, with new development being killed at -1°c, however dormant development being tolerant all the way down to -3°c[ 418 , 598 ]. It prefers a imply annual rainfall of 750 – 4,000mm, tolerating 500 – 5,000mm and preferring a definite dry season[ 418 ]. Grows finest in a sunny place[ 307 ]. Prefers a deep, wealthy, well-drained soil, however tolerating a variety of situations[ 307 , 404 ]. Established crops are drought tolerant[ 307 ], and also can face up to occasional inundation of the soil[ 404 ]. Prefers a pH within the vary 5.5 – 6.5, tolerating 4.9 – 7.2[ 418 ]. A quick-growing plant, particularly when younger[ 404 ]. The plant can start flowering when round 8 – 10 years outdated from seed[ 404 ]. The plant produces suckers, particularly when younger, although they usually die after 2 – Three years, particularly because the tree grows older[ 404 ]. Younger timber will be coppiced, however older timber will usually fail to develop again after being reduce down[ 404 ]. The tree has a thick bark which acts as an insulation and permits it to get well from fires[ 404 , 598 ].

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Fiber 
    Clothes, rugs, sheets, blankets and so forth. Presently, nearly none of our fiber are produced from perennial crops however might be!
  • Administration: Customary 
    Crops develop to their commonplace peak. Harvest fruit, seeds, or different merchandise. Non-Harmful administration programs.
  • Regional Crop 
    These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally however haven’t been adopted elsewhere and are sometimes not traded globally, Examples on this broad class embrace perennial cottons and plenty of nuts and staple fruits.


Temperature Converter

Sort a price within the Celsius area to transform the worth to Fahrenheit:



Crops For A Future have plenty of books out there in paperback and digital type. Guide titles embrace Edible Crops, Edible Perennials, Edible Timber, and Woodland Gardening. Our new ebook to be launched quickly is Edible Shrubs.

Store Now


Seed – sown contemporary, with out pre-treatment, they’ve a excessive germination price[ 404 ]. Some stories counsel germination charges will be improved by pre-soaking the seeds for 12 hours previous to sowing[ 404 ], that is prone to discuss with seeds which have dried considerably[ K ]. Seeds will be sown in a sunny place, both in situ or in nursery beds. Sprouting takes place in 10 – 25 days[ 404 ]. Transplant 5cm tall seedlings to particular person containers and plant out 12 months later[ 404 ]. Cuttings of half-ripe wooden.

Different Names

If out there different names are talked about right here

Kapok Tree, Bombax ceiba. Different frequent names embrace crimson silk cotton tree and silk cotton tree. Boichu, Bombax, Booruga, Boorunga, Bouro, Bula, Buroh, Edelsong, Illavam, Kaanti-senbal, Kantakadruma, Kantesavar, Katesawar, Kempu-booruga, Leptan, Malabulak, Mu mian, Mulilavu, Mullelava, Mullila-pula, Mullilavau, Mullilavu, Mullubooruga, Neibie, Nglo, Nuoliu, Pagun, Pan-ya, Panchu, Phakong, Pula-maram, Pulai, Rakta-pushpa, Crimson Silk Cotton tree, Roktosimul, Salmali, Samar, Sanar, Saur, Savar, Savri, Sawar, SŽmul, Senur, Shembal, Shemolo, Shevari, Shevri, Shimla, Shimul cotton, Simal, Simalo, Simalu, Simla, Simlo, Simolu, Singi.

Discovered In

Nations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the data is on the market

Discovered In: Africa, Andamans, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Burma, Cambodia, Central America, China, East Africa, East Timor, Hawaii, Himalayas, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Iraq, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Northeastern India, Pacific, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, PNG, SE Asia, Sikkim, Solomon Islands, South America, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, USA, Vietnam, West Indies.

Weed Potential

Proper plant incorrect place. We’re at present updating this part.
Please observe {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however might not in your space so it’s value checking.

None Recognized

Conservation Standing

IUCN Crimson Record of Threatened Crops Standing : This taxon has not but been assessed.

Progress: S = gradual M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = gentle (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = fundamental (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


Print Friendly and PDF

Knowledgeable remark



Botanical References

Hyperlinks / References

For a listing of references used on this web page please go right here

A particular because of Ken Fern for among the data used on this web page.

Readers remark

QR Code

What’s this?

It is a QR code (brief for Fast Response) which provides fast-track entry to our web site pages. QR Codes are barcodes that may be learn by cell phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is exclusive to this web page. All plant pages have their very own distinctive code. For extra details about QR Codes click on right here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, ebook, web site, magazines, newspaper and so forth and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone customers scan the QR Code which routinely takes them to the webpage the QR Code got here from.

3. Smartphone customers rapidly have data on a plant straight for the pfaf.org web site on their telephone.

Add a remark

When you’ve got essential details about this plant that will assist different customers please add a remark or hyperlink beneath. Solely feedback or hyperlinks which can be felt to be straight related to a plant will probably be included. If you happen to assume a remark/hyperlink or data contained on this web page is inaccurate or deceptive we might welcome your suggestions at [email protected] When you’ve got questions on a plant please use the Discussion board on this web site as we do not need the assets to reply questions ourselves.

* Please observe: the feedback by web site customers should not essentially these held by PFAF and should give deceptive or inaccurate data.

To depart a remark please Register or login right here All feedback must be permitted so is not going to seem instantly.

Topic : Bombax ceiba
Author: admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *