Asimina triloba Papaw PFAF Plant Database

Asimina triloba Papaw

Asimina triloba Papaw

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Bloom Shade: Purple.
Predominant Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring.

Bodily Traits

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Asimina triloba is a deciduous Shrub rising to 4.5 m (14ft) by Four m (13ft) at a sluggish charge.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 5. It’s in flower from Could to June, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has each female and male organs). The plant is just not self-fertile.
It’s famous for attracting wildlife.
Appropriate for: medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and fundamental (alkaline) soils. It could develop in semi-shade (gentle woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map


Annona triloba.


Woodland Backyard Sunny Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Makes use of

Edible Components: Fruit
Edible Makes use of:

Edible fruit – uncooked or cooked[2, 3, 11, 46, 62, 99]. An excellent measurement, it may be as much as 16cm lengthy and 4cm huge[82, 200]. Of variable high quality, some varieties (with orange skins) are beautiful with the flavour of banana custard while others (with yellow, white or darkish brown skins) could be disagreeable[57, 85, 183]. One other report says that the white fruits are mildly flavoured and later ripening than the orange fruits[227]. The fruit will also be used for making preserves, pies, ice cream and different candy desserts[183]. The fruit falls from the tree in autumn and is then saved till totally ripe[227]. The fruit could cause gastro-intestinal upsets for some folks[274].


Medicinal Makes use of

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Antiemetic  Diuretic  Emetic  Laxative  Narcotic  Parasiticide

The fruit is used as a laxative[222]. The leaves are diuretic[222]. They’re utilized externally to boils, ulcers and abscesses[4, 222]. The seed accommodates the alkaline asiminine, which is emetic and narcotic[222, 227]. They’ve been powdered and utilized to hair to kill lice[222]. The bark is a bitter tonic[4]. It accommodates the alkaline analobine, which is used medicinally[227].


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Different Makes use of

Dye  Fibre  Insecticide  Parasiticide  Wooden

A fibre from the interior bark is used for making robust rope and string[61, 82, 227, 257]. The seed has insecticidal properties[222]. A yellow dye is produced from the ripe flesh of the fruit[229]. Wooden – gentle, gentle, weak, spongy, coarse grained[82]. It weighs 24lb per cubic foot[227]. It isn’t used commercially[229]. Panorama Makes use of: Border, Pest tolerant, Specimen, Woodland Forest backyard – understory tree. Shelter for wildlife [1-2].

Particular Makes use of

Meals Forest


Cultivation particulars

Pawpaw is a forest understory tree. Prefers a wealthy loamy soil with loads of moisture and a sunny place[1, 134, 160]. Full solar to half shade. Pawpaw is shade tolerant and would favor some afternoon shade from different bushes or maybe the shade of a constructing. Spreads by root suckers to type colonies, so give it room to unfold ( Crops are hardy to about -20°c in keeping with one report[184], while one other says that they’re hardy to -35°c when totally dormant[160]. The papaw produces a scrumptious edible fruit which is a doubtlessly industrial crop[61]. The wild-collected fruit is commonly offered in native markets in America[82]. The tree commences bearing in 4 – 6 years from seed and yields as much as 30 kilos per tree[160]. There are some named varieties[183]. The mature fruit is never seen in Britain[182], solely ripening after an extended sizzling summer season[200]. A small tree rising towards a south-facing wall at Bristol Botanical Gardens had a small crop of immature fruit in early September 1996 (following the new summer season of 1995) – this was the primary time it had been seen to bear fruit[K]. Flowers are fashioned within the leaf axils of wooden produced the earlier summer season[82, 229]. Established vegetation resent root disturbance, the most effective vegetation are obtained by planting them out into their everlasting positions as younger as attainable although younger vegetation must be given some safety for his or her first yr or two[200]. The leaves emit a heavy disagreeable odour when crushed[82, 229]. Crops are untroubled by pests or illnesses[160]. Particular Options:North American native, Attracts butterflies, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms. The plant is warmth tolerant in zones eight via 6. (Plant Hardiness Zones present how properly vegetation face up to chilly winter temperatures.
Plant Warmth Zones present when vegetation would begin affected by the warmth.
The Plant Warmth Zone map is predicated on the variety of “warmth days” skilled in a given space the place the temperature climbs to over 86 levels F (30°C).
At this temperature, many vegetation start to endure physiological injury. Warmth Zones vary from 1 (no warmth days) to 12 (210 or extra warmth days).
For instance Warmth Zone. 11-1 signifies that the plant is warmth tolerant in zones 11 via 1). For polyculture design in addition to the above-ground structure (type – tree, shrub and so on. and measurement proven above) info on the behavior and root sample can also be helpful and given right here if accessible. The plant development behavior is suckering with suckers despatched up away from the trunk from rhizomes, roots, or stolons [1-2]. For polyculture design in addition to the above-ground structure (type – tree, shrub and so on. and measurement proven above) info on the behavior and root sample can also be helpful and given right here if accessible. The basis sample is a coronary heart root, dividing from the crown into a number of main roots taking place and out [1-2]. The basis sample is a faucet root just like a carrot going instantly down [1-2]. The basis sample is suckering with new vegetation from underground runners away from the plant [1-2]. Type: Rounded, Upright or erect. Flowers are strongly protogynous, self-incompatible and require cross-pollination. Nonetheless, some bushes could also be self-compatible; it is a wonderful thought to plant two or extra bushes for cross-pollination.


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Seed – finest sown as quickly as it’s ripe in a chilly body[200]. The seed often germinates in 1 – three months at 15°c[134]. Saved seed requires stratification, it has embryo dormancy and an impermeable seedcoat and may take as much as 18 months to germinate[113, 134]. Dried seed shortly loses its viability. As quickly because the seedlings are massive sufficient to deal with, prick them out into particular person pots and develop them on within the greenhouse for t least their first winter. If attempting them outdoor, plant them into their everlasting positions in early summer season as soon as the vegetation are greater than 15cm tall. Take into account giving them some safety from winter chilly for his or her first winter outdoor. Layering.

Different Names

If accessible different names are talked about right here

Also called: Annona triloba, Asimina, Asiminier, Asiminier Trilobé, Asiminier de Virginie, Banane du Pauvre Homme, Custard Apple, Canine-Banana, Papaye Américaine, Papaye American, Papaye Nordique, Pawpaw, Paw Paw.

Discovered In

Nations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the data is on the market

Afghanistan, Australia, Britain, Canada, Europe, North America (native), Tasmania, USA [1-4]. A Missouri native small understory tree [2-2]. The USDA database lists Asimina triloba (pawpaw ) as native to among the L48 (Decrease 48 States), and Canada.

Weed Potential

Proper plant flawed place. We’re at present updating this part.
Please be aware {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however might not in your space so it’s price checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Purple Listing of Threatened Crops Standing :

Progress: S = sluggish M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = gentle (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = fundamental (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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Botanical References


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