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Argania spinosa – Useful Tropical Plants

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(L.) Skeels

Sapotaceae

Argania sideroxylon Roem. & Schult.

Sideroxylon argan (Retz.) Baill.

Sideroxylon spinosum L.

Verlangia argan (Retz.) Neck. ex Raf.

Widespread Title:

Argania spinosa

Fruiting and flowering branches
{Photograph} by: Not identified
Inventive Commons Attribution 2.5

Normal Info

Argania spinosa is a spiny, evergreen often rising 4 – 10 metres tall however exceptionally reaching 21 metres. The bole will be 100cm in diameter[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. The knotty trunk can typically have a number of criss-crossed stems[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
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Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].
The tree is an important native supply of a top quality edible oil. The tree is typically cultivated as an oil crop and this cultivation is spreading to areas exterior its native vary[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

,

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].

Recognized Hazards

None identified

Botanical References

Vary

Northwest Africa – Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania.

Habitat

Slopes of tough hills, seeming to thrive between the rocks on poor soil, at elevations as much as 1,500 metres[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
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Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Properties

Cultivation Particulars

A plant of very arid areas, primarily within the subtropical areas of northwest Africa, however simply getting into the tropics in Mauritania, the place it’s discovered at elevations as much as 1,500 metre[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
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ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. It grows finest in areas the place annual daytime temperatures are inside the vary 20 – 30°c, however can tolerate 10 – 35°c[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. Mature vegetation will be killed by temperatures of -2°c or decrease, however new progress is severely broken at 0°c[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. It prefers a imply annual rainfall within the vary 200 – 300mm, however tolerates 100 – 400mm[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
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0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].
Requires a sunny place[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
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0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. Succeeds in a variety of soils, together with very poor, dry soils[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
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0
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Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. The tree is nicely suited to calcareous soils, sandy deposits and comparatively poor semi desert soils circumstances however not drifting sands or water-logged soils[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]. Prefers a pH within the vary 6.5 – 7.5, tolerating 6 – 8[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
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0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. Established vegetation are very drought tolerant – they’ll shed their foliage and stay in a state of dormancy for a number of years throughout extended droughts[

418

Title
Ecocrop
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Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
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Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].
Timber might begin to bear when 5 – 6 years previous from seed, and attain most manufacturing on the age of 60 years[

418

Title
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Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
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Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].
Common fruit yield could also be about Eight kg per tree[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
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0
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Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].
An extended-lived species, with bushes residing for 200 – 400 years[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
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ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].
Timber reply very nicely to coppicing[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
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Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Edible Makes use of

An edible oil is obtained from the seed[

418

Title
Ecocrop
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Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
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Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. The white seeds comprise as much as 50% of a lightweight brown oil[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]. This oil is a superb supply of vitamin E, and has a excessive dietary worth within the human food regimen. The locals combine oil with almonds and honey to make an almond butter; it additionally blended with wheat germ and honey to make gruel[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].
The residue from the kernels, after oil extraction, is a thick chocolate-coloured paste known as ‘amlou’ which is sweetened and served as a dip for bread at breakfast time in Berber households. Its flavour is just like that of peanut butter[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Medicinal

The oil from the seeds is wealthy in vitamin E and has properties which decrease blood-cholesterol ranges, stimulate circulation of the blood, facilitate digestion and strengthen the physique’s pure defences. It’s used as a remedy for rooster pox, to deal with juvenile pimples and assist take away stretch marks on pregnant girl[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Agroforestry Makes use of:

Argania spinosa shields skinny soils from erosion, particularly in overgrazed lands. Its deep roots assist to bind the soil, facilitate water infiltration and replenish floor water, thus serving to to stabilise environmental circumstances[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

,

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].
The tree supplies useful shade for people and livestock as nicely defending pasture grasses from the acute evapotranspiration that may consequence from direct publicity to daylight[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].
Argan woodlands kind a inexperienced belt that features as a buffer in opposition to desert development in southern Morocco[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].
The plant is used for fencing and windbreaks

Different Makes use of

An oil obtained from the seed is used for lighting and to make cleaning soap[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].

The wooden may be very onerous, heavy and sturdy. It is rather resistant to wreck from wood-eating organisms[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

]. It’s utilized in carpentry, for making agricultural implements and constructing poles[

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].
The wooden is a goof gasoline and makes an excellent charcoal[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

,

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. The seed shells are additionally burnt as a gasoline[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Propagation

Seed –

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