Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon, Saskatoon serviceberry, Serviceberry PFAF Plant Database

Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon, Saskatoon serviceberry, Serviceberry

(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Vegetation For A Future

Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon, Saskatoon serviceberry, Serviceberry (c) 2010 Ken Fern & Vegetation For A Future

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Bloom Shade: White.
Fundamental Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Type: Upright or erect.

Bodily Traits

 icon of manicon of shrub
Amelanchier alnifolia is a deciduous Shrub rising to Four m (13ft) by Three m (9ft) at a medium fee.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 2 and isn’t frost tender. It’s in flower in Could, and the seeds ripen from June to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has each female and male organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile.
Appropriate for: gentle (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and may develop in heavy clay soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and primary (alkaline) soils. It could develop in semi-shade (gentle woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map


Aronia alnifolia.


Woodland Backyard Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Makes use of

Edible Components: Fruit
Edible Makes use of: Tea

Edible fruit – uncooked or cooked[3, 11, 46, 62, 101]. The fruit ripens in mid summer time (early July in southern Britain), it’s mushy and juicy with a number of small seeds within the centre. A really good candy flavour that’s loved by virtually everybody who tries it, there’s a trace of apple within the style[K]. In regards to the measurement of a blackcurrant, the fruit is produced in small clusters and the very best wild varieties might be 15mm in diameter[200, 212]. The fruit can be dried and used as raisins or made into pemmican[101, 183]. The fruit is wealthy in iron and copper[226]. The leaves are a tea substitute[161, 257].


Medicinal Makes use of

Vegetation For A Future cannot take any duty for any hostile results from using vegetation. At all times search recommendation from knowledgeable earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.
Appetizer  Birthing support  Contraceptive  Diaphoretic  Febrifuge  Laxative  Ophthalmic  Stomachic

Saskatoon was fairly broadly employed as a medicinal herb by the North American Indians, who used it to deal with a variety of minor complaints[257]. It’s little utilized in fashionable herbalism. An infusion of the internal bark is used as a therapy for snow-blindness[172]. A decoction of the fruit juice is mildly laxative. It has been used within the therapy of upset stomachs, to revive the urge for food in kids, additionally it is utilized externally as ear and eye drops[257]. A decoction of the roots has been used within the therapy of colds[257]. It has additionally been used as a therapy for too frequent menstruation[257]. A decoction of the stems, mixed with the stems of snowberry (Symphoricarpos spp) is diaphoretic. It has been used to induce sweating within the therapy of fevers, flu and so on and in addition within the therapy of chest pains and lung infections[257]. A decoction of the plant, along with bitter cherry (Prunus emarginata) has been used as a contraceptive[257]. Different recipes involving this plant have additionally been used as contraceptives together with a decoction of the ashes of the plant mixed with the ashes of pine branches or buds[257]. A robust decoction of the bark was taken instantly after childbirth to hasten the dropping of the placenta. It was mentioned to assist clear out and assist heal the lady’s insides and in addition to cease her menstrual intervals after the start, thus performing as a type of contraception[257].


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Different Makes use of

Shelterbelt  Soil stabilization

Vegetation have a spreading, suckering root system and are utilized in windbreaks for erosion management[200]. Younger branches might be twisted to make a rope[257]. Wooden – arduous, straight grained, powerful. Used for software handles and so on. The wooden might be made even tougher by heating it over a hearth and it’s simply moulded while nonetheless sizzling[99]. The younger stems are used to make rims, handles and as a stiffening in basket making[257]. Panorama Makes use of: Erosion management, Massing, Woodland backyard. Hedging & Screens, Architectural Metropolis & Courtyard Gardens Cottage & Casual Backyard, Wildlife Gardens (RHS).

Particular Makes use of

Meals Forest


Cultivation particulars

Prefers a wealthy loamy soil in a sunny place or semi-shade[1, 200] however thrives in any soil that isn’t too dry or water-logged[11]. Vegetation are pretty lime tolerant[200], additionally they develop nicely in heavy clay soils. Hardy to about -20°c in keeping with one report[184], while one other means that this species is hardy to about -50°c[11]. All members of this genus have edible fruits and, while that is dry and uninteresting in some species, in lots of others it’s candy and juicy. Lots of the species have potential to be used within the backyard as edible ornamentals. This species is especially attention-grabbing as a result of it’s fairly compact and produces a wonderful high quality fairly giant fruit[K]. The primary draw-back to this genus is that birds adore the fruit and can typically fully strip a tree earlier than it’s absolutely ripe[K]. A really variable species, starting from a thicket-forming shrub to a small tree within the wild[229]. It’s sometimes cultivated for its edible fruit, there are a number of named varieties[183]. A stoloniferous species, spreading by suckers to kind a thicket[11]. Hybridizes freely with different members of this genus[200]. Grafting onto seedlings of A. lamarckii or Sorbus aucuparia is usually practised with the intention to keep away from the potential downside of hybridizing[1]. Particular Options:North American native, Blooms are very showy. The plant is warmth tolerant in zones Eight by 3. (Plant Hardiness Zones present how nicely vegetation stand up to chilly winter temperatures.
Plant Warmth Zones present when vegetation would begin affected by the warmth.
The Plant Warmth Zone map relies on the variety of “warmth days” skilled in a given space the place the temperature climbs to over 86 levels F (30°C).
At this temperature, many vegetation start to undergo physiological injury. Warmth Zones vary from 1 (no warmth days) to 12 (210 or extra warmth days).
For instance Warmth Zone. 11-1 signifies that the plant is warmth tolerant in zones 11 by 1.) For polyculture design in addition to the above-ground structure (kind – tree, shrub and so on. and measurement proven above) data on the behavior and root sample can be helpful and given right here if obtainable. The plant development behavior is multistemmed with a number of stems from the crown [1-2]. The basis sample is stoloniferous rooting from creeping stems above the bottom [1-2].


Temperature Converter

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Seed – it’s best harvested ‘inexperienced’, when the seed is absolutely fashioned however earlier than the seed coat has hardened, after which sown instantly in pots outdoor or in a chilly body. If saved seed is obtained early sufficient within the autumn, it may be given Four weeks heat stratification earlier than being not noted within the winter and it ought to then germinate within the spring. In any other case seed might be very gradual to germinate, maybe taking 18 months or extra. When giant sufficient to deal with, prick the seedlings out into particular person pots and develop them on in a sheltered out of doors place, planting them out as soon as they’re 20cm or extra tall. If there may be adequate seed it’s best to sow it thinly in an outside seedbed[78, 80]. Develop the seedlings on for 2 years within the seedbed earlier than planting them out into their everlasting positions through the winter. Layering in spring – takes 18 months[78]. Division of suckers in late winter. The suckers have to have been rising for two years earlier than you dig them up, in any other case they won’t have fashioned roots. They are often planted out straight into their everlasting positions if required.

Different Names

If obtainable different names are talked about right here

Alderleaf serviceberry, Dwarf Service-berry, Saskatoon berry, Juneberry, Service berry [1-4].

Discovered In

Nations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the knowledge is accessible

Alaska, Australia, Canada, North America, Tasmania, USA[1-4]. UK (RHS).

Weed Potential

Proper plant incorrect place. We’re at the moment updating this part.
Please observe {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however could not in your space so it’s price checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Pink Checklist of Threatened Vegetation Standing :

Associated Vegetation
Latin Title Frequent Title Behavior Top Hardiness Development Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Different
Amelanchier alnifolia cusickii Cusick’s Serviceberry Shrub 3.0 0-0   LMH SN M 4 1 0
Amelanchier alnifolia semiintegrifolia Pacific Serviceberry Shrub 3.0 0-0 S LMH SN M 5 1 1
Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry, Alabama serviceberry, Juneberry, Frequent Serviceberry, Downy Serviceberry Tree 10.0 5-8 S LMH SN M 3 1 2
Amelanchier asiatica Korean Juneberry Tree 8.0 4-8   LMH SN M 3 0  
Amelanchier bartramiana Oblongfruit serviceberry Shrub 3.0 4-8   LMH SN M 3 0 0
Amelanchier basalticola Dwarf Service-berry Shrub 3.0 4-8   LMH SN M 4 0 0
Amelanchier canadensis Juneberry, Canadian serviceberry, Serviceberry Downy, Shadblow, Shadbush, Serviceberry Shrub 6.0 4-7 M LMH SN M 4 1 4
Amelanchier confusa   Shrub 3.0 4-8   LMH SN M 5 0 0
Amelanchier humilis Low serviceberry Shrub 1.8 4-8   LMH SN M 3 0  
Amelanchier huroensis   Tree 6.0 5-9   LMH SN M 3 0  
Amelanchier inside Pacific serviceberry Tree 9.0 5-9   LMH SN M 3 0  
Amelanchier intermedia June berry, Shrub 6.0 4-8   LMH SN M 3 0 0
Amelanchier laevis Allegheny Shadberry, Allegheny serviceberry, Easy Serviceberry Shrub 9.0 5-8 M LMH SN M 5 1 2
Amelanchier lamarckii Apple Serviceberry Shrub 6.0 3-3   LMH SN M 5 0 0
Amelanchier obovalis Southern Juneberry, Coastal serviceberry Tree 1.5 5-9   LMH SN M 3 0 1
Amelanchier ovalis Snowy Mespilus, Dwarf Backyard Serviceberry Shrub 5.0 5-7 S LMH N M 2 0  
Amelanchier ovalis integrifolia   Shrub 4.0 5-9   LMH SN M 2 0  
Amelanchier pallida Pale Serviceberry Shrub 4.0   LMH SN M 3 1  
Amelanchier parviflora   Shrub 2.0 4-8   LMH N M 2 0  
Amelanchier sanguinea Roundleaf Serviceberry, Gaspé serviceberry Shrub 3.0 4-8   LMH SN DM 3 0  
Amelanchier spicata   Shrub 2.0 4-8   LMH SN M 3 0  
Amelanchier stolonifera Quebec Berry, Operating serviceberry Shrub 1.5 4-8   LMH SN DM 5 1 0
Amelanchier utahensis Utah Serviceberry, Coville’s serviceberry Shrub 5.0 3-7   LMH SN DM 3 1 2
Amelanchier weigandii   Shrub 5.0 5-9   LMH SN M 3 0  
Amelanchier x grandiflora Apple Serviceberry Shrub 6.0 4-7 S LMH SN M 5 0 0

Development: S = gradual M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = gentle (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = primary (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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Professional remark


(Nutt.)Nutt. ex M.Roem.

Botanical References


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