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Afrocarpus gracilior – Useful Tropical Plants

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(Pilg.) C.N.Web page

Podocarpaceae

Afrocarpus gracilior has been handled as a synonym of the south African species Afrocarpus falcatus by some botanists. Nevertheless, these species will not be solely geographically separated but in addition distinct in a number of, albeit minor, morphological characters. They’re maintained as separate species right here following Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World’s Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Afrocarpus falcatus gracilior (Pilg.) Silba

Decussocarpus gracilior (Pilg.) de Laub.

Nageia falcata gracilior (Pilg.) Silba

Podocarpus gracilior Pilg.

Frequent Title:

Basic Info

Afrocarpus gracilior is an evergreen tree with a broad, domed crown growing in mature bushes; it grows as much as 40 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole may be 250cm in diameter[

329

Title
The Gymnosperm Database
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Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
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0
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Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

].
An vital timber tree in japanese Africa, the place the timber is exported in addition to used regionally.
Afrocarpus gracilior has a large distribution in northeast and east Africa and is frequent in lots of locations. Deforestation, fairly than selective logging, seems to be the main risk to this species, however its very huge distribution and commonality make it unlikely to be threatened with extinction. The plant is classed as ‘Least Concern’ within the IUCN Crimson Checklist of Threatened Species(2013)[

338

Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.

].

Identified Hazards

None recognized

Botanical References

329

Title
The Gymnosperm Database
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Creator
 
Web site
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Writer
 
Yr
0
ISBN
 
Description
An unlimited quantity of knowledge on conifers and households of gymnosperms.

Vary

Jap tropical Africa – Ethiopia, Sudan, DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania

Habitat

A co-dominant tree in montane evergreen rainforest; at elevations from 1,500 – 2,600 metres[[

338

Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.

].

Properties

Cultivation Particulars

Inside the vary of Afrocarpus gracilior, the imply annual temperature is 16.8°c, with a mean minimal within the coldest month of 8.7°c, and a imply annual precipitation of 1148mm. The plant can stand up to gentle frosts when dormant, tolerating occasional temperatures falling to between -1°c and +4.4°c[

329

Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

].
Succeeds in solar or gentle shade, younger vegetation tolerating pretty deep shade[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

]. Prefers a well-drained, deep, humus-rich and light-textured soil[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

]. Prefers a pH within the vary 5 – 7, tolerating 4.5 – 7.5[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

,

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

]. Vegetation can’t tolerate drought[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].
This species has been launched from Ethiopia as a forestry plantation tree into different international locations, together with India, the place trial plantations at Dehra Dun have been begun within the early years of the 20 th century[

338

Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.

].
In northern Ethiopia it is usually usually planted in church compounds to supply shade and shelter for the congregation[

338

Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.

]. It’s a reasonably frequent decorative in southern California, and maybe in different heat areas[

329

Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

].
When transplanting the seedling into the open floor, care have to be taken to not harm the taproot, as it is going to lead to a protracted interval, typically as much as a 12 months, throughout which the tree will present no development[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].
A quick rising species, with a imply annual increment of as much as 1 metre for the primary 15 years; the expansion fee is increased beneath pure circumstances in increased rainfall areas and may be very quick beneath backyard circumstances[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].
Timber can start fruiting when they’re about 10 years previous from seed[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

]. It will possibly take about 12 months for the seed to develop and it could then cling on the tree for a substantial time[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

]. There may be usually heavy seeding at intervals of two – Four years[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].
On good websites bushes ought to be giant sufficient for harvesting for his or her wooden 40 – 50 years after planting[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].
Timber reside for a very long time – maybe 600 years[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].
A dioecious species – each female and male kinds have to be grown if fruit and seed are required[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].

Edible Makes use of

The ripe fruit is edible, however resinous[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

,

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].

Edible oil has been extracted from the seeds in Ethiopia[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].

Medicinal

The bark and seeds are utilized in conventional medication[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].

Bark decoctions or infusions are used as anodyne, additionally to deal with diarrhoea and stomach-ache[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

, ].
A bark decoction can also be utilized to itching rash[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].

Pulverized seeds are utilized to deal with tuberculoid meningitis and sunburn[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].

In Ethiopia the seed oil is used within the therapy of gonorrhoea[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

,

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

The sap is used as a treatment for chest complaints[

295

Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.

,

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

].

Agroforestry Makes use of:

The tree could be very helpful for soil safety towards water erosion[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].
Additionally it is planted to supply shade, shelter and as a windbreak[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].

Different Makes use of

The bark has been used for tanning, though it solely incorporates 3 – 6% tannin[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].

The leaves comprise podolide, which is a most important ingredient for an insecticide[

303

Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant – its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.

,

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].

The heartwood is pale yellow to pale yellowish brown, and never distinctly demarcated from the sapwood. The grain is straight, sometimes spirally, texture nice and even[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

]. The wooden is reasonably light-weight; straightforward to noticed and work, each by machine and hand instruments, with little dulling results on slicing edges; it may be planed to a clean end; the wooden tends to separate upon nailing, and pre-boring is really useful; the gluing, portray, varnishing and marking properties are reasonably good. The wooden just isn’t sturdy, being prone to blue stain, powder-post beetle, pinhole borer, longhorn beetle, termite and marine borer assaults. The wooden is very valued for ship constructing, however it is usually used for poles, panelling, furnishings, bins, veneer and plywood. It’s appropriate for building, flooring, joinery, inside trim, mine props, car our bodies, railway sleepers, toys, novelties, agricultural implements, musical devices, meals containers, vats, turnery, hardboard and particle board[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

].
The wooden is an effective gas[

299

Title
Protabase – Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.

,

418

Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.

].

Propagation

Seed – stays viable for a number of years in regular storage.
The seed has two kinds of dormancy; a chemical, which is overcome by eradicating the fleshy layer and a mechanical, imposed by the onerous seedcoat. To make sure a excessive and even germination the seedcoat have to be damaged and eliminated. This may be achieved in a vice however it is vitally time-consuming. Freshly collected seeds will usually germinate nicely, as much as 60% in 9 weeks, even with seedcoat however as soon as the seeds have been dried, germination can take greater than six months except the seedcoat is eliminated. Some experiences say that soaking in saturated salt water simply earlier than sowing can enhance germination. Others advocate stratification between two layers of compost for 3 – 5 days in an effort to weaken the seedcoat[]. The seeds are sown immediately in nursery luggage or in seedbeds in a combination of compost and sand (1:1). The seed have to be pushed into the combination and coated with a nice layer of soil. The combination mustn’t ever be allowed to dry out[].
Cuttings taken from finish shoots (versus cuttings from lateral branches and shoots) in an effort to produce vegetation with upright development[].

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