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Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Nature/Grasses

Normal Convention
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Yr of Introduction: 1945


1. What traits should a plant must qualify as a grass?[edit]

Grasses typically have the next traits:

Construction of a grass plant.

Poaceae have hole stems referred to as culms, plugged at intervals referred to as nodes. Leaves are alternate, distichous (in a single aircraft) or hardly ever spiral, parallel-veined and come up on the nodes. Every leaf is differentiated right into a decrease sheath hugging the stem for a distance and a blade with margin normally whole (that means steady and un-toothed). The leaf blades of many grasses are hardened with silica phytoliths, which helps discourage grazing animals. In some grasses (resembling sword grass) this makes the grass blades sharp sufficient to chop human pores and skin. A membranous appendage or fringe of hairs, referred to as the ligule, lies on the junction between sheath and blade, stopping water or bugs from penetrating into the sheath.

2. What sort of roots do all grasses have?[edit]

Grasses (and several other different vegetation) have roots referred to as rhizomes. A rhizome is a horizontal stem of a plant that’s normally discovered underground and sometimes sends out roots and shoots from its nodes. Rhizomes can also be known as creeping rootstalks, or rootstocks. Rhizomes sometimes have quick internodes; they ship out roots from the underside of the nodes and new vertically rising shoots from the highest of the nodes.

For a lot of vegetation, the rhizome acts because the “seed”, and is utilized by people to propagate the vegetation.

3. About what number of species all over the world are there within the grass household referred to as Gramineae or Poaceae?[edit]

The Poaceae is also referred to as the Gramineae. There are about 600 genera and between 9,000 to 10,000 species of those vegetation. Plant communities dominated by Poaceae are referred to as grasslands; it’s estimated that grasslands comprise 20% of the vegetation cowl of the earth. This household is a very powerful of all plant households to human economies: it contains the staple meals grains grown all over the world, garden and forage grasses, and bamboo, broadly used for development all through Asia.

4. Do the seeds of grasses have two halves as does the bean (a dicotyledon), or does the seed encompass only one half as do the lily, date, and coconut (monocotyledons)?[edit]

All grasses are monocotyledons, so the seeds have just one half.

5. What distinctive attribute within the development of grass leaves makes it potential for the plant to flourish though frequently mowed or grazed?[edit]

Grass blades develop on the base of the blade and never from rising suggestions. This location of the grass rising level close to the bottom permits it to be grazed or mowed usually with out harm to the rising level.

6. Identify three annual grasses, that’s, grasses that sprout from seeds, blossom, bear seeds, after which die the identical summer time.[edit]

  • Barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli)
  • Crabgrass (Digitaria spp.)
  • Widespread wild oat (Avena fatua)
  • Foxtail grass (Alopecurus spp.)

7. Identify three perennial grasses, that’s, grasses whose roots reside on from yr to yr, though the highest dies all the way down to the crown every autumn.[edit]

  • Sofa Grass (Elytrigia repens)
  • Panicum (Panicum spp.)
  • Fescue (Festuca spp.)
  • Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis)

8. In every of the next circumstances title a single grass, or extra the place indicated, from which the product is made[edit]

a. Bread (three grasses)[edit]

Wheat, Rye, Barley, Oats, Corn

b. Brooms[edit]


c. Fishing poles[edit]


d. Gluten[edit]

Wheat, Rye, Barley

e. Grain alcohol (two grasses)[edit]

Wheat, Rye, Corn

f. Hay[edit]

Rye, Timothy, Brome, Fescue, Coastal Bermuda, Orchard grass

g. Hominy[edit]

Maize (corn)

h. Molasses[edit]

Sugarcane, Sorghum

i. Oatmeal[edit]


j. Starch[edit]

Corn, Rice, Wheat

okay. Sugar[edit]

Sugarcane, Corn

l. White flour[edit]


9. Do one of many following[edit]

Overview requirement 11 earlier than beginning on this one. For those who observe requirement 11 as outlined, requirement 9a will likely be fulfilled.

a. Gather and appropriately label ten cultivated grasses.[edit]

Cultivated grasses embrace the cereal grains in addition to garden grasses:


What, rye, oats, corn, sorghum, sugarcane, bamboo, and many others.

Garden Grasses

Bahia grass, Bermuda, Buffalo, Fescue, Kentucky Bluegrass, St Augustine, Zoysia, and many others.

b. Write an essay on the varied makes use of of grasses by completely different folks all over the world.[edit]

An important use of grass on the earth is as a meals staple. Complete civilizations have been based on the flexibility to develop grain. Rice is utilized in Asia; wheat, rye, and oats in Europe and Africa, and corn within the Americas.

Grass can also be used as the primary plant on lawns, as feed for livestock, in broom making, thatching, and for fuels (together with biodiesel). Corn husks are used for making dolls in addition to for cooking vessels (i.e., wrap the meals in corn husks and place it on a mattress of coals).

Grass can also be used for making clothes (hula skirts anybody?), mats, composting, mulching, bedding for people and for livestock, and at the same time as a major constructing materials in straw-bale development.

It was utilized in rope-making by the Incas in South America, and these ropes would then be used to construct bridges spanning giant canyons.

10. Press or dry, mount, and appropriately label the flower stalks or seed stalks of 5 pestiferous grasses which are generally thought of to be weeds.[edit]

“Pestiferous” means “weedy” on this case, and it is best to consider, {that a} weed is any species rising the place it’s not needed by people. Fescue within the flower mattress is a weed. Fescue within the garden just isn’t. Use your individual judgement as to what’s and what’s not a weed.

Flower stalks must be pressed, and seed stalks must be dried. To press the flower stalks, place them between paper towels or another absorbent materials, then place between the pages of a heavy e-book. Shut the e-book, and if desired, place the e-book on the backside of a big stack of books. One other technique to press them is to put the vegetation once more between paper towels, then place that between two boards. Clamp the boards collectively. Whichever strategy you employ, depart the specimens there for a number of days.

For drying, all you want to do is depart the grass in a dry atmosphere – on prime of a bookshelf or in a closet. So long as it’s dry, the seed stalks will dry simply advantageous.

To mount the stalks, merely fasten them in place on a sheet of paper utilizing clear tape. This doesn’t have to be nothing greater than a spiral pocket book, but when the Pathfinder desires to make it fancy, that shouldn’t be discouraged.

11. Along with your assortment of flower or seed stalks of pestiferous sorts, press, mount, and appropriately title the flower stalks or seed stalks of ten further grasses that develop in your neighborhood. This assortment could embrace a few of the vegetation whose seeds are in your assortment of cultivated grasses.[edit]

This requirement is referring to an previous model of requirement 9, which learn as follows:

Due to their worth as meals for man and/or his home animals, about sixty species of grasses are cultivated in the USA. Make a group of, and appropriately label, the seeds of ten of those beneficial species.

The principle distinction between this requirement and the present incarnation of requirement 9a, is that this requirement stipulates that the vegetation must be pressed or dried, and mounted, and that they be grown to your neighborhood. Subsequently, if the vegetation collected in requirement 9a are collected out of your neighborhood, and if they’re pressed or dried and mounted, this requirement is already completed.


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