Acer platanoides Norway Maple, Harlequin Maple PFAF Plant Database

Acer platanoides Norway Maple, Harlequin Maple

(c) ken Fern, Vegetation For A Future 2010

Acer platanoides Norway Maple, Harlequin Maple

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Bloom Shade: Inexperienced.
Most important Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring.Kind: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal, Upright or erect.

Bodily Traits

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Acer platanoides is a deciduous Tree rising to 21 m (69ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a quick price.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 3. It’s in flower from April to Might, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is monoecious (particular person flowers are both male or feminine, however each sexes could be discovered on the identical plant) and is pollinated by Bees.
Appropriate for: gentle (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and might develop in heavy clay soil. Appropriate pH: acid, impartial and fundamental (alkaline) soils and might develop in very alkaline soils.
It might develop in semi-shade (gentle woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates robust winds however not maritime publicity.
It might tolerate atmospheric air pollution.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map



Woodland Backyard Cover;

Edible Makes use of

Edible Components: Sap
Edible Makes use of: Sweetener

The sap incorporates a specific amount of sugar and might both be used as a drink, or could be concentrated right into a syrup by boiling off the water[4, 105, 177]. The syrup is used as a sweetener on many meals. The focus of sugar is significantly decrease than within the sugar maples (A. saccharum)[2]. The tree trunk is tapped within the early spring, the sap flowing higher on heat sunny days following a frost. The perfect sap manufacturing comes from cold-winter areas with continental climates.


Medicinal Makes use of

Vegetation For A Future can’t take any accountability for any antagonistic results from the usage of crops. At all times search recommendation from an expert earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.

None identified


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Different Makes use of

Dye  Preservative  Shelterbelt  Wooden

The leaves are packed round apples, rootcrops and so forth to assist protect them[18, 20]. The bushes are pretty wind tolerant and are sometimes utilized in to provide safety from the wind in blended shelterbelts[200]. They’re fast-growing and quickly produce a display[200]. A rose colored dye is obtained from the bark[57]. Wooden – onerous, heavy, wonderful grained. Used for small home gadgets[4, 13, 46, 61].

Particular Makes use of


Cultivation particulars

Panorama Makes use of:Firewood, Aggressive floor roots doable, Pollard, Display. Of simple cultivation, it prefers an excellent moist well-drained soil however thrives in any soil[11, 17]. Grows nicely in heavy clay soils. Prefers a sunny place however tolerates some shade[11, 200]. One report says that crops tolerate chalky soils[200], however one other says that crops can develop chlorosis because of iron deficiency when they’re grown in alkaline soils. Timber are very tolerant of atmospheric air pollution[226]. The Norway maple is a quick-growing tree that has been extensively planted in Britain and is kind of naturalized. There are a lot of named types which were chosen for his or her decorative worth[11]. Norway maple is a nasty companion plant, inhibiting the expansion of close by crops[18, 20]. The leaves are seldom eaten or defaced by bugs as a result of the tree incorporates a pointy milky juice that they dislike[4]. Timber take 30 years to supply seed[98]. Particular Options:
Not North American native, Invasive, Naturalizing, Engaging flowers or blooms.


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Seed – greatest sown as quickly as it’s ripe in a chilly body, it normally germinates within the following spring. Pre-soak saved seed for 24 hours after which stratify for two – Four months at 1 – 8°c. It may be gradual to germinate. The seed could be harvested ‘inexperienced’ (when it has absolutely developed however earlier than it has dried and produced any germination inhibitors) and sown instantly. It ought to germinate in late winter. If the seed is harvested too quickly it is going to produce very weak crops or no crops in any respect[80, 113]. When giant sufficient to deal with, prick the seedlings out into particular person pots and develop them on till they’re 20cm or extra tall earlier than planting them out of their everlasting positions. Layering, which takes about 12 months, is profitable with most species on this genus. Cuttings of younger shoots in June or July. The cuttings ought to have 2 – Three pairs of leaves, plus one pair of buds on the base. Take away a really skinny slice of bark on the base of the chopping, rooting is improved if a rooting hormone is used. The rooted cuttings should present new development through the summer time earlier than being potted up in any other case they’re unlikely to outlive the winter. Cultivars could be budded onto rootstocks of the species. Any grafting is greatest carried out in September fairly than February.

Different Names

If out there different names are talked about right here

Discovered In

International locations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the knowledge is obtainable

Weed Potential

Proper plant unsuitable place. We’re presently updating this part.
Please word {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however might not in your space so it’s value checking.

This plant could be weedy or invasive in Northeast/Wisconsin. In Connecticut (Norway maple) is invasive however not banned. In Massachusetts (Norway maple) is

Conservation Standing

IUCN Pink Record of Threatened Vegetation Standing : This taxon has not but been assessed.

Associated Vegetation
Latin Identify Frequent Identify Behavior Peak Hardiness Development Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Different
Acer acuminatum   Tree 6.0 5-9   LMH SN M 1 0  
Acer argutum   Tree 8.0 4-8   LMH SN M 2 0  
Acer caesium   Tree 15.0 5-9   LMH SN M 0 1  
Acer campestre Area Maple, Hedge maple Tree 15.0 4-8 F LMH SN M 2 1  
Acer carpinifolium Hornbeam Maple Shrub 10.0 4-7 S LMH SN M 2 0  
Acer circinatum Vine Maple Tree 12.0 6-9 S LMH SN M 2 1  
Acer crataegifolium Hawthorn-Leaved Maple Tree 10.0 5-9   LMH SN M 0 0  
Acer distylum   Tree 15.0 6-9   LMH SN M 2 0  
Acer ginnala Amur Maple Tree 10.0 3-8 F LMH SN M 1 0 3
Acer glabrum Rock Maple, Rocky Mountain maple, Douglas maple, Greene’s maple, New Mexico maple, Torrey maple Tree 9.0 3-8 S LMH SN M 2 1  
Acer interius Field Elder Tree 20.0   LMH SN M 2 0  
Acer macrophyllum Oregon Maple, Bigleaf maple, Oregon Maple Tree 30.0 5-9 F LMH SN M 3 1  
Acer mono Maple Tree 15.0 3-8 S LMH SN M 2 1  
Acer negundo Field Elder Tree 21.0 3-8 F LMH SN M 3 1 3
Acer oblongum   Tree 9.0 6-9   LMH SN M 0 0  
Acer palmatum Japanese Maple Tree 8.0 6-8 S LMH SN M 2 0  
Acer pectinatum Maple Tree 10.0 3-6 S LMH SN M 0 0  
Acer pensylvanicum Moosewood, Striped maple, Moosewood, Pennsylvania Maple Tree 4.5 3-7   LMH N M 0 1  
Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore, Nice Maple, Scottish Maple, Planetree Maple Tree 30.0 4-7 F LMH SN M 2 1 4
Acer rubrum Pink Maple, Drummond’s maple, Swamp Maple Tree 30.0 4-10 F LMH SN M 3 1 3
Acer saccharinum Silver Maple, River Maple, Comfortable Maple Tree 30.0 3-9 F LMH SN M 3 1 4
Acer saccharum Sugar Maple, Florida Maple, Arduous Maple, Rock Maple Tree 30.0 4-8 S LMH SN M 4 2 4
Acer saccharum grandidentatum Massive-Tooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Rocky Mountain Sugar Maple Tree 12.0 5-8   LMH SN M 4 0  
Acer saccharum nigrum Black Maple Tree 25.0 4-6 S LMH SN M 4 1 2
Acer spicatum Mountain Maple Tree 10.0 3-6 S LMH N M 2 2  
Acer sterculiaceum   Tree 6.0 7-10   LMH SN M 0 0  
Acer tataricum Tatarian Maple Tree 9.0 3-7 M LMH SN M 2 0  
Acer truncatum Shantung Maple, Purpleblow Maple Tree 8.0 3-8 S LMH SN M 1 0  
Acer ukurunduense caudatum   Tree 20.0 S LMH SN M 1 0  

Development: S = gradual M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = gentle (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = fundamental (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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Botanical References


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