Acacia pycnantha Golden Wattle PFAF Plant Database

Acacia pycnantha Golden Wattle

Acacia pycnantha Golden Wattle

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Bodily Traits

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Acacia pycnantha is an evergreen Tree rising to eight m (26ft 3in) at a quick fee.
It’s hardy to zone (UK) 8. It’s in leaf all 12 months, in flower from March to Might. The species is hermaphrodite (has each female and male organs).
It may well repair Nitrogen.
Appropriate for: gentle (sandy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and might develop in nutritionally poor soil. Appropriate pH: acid and impartial soils. It can’t develop within the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map
US Hardiness Map



Woodland Backyard Sunny Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Makes use of

Edible Components: Flowers
Edible Makes use of: Gum

Flowers – cooked[144]. Wealthy in pollen, they’re typically utilized in fritters. The plant yields an oily gum which is alleged to be edible[177, 183]. Some species produce a gum that’s darkish and is liable to be astringent and distasteful, however others produce a light-weight gum and that is candy and nice. It may be sucked like sweet or soaked in water to make a jelly.[193]. The gum might be warmed when it turns into smooth and chewable[193].


Medicinal Makes use of

Vegetation For A Future can’t take any duty for any adversarial results from the usage of vegetation. At all times search recommendation from knowledgeable earlier than utilizing a plant medicinally.

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Different Makes use of

Dye  Gum  Soil stabilization  Tannin

A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers[168]. A inexperienced dye is obtained from the seed pods[168]. The intensive root system of this plant helps to forestall soil erosion[200]. It’s typically planted for this goal on sandy banks[167]. The bark is wealthy in tannin[1, 171]. On a 10% moisture foundation, the bark incorporates 40.8% tannin[223].

Particular Makes use of

Nitrogen Fixer


Cultivation particulars

Prefers a somewhat poor sandy loam and a really sunny place[1, 11]. Succeeds in any good backyard soil that’s not excessively limey and in dry soils[11]. Most members of this genus turn into chlorotic on limey soils[200]. Prefers a pH within the vary 5.Eight to six.5. This species will not be very hardy open air in Britain. Vegetation require scorching, sunny summers if they’re to ripen their wooden absolutely and flower freely. In Britain they have an inclination to do finest when grown in coastal gardens in a sunny, sheltered place that is protected against the wind[11]. A quick rising however short-lived tree in cultivation[167]. It’s generally cultivated for the tannin obtained from its bark[1, 171]. This tree is the floral emblem of Australia[167]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with sure soil micro organism, these micro organism type nodules on the roots and repair atmospheric nitrogen. A few of this nitrogen is utilized by the rising plant however some can be utilized by different vegetation rising close by[200].


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Seed – finest sown as quickly as it’s ripe in a sunny place in a heat greenhouse[1]. Saved seed ought to be scarified, pre-soaked for 12 hours in heat water after which sown in a heat greenhouse in March. The seed germinates in 3 – Four weeks at 25°c[133]. As quickly because the seedlings are giant sufficient to deal with, prick them out into particular person pots and develop them on in a sunny place within the greenhouse for his or her first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer season, after the final anticipated frosts, and take into account giving them some safety from the chilly for his or her first winter open air. Cuttings of half-ripe wooden with a heel, July/August in particular person pots in a body[78]. Overwinter in a greenhouse for the primary winter and plant out of their everlasting positions in late spring or early summer season. Truthful share[78].

Different Names

If obtainable different names are talked about right here

Discovered In

International locations the place the plant has been discovered are listed right here if the data is accessible

Weed Potential

Proper plant fallacious place. We’re at the moment updating this part.
Please notice {that a} plant could also be invasive in a single space however might not in your space so it’s value checking.

Conservation Standing

IUCN Crimson Listing of Threatened Vegetation Standing :

Associated Vegetation
Latin Identify Widespread Identify Behavior Top Hardiness Progress Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Different
Acacia aneura Mulga Acacia Tree 15.0 8-11 S LM N DM 3 0 3
Acacia angustissima Prairie acacia. Timbre. Fernleaf Acacia Tree 5.0 7-10 F LMH N DM 2 3 4
Acacia auriculiformis Ear-Pod Wattle, Black Acacia, Earleaf, Black wattle Tree 25.0 10-12 F LMH N DM 1 0 4
Acacia catechu Cutch tree, Catechu acacia Tree 15.0 10-12 F LMH N DM 1 2 3
Acacia colei Cole’s wattle, Candelabra Wattle, Cleaning soap wattle, Shrub 4.0 10-12 F LMH N DM 3 2 3
Acacia concinna Shikakai, Cleaning soap-Pod Tree 10.0 10-11 M LM N D 2 1 4
Acacia coriacea Wiry Wattle, Acacia, Leather-based Leaf Tree 5.0 9-11 M LMH SN DM 3 0  
Acacia cowleana Corridor’s Creek wattle Tree 5.0 10-12 F LM N DM 3 2 3
Acacia cultriformis Knife-Leaf Wattle, Knife acacia Shrub 4.0 9-11 S LMH N DM 2 0  
Acacia dealbata Mimosa, Silver wattle Tree 25.0 7-10 F LM N DM 2 0 3
Acacia decurrens Inexperienced Wattle Tree 12.0 6-9 F LM N DM 2 1 3
Acacia farnesiana Candy Acacia, Fragrance Acacia, Huisache Shrub 9.0 9-11 F LMH N DM 2 2  
Acacia holosericea Strap wattle, Candelabra wattle Shrub 3.0 10-12 F LMH N M 1 2 3
Acacia koa Koa Acacia Tree 20.0 10-12 F LMH N DM 0 0 3
Acacia koaia Koai’a Tree 5.0 10-12 F LMH N DM 0 1 4
Acacia leucophloea Kuteera-Gum, White-barked acacia. Tree 25.0 10-12 M LMH N DM 2 1 3
Acacia longifolia Sydney Golden Wattle, Acacia Tree 9.0 10-11 M L N DM 3 0  
Acacia mearnsii Black Wattle, Late black wattle Tree 10.0 8-11 F LM N M 1 3 4
Acacia melanoxylon Blackwood, Australia Acacia, Black Acacia, Blackwood Acacia Tree 30.0 9-11 F LM N DM 2 1 4
Acacia mucronata Slim-Leaf Wattle Tree 9.0 7-10   L N DM 2 0  
Acacia murrayana Murray’s wattle, Colony wattle Tree 5.0 10-12 F LMH N DM 3 2 3
Acacia paradoxa Kangaroo Thorn, Paradox acacia Shrub 5.0 7-10   LMH N DM 1 0 2
Acacia podalyriifolia Queensland Silver Wattle, Pearl wattle Tree 3.0 7-10   LM N DM 1 0 3
Acacia retinodes Swamp Wattle, Water wattle Tree 6.0 7-10   LM N DM 2 0  
Acacia saligna Blue-Leaved Wattle, Orange wattle Shrub 6.0 7-10 F LMH N DM 1 0 5
Acacia sophorae Coastal Wattle, Acacia Shrub 0.0 0-0   LMH N DM 2 0  
Acacia verticillata Prickly Moses Shrub 6.0 7-10   LMH N DM 1 0  
Acacia victoriae Bramble wattle. Gundabluey, Bardi bush Shrub 10.0 8-11 F LMH N DM 3 0 2
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Arracacha Perennial 1.0 8-11   M SN M 4 0 0

Progress: S = gradual M = medium F = quick. Soil: L = gentle (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = impartial B = primary (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = moist Wa = water.


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Botanical References


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