5th January 2021 | Daily Brief | Srijan India One

5th January 2021 | Daily Brief | Srijan India One



A fast every day transient on The Hindu and The Indian Categorical Newspaper together with a motivational quote, mains reply writing, mapping observe, some GK questions and vocabulary phrases.

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23 thoughts on “5th January 2021 | Daily Brief | Srijan India One

  1. Right sir the governor can not return a money bill for the reconsideration of the state legislature.Normally ,the governor gives his assent to a money bill as it is introduced in the state legislature with his previous permission.When the governor reserves a money bill for the consideration of the President ,he Will not have any further role in the enactment of the bill.If the President gives hiss assent to the bill, it becomes an Act. This means that the assent of the governor is no longer required

  2. Sir I have prepared the answer given by you ,would you please guide me how I should post in hand written manner
    Sir I have used gadgets very less so not able to understand the technical language so sir ji if it's possible then please guide me step by step its my prayer to you,sometime I prepare answer but not able to type properly

  3. Today's quiz answers===

    1. Cheraw dance is an Indian folk dance of– Mizoram.

    2. The Santosh trophy is related to– Football.

    3. Patanjali– is the founder of Yoga phylosophy.

    4. The author of the book Principia is– Sir Isaac Newton.

    5. "Satmala" hills are located in– Maharashtra.

    6. 'Yavanpriya' in ancient Hindu texts refers to– pepper.

  4. Sir last to last day there was a question associated with Disaster
    —long before human being walked the earth natural disaster were always present and occuring with some regularity
    They have been an integral part of progress of human civilization but the cause of concern is that despite scientific and technological innovation in recent years we have witnessed increased frequency, intensity, magnitude and impact of disaster living to loss of life property across the globe
    In today's environment the growing awareness social media the number of the stakeholder have increased dramatically
    Any who can be affected by disaster or otherwise has a vested interested in disaster risk management is a stakeholder
    Can include community member local Central government development organisation media landowners private enterprise NGO
    coping manner in which people organisation an institution act using existing limited resourdes within a range of the expectation of a situation to achieve their previously existing or new dynamic equilibrium
    Definition :
    An event either Man made or natural sudden progressive the impact of which it is such that the affected community must respond through exceptional measures
    The disaster management act 2005 define disaster

    As a catastrophe, misshsp, calamity or grave occurrence in any areas arising from natural or man made
    causes :

    By accident or negligence which results in substantial loss of life or human suffering or damage and destruction of property or damage or degradation of environment and is of such a natural magnitude as to be beyond the coping capacity of community of the affected area
    The occurrence of the sudden or major misfortune which disrupts the basic fabric and normal functioning of the society of community according to United nation
    Types of Disaster
    according to high power committee on disaster management there are the five group containing 31 disaster
    Water and Climate-related disaster
    flood and drainage management
    cyclone
    Tornado and hurricane
    ☁️ Cloud brust

    heatwave and cold wave
    Snow avalanches
    Drought
    Sea erosion
    Thunder and lightning
    Tsunami
    Geological related disaster
    landslide
    earthquake
    dam failure
    dam brust
    Minor 🔥 fire
    chemical industry and nuclear related disaster
    Chemical industrial disaster nuclear disaster
    Accident related disaster
    forest 🔥 fire
    Urban fire
    mine flooding
    oil spells
    major building collapse
    serial bomb blast
    festival related disaster
    electrical disaster fire
    Sir road and railway accidentBoat copsizing
    and village fire
    Biological disaster and epidemic paste affected cattle epidemic
    Flood poissning
    —- disaster management is getting lot of attention
    climate change according to the fourth assessment report of intergovernmental panel on climate change IPCC there is a defined increase of the global average temperature both air and ocean precipitation extreme rainfall ,widespreading melting of snow and ice leading to rising in global mean sea label storm surges coastal flooding this further expected to aggravate the situation will lead increase frequency and intensity of current extreme weather events and give rise to new vulnerability with differential special and socio-economic impact of community
    The uprecedented increase is expected to have severe impact in the morning hydrological cycle and water resources ecosystem coastal wetland and mangroves flood security health and other related areas
    The impact would be particularly developing countries increasing India and further decrease the poor vulnerable committee which make up 25 to 50% of the population of the most Indian cities extreme events like heatwave cold wave more flood more draught more intense cyclone and flash flood are already showing a widespread increase
    for example extreme rainfall has substantially increased over a large area particularly over the West coast Central India
    There is does an urgent need for the paradigm shift in disaster management India scenario ( vulnerability profile of India
    India geo climatic condition its high degree of socio economic vulnerability Topographic feature environmental degradation
    population growth leading to increasing demo graphic pressure and un plan urbanization
    non scientific development practice deteriorating environmental condition deforestation faulty agriculture practice and glazing construction of a large dams on river channel puts here to rise in the flood route cyclone earthquake tsunami avengers fire economic loss due to the shasta 2% of the India's GDP 56.6 % of the land is prone to earthquake of the moderate to high intensity 401 3 28 million hectares 12% of the land prone to flood and river erosion 570017 km coastal line is prone to cyclone and tsunami 68% of the cultivable area is vulnerable to draught and hill areas are at risk from landslide
    Last 30 year 430 major disaster in India most viable record cyclone of 1839 bhuj earthquake of 2001 in Gujarat and super cyclone of Orissa in 1999 tsunami of 2004 the worst thing Southern coastal India the most efficient flash flood of the Uttarakhand in 2013 cause severe life economic and environmental laws when ability to disaster or emergence of the chemical biological radiological on nuclear or is it has increased on account of the socio-economic development chemical hazards includes hazardous chemical or process which may be released the potential through as sensors fire explosive toxic and corrosive
    Sir for management associated points I will write seperatel

  5. 1. PROTRUDE (VERB): (बाहर निकलना): stick out
    Synonyms: jut, project
    Antonyms: sunken
    Example Sentence:
    It was something like a fin protruded from the water.

    2. SHAMBOLIC (ADJECTIVE): (अव्यवस्थात्मक): chaotic
    Synonyms: disorganized muddled
    Antonyms: efficient
    Example Sentence:
    The department's shambolic accounting led to the company’s downfall.

    3. ALACRITY (NOUN): (उत्सुकता): eagerness
    Synonyms: willingness, readiness
    Antonyms: apathy
    Example Sentence:
    She accepted the invitation with pure alacrity.

    4. ABJECT (ADJECTIVE): (बिना गर्व या गरिमा के): obsequious
    Synonyms: groveling, crawling
    Antonyms: proud
    Example Sentence:
    An abject apology came from his end today.

    5. STIFLE (VERB): (दबाव बनाना): constrain
    Synonyms: hinder, hamper
    Antonyms: encourage
    Example Sentence:
    High taxes were stifling private enterprise.

    6. CUMBERSOME (ADJECTIVE): (दुष्कर): unwieldy
    Synonyms: unmanageable, awkward
    Antonyms: manageable
    Example Sentence:
    Diving suits are usually cumbersome.

    7. DECIPHER (VERB): (गूढ़लेख पढ़ना): decode
    Synonyms: decrypt, break
    Antonyms: encode
    Example Sentence:
    Authorized government agencies can decipher encrypted telecommunications.

    8. SCURRILOUS (ADJECTIVE): (अपमानजनक): abusive
    Synonyms: vituperative, derogatory
    Antonyms: praising
    Example Sentence:
    It was a scurrilous attack on his integrity.

    9 MUFFLE (VERB): (धीमा करना): deaden
    Synonyms: dull, dampen
    Antonyms: loud
    Example Sentence:
    His voice was muffled due to the distance.

    10. TRANSGRESS (VERB): (दुर्व्यवहार करना): misbehave
    Synonyms: err lapse
    Antonyms: obey
    Example Sentence:
    She had transgressed an unwritten social law.

  6. Sir..aap 35se40min me sara important news covered kar dete ho.. very nice
    Baki youtubers 50min se 1hr tak video dete h..but be honest sir aapka content material awesome!

  7. Prepare a note on the Lakes. Discuss their significance.

    A lake is that it’s a body of water surrounded by land with no connection to the oceans.

    Lakes originate in a variety of ways:

    • subsidence of land below the groundwater table
    • isolation of a part of the ocean, either by local constructive processes of sediment deposition or by crustal uplift
    • glacial erosion and deposition on the continents
    • miscellaneous ways: volcanoes, damming by landslides, or meteorite impacts.

    Types of lakes:

    1. Tectonic Lakes: formed due to tectonic movements of the earth’s crust which cause vertical or lateral movement of the earth’s surface.

    2. Volcanic Lakes: Volcanic lakes can form within volcanic craters, calderas of dormant or extinct volcanoes, or when volcanic lahars (lava flow) interrupt the flow of a river or stream.

    3. Glacial Lakes: Glaciers carve out rocks that form depressions. When the glaciers melt, the water fill-up the depressions, forming lakes.

    4. Fluvial Lakes: Formed in the course of a river. When a river flows in its lower-course, the slow-moving stream bends and meanders; thus, horseshoe bends are formed, and eventually, the river cuts through the narrow neck. This neck provides the new passage to the river, and the ends of the horseshoe bend become silted up, thus forming a free-standing body of a lake in bow-shape. They are also called ox-bow lakes.

    5. Others: formed due to any other reason

    Significance of lakes:

    1. Water Sources: lakes are the best "available freshwater source on the Earth's surface."

    2. Fishing

    3. Tourist and Recreation Locations

    4. Biodiversity Conservation Areas

    5. Natural Balance Preserving Reservoirs

    Ministry of Environment and Forests has been implementing the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) since 2001 for conservation and management of polluted and degraded lakes in urban and semi-urban areas. Lakes are also conserved as part of wetland conservation since India is signatory of Ramsar convention on wetland. However, with growing urbanisation and deforestation, there is a growing threat in the extent and number of lakes across the country. Since lake serves as habitat for a wide variety of animals, it also possess a domino effect over survival of many species. Thus a comprehensive approach for development is needed without disturbing the lakes and other terrestrial ecosystems to address the issue so that a sustainable development is achieved without affecting the environment.

    Plz review my answer here: https://srijanindia.one/5th-january-2021-daily-brief/#disqus_thread

  8. DAY – 43
    SET – 1

    1. Converge – to come from different directions and meet; synonyms – juncture, intersection, node.

    2. Congeal – to become harden.

    3. Coalesce – to come together to form a single mass.

    4. Coagulate – to change to a solid or semi-solid state from liquid.

    5. Corrugate – to fold or contract into wrinkles; synonyms – to pucker, to scrunch up, to crumple, to cockle, to crinkle, to crimp.

    6. Confabulate – to make up a false memory about an event that never happened, with the intention to deceive.

    7. Confluence – a juncture or joining of different things.

    8. Amalgamate – to combine together.

    9. Weld – to join together two metal parts by heating the surfaces to the point that they melt and fuss together.

    10. Solder – an alloy, usually made of lead and tin.

    11. Palpitate – to expand and contract rapidly.

    12. Precipitate – to trigger an event; synonyms – to prompt, to spark off.

    13. Effectuate – to bring into effect.

    14. Juxtapose – place side by side.

    15. Disseminate – to spread information.

    16. Serrated – saw-edged.

    SET – 2

    1. Proprietary – relating to ownership.

    2. Expropriate – government taking over ownership of a property from someone from public use.

    3. Arrogate – to take something which is not yours.

    4. Commandeer – when the military takes over ownership of a property from someone for military use.

    5. Co-opt – to adopt an idea for one's own use.

    6. Confiscate – to seize someone's property with due authority; synonyms – impound, sequestrate.

    7. Conscript – to compulsorily enlist someone in the army.

    8. Consign – to formally deliver.

    9. Coup – a sudden and usually violent seizure of power by the military from a democratically elected government; synonyms – to dislodge, to depose, to overthrow, to oust.

    10. Usurp – to illegally take power by the use of force.

    11. Usury – lending money at high rates.

    12. Pawn – to deposit something which is valuable and movable, with a pawnbroker as security for a loan taken from this pawnbroker.

    13. Loan shark – a moneylender who charges extremely high and excessive interest rates.

    thank you sir! 🙂

  9. Sir namaste
    How are you
    Many many heartely thanks for this lovely video
    Sir I am extremely sorry to not write answer although I prepare some answers but not write but sir from today I am initiating
    Again extremely sorry

  10. Prepare a note on the significance of Nolan Committee Report.

    Public services is the backbone of all the activities in the country. More so because they command all the sectors and direct people into direction of mobilisation. People follow because they trust the system in which some people have been empowered to take decisions. In this regard, the confidence enjoyed by the office-bearers become extremely important and the conduct and behaviour shown by them is closely watched by people in order for them to be following the duties of a citizen.

    In this context, the UK government in 1994 established a Committee on Standards in Public Life which made recommendations to improve standards of behaviour in public life.

    The report of the committee established the seven principles of public life, also known as the “Nolan principles” which are as follows:

    • Selflessness – Holders of public office should act solely in terms of the public interest and not to gain personal benefits.

    • Integrity – Holders of public office should not place themselves under any financial or other obligation to outside individuals or organisations that might seek to influence them in the performance of their official duties.

    • Objectivity – Make choices in appointment or awarding contract based on merit.

    • Accountability – For their decisions and actions to the public and submitting to scrutiny appropriate to their office.

    • Openness – Holders of public office should be as open as possible about all the decisions and actions they take. They should give reasons for their decisions and restrict information only when the

    wider public interest clearly demands.

    • Honesty – Holders of public office have a duty to declare any private interests relating to their public duties and to take steps to resolve any conflicts arising in a way that protects the public interest.

    • Leadership – Holders of public office should promote and support these principles by leadership and example.

    India have it's own set of code for public servants like Code of conduct rules, 1964 for civil servants and code of conduct for Rajya sabha MPs with many provisions on lines of Nolan principles but there are no set of conduct rules for Lok sabha members of members of national and state political parties. Despite having a code for some services, it has been seen that they are not strictly followed and frequent cases of corruption, nepotism and disparaging comments are used by many in public which erodes the respect associated with those positions and weaken the trust of people in the system not conducive for successful policy implementation in long run.

    Therefore, a morally and legally binding code should be made so that Parliament, legislatures and state offices are seen as temple of democracy as envisioned by the constitution makers rather than just a building to serve personal interests.

    Plz review my answer here: https://srijanindia.one/5th-january-2021-daily-brief/#disqus_thread

  11. Households work ki monetization walli baat toh 8th class se suntey aa raha hai..
    Monetize karne se achha hai ki equal work distribution ho zaye..mutual understanding..
    E.g. 15days koi ek person ghar ke work kare uske agle 15 days dusra..
    Ya morning, afternoon and night ke work ko distribute kar le aapas main ….
    Ye zayada sustainable hoga ..
    Bahar jaa kar dono ko work karne ka equal chance mile gaa..

  12. Nolan commitee report:–
    In the year of 1994, the UK government established a committee on "Public Life " and was chaired by Lord Nolan. The first report of the committee established the 7 principles of public life , also known as " Nolan Principles" . These are
    1. Selflessness :– Public officials should not seek any personal gains out of the public position they hold.
    2. Integrity :– Any obligation to a person or organisation must be avoided by public officers
    3. Objectivity :– The official decisions taken must be impartial, ethical , fair and on merit.
    4. Accountability :– Accountable to the public, to ensure that they are open to any scrutiny.
    5. Opennes:– The decisions must be taken in a transparent manner.
    6. Honesty:– The public officers must be truthful and honest towards their duties and responsibilities.
    7. Leadership :– The holders of public office must uphold these principles in their behaviours.
    These principles form the cornerstone of a public office and many countries have embodied these principles through various means like the constitution, laws, service codes, etc.
    The Nolan Principles were revolutionary at the time because they are focused on behaviour and ethics rather than processes . If someone lives by these values , it will go a long way to improvise behaviour .

    Thank you sir🙏

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