Many sorts of anthurium vegetation are among the most beautiful and strange houseplants you’ll discover. There are various species of anthurium which have brightly-colored waxy bracts or spathes (modified leaves) that seem like flowers. Different styles of anthurium vegetation have hanging foliage with heart-shaped leaves and hanging veined patterns. Though all styles of anthurium vegetation are tropical flowering vegetation, with the fitting care, you’ll be able to simply develop these exotic-looking vegetation indoors.
The preferred sorts of anthurium:
- The flamingo flower (Anthurium andreanum) with its lipstick-red waxy flower and glossy coronary heart formed foliage.
- Anthurium scherzerianum appears to be like much like the flamingo flower however has a curly spathe resembling a pig’s tail.
- The velvet cardboard anthurium (Anthurium clarinervium) with giant deeply lobed go away and veined patterns.
- Black anthurium (Anthurium watermaliense) has flowers which are deep purple, virtually black-looking.
- The chicken’s nest (Anthurium hookeri) has giant dark-green elongated leaves.
Essentially the most engaging function of many anthurium cultivars is their flowers. The flower is a finger-like spike referred to as spadix (plural spadices) that grows protruding from the spathe—the colourful plastic-looking leaf. The spathe—additionally referred to as bract—could be flattened or curved much like a peace lily. The spathes are often deep, shiny pink. The anthurium flowers could be pink, white, orange, inexperienced, pink, purple or multi-colored.
After all, there are various hybrids and cultivars, every with distinctive options. Some variations on the flamingo flower are the pink anthurium with a lightweight pink spathe and spadix, the darkish purple anthurium with beautiful deep purple virtually black bracts, and the white anthurium with snow-white spathes and cream-colored spadices.
take care of anthurium vegetation: tropical indoor vegetation similar to anthuriums thrive in vibrant, oblique mild rising in barely moist, well-draining soil. Water when the highest 1” to 2” (2.5 – 5 cm) of the soil is dry, hold humidity excessive and fertilize each different month throughout spring and summer season. The optimum temperature vary is between 70°F and 86°F (21°C – 32°C).
Anthurium vegetation are a kind of aroid within the household Araceae. There are over 1,000 species of anthurium, and they’re native to South and Central America have been they develop in tropical rainforests. Anthurium vegetation thrive in heat, humid environments the place the dense forest cover protects their foliage from direct daylight.
Rising indoors, many species of anthurium are decorative houseplants that develop between 2 and three ft. excessive (60 – 90 cm). Widespread names for these tropical vegetation embody flamingo flower, little boy plant, laceleaf, and tailflower.
Indoor flowering anthurium vegetation bloom all year long underneath very best circumstances. The blooms can final for a lot of weeks, and the minimize flowers hold their shade for a lot of months. Due to this, anthurium flowers are in style in minimize flower preparations.
On this article, you’ll find out about 14 of the commonest species of anthurium.
Forms of Anthurium With Photos and Care Information
Flamingo Lily (Anthurium Andreanum)
Additionally referred to as the flamingo flower, this species of anthurium is the plant typically described as having pink, plastic-looking flowers. The big pink spathe is heart-shaped, shiny, and waxy. In the course of the spathe is the spadix within the form of a straight spike. The anthurium flower (spadix) is yellow and white. Flamingo lilies have dark-green, heart-shaped leaves that create bushy foliage.
Flamingo lilies bloom all year long if grown in heat temperatures, soil with good drainage, and excessive humidity. Aside from the flamingo lily with pink flowers, some cultivars have orange, pink, purple, or white spathes and spadices. You might also discover variegated sorts of flamingo lilies with pink and inexperienced or pink and white colours.
Flamingo lilies (Anthurium andreanum) are comparable in look to the subsequent plant on our checklist—Anthurium scherzerianum. The principle variations between the 2 vegetation is that the flamingo lily has a straight flowering spadix with coronary heart formed bract and foliage. The subsequent kind has curled spadix with ovoid pink bract and bigger elongated leaves.
This species—Anthurium scherzerianum—has lovely giant, shiny lance-shaped leaves that taper to some extent. The pink flowers are made up of a flat waxy bract that curls downward and a pinkish spadix. This anthurium is usually referred to as the flamingo flower or the pig’s tail anthurium. You’ll discover that the spadix is curled and twisted.
Much like the Anthurium andreanum, there are various cultivars of this tropical plant. You’ll find unique styles of anthurium with multi-colored bracts which have shades of cream, inexperienced, pink, and orange all on one bract. The spadix colours may also be in varied shades. Some are single-colored spadices, and others have two tones.
Velvet Cardboard Anthurium (Anthurium Clarinervium)
The Anthurium clarinverium is a tropical species that’s prized for its beautiful inexperienced and white leaves. The foliage is made up of huge, heart-shaped, oval giant leaves which are a deep inexperienced shade. Thick white veins present beautiful markings on the floor of the leaves. The leathery inexperienced leaves will add a contact of the tropics to any inside.
Though the velvet cardboard anthurium is a flowering species of plant, its blooms are inconspicuous. The flowers and spathes develop on the top of lengthy stems. Nevertheless, most houseplant consultants advise snipping off the flowering stems to present extra power to the foliage development.
Place this plant in a vibrant location, away from direct daylight, to maintain its brightly coloured veins and darkish inexperienced foliage vibrant. This plant species can be a kind of climbing plant. So, you’ll be able to prepare it to develop up a moss pole if you wish to create a spectacular visible accent in any room.
Anthurium Ace of Spades (Anthurium Crystallinum)
One other in style species of evergreen anthurium that’s grown for its foliage is the ‘Ace of Spades.’ This flowering plant has giant, fuzzy oval leaves that may develop as much as 2 ft. throughout. Much like the velvet cardboard anthurium, the massive heart-shaped leaves have outstanding white veins. These appear to make the leaves sparkle.
The anthurium ace of spades grows as much as Three ft. (1 m) tall and has a broad unfold. The flowers are made up of sunshine inexperienced spadices and darkish inexperienced spathes. Nevertheless, there may be nothing spectacular in regards to the flowers. So, it’s finest to prune them off to pay attention all of the plant’s power in its beautiful foliage.
King Anthurium (Anthurium Veitchii)
footage of such a anthurium, and it’s simple to see why it’s referred to as the king anthurium. This flowering tropical rainforest plant has large leaves that may measure as much as 1 ft. (30 cm) lengthy indoors. Nevertheless, in greenhouses or the tropics, the shiny inexperienced emerald leaves can develop to many toes in size. The lanceolate-shaped lengthy leaves are thick and leathery and droop down over the facet of the container.
Due to its lengthy, pendulous leaves, the king anthurium is finest grown in hanging baskets. In its native habitat, this plant tends to develop greater up within the forest. So, this plant can face up to extra direct daylight that different species of anthuriums.
Queen Anthurium (Anthurium warocqueanum)
One other form of anthurium that’s prized for its beautiful foliage is the queen anthurium. This species has giant elongated lance-shaped velvety, dark-green leaves. The anthurium foliage options pronounced silver-white veins that distinction on the thick leaves. It has giant leaves that underneath the best rising circumstances can develop as much as 6 ft. (2 m).
It’s necessary to maintain the temperature heat and humidity excessive if you wish to develop queen anthuriums indoors. Most individuals have success rising these anthuriums in hanging baskets or on a excessive shelf. This enables the massive foliage to hold down over the container.
The Anthurium vittarifolium plant is a kind of strap-leaf anthurium resulting from its lengthy skinny pendulous leaves. The dangling leaves can develop as much as 6 ft. (2 m) lengthy and measure just some inches throughout. When the anthurium blooms, it produces pink flowers and pink berries that additionally dangle down over the facet of the pot.
With this plant species, it’s the gorgeous lengthy slim leaves which are the star attraction. They’ve a velvety glow and are glorious for offering greenery in any trendy décor. Some of the spectacular cultivars of those vegetation is the variegated ones. These species of anthurium have darkish inexperienced fuzzy leaves with calmly variegated yellow markings, giving the leaves a brushed look.
The anthurium forgetii grows in its native habitat in Colombia and has tailored nicely as an indoor houseplant. One of many variations of this species is that the leaves are fully ovate with out higher lobes. The higher lobes—additionally referred to as sinus—are what give most anthurium vegetation their heart-shaped look.
The big velvety leaves are darkish inexperienced with outstanding white veins operating by way of them. Glistening flecks on the leaves give them a considerably shiny look. Anthurium forgetii produces green-colored spathes which have purple edging. The flowers are a lightweight inexperienced to yellow shade that may change into orangey-red. After flowering, purple berries seem on the spike.
Black Anthurium (Anthurium watermaliense)
The black anthurium is likely one of the most uncommon houseplants which you could develop. The plant’s bracts look black, however they’re, in actuality, a really darkish purple. The darkish, chocolate-colored bract and flowers look beautiful towards the darkish inexperienced, shiny anthurium leaves. The foliage grows in a rosette type and is classed within the “chicken’s nest” group of anthuriums.
The Anthurium watermaliense leaves are lanceolate-shaped and deeply lobed. There aren’t any outstanding veined markings on the plant. These showy anthuriums bloom recurrently indoors when you get the rising circumstances proper.
There’s one other species of anthurium that additionally has the widespread identify ‘black anthurium.’ That is the Anthurium cabrerense, and it’s a tropical species that additionally has black flowers.
Chook’s Nest Anthurium (Anthurium hookeri)
The Anthurium hookeri has the widespread identify ‘chicken’s nest’ regardless that different species have an analogous development sample. This evergreen tropical plant is grown for its foliage moderately than its inexperienced flowers. The shiny inexperienced leaves are an elongated oval form that typically resembles an enormous spoon. The anthurium hookeri additionally has attribute tiny black dots on the inexperienced leaves that assist to determine the species.
Chook’s nest anthuriums develop nicely in giant containers indoors or as tender patio vegetation in temperate climates. When the anthurium is in bloom, it produces lengthy purplish spikes (spadices) that stand erect. After blooming, small white berries seem on the spadix.
One other kind of plant that’s grown for its giant foliage moderately than flowers is the Anthurium magnificum. This species of plant has giant heart-shaped, oval leaves which have outstanding creamy-white veins. The Anthurium magnificum has velutinous (velvety) leaves. When new leaves seem, they’re a brownish-burgundy shade earlier than they develop right into a darkish inexperienced.
The spadix of Anthurium magnificum vegetation is straight and a yellowish-green shade. The spathe re-curves and is a inexperienced shade.
As its botanical identify suggests, the Anthurium pendulifolium has lengthy pendulous leaves that dangle downward. The lengthy tapering inexperienced leaves make this species of anthurium appropriate for hanging baskets. The shiny leaves measure just a few inches huge however can develop as much as four ft. (1.2 m) lengthy.
The flowers on this anthurium species are inconspicuous. The spadix appears to be like like an extended purple spike. Nevertheless, the spathe is pale inexperienced or creamy white and never noticeable.
Large Pink Chook Anthurium (Anthurium Pachyneurium)
The Anthurium pachyneurium is one other kind of chicken’s nest plant. This species has broad, lengthy, lanceolate leaves with very brief stems (petioles). One of many distinguishing options of this tropical plant is the wavy edges of the leaves. This anthurium species is a superb specimen plant for containers if you wish to deliver among the tropics into your own home.
This anthurium selection has a typical rolling sample of its new leaves – whereas new leaves of different anthurium varieties resemble a single spiral, these of the Pachyneurium kind are rolled in two reverse spirals which are rolled inward from each margins.
The widespread identify of the ‘huge pink chicken’ anthurium comes from the colour of the leaves that flip reddish in vibrant mild or cool temperatures.
Pearl Laceleaf (Anthurium Scandens)
The pearl laceleaf anthurium is a climbing vine plant that’s native to rainforests in Southern Mexico and Brazil. The plant has thick, matte inexperienced leaves which are oval to lance-shaped. These evergreen leaves develop to between 2.3” and 5” (6 – 13 cm) lengthy.
The bract or this anthurium selection is mild inexperienced and insignificant with yellowish-green spadix that turns to small white berry like fruits. The fruit appears to be like like a cluster of white pearls, therefore its widespread identify pearl laceleaf. This plant makes fairly a present when a number of clusters of those pearly white berries are hanging from the stems.
Take care of Anthurium Vegetation
Most sorts of anthurium vegetation are comparatively simple to develop indoors. The preferred number of anthurium is the flamingo lily, which has vibrant pink spathes and blooms with straight or curled spadices. How ought to you take care of anthurium vegetation at dwelling? Learn on to search out out.
Anthurium vegetation want loads of oblique mild
To encourage wholesome, quick development, develop your anthurium in vibrant, oblique mild. Crucial care tip is to guard your anthurium from direct daylight. An excessive amount of daylight can burn the leaves and switch them yellow or brown. If there may be not sufficient mild, the stems can change into leggy and scraggly.
The perfect soil for anthurium vegetation
Anthurium vegetation have to develop in a potting combine that has glorious drainage. The roots should be stored moist, however by no means too damp or soggy. You may make a really perfect potting medium for anthuriums by mixing equal elements of peat moss, pine bark, and perlite. Alternatively, a business orchid potting combine is simply pretty much as good.
water anthurium vegetation
Water anthuriums solely when the highest 1” to 2” (2.5 – 5 cm) of potting soil has dried out. To verify when you must water the houseplant, press firmly on the soil. There needs to be no signal of moisture. Fairly than hydrate on a set schedule, solely water anthuriums as typically because the soil partially dries.
Temperature and humidity
Common room temperature between 65°F and 86°F (18°C – 32°C) is good for anthuriums. Nevertheless, they’ll develop quicker in hotter temperatures with excessive humidity. Additionally, attempt to improve humidity ranges as these tropical vegetation want humid circumstances to thrive. Should you don’t have a humidifier, mist the leaves each day or place on a pebble humidifying tray.
Different care suggestions when rising anthurium vegetation
- Pruning—Solely prune useless or decaying foliage from the plant. No particular pruning is required.
- Repotting—Switch the anthurium to a bigger container each two to a few years.
- Propagation—One of the simplest ways to propagate anthurium plant is by root division. Take away the plant from its container and divide the roots into two or three sections. Every root part ought to have not less than two stems.
- Pest and ailments— Know tips on how to spot the indicators of houseplant pests and act rapidly to eradicate the aphids, spider mites, or mealybugs.
Anthurium Vegetation are Poisonous
It’s important to do not forget that all anthurium vegetation are poisonous to people and pets. Docs say that ingesting elements of anthurium vegetation may cause oral irritation and airway obstruction. So, hold the tropical vegetation away from kids and animals. (1)
Take care of an Anthurium (Flamingo Flower or Flamingo Lily)